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FILES ATTACHED Instructor/ Ms. Trusty Course/ English 1010 The Gende

FILES ATTACHED Instructor/ Ms. Trusty Course/ English 1010 The Gender Blue Article Name/ Ali Alrahin overview Deborah Blum

Love Live Laugh Write: Reflection on the Gender Blur

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Best Resume Examples for a Variety of Jobs. Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the biggest challenge and looking at examples can be very helpful. Deborah Blum The Gender Essay! The following samples are among the best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and format and are filled with inspiration. Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and jesus christ essay, which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own.

The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the best type of resume for your work history, experience and deborah blum the gender blur, the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to get a sense of your options before choosing the right format for you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Scavone! Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on the companies you worked for. The Gender Blur Essay! Combination Resume - Combine the elements of christ his mission world chronological and functional resumes to highlight both your skills and previous employment. Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to deborah the gender blur essay the specific position you#39;re applying for. Mini Resume - Everyone in critique, your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the example to write one that#39;s brief and to the point. Deborah The Gender Essay! Nontraditional Resume - From a video to an online portfolio, discover how to 200 word essay create and use a resume that is unique. Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections.

Every job seeker#39;s experience and goals are different and it#39;s important to add sections to your resume that highlight what makes you the best candidate. Deborah Blum Essay! In these resumes, you will find examples of specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is most important. Gary! Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and specific overview of your skills. Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at the top of your resume to show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and your skills. Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and skills. Resumes for deborah the gender, Executive and Management Positions. The following resumes are good examples for individuals in ib extended essay, management and executive positions.

They can be used when applying for other office and business jobs as well. The highlights of deborah blur essay these resumes are the supervisory experience and business management. These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and it is ib extended rubric best to include concrete facts and examples of your achievements. The world of business is vast and blum, there is a great variety of positions available in it. The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals. No matter your skill level or the jesus christ 200 word position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. They include various skill sets and experience, which will help you along the way. Positions in deborah blum the gender blur, the tech industry are particularly competitive and it is extremely important that your resume stands out from your competition. You need to be specific about your skills, the programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of end results as well. Many resumes in oppapers essays, the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in blur essay, which you list every program, language, etc. you know. Oppapers Essays! It gives your prospective employer the chance to quickly understand where your skills lie.

Resumes for Education and Human Services Positions. If your career is in education or any field related to blum human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and certifications. Be sure to include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. Jesus Essay! You will notice that a number of these sample resumes feature volunteer experience. What you do outside the workplace can have an impact in landing a great job in these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do. Careers in healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and blum the gender blur, both should be highlighted in your resume. Nurses, therapists and medical specialists should include any certifications and licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience.

Volunteer experience is also a nice addition to ib extended essay rubric healthcare resumes because it shows the hiring manager that you have compassion off the job as well. Essay! If possible, include how you went above the call of duty or add any significant career achievements. Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on the job and it is important that you highlight your technical training in your resume. Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to your field. About! Notice how the example resumes are very specific when it comes to technical skills. Many also include supervisory and management experience as well as the deborah blur essay adherence to oppapers essays codes and the ability to troubleshoot technical problems.

Resumes for Writers, Creatives, and Freelancers. Freelancers, writers, and blur essay, other professionals in creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Your jobs may be varied, your experience and skills vast, and jesus christ world, it can be difficult getting it all on paper. There are many ways to approach these types of resumes and the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for essay, you. You are a creative, so you need to scavone put some of that ingenuity into writing the most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and have that available as well. Deborah Blur! Resumes for Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is a key element in many jobs and it is important that you focus on that in your resume. Whether you are applying at a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the hiring manager will want to critique essay know that you will put their customers first. Some of these resume examples also include specific skills required for deborah the gender blur, the position. Professional Essay! For instance, a chef may choose to blum the gender highlight the presentation and speed involved in serving meals to customers.

A stylist will want to write focus on special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to blur show off their merchandising expertise. Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. Were you the employee of the month? Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history.

You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements. Write Essay! Include volunteer work and accomplishments at school in your resume and use these examples to learn how to deborah blum blur essay feature them. Employers understand that you are young and looking to add to nursing essay your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.

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ocr rs coursework Education in England: a brief history. Towards a state system. The wind of change. Recession and disenchantment. John Major: more of the same. The Blair decade.

Brown and Balls: mixed messages. What future for education in England? Gove v The Blob. this is blum the gender, a draft of scavone thesis a chapter which will form part of the revised version currently in preparation. Organisation of this chapter. Brown and deborah blur, Balls. Cameron and Gove. 2008 Education and Skills Act.

2009 Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act. 2009 White Paper. 2009 Children, Schools and Families Bill. 2010 Children, Schools and Families Act. Other Acts relating to children and young people. 2007 Further Education and Training Act. 2008 Children and gary scavone thesis, Young Persons Act. 2010 Child Poverty Act.

IRPC interim report. CPR curriculum report. CSFC National Curriculum report. IRPC final report. CPR final report. Nuffield 14-19 Review. Building Schools for the Future. Academies and trust schools. Covert selection by deborah the gender blur faith schools. The National Challenge.

The inspection regime. 2008 NUT Conference. Gove's view of education. Education in England: a brief history. © copyright Derek Gillard 2011. Education in England: a brief history is my copyright. You are welcome to download it and print it for your own personal use, or for thesis, use in a school or other educational establishment, provided my name as the deborah blum the gender author is attached. Essay About Football. But you may not publish it, upload it onto deborah blum the gender essay any other website, or sell it, without my permission. You are welcome to cite this piece. If you do so, please acknowledge it thus:

Gillard D (2011) Education in rubric, England: a brief history In accordance with the conventions set out by the Society of Authors and deborah blum essay, the Publishers Association , you should seek my permission to gary scavone, reproduce any extract of more than 400 words; a series of the gender extracts totalling more than 800 words, of which any one extract has more than 300 words; and an extract or series of extracts constituting a quarter or more of the original work. Jesus Christ His Mission World 200 Word Essay. For shorter extracts you do not need my permission, provided the source is acknowledged as shown above. In references in the text, the number after the colon is always the page number (even where a document has numbered paragraphs or sections). Where a document is deborah blur, shown as a link, the full text is available online. © Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen's Printer for Scotland. Chapter 11 : 2007-2010.

Brown and Balls: mixed messages. The new administration. Brown and Balls. Tony Blair was replaced as prime minister by former chancellor of the exchequer Gordon Brown ( pictured ). Jesus Christ World. His new administration immediately announced that the education department would be split in two: the Department for Children, Schools and the gender blur, Families (DCSF) with Ed Balls as secretary of state, and the Department of Innovation, Universities and oppapers essays, Skills (DIUS) under John Denham. Deborah Blur Essay. (Balls's official title was 'Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families', though he was usually referred to personal practice development essay, as 'the children's secretary'). There was some logic to this division. DCSF brought together all policy relating to deborah the gender blur, children and young people: in addition to overseeing schools, it shared youth justice with the critique Ministry of Justice, child poverty with the Treasury and the Department for Work and deborah blum the gender blur, Pensions, children's health with the Department of Health, and youth sport with the Department for ib extended rubric, Culture. It also took the 'respect' agenda from the Home Office. DIUS took science and innovation from the blur Department for Trade and Industry and would be responsible for politics rubric, the development, funding and performance of higher education, both teaching and deborah the gender blur, research; together with adult learning, including Train to Gain and basic skills.

It would oversee the £4bn adult portion of the Learning and Skills Council budget. One of its main aims was the improvement of graduate skills. But there were complications in the arrangement. DCSF would set education policy for students up to the age of 19, but work with DIUS on 14-19 reforms. School pupils in write essay, the 14 to 19 age group and sixth form college students would come under DCSF, but general further education college students and apprentices aged 16 to 19 were the deborah blum the gender blur essay responsibility of DIUS, though they would be funded via local education authorities. Ib Extended Politics. The Learning and Skills Council (LSC) thus had half its budget removed, putting its future in blum the gender blur essay, doubt ( The Guardian 3 July 2007). In the event, DIUS only lasted two years. Oppapers Essays. In June 2009 it was abolished and its responsibilities subsumed into blum essay, a new Department of Business, Innovation and about game, Skills (BIS), led by Lord (Peter) Mandelson. In his inaugural statement, the deborah essay new children's secretary Ed Balls ( pictured ) said he would introduce legislation to raise the school leaving age to 18, improve school discipline, remove barriers to further expansion of the academies programme, and give teachers more scope to scavone thesis, decide when pupils should be tested.

He announced that Leicester University chancellor Sir Peter Williams, chair of the Advisory Committee on Mathematics Education, would conduct a review of maths teaching in deborah blum essay, primary schools. Scavone Thesis. An extra £265m over deborah the gender, the next three years would be spent ensuring that children from disadvantaged backgrounds could benefit from at least two hours a week of out-of-hours group activities in term time. Secondary teachers would be given an extra training day a year, and a scheme to encourage graduates to teach in practice nursing, inner-city schools would be expanded beyond London. He also promised a ten-year youth strategy and a plan to tackle teenage pregnancy. A children's plan for the UK would be prepared and consulted on ( The Guardian 11 July 2007). In October 2007 the new chancellor of the exchequer Alistair Darling announced the three-year settlement for education. A 2.8 per cent real terms annual increase to £74bn in 2010 was higher than other departments but lower than in previous years.

Teachers' leaders pointed out blum the gender, that the budget for each pupil would rise from £5,500 in 2007-8 to oppapers essays, £6,600 in 2010-11 but that this was still far short of the cost of a private school education. Deborah Blum The Gender Essay. Darling also promised £250m to professional practice nursing essay, fund the Children's Plan scheme to make sure children arrived at school ready to learn and blum essay, able to benefit from personalised support ( The Guardian 10 October 2007). In his first major speech on jesus christ 200 word essay education, Gordon Brown told an audience of educationists at Greenwich University that 'failing' schools would have five years to improve their pupils' GCSE results or they would face take-over or closure. He set out wide-ranging plans to blum the gender blur, expand childcare, eradicate illiteracy and introduce more work-based apprenticeships to persuade more 16 year olds to write, stay on in education. 'This is deborah blum the gender blur essay, a determined and systematic agenda to professional development essay, end failure', he said. 'We will see it through. We will not flinch from the task' ( The Guardian 1 November 2007). As we saw in the previous chapter, Lord (Andrew) Adonis had wielded enormous influence over education policy in the Blair administration.

He kept his post as schools minister when Gordon Brown took over, but his influence waned and in deborah blum blur essay, October 2008 he was moved from education to essay politics, the Department of deborah the gender Transport. Cameron and Gove. Meanwhile, Conservative party leader David Cameron ( pictured ) announced that the Tories would 'revolutionise' education by supporting the formation of parent-run co-operative schools paid for by local authorities. He said he was setting up a 'Conservative Co-operative Movement' based on the ideals of the Rochdale Society of his mission 200 word Equitable Pioneers, the world's first successful co-operative. The National Union of Teachers (NUT) warned that the deborah blum the gender proposals would increase social segregation, and Co-operative Party general secretary Peter Hunt said: 'Co-operative Party policies are . rooted in Labour philosophy. If David Cameron wishes to join us, he will first have to defect to the Labour party' ( The Guardian 9 November 2007). The new shadow education secretary was Michael Gove ( pictured ). At a conference at Brighton College in May 2008, Gove told teachers that a Conservative government would reinstate traditional styles of fact-based lessons. Politics. Generations of deborah blum essay children had been let down by so-called progressive education policies which had taught skills and jesus christ his mission 200 word, 'empathy' instead of bodies of knowledge, he said.

He condemned the 'pupil-centred learning' theories which had gained support in the 1960s for 'dethroning' the teacher: It is an approach to education that has been called progressive, but in fact is blum the gender, anything but. It privileges temporary relevance over a permanent body of knowledge which should be passed on development nursing from generation to generation . We need to tackle this misplaced ideology wherever it occurs. NUT acting general secretary Christine Blower said: 'Gove's attack on child-centred learning is an absurd caricature of deborah blum the gender essay reality . If there has been a dethroning of oppapers essays teachers, it has been because successive politicians have decided that they know better than teachers about how children learn' ( The Guardian 9 May 2008). The Children's Plan. In December 2007 the blum essay government published its Children's Plan Building brighter futures . This important and ambitious document was based on widespread consultation involving children, young people, parents, teachers and policy makers, and was designed to underpin and inform all future government policy relating to write, children, their families and schools. It aimed to eradicate child poverty and reduce illiteracy and antisocial behaviour by 2020. In his Foreword, Ed Balls said he wanted to make Britain 'the best place in the world for our children and young people to grow up'. (DCSF 2007:3)

The plan was based on five principles: government does not bring up children - parents do - so government needs to deborah blum blur essay, do more to back parents and families; all children have the potential to succeed and should go as far as their talents can take them; children and young people need to enjoy their childhood as well as grow up prepared for adult life; services need to christ essay, be shaped by deborah blum essay and responsive to children, young people and personal professional development nursing essay, families, not designed around professional boundaries; and it is always better to prevent failure than tackle a crisis later. Deborah The Gender. (DCSF 2007:5-6) It set ten goals to be achieved by 2020: enhance children and young people's well-being, particularly at key transition points in essay, their lives; every child ready for success in school, with at least 90 per cent developing well across all areas of the blum blur essay Early Years Foundation Stage Profile by essay age 5; every child ready for secondary school, with at least 90 per cent achieving at or above the essay expected level in both English and mathematics by oppapers essays age 11; every young person with the skills for adult life and blum the gender blur, further study, with at politics rubric least 90 per cent achieving the equivalent of five higher level GCSEs by the gender blur essay age 19; and at personal professional practice nursing essay least 70 per cent achieving the equivalent of two A levels by age 19; parents satisfied with the information and support they receive; all young people participating in positive activities to develop personal and social skills, promote well-being and deborah blum blur essay, reduce behaviour that puts them at risk; employers satisfied with young people's readiness for work; child health improved, with the proportion of obese and gary, overweight children reduced to 2000 levels; child poverty halved by 2010 and eradicated by 2020; and deborah essay, significantly reduce by 2020 the number of young offenders receiving a conviction, reprimand, or final warning for essay, a recordable offence for the first time, with a goal to be set in the Youth Crime Action Plan. (DCSF 2007:14) The plan attempted to address a series of blum blur highly critical reports on British childhood by Unicef and others, and to demonstrate evidence of Gordon Brown's administration's much talked-of 'vision'. There would be new playgrounds and youth centres, personal tutors and one-to-one classes to ib extended essay politics rubric, give struggling pupils a chance to deborah the gender essay, catch up and their parents a contact at school. There would be radical reform of the curriculum and testing regimes, and a mandatory master's-level qualification for all new teachers. All new schools would be carbon-neutral by 2016 and there would be more 20mph speed limit zones near schools. A dozen strategy reviews - on areas including drugs and alcohol, sex education, bullying and the commercialisation of childhood - would determine how the targets were to be met. Children's campaigners welcomed the plan. Children's Society chief executive Bob Reitemeier said: 'The responsibility for childhood rests with us all and essay, we are encouraged that the children's plan looks beyond education to deborah blum blur, address fundamental areas such as parents and play.'

Child Poverty Action Group chief executive Kate Green commented: 'The common thread that will transform the plan's patchwork of measures into a successful whole is an end to child poverty . It is now up to essay politics rubric, the Treasury to make sure that . the child poverty target is blum essay, met so that the children's plan is not undermined.' Teachers were generally supportive of the plan, though some were concerned at the scale of the reforms which schools were being asked to lead. John Dunford, general secretary of the personal professional practice essay Association of School and College Leaders (ASCL), said the plan would make 'massive demands on schools' which would need the support of the full range of public services. 'If schools are to blum the gender blur essay, be placed at the core of social reform for children, as the practice essay breadth of the children's plan suggests, this places tremendous expectations on schools and their leaders', he said ( The Guardian 12 December 2007). Download The Children's Plan (pdf text 640kb). There were three major education acts in this period: 2008 Education and Skills Act; 2009 Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act; 2010 Children, Schools and Families Act (much reduced in deborah the gender essay, scope because of the impending general election). The Education and Skills Bill was jointly sponsored by DCSF and DIUS. The Act (26 November 2008): raised the education leaving age to 18. Young people would be required to participate in oppapers essays, education or training until their 18th birthday through: - full-time education or training, including school, college and essay, home education; - work-based learning, such as an Apprenticeship; or. - part-time education or training, if they were employed, self-employed or volunteering more than 20 hours a week; rationalised the personal professional nursing regulation and monitoring regime for independent schools and non-maintained special schools; improved careers education for 11 to the gender essay, 16 year olds; transferred responsibility for delivering the 'Connexions' service (which offered a wide range of support to young people) to ib extended, local authorities; empowered local authorities to arrange learning difficulty assessments in a person's final year of blur essay compulsory education and up to the age of 25 for any young person who would benefit from one; placed a duty on the Learning and Skills Council (LSC) to ensure the jesus his mission world free provision of basic skills and first full level 2 qualification courses; placed a duty on the LSC to ensure that 19 to 25 year olds who were undertaking their first full level 3 qualification did not have to pay tuition fees; required school governing bodies to invite and consider the views of the gender pupils on policy matters which affected them; gave young people the right to express a school preference for sixth-form education and to appeal against any decision made; required local authorities to produce annual reports on school admission arrangements in their area; and made minor changes to jesus christ his mission world 200 word essay, the legislative regime governing the National Curriculum so that, from 2009, Key Stage 3 tests would no longer be compulsory. Download the the gender blur essay Education and Skills Act 2008 (pdf text 672kb). 2009 Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act.

This Act (12 November 2009): created a statutory framework for apprenticeships and a right to an apprenticeship for suitably qualified 16-18 year olds; gave employees the right to write critique essay, request time off for training, and deborah the gender essay, required employers to consider such requests seriously; abolished the Learning and Skills Council; transferred responsibility for oppapers essays, funding education and training for 16-18 year olds to deborah blum blur essay, local authorities; made provisions with respect to the education of jesus christ his mission world essay offenders; created the Young Person's Learning Agency, the Skills Funding Agency, the Office of the Qualifications and Examinations Regulator (Ofqual), and deborah, a new agency to carry out the non-regulatory functions currently performed by essay the Qualifications and deborah the gender blur, Curriculum Authority; strengthened the accountability of children's services; amended intervention powers in respect of oppapers essays schools which were causing concern; established a new parental complaints service; changed the school inspection arrangements; created a new negotiating body for deborah the gender essay, support staff pay and conditions; and made provisions in respect of pupil and student behaviour. The bill gave Ed Balls and write, John Denham 153 new powers. 'Is this the most centralising education bill in deborah blum the gender essay, history?' asked Warwick Mansell. He noted that under the 1944 Education Act the minister of education had had just three central duties: 'to promote the education of the people of England and Wales'; 'to promote the christ essay progressive development of schools and colleges'; and blum essay, 'to secure that local authorities execute the national policy for providing a very comprehensive educational service'. But in the last twenty years, he argued, there had been 'a steady growth in the powers of central government, with the introduction of the national curriculum, national teaching strategies, and the targets and league table regime, all overseen and directed by ministers and civil servants' (Mansell 2009a). Barry Sheerman, Labour chair of the Commons children, schools and oppapers essays, families committee, agreed. 'There does seem to be a general feeling out there, in deborah blur essay, the evidence the his mission world essay committee has received on several inquiries, of people desiring a swing back towards local autonomy', he said. 'Ministers need to understand this before they continue plodding on deborah blum blur in the opposite direction.' And John Fowler, a consultant for the Local Government Information Unit, added 'If the government was really serious about devolving power, it would just scrap this bill and start again.

I cannot see that happening.' It didn't. 2009 White Paper: Your child, your schools, our future. Before the Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act had even received the Royal Assent, the government published its next education white paper, in June 2009. Your child, your schools, our future was to form the basis for the 2009 Children, Schools and Families Bill (which was intended to become the 2010 Children, Schools and Families Act, though most of it would be lost in the run-up to the general election). The white paper signalled the abandonment of what many had seen as Blair's most significant education reform - the National Strategies for literacy and numeracy. It also removed central government prescription of teaching methods and dramatically cut the use of the private consultants employed to improve schools. Schools would have more freedom and would be enabled to establish networks of school-to-school support to help drive up standards in a 'new era of localism'. Parents of his mission children who regularly behaved badly in class could face court-imposed parenting orders. The white paper's key points were: a pupil guarantee setting out new entitlements to essay, personalised support for every child, matched by a parent guarantee for every parent; all schools to have good behaviour, strong discipline, order and about, safety; all pupils to be taught in a way that meets their needs; all pupils to have opportunities to blum blur essay, take part in sport and cultural activities; all schools to promote their pupils' health and well-being; schools to work in partnership with other schools and scavone, with wider children's services; local consortia to offer a choice of every one of the new diplomas to 14-19 year-olds; partnerships of primary schools to share specialist teaching; develop a system for accrediting good education providers who wish to run groups of schools; more academies and trust schools; develop a system for deborah the gender, accrediting good education providers to run groups of schools; strong accountability and rapid intervention when needed to further improve schools; expand the role of 'School Improvement Partners' (SIPs); develop a new School Report Card (SRC); give schools greater flexibility and encourage greater innovation; improve the relationship between central government, local authorities and schools; new Masters degree in Teaching and Learning; better development of gary support staff; and governing bodies' fundamental duties to children, young people and the wider community to be enshrined in law.

Download the White Paper Your child, your schools, our future (pdf text 2.2mb). 2009 Children, Schools and deborah the gender blur, Families Bill. These proposals formed the critique basis of the Children, Schools and Families Bill. One of the bill's provisions, first announced by ministers in essay, October 2008, was that sex education from the age of oppapers essays five would be made a compulsory part of the national curriculum in primary and deborah blum, secondary schools. Schools would not be allowed to opt out, and faith schools would be given guidance on how to provide sex and relationship education - to include contraception, abortion and homosexuality - alongside conflicting religious beliefs ( The Guardian 24 October 2008). But religious groups objected, and the government amended the new regulations, which were due to critique essay, come into effect in September 2011. While all schools would still be required to teach sex education, it now said that parents could withdraw children under 15 from the lessons, which would only blum essay be compulsory for 15 and 16 year olds ( The Guardian 5 November 2009). This still wasn't enough for the Catholic Education Service, which lobbied the government to make further amendments to the Bill. The government caved in and agreed that sex and essay, relationships education (SRE) could now 'reflect a school's religious character'. Campaigners said the blum the gender blur change would allow faith schools to discourage the use of critique contraception and teach that homosexuality was wrong.

The Accord Coalition (a newly-formed group of Hindu, Christian and Humanist organisations campaigning to stop state-funded schools from discriminating against students and teachers on the grounds of deborah the gender blur religion) accused Balls of implicitly condoning homophobia in essay, schools and undermining his own attempts to tackle homophobic bullying. Chair of Accord Rabbi Dr Jonathan Romain said: It is astonishing that the government plans to deny young people of their right to accurate, balanced SRE . Children at faith schools have just as much right to deborah blum blur essay, information that could help them avoid an unwanted pregnancy or sexually transmitted infection. ( The Guardian 18 February 2010) A DCSF spokesman dismissed the complaints: All maintained schools will be required to essay about, teach full programmes of study in line with the principles outlined in the bill, including promoting equality and encouraging acceptance of diversity. Schools with a religious character will be free to express their faith and reflect the deborah blum ethos of their school, but what they cannot do is suggest that their views are the only ones. ( The Guardian 18 February 2010) In other words, a Catholic school would be required to ib extended essay rubric, teach children the facts about contraception, but would be allowed to try to persuade them that its use was immoral. Balls insisted the amendment would not 'water down' the bill: it would still require state schools to teach pupils about the importance of stable relationships, including civil partnerships, and it would forbid the blur essay promotion of homophobia. Liberal Democrat schools spokesman David Laws accused ministers of being in a 'terrific muddle' over the issue and said the professional practice development essay amendment 'completely undermines the blum blur essay objectives of his mission 200 word essay this part of the bill' ( The Guardian 23 February 2010). Despite the concerns, the amendment was passed by blum blur essay 268 votes to 177 without debate (because of a lack of time at ib extended essay politics rubric the report stage). Association of Teachers and blum, Lecturers (ATL) education policy adviser Alison Ryan said: 'We believe this amendment is unhelpful and practice nursing, unnecessary because it upsets the the gender blur essay balance of the bill by placing the religious character of the school above the promotion of equality and tolerance of diversity.' National Secular Society executive director Keith Porteous Wood commented: 'The government have once more bowed to pressure from the Catholic church, betraying the children in faith schools who have a right to objective and balanced sex education' ( The Guardian 24 February 2010). And an jesus christ his mission 200 word essay, editorial in The Guardian commented: This looks like a case of the government being led away from the path of righteousness by blum the gender blur essay ecclesiastical lobbying, which has happened several times before. There was, for instance, the climbdown over the plan to force faith schools to take some children from jesus world 200 word outside their own flock.

There was also section 37 of the 2008 Education Act, which undercut Labour's solid record on discrimination at blum essay work by allowing schools to hand-pick staff on the basis of their creed. Oppapers Essays. Many devout people - and many believers in faith schools - are represented by the Accord Coalition, which argues that no state-funded institution should be exempted from norms that all other public bodies must follow. Unless all religious schools are required to see the light, the contradictions will become unsustainable. The recurring pattern of church lobbying and Whitehall climbdowns is testing society's faith in church schools as being a force for good. Deborah Blum Essay. ( The Guardian 24 February 2010) 2010 Children, Schools and Families Act. In the event, with the general election just a month away, all the sex education provisions (and many others) were lost from the Children, Schools and football game, Families Act (8 April 2010). Download the Children, Schools and Families Act 2010 (pdf text 124kb).

Other Acts relating to children and young people. In addition to deborah essay, the three major education acts summarised above, there were three other acts relating to write critique, children and young people during this period: 2007 Further Education and Training Act. The Further Education and Training Act (23 October 2007) made provisions about: the Learning and Skills Council for England; institutions within the further education sector; industrial training levies; the formation of, and investment in, companies and charitable incorporated organisations by higher education corporations; and the making of Welsh Assembly Measures in relation to the field of education. Download the Further Education and Training Act 2007 (pdf text 196kb). 2008 Children and Young Persons Act. The Children and deborah blur, Young Persons Act (13 November 2008) made provisions about: the ib extended politics delivery of local authority social work services for deborah blum blur essay, children and young persons; the functions of local authorities and personal professional practice nursing, others in relation to children and young persons; the enforcement of care standards in deborah the gender blur, relation to write essay, certain establishments or agencies connected with children; and deborah blum the gender, the independent review of determinations relating to adoption. Download the oppapers essays Children and Young Persons Act 2008 (pdf text 228kb). 2010 Child Poverty Act. The Child Poverty Act (25 March 2010): set targets relating to the eradication of deborah blur child poverty; and made other provisions about child poverty.

Download the Child Poverty Act 2010 (pdf text 140kb). Three major reviews of the curriculum were undertaken in this period: the government's 'Independent Review of the football Primary Curriculum' (IRPC), conducted by blum the gender Sir Jim Rose, published its interim report in December 2008 and its final report in essay politics rubric, April 2009; the Cambridge Primary Review, which had begun work in 2006, published Towards a new primary curriculum in February 2009 and its final report Children, their World, their Education in 2010; the House of Commons Children, Schools and Families Committee (CSFC) published its report on the National Curriculum in April 2009. Independent Review of the Primary Curriculum. As the Cambridge Primary Review was getting into its stride, Ed Balls threw a spanner into the works. On 9 January 2008 he wrote to Sir Jim Rose inviting him to conduct 'an independent review of the primary curriculum' with a view to making 'final recommendations to the Secretary of State by March 2009 so that the new primary curriculum can be introduced from September 2011'. The government's justification for this new review of primary education was presumably that it had already commissioned a review of the secondary curriculum and had introduced an early years 'foundation stage'. As Rose put it, you couldn't 'just extend one backwards, the other forwards, tie a knot in deborah blum blur, the middle and say that's primary education' (Wilby 2008).

However, given that the Cambridge Review - the biggest investigation of jesus christ world primary education since Plowden - was already under way, many felt that the Rose review was designed as a spoiler. The government was fed up with adverse headlines like 'Poor performance linked to substandard classrooms', 'Government policy has created impersonalised education', and deborah blur essay, 'Study reveals stressed out 7 to 11 year olds' (Wilby 2008). It was also concerned that the Cambridge Review would condemn England's testing regime - the hated SATs. Practice. So it created the IRPC as a diversion, 'with a suspiciously similar email address, a claim that it too is deborah the gender blur essay, independent, and an identical deadline for write essay, its final report of spring 2009' (Wilby 2008). There were other concerns about the IRPC. One was that the Qualifications and Curriculum Agency (QCA) was required to produce draft programmes of study based on the report's recommendations during the consultation period, effectively rendering redundant most of the responses. Another was that the views of representatives of local authorities and teachers' professional associations who attended meetings during the 'informal' consultations were apparently excluded. A third concern was that consideration of SATs tests was 'specifically excluded from Rose's remit' (Wilby 2008). Introducing the the gender IRPC's interim report on 8 December 2008, Rose urged ministers to review the arrangements for SATs (already abolished in all parts of the UK except England). 'I'm ruled out of making recommendations about testing', he told Polly Curtis. 'That's not to say every school doesn't ask about testing. It's the elephant in the room' ( The Guardian 8 December 2008). IRPC Interim Report.

The report's main recommendations were: there should be a smoother transition between early years and primary education, and between primary and secondary education; subjects should be combined with cross-curricular study; teachers should have more flexibility within a richer curriculum; there should be more and better computer education; the scavone thesis value of blum the gender essay play to children's learning and development should be made explicit in any revisions to ib extended rubric, the primary curriculum; primary schools should focus on teaching only one or two foreign languages; children should acquire a range of personal, social and emotional qualities essential to their health, well-being and life as a responsible citizen in the 21st century; and summer-born children should start primary school in the September after their fourth birthday, with some children starting part-time. The report proposed that the primary curriculum should comprise six 'areas of learning': understanding English, communication and languages; mathematical understanding; scientific and technological understanding; human, social and environmental understanding; understanding physical health and well-being; and understanding the arts and design. The Review found overwhelming support for the National Curriculum and the gender blur essay, much good practice in schools. It recommended that the curriculum should be reviewed periodically but stressed that schools and teachers needed stability so as to personal professional practice essay, be able to blum, plan effectively. The Cambridge Primary Review - Towards a new primary curriculum. In order to contribute to the final IRPC report, the essay rubric Cambridge Review brought forward publication of its material on the curriculum. Towards a New Primary Curriculum was published on 20 February 2009 in blum blur essay, two parts: Past and Present and The Future . Its authors commented: Some readers may become impatient with the history, the account of christ world essay witnesses' concerns and our apparent preoccupation with the problematic. Deborah Blum The Gender Blur. For them, solutions are more important. They are of course welcome to turn straight to Part 2. Yet it is only by understanding the history, recognising the about football game deeply-rooted and deborah blum the gender blur essay, often cyclic nature of the problems, and by accepting the inadequacy of some of the surrounding discourse, that we can make progress. That is why the grounding provided by Part 1 is essential. Without it, we shall simply repeat past mistakes. (Alexander and Flutter 2009a:1) It bemoaned the politicisation of the curriculum and warned that children's lives were being impoverished by the government's insistence that schools focus on literacy and numeracy at the expense of creative teaching.

It argued for a broad, balanced and oppapers essays, rich curriculum including art, music, drama, history and geography. In the authors' view, a future primary curriculum must: 'confront and attempt to address the problems and challenges in deborah blum, current arrangements; be grounded in explicit principles of design and implementation; and jesus his mission 200 word, pursue and remain faithful to a clear and defensible statement of educational aims and values.' (Alexander and Flutter 2009b:21) CSFC Report on the National Curriculum. The House of blum the gender Commons Children, Schools and Families Committee published its report on the National Curriculum on 2 April 2009. The key points in its 32 conclusions and recommendations were: the National Curriculum was in 'urgent need of significant reform': it should prescribe as little as possible, parents should be better informed, the Programmes of Study for oppapers essays, the new secondary curriculum were 'overly complex'; the Early Years Foundation Stage and the Early Learning Goals should be reviewed; the curriculum freedoms that academies enjoyed should be immediately extended to all maintained schools; a system of Single Level Tests linked to targets, and deborah the gender blur essay, potentially to funding, could further narrow the curriculum; the idea that there was one best way to teach was not supported by the research evidence and ib extended politics rubric, so should not be the basis for the delivery of the deborah National Curriculum; the Department should cease presenting the National Strategies guidance as a prop for rubric, the teaching profession and adopt a more positive understanding of how schools and teachers might be empowered in relation to deborah blum blur, the National Curriculum; the Department should spend less on producing guidance and more on the dissemination of research findings; the theory and write critique essay, practice of curriculum design should be given a much higher profile within the standards for Qualified Teacher Status; the Department should show how it would support the deborah blum the gender move to a much less prescriptive curriculum and less centrally-directed approach to its delivery; there should be better continuity and coherence in the current National Curriculum - and personal development essay, across the National Curriculum, Early Years Foundation Stage and 14-19 arrangements; the Department should take more account of the views of children and young people; the Department should put in place a cycle of deborah the gender around five years for curriculum review and reform and christ his mission world 200 word essay, avoid initiating additional change outside that cycle: reviews should scrutinise the Early Years Foundation Stage, National Curriculum and deborah the gender, 14-19 arrangements as a continuum, not as discrete 'chunks'; the agency with main responsibility for the development of the National Curriculum should be truly independent from the Department; like the critique Office of the deborah the gender essay Qualifications and Examinations Regulator (Ofqual), the Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency (QCDA) should be independent of Ministers and professional practice development, required to report to Parliament through the Select Committee; there should be 'an overarching statement of aims for the National Curriculum' to provide it with 'a stronger sense of purpose, continuity and coherence'; a statement of blum blur provision for learners from 0 to 19 should be introduced; there should be 'an overarching diploma' which would replace all other qualifications for learners aged 14 to 19; and these changes must be accompanied by improved communication and essay football game, co-ordination between teachers and practitioners across the different phases of education. (CSFC 2009:39-43) The Committee described the Cambridge Review as 'very welcome' but commented that it contained 'extensive analysis of the problems but has not enough to say about what might be done in practice to address them' (CSFC 2009:23). It went on: The Rose Review and the Cambridge Review both recognise that the primary curriculum is blum the gender blur, overly full, but neither offers a practical basis that appeals to us for reducing the football load. As we have indicated, we would see greater merit in stipulating a basic entitlement for literacy and numeracy and offering general guidelines on breadth and balance to be interpreted by schools and teachers themselves. (CSFC 2009:23) Writing in The Guardian , Robin Alexander described the committee's jibe that the Cambridge Review offered 'a good analysis of the problems but no solutions', as 'bizarre'. He continued: Apart from the blum blur detailed proposals on curriculum aims, substance, structure, development and implementation, which the oppapers essays committee appears not to have noticed, other ideas from the blum the gender blur Cambridge review appear, almost verbatim, in the committee's own recommendations: abandoning the national strategies in their present form; supporting local ownership; reconfiguring the roles of national agencies, local authorities and schools; making Curriculum Matters central to initial teacher training. More bizarre still, the committee's report includes as an oppapers essays, appendix a comparison of the Rose and blum essay, Cambridge curriculum reports, which says enough to practice nursing essay, contradict its criticisms of both of the gender blur essay them. Oppapers Essays. (Alexander 2009a) Download the CSFC Report on the National Curriculum (pdf text 1.5mb). IRPC Final report. The IRPC's final report was published on 30 April 2009.

Jim Rose said he had tried to 'capture the distinctiveness of the primary phase and to blum the gender blur essay, ensure it is recognised as more than a postscript to the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) and a prelude to secondary education' (DCSF 2009a:9). The report's key points were: subjects, and the essential knowledge, skills and understanding they represented, were important but were not sufficient - cross-curricular studies were important, too; there should be a stronger focus on curriculum progression; by the age of seven, children should have a secure grasp of the literacy and numeracy skills they needed to make good progress thereafter; the teaching and learning of information and communication technology (ICT) should be improved; there should be greater emphasis on personal development through a more integrated and simpler framework for oppapers essays, schools; there should be stronger links between the EYFS and Key Stage 1, and between Key Stage 2 and Key Stage 3; and 7-11 year olds should be offered 'exciting opportunities' for learning languages. Deborah The Gender Blur Essay. (DCSF 2009a:10-12) Writing in scavone, The Guardian , Mike Baker compared the Rose review with the essay Plowden report of 1967. He noted that the oppapers essays Plowden committee had had 25 members, including several heads, and had benefited from deborah blum the gender blur having six school inspectors and gary thesis, one local authority inspector seconded to it throughout. It had taken three years and produced 556 pages covering 'the physical development of children, the growth of the the gender blur essay brain, parental attitudes, social change, health and social services, and the ways schools were organised, designed and equipped'. By contrast, the Rose review 'was made up of one, albeit very experienced, person: Rose himself'.

He had an advisory group of leading heads - which met just five times, his report was only 154 pages long and essay, restricted in scope - his remit didn't even allow him to consider the question of tests. Baker noted that: There is, of course, another inquiry currently under way, which aims to match the thoroughness of Plowden. The Cambridge primary review has been running for blum the gender blur essay, two-and-a-half years now. Its remit is broad and it has not been afraid to critique, say things the government does not want to hear. And there is the rub. In the past, governments set up big independent education inquiries; now they prefer to have their own short, sharp reviews - and seem scarcely interested in deborah blum blur essay, anything else. (Baker 2009) A statutory consultation on the IRPC's recommendations followed by publication of revised programmes of study and guidance should have enabled the write critique essay new primary curriculum to be implemented, as planned, in blum blur essay, September 2011. But when Labour lost the 2010 general election, Rose's recommendations were lost too.

Cambridge Primary Review - Children, their World, their Education. The Cambridge Primary Review published its final report on 16 October 2009. The Review had been the most extensive inquiry into primary education since the Plowden Report forty years earlier, involving 14 authors, 66 research consultants and a 20-strong advisory committee at Cambridge University, led by Professor Robin Alexander. Its final report was based on 28 research surveys, 1,052 written submissions and reports from dozens of regional meetings. In its 75 recommendations it argued that formal lessons should not start before the age of six, SATs and gary, league tables should be replaced with teacher assessments in a wider range of subjects, and deborah essay, the system of generalist primary teaching should be reviewed. The report was critical of political decision-making processes. It condemned: centralisation, secrecy and the 'quiet authoritarianism' of the oppapers essays new centres of power; the blum blur disenfranchising of local voice; the rise of unelected and unaccountable groups and individuals taking key decisions behind closed doors: the 'empty rituals' of critique essay consultation; the replacement of professional dialogue by the monologic discourse of power; the politicisation of the entire educational enterprise so that it becomes impossible to debate ideas or evidence which are not deemed to be 'on message', or which are 'not invented here'; and, latterly coming to light, financial corruption. (Alexander 2009b:481) It noted that since 1989, and especially since 1997, national government had 'tightened its control over deborah the gender essay, what goes on about football in local authorities and deborah blum the gender essay, schools'; and warned that 'the power of government and its agencies has reached far more deeply into the recesses of professional action and thought than is proper in football game, a democracy or good for schools themselves' (Alexander 2009b:508). It noted a growing 'pervasive anxiety' about children's lives, and emphasised the link between educational underachievement and poverty. 'What is worrying is the persistence of a long tail of severely disadvantaged children whose early lives are unhappy, whose potential is unrealised and whose future is bleak' (Alexander 2009b:71). The Review's conclusions were backed by all the teacher unions. Deborah Blum Blur. National Association of Head Teachers (NAHT) general secretary Mick Brookes said: This comprehensive study of primary education must be taken seriously by government.

The fact the work in christ world 200 word, progress has been completely ignored by the government is a sign of deborah the gender blur weakness. This report is truly independent, unlike work commissioned and controlled by the DCSF which largely says what it wants to professional nursing essay, hear. There are recommendations in this report that could transform the the gender essay primary ethos and gary, turn pessimism into hope. ( The Guardian 16 October 2009) NUT general secretary Christine Blower said: It is absolutely extraordinary that the government has decided to ignore the Cambridge Review recommendations. Any government worth its salt, particularly in front of an impending general election, would have embraced this immensely rich report as a source of blum the gender essay policy ideas. It is not too late for gary, the government to recognise that not all good ideas emanate from the minds of deborah civil servants. ( The Guardian 16 October 2009) And Nansi Ellis, head of essay politics rubric education policy and research at the ATL, warned that 'primary education must not become a battlefield in the forthcoming election - children and blum blur, their learning will be the first casualties' ( The Guardian 16 October 2009). Unsurprisingly, the report was rubbished by the government. Schools minister Vernon Coaker said the government was already reforming the write curriculum and deborah blum the gender essay, testing, and accused Alexander's report of suggesting a 'woolly' accountability system: It's disappointing that a review which purports to be so comprehensive is simply not up to speed on many major changes in personal development, primaries. The world has moved on since this review was started. If every child making progress and reaching their potential is what matters, then Professor Alexander's proposals are a backward step.' ( The Guardian 16 October 2009) And just to deborah blur, rub salt into the wound, Balls announced that every four year old in England would be offered a place at school or nursery so that they could start full-time education a year earlier. Thesis. The Cambridge Primary Review had recommended delaying the start of formal learning until the age of six ( The Guardian 19 October 2009).

Robin Alexander expressed his disappointment at the reaction of politicians and his frustration that the Labour government, with its 'micro-managed' system, had refused to 'listen, engage and learn' from independent advice. Deborah Blum The Gender Blur Essay. He said it was clear from the inaccuracies in personal practice development nursing essay, their responses that neither government ministers nor their Conservative shadows had actually read it ( The Guardian 24 October 2009). Peter Mortimore, former director of the University of London Institute of Education (ULIE), also bemoaned the response of politicians. Writing in The Guardian , he commented: Weep, Cambridge team. Your efforts to produce clear analyses and innovative ideas in the gender essay, the interest of fostering something better than political point-scoring, repetitive myths and ideological rigidity have been strangled at birth. Console yourselves, however, for good ideas are seldom so easily dismissed.

He concluded: The pity is that politicians, who pollsters tell us are only trusted by 13% of the population, can so easily make such fools of themselves by endeavouring to close down all thinking outside their own. How much wiser to welcome new ideas and give civil society, including teachers - who are trusted by scavone thesis 82% of the population - the chance to debate how best to improve the blum the gender blur essay education of our youngest learners. Jesus Christ His Mission Essay. (Mortimore 2009) For more on the Cambridge Primary Review see the blum blur Routledge website for details of Children, their World, their Education which is available as a large format paperback priced £35.99; the Cambridge Primary Review Trust website, which now contains probably the largest single compendium of evidence and commentary on English primary education; Nuffield Review of 14-19 education and training. In addition to these three major reviews of the curriculum, in February 2008 the Oxford-based Nuffield Foundation published its final report on education and training for 14-19 year olds. Education for All warned that ministers were treating school pupils as if they were business products to be managed rather than children to oppapers essays, be educated. The government's aim of blum the gender blur boosting the British economy was overshadowing the true role of schools in young people's lives. Write Essay. Businesses increasingly ran state schools and deborah the gender blur, even awarded their own A Level-style qualifications. The lead director of the Review, Professor Richard Pring, said: The changes at 14-19 are too often driven by economic goals at the expense of broader educational aims. Thesis. This is reflected in the rather impoverished language drawn from deborah essay business and management, rather than from a more generous understanding of the whole person.

We need to give young learners far more than skills for employment alone, even if such skills are key to write essay, the country's economy. Inevitably, the DCSF rubbished the blum essay report. A spokesman said: 'This depressing view of education is simply not one that we recognise' ( Oxford Times 14 February 2008). Various documents, including a summary of Education for christ, All , can be downloaded from the website of the Nuffield Review of 14-19 education and training . Testing and assessment. Concerns about the level of testing in English schools - and particularly about the annual SATs tests - intensified during this period.

The QCA urged schools to stop 'drilling' pupils for the tests. Blur. Chief executive Ken Boston warned that 'in many schools too much teaching time is taken up with practice tests and preparing for personal practice development essay, the key stage tests in English, mathematics and science, at blum the gender blur the expense of actual teaching in these core subjects and other areas' ( The Guardian 11 August 2007). Three reports for the Cambridge Primary Review highlighted many of the concerns. One found that national tests at write 7 and 11 left most children stressed and led to a 'pervasive anxiety' about their lives and the world they were growing up in. Professor Robin Alexander said 'these findings do build up to a sense that important changes are needed within the primary sector' ( The Guardian 12 October 2007). Another noted that English children were among the youngest in the world to blum the gender, start formal learning and were the most tested throughout their education. It found that parents were increasingly seeking alternative forms of education such as home schooling or Steiner schools to free their children from the personal development state sector's regime of testing and targets ( The Guardian 8 February 2008). And a third showed that higher test results in England's primary schools had been achieved at the expense of the quality of education offered.

Teacher-pupil relationships had been eroded by a focus on whole-class teaching and preparation for 'high stakes' national tests ( The Guardian 29 February 2008). CSFC Report on deborah Testing and Assessment. A further report, this time by MPs themselves, reached similar conclusions. The House of Commons Children, Schools and Families Select Committee report on world 200 word essay Testing and Assessment , published in May 2008, warned the government that SATs tests had distorted the education of millions of children because schools focused on getting them through the tests rather than improving their knowledge and understanding. Committee chair Barry Sheerman urged the government to conduct 'a root and deborah blum blur essay, branch reform of the system'. The report recommended: an inquiry to find the gary thesis extent of the problem of schools 'teaching to the test'; a reduction in the number of deborah blur times children were tested; more use of internal teacher assessment; whole-cohort tests should be replaced with sample testing of a handful of pupils in each school; and the exams watchdog should conduct 'a full review of assessment standards' as ministers had failed to address concerns about grade inflation.

Download Testing and Assessment (pdf text 631kb). Although the government was adamant it would keep the tests in England (they had already been abolished in other parts of the UK), it did at least make some attempt to ib extended politics, respond to the worries about them by trialling new 'lighter touch' tests. More than 400 schools took part in the two-year 'Making Good Progress' pilot project in which children were tested when their teachers felt they were ready rather than at blur the end of the key stage. Ministers hoped the write critique essay new tests, which formed part of the Children's Plan, would replace the existing SATs tests from 2010 ( The Guardian 9 May 2008). They also hoped, no doubt, that the new test regime would silence some of the deborah blum the gender blur essay critics. But disaster was about to strike.

First, schools reported widespread IT problems with the summer's SATs tests: markers struggled with the new online marking system and schools were unable to essay rubric, log on to register students at the start of this week's tests ( The Guardian 16 May 2008). Then the publication of results for 11 and 14 year olds was delayed. QCA head Ken Boston said the government's testing regime was under 'very great stress'. He told an emergency Commons select committee meeting that he was considering legal action against the gender blur ETS, the personal practice nursing essay American company which had failed to deliver the year's SATs results on time. Deborah Essay. He told journalists that the pressure in write critique essay, the system - including the blum the gender government's preference for testing 9.5 million pupils a year in order to compile league tables - could have contributed to the problems ( The Guardian 15 July 2008). Then it became clear that the results were not only late, they were also inaccurate. ASCL general secretary John Dunford called for an overhaul of the entire key stage 3 testing system. Ib Extended Essay Rubric. He said: The government and Ofsted use the blur SATs results to make judgements about whether schools will fail their inspections and heads can lose their jobs as a result. The results need to be accurate and schools will be much angrier at gary thesis lack of accuracy than delay. Deborah Blum The Gender Blur. Results will be scrutinised this year as never before and the number of appeals is almost certain to ib extended essay rubric, rocket. ( The Guardian 18 July 2008) Kathleen Tattersall, head of the newly-created Office of the blur essay Qualifications and Examinations Regulator (Ofqual) warned that if the practice nursing results proved to deborah the gender blur, be as inaccurate as reports suggested, the essay government should annul them.

And two of the deborah three major exam boards confirmed that they were not bidding for the five-year £165m contract to run the SATs because they did not believe there was a strong enough educational rationale for them ( The Guardian 19 July 2008). Ministers ordered an inquiry into gary scavone thesis, the fiasco, to be led by Lord Sutherland. When they did eventually appear, the year's SATs results showed that more than a third of pupils starting secondary school had failed to reach the level expected for their age in reading, writing and arithmetic and that the proportion of children scoring top marks had fallen significantly. Head teachers said it could be because schools were neglecting the deborah essay brightest pupils so as to critique essay, focus their effort on getting as many pupils as possible up to the national targets ( The Guardian 6 August 2008). In January 2004 David Miliband, then school standards minister, had announced a new system for judging schools.

Since then, schools had been given a 'contextualised value added' score (CVA), which took into account the number of students on free school meals and with special educational needs, ethnicity, age, gender and the spread of ability. Miliband had said CVA would be a 'fairer' way to judge schools. But in August 2008 a study by blum the gender essay Ofsted, Using data, improving schools , concluded that ranking schools by their CVA scores was 'meaningless' and could lead to gary thesis, 'inappropriate conclusions'. Its author, David Jesson, professor of education at the gender blur the University of York, warned the politics rubric government to use CVA 'with care' and 'recognise its limitations'. He argued that CVA could lower teachers' expectations of how much certain groups of pupils could achieve. Blum. 'Misusing the data to predict future performance could depress expectations of essay game groups of deborah blum blur pupils that have performed less well in previous years', he said ( The Guardian 6 August 2008). In an christ his mission world 200 word, extraordinary U-turn, Ed Balls announced that Key Stage 3 SATs tests for 14 year olds would no longer be compulsory. Blum The Gender Blur Essay. (The change was made in the 2008 Education and Skills Act). But he insisted that the christ his mission essay even more controversial Key Stage 2 tests for primary school pupils would continue.

He told parliament that there would be extensive changes to the national testing system which would halve the testing burden on schools, and a new 'report card', based on a New York scheme, which would grade every school in England and give parents more information ( The Guardian 15 October 2008). Teacher unions welcomed the scrapping of the Key Stage 3 tests but expressed 'bitter disappointment' at ministers' resolve to preserve those at Key Stage 2. NAHT general secretary Mick Brookes said: 'We are dismayed at the gender blur the decision to keep the current test arrangements for 11 year olds. Oppapers Essays. This will mean that England's 10/11-year-olds will be the only children in the UK to be put under this pressure' ( The Guardian 15 October 2008). The government's announcement that Key Stage 3 SATs were effectively to be abolished resulted in blum the gender, a dramatic drop - around fifty per cent - in essay game, the number of teachers taking part in courses run by the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC). Jacqui O'Hanlon, the RSC's director of education, said: 'School managers will not release teachers for a day's training because Shakespeare is no longer seen as a priority' ( The Guardian 26 November 2008). Balls published further details of how his New York-style 'report card' for schools would work. It would pull together all the information currently available about schools into a single annual document, including test scores, ratings of the gender blur essay how quickly children progressed, Ofsted scores and measures of child well-being through parent and professional practice nursing, pupil surveys.

It would provide a single score for every school with an A-E sliding scale or a traffic light system ( The Guardian 8 December 2008). QCA chief executive Ken Boston resigned three days before the blum the gender blur essay publication of Lord Sutherland's report on the summer's SATs problems, saying he was 'taking responsibility' for oppapers essays, the worst exam fiasco to hit schools in the gender blur essay, recent years. Teaching unions regretted his decision and described him as a great asset to British education ( The Observer 14 December 2008). The acrimonious spat between ministers and the QCA came to a head in December. The QCA board disbanded the National Assessment Agency (NAA), responsible for the SATs tests, and oppapers essays, suspended the agency's chief executive, David Gee. Deborah The Gender Essay. It also suspended Boston, having refused to accept his resignation. Sutherland's inquiry into oppapers essays, the summer's SATs fiasco revealed that it was Gee who had recommended that the £156m contract be awarded to ETS. Deborah The Gender Blur Essay. Sutherland said the ib extended rubric the QCA and NAA collectively failed to check ETS's appalling track record in the US.

The report blamed everyone involved: ETS was 'not fit for purpose', the QCA had failed to prevent the marking process spiralling into blum the gender blur, chaos, and DCSF officials had ignored the warning signs ( The Guardian 17 December 2008). The QCA announced that exam board Edexcel had been awarded a £25m one-year contract to run Key Stage 2 SATs tests and other non-statutory national curriculum tests in 2009. Edexcel had previously held the ib extended essay politics SATs contract from 2005 to 2007. But the QCA warned that the rush to blum blur, appoint Edexcel to run the 2009 tests had left little time to test marking systems to ensure they did not collapse again. Before he was suspended in mid-December Ken Boston had written to Balls, warning him that whilst Edexcel was committed to achieving the ib extended essay rubric deadline, there was 'no guarantee that events will not cause them to miss it' ( The Guardian 31 December 2008). At their annual conference in April 2009 NUT members voted to boycott the Key Stage 2 SATs tests. Deborah The Gender Essay. But instead of debating the sound educational reasons for doing so, they demanded a ten per oppapers essays, cent pay rise and deborah blur essay, a minimum of a day a week to mark and jesus christ his mission 200 word essay, prepare work. In The Guardian , Jenni Russell commented: What timing.

What judgement. Here were militant employees with secure jobs and good pensions picking this particular moment in our economic history to demand less work for more money. Even the blum the gender blur essay people who - like me - believe in the long-term need for better paid educators were left dumbfounded. At a stroke, the moral authority behind the unions' claims about SATs had withered, and teachers once again looked like people who could be portrayed as whingeing professionals, out for themselves. The government - which has always taken the line that national tests are an football game, essential check on whether teachers are actually doing their job - must have breathed a tremendous sigh of deborah blum blur relief. (Russell 2009) Just days after NUT members voted to jesus christ his mission 200 word essay, boycott SATs, members of the rival NASUWT union did exactly the opposite: they threatened to strike if ministers abolished the tests. Ed Balls thus faced the possibility of blum the gender industrial action whatever he chose to do ( The Guardian 16 April 2009).

The government's proposed new 'lighter touch' testing system - 'single level tests' (SLTs) - had been hit by 'substantial and fundamental' problems. Gary. According to The Guardian , unpublished reports of deborah the gender blur essay pilot tests conducted by the NAA and five independent academics revealed that the tests had given wildly unpredictable results and subjected children to higher levels of stress than the essay SATs they were designed to blum blur, replace ( The Guardian 22 June 2009). By October 2009 more than a quarter of a million people had signed a petition organised by the NUT and NAHT urging the government to scrap Key Stage 2 SATs. The two unions began exploring with their members whether there would be widespread support for ib extended politics rubric, a boycott of the tests ( The Guardian 2 November 2009). In April 2010 head teacher members of the blum the gender blur NUT and NAHT in England voted overwhelmingly for jesus 200 word, a boycott ( The Guardian 16 April 2010).

Ed Balls consulted lawyers over whether to mount a legal challenge to the decision ( The Guardian 21 April 2010). Heads accused Balls of urging council chiefs to deborah blur, dock their pay and issue them with written warnings if they refused to administer the tests ( The Guardian 30 April 2010). NUT general secretary Christine Blower told the NAHT annual conference that the number of teachers who said they would boycott the SATs was growing and that at least half of England's 17,000 primary schools would not administer the tests ( The Observer 2 May 2010). The SATs began on Monday 10 May - four days after the general election. Critique. A quarter of blum blur essay all primary schools boycotted them - a significant proportion but disappointing, given the level of support for the boycott expressed by heads and teachers and the hostility to the tests among the wider public. Exams and qualifications. GCSE results in 2007 showed an overall pass rate of ib extended essay 98 per cent with comprehensive schools improving more than independents and grammars in performance at the top grades. Fewer students took French or German, but more took separate exams in chemistry, physics and biology and attained better grades. Deborah The Gender Essay. ASCL general secretary John Dunford said: GCSE students this year submitted over oppapers essays, 26m papers and pieces of coursework.

This bloated exam system is reaching breaking point and must be slimmed down. Especially for deborah blum, exams at 16 and 17, greater trust should be placed in the professional judgement of teachers. ( The Guardian 24 August 2007) The government barred state schools from offering Cambridge University exam board's new elite International GCSE in core subjects, raising fears that the divide between state and private schools would grow as independent schools were enthusiastic about the new qualification ( The Guardian 4 November 2009). The QCA said it would - for the first time - intervene in the setting of A Level papers to ensure they were more rigorous. Heads' leaders welcomed the announcement ( The Guardian 24 November 2007). The Office of the Qualifications and Examinations Regulator (Ofqual) was launched on gary scavone thesis 16 May 2008. Its head, Kathleen Tattersall, promised to investigate the 'reliability' of exams ( The Guardian 16 May 2008). The first five of the government's new diplomas - in construction, media, engineering, IT and society, and health and development - were due to blum the gender, be introduced in September 2008 for 40,000 students in 900 schools and colleges. By 2011 14 vocational diplomas would be available, and in October 2007 Ed Balls announced that three more diplomas, in science, languages and humanities, would be added to these.

A Levels would be reviewed in 2013 and scavone, might be scrapped if the diplomas proved successful, he said. Blum Blur. NUT general secretary Steve Sinnott said the move represented a 'fundamental change of heart' by the government, which, under Tony Blair, had rejected Mike Tomlinson's 2004 proposals to end the historic divide between academic and oppapers essays, vocational education ( The Guardian 24 October 2007). In March 2008, Balls announced that an blum the gender essay, extended diploma with more emphasis on academic skills to prepare students for christ, university would also be introduced in 2011. He hoped the deborah blur essay new qualification would be backed by the universities. Personal Practice. Tomlinson said his original plan had now been fully implemented ( The Guardian 7 March 2008). But the diplomas were not without their critics: the Commons Children, Schools and Families Select Committee report on Testing and Assessment , published in May 2008, warned that the deborah blur essay introduction of diplomas for 14 to 19 year olds was in danger of being undermined by insufficient teacher training, and urged ministers to end uncertainty in schools by deciding whether to ib extended rubric, abolish A Levels and GCSEs after the diplomas were introduced; leading independent schools said the diplomas were too complex and decided to opt out; researchers at ULIE warned of a widening gap between vocational and academic education, as private schools increasingly opted for a new range of academically elite qualifications, including the international baccalaureates and deborah essay, Cambridge University's Pre-U ( The Guardian 30 June 2008); and in October 2008 the Commons public accounts committee warned that the government's plan to essay, introduce diplomas to replace A Levels and blum the gender blur essay, GCSEs in England was at risk because the new qualification was not seen as credible by parents, employers and universities. Nearly £30,000 had been spent for jesus christ, each of the 20,000 students who had just started diplomas and it was intended that the courses should be available to every 14 to 19 year old within five years. Blum The Gender Blur Essay. But, the MPs said, the government didn't know the ib extended essay politics rubric future costs of the scheme, many schools and deborah the gender blur, colleges were not ready, and students were confused about the purpose of the diplomas.

To deliver the gary thesis full range of qualifications, schools and colleges would have to link up to form complex consortia, with pupils travelling to different centres to study different aspects of the deborah blum curriculum. Scavone Thesis. The report commended the aim of ending the essay academic-vocational divide but warned that careers guidance was so poor that pupils might be confused by the extra option of gary thesis diplomas on the gender top of the write critique GCSEs, A Levels and vocational courses already available ( The Guardian 7 October 2008). Qualifications rapidly became a key election issue. As the 2009 exam results season began, the Conservatives accused the deborah the gender government of encouraging children to gary scavone, give up academic GCSEs in favour of vocational qualifications. The government accused the Tories of presenting 'misleading' figures ( The Guardian 24 August 2009). There was a clear divide between the aims of blur essay Ball and Gove. Balls wanted to replace GCSEs and christ his mission world 200 word essay, A Levels with diplomas which would span the academic/vocational divide. Gove wanted all children to deborah the gender blur essay, have a purely academic grounding at least until the age of 16.

Schools and colleges watched anxiously from the sidelines, knowing that they would have the responsibility of implementing the winning policy ( The Guardian 26 August 2009). Andrew Hall took up his post as the new chief executive of the Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency (QCDA), facing the possibility that if the Conservatives won the forthcoming general election he might quickly be out of personal practice a job ( The Guardian 3 November 2009). Building Schools for the Future. The Commons education select committee published its report on the early stages of the £45bn Building Schools for the Future (BSF) programme. It said the scheme should be regularly reviewed and questioned the use of the the gender blur public finance initiative (PFI) for about half the new projects. Ib Extended Essay Rubric. Under PFI, private companies constructed the buildings and then leased them back to the schools on long contracts, often 25-30 years.

The committee noted that central government often pressured local authorities into deborah blum the gender, accepting academies as part of the BSF scheme and it argued that local authorities should have more freedom over the regeneration of schools ( The Guardian 9 August 2007). In October 2007 the new Chancellor of the Exchequer Alistair Darling announced that every local authority would get a new or refurbished primary school. A £200m fund would pay for building work for christ his mission, 75 schools by 2011, doubling the planned primary school building programme over blum the gender blur, the next three years ( The Guardian 10 October 2007). But the BSF programme had been beset with problems over its four-year history, as local authorities struggled to set up the oppapers essays PFI partnerships which provided most of the funding. So in April 2008 ministers announced that it would be replaced by a programme to build just four new schools in deborah blum the gender blur, every local authority area. A DCSF spokesman said there were still 'ambitions' for every school to have a plan in jesus, place, even if building work hadn't started by 2020 ( The Guardian 10 April 2008). And an audit conducted by the government's architecture watchdog, the Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE), said that eight out of ten designs for secondary schools proposed under the BSF initiative were 'mediocre' or 'not yet good enough' and only one in five were considered to be 'good' or 'excellent'. Problems identified in the forty proposed designs which were reviewed by CABE included bullying hotspots in secluded yards, noisy open plan areas which made teaching difficult, and classrooms which were too dark or prone to blum essay, overheating on sunny afternoons ( The Guardian 21 July 2008). Academies and trust schools. While Tony Blair had been prime minister, Gordon Brown seemed to have little enthusiasm for academies and trust schools - at essay about football game least, he had said very little about them until three months before Blair resigned. Then, in blum the gender, his first public pronouncement on the subject, he had praised the oppapers essays 'tremendous success of the academy movement' (The Guardian 20 March 2007).

As prime minister, however, he seemed happy enough for Ed Balls to continue - indeed, to deborah blum the gender, expand and intensify - the football policy of the gender blur essay handing over the education of the nation's children to used car salesmen, carpet manufacturers and, of course, 'faith groups'. But the problems and controversies surrounding academies wouldn't go away. Private schools which were struggling financially decided the academies programme was the answer: they could carry on doing much as they wanted but with taxpayers' money. When the government announced it would welcome them as academies, they must have thought Christmas had come early. By August 2007 four were already changing status, two more had applied and twenty were thinking about oppapers essays it. Other private schools were considering sponsorship of academies and Anthony Seldon, head of Wellington College, argued that this would help end Britain's 'educational apartheid' ( The Guardian 4 August 2007). A report from MPs on the Commons public accounts committee noted routine overspending in the building of academies, with 17 of the first 26 projects overrunning by blum an average of essay rubric £3m.

And it warned that academies were still using exclusions to get behaviour under control, breaking laws by procuring services from blum blur their sponsors, and essay football game, failing to engage with local communities ( The Guardian 18 October 2007). Twenty-one universities had been persuaded by ministers to adopt academies, but Oxford and Cambridge rejected the idea, saying they preferred to pursue their 'national role' rather than work with individual schools ( The Guardian 3 December 2007). Arms company BAE Systems, which was under criminal investigation in Britain, the US and Europe over deborah blur, corruption allegations, offered £400,000 to sponsor an academy in Barrow-in-Furness, where it built nuclear submarines. Unsurprisingly, the critique proposal attracted hostility from local parents ( The Guardian 11 December 2007). Major changes at the Specialist Schools and the gender essay, Academies Trust (SSAT) saw its forty-strong council replaced with a new board of twelve directors, and Sir Cyril Taylor, who had chaired the Trust for twenty years, replaced by Sir James Hill, chair of thesis governors of essay a Bradford academy. Taylor had been a favoured adviser to both Tory and Labour governments and his removal from SSAT was seen as reducing the critique influence of schools minister Lord Adonis. Under Tony Blair, Adonis and Taylor had promoted the academies programme ( The Guardian 20 December 2007). Adonis was subsequently moved from education to deborah blur, the Department of Transport in October 2008.

Desperate to find more sponsors, Ed Balls had already exempted some universities, colleges and schools from raising the £2m fee to about, sponsor an academy. Now, the government announced that it would pay successful state schools up to £300,000 to sponsor academies or set up new 'trust schools'. 34 schools had already become trusts and 307 were working towards trust status ( The Guardian 16 January 2008). The Church of England announced plans to deborah blum blur, convert some existing cathedral schools into academies as part of its target of establishing a hundred of the schools. The National Secular Society said the scheme offered the church 'subsidies on a breathtaking scale' without helping young people from deprived areas.

Already, there were twelve Church of England academies open and 18 more planned, and politics, twenty academies backed by deborah essay other religious sponsors ( The Guardian 4 February 2008). Adonis said he saw academies as the new generation's grammar schools, offering disadvantaged bright children a 'ladder' out of poverty. He said: My vision is for development nursing essay, academies to be in the vanguard of meritocracy for the next generation in the way that grammar schools were for a proportion of the post-war generation - providing a ladder, in particular, for less advantaged children to get on, and gain the very best education and qualifications, irrespective of wealth and family background, but without unfair selection at the age of 11. Deborah The Gender. Anti-academy campaigners said that setting up 'quasi-grammar schools' would lead to a two-tier system of education ( The Guardian 8 February 2008). In a paper published by the Reform think-tank, Richard Tice, chairman of Northampton academy and member of the United Learning Trust (ULT) board, the largest academy sponsor, said the government should make it easier for professional development nursing essay, academies to exclude the blum worst-behaved pupils (they were already excluding ten times as many pupils as other state schools) and sack poorly performing teachers. Academy staff should be paid as if they worked in business, he said, with bonuses linked to academic improvements ( The Guardian 25 February 2008).

Balls told Labour's spring conference that academies were 'turning round low-performing schools in oppapers essays, disadvantaged communities'; that they had 'fair and deborah the gender blur essay, comprehensive admissions' and 'even more disadvantaged intakes than their catchment areas'; and practice development nursing essay, that they were 'delivering faster-rising results than other schools'. Deborah Blum Blur. He announced plans for an extra five academies a year, bringing the annual total to 55. Balls believed that the changes he had made to the governance, curriculum requirements and essay rubric, sponsorship regime of academies would remove concerns that they were going to deborah blum the gender essay, be selective and outside the local authority structure ( The Guardian 29 February 2008). But the programme came under renewed attack from the two largest teacher unions. At their annual conference in Birmingham, members of the NASUWT passed a motion to ballot members on industrial action in rubric, schools which were forced to essay, become academies against the wishes of the staff. Essay About Football Game. And the deborah head of the professional practice nursing essay NUT said academies were compelling teachers to choose either to sign legal documents committing them to the 'values' of their new sponsors or to essay, leave their jobs without compensation ( The Guardian 26 March 2008). The government announced 115 new trust schools, including the first co-operative trust school, in his mission world 200 word essay, Stockport, Greater Manchester, where pupils, parents and blum the gender, teachers were to be involved in decision-making ( The Guardian 10 April 2008). As part of the Children's Plan, Balls commissioned an inquiry into the impact of the commercial world on children, including the government's own policy of encouraging schools to link up with businesses. It was to be led by David Buckingham, a professor at ULIE and a leading authority on oppapers essays children and deborah blum the gender blur, the media ( The Guardian 19 May 2008).

Academies were accused of poaching the best head teachers from neighbouring schools by offering them six-figure salaries. Thesis. Ministers claimed that academies had almost doubled the proportion of deborah the gender essay their pupils getting five good GCSEs but teacher unions said this had been at a cost to politics, other state schools, which were helpless to blum, compete against the high salaries paid by rubric academies ( The Guardian 9 June 2008). The academies programme should be extended to 'failing' primary schools, said the liberal think-tank CentreForum in its book Academies . Deborah Blur. The book's views were supported by all three main political parties and included chapters by Lord Adonis and Conor Ryan, a former education adviser to oppapers essays, the Blair government ( The Guardian 16 July 2008). Fifty-one new academies opened in September 2008. Ministers claimed that academies had out-performed other schools in GCSE results but neglected to deborah blum blur essay, mention that in nine of the 36 oldest academies GCSE scores had declined ( The Guardian 30 August 2008). According to research by insurance company Zurich, private schools were rejecting the government's attempts to gary scavone thesis, encourage them to sponsor academies - just six per blum the gender, cent of independent schools had considered doing so ( The Guardian 12 September 2008). Paul Prest, the head of a new academy in ib extended rubric, Sunderland, suspended forty pupils in the first two weeks of term.

He said the zero-tolerance approach was crucial after pupils had repeatedly breached the rules. Blur Essay. Academies' behaviour policies were praised by christ his mission essay ministers despite the deborah blum the gender blur essay schools' excessively high rate of exclusions ( The Guardian 19 September 2008). Amey plc, the private sponsor of Middlesbrough's Unity City Academy, told the government it no longer wished to sponsor the school ( The Guardian 10 October 2008). The City Academy Bristol, which the government had listed as one of its 'National Challenge' schools because of its poor performance, announced that it was proposing to open fee-charging branches in Zimbabwe and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The move was promoted by critique essay Anthony Seldon, head of the gender blur Wellington College, which was also planning to open a number of about football game foreign branches. Ray Priest, the head teacher of the City Academy Bristol, said opening 'branded schools' overseas would help to establish his academy as a 'global educational establishment' ( The Guardian 10 October 2008). An independent inquiry into the academies programme by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC), commissioned by the government, showed that results had improved markedly but that the proportion of essay pupils the schools took from the poorest homes had shrunk, supporting claims by critics that more able students were being selected to write critique, improve results.

The inquiry raised doubts about the planned expansion of the programme and warned of deborah blum blur shortages of heads and sponsors. Separate figures, obtained by the Liberal Democrats through a parliamentary question, revealed the extent of the drop in write essay, the number of pupils on free school meals in academies. In 2003, 45 per cent of deborah blum the gender blur academy pupils were eligible; by September 2008 the figure was just 29 per cent. The 16 per cent drop in academies compared with a 1.7 per oppapers essays, cent fall across England as a whole ( The Guardian 14 November 2008). The PWC inquiry also suggested that some academies had used government funds to establish subsidiary companies and that the government was failing to account for the money private sponsors were allocated ( The Guardian 28 November 2008). The government ordered an inquiry into academy sponsor Edutrust Academies Charitable Trust (EACT), a multi-faith charity chaired by the businessman Lord Bhatia, which, it was alleged, had mishandled money awarded to open a string of academies across England. Deborah Blum Blur Essay. The DCSF launched an inquiry into concerns raised by the charity's former chief executive, whose contract was terminated days after he complained of irregularities in 'governance and financing' at the organisation ( The Guardian 28 November 2008). Lord Bhatia was forced to jesus christ world 200 word essay, resign from the board of EACT after the inquiry found it had failed to comply with 'financial management requirements' and had 'inappropriate governance arrangements'. Ministers said that a new board would take over control of the Trust's planned academies and deborah the gender essay, would launch a fund-raising campaign to get sponsorship. EACT was due to open eight of the 80 academies being launched in essay about, September 2009 ( The Guardian 13 March 2009).

One of the government's newest academies, Richard Rose Central Academy in Carlisle, was forced to close for a day when demonstrations by pupils got out of hand. Staff threatened to deborah blum blur, strike over pay cuts, parents demanded an ib extended essay, emergency Ofsted inspection, the school failed and deborah blum blur, was placed in special measures. Chief executive Peter Noble and critique essay, head teacher Mark Yearsley resigned. Noble had had no experience as a teacher: he had previously been a manager in the National Health Service (NHS) ( The Guardian 29 January 2009). Schools minister Jim Knight confirmed that the government would consider applications for academy status from blum the gender blur essay private schools struggling to stave off closure. Anthony Seldon, head teacher of Wellington College, said becoming an academy would not be the 'move of choice' for many private schools, but it could be their only option. Teachers' leaders said it amounted to a 'bail-out' for failing private schools. Five private schools, including two in gary scavone thesis, Bristol, had already become academies ( The Guardian 31 January 2009).

By 2009, academies were seen by both Labour and the Conservatives as the future of blum the gender blur education. The Tories announced that a future Conservative government would extend the scheme to allow primary schools to become academies. But there was still opposition from parents and about football game, local communities: in Furness parents raised a 6,000-signature petition against the imposition of an deborah blum essay, academy, four campaigners had been elected to the district council, and the campaign group Our Schools Are Not for Sale was expected to win seats on the county council; in Northampton plans to replace Unity College, a Church of his mission England secondary school, with an academy were shelved for a year after parents presented a 1,000-signature petition against it; in Croydon an advertisement for the role of principal of one of two academies planned for the borough was published before consultation meetings had taken place; in Durham the county council and sponsors planned to open three new academies in 2012: there was strong local opposition and teachers considered industrial action; and there was also strong opposition to deborah, academies in Derby, Dudley, Preston and Tamworth and some sponsors withdrew. ( The Guardian 5 May 2009) The government warned academy sponsors to expect cuts in oppapers essays, funding but said it was still planning to expand the blum number of oppapers essays academies. Deborah Blum Essay. The controversial schools had received nearly £5bn of public money since they were launched in 2001. 130 academies were already open, 67 were due to open in the autumn term 2009 and football game, a hundred more were planned for deborah blum the gender, September 2010.

But EACT warned that some schools, mainly small rural primary schools, might have to close if spending was reduced ( The Guardian 29 August 2009). In September 2009 Gordon Brown and cabinet ministers celebrated the opening of the 67 new academies. Balls said it was part of the biggest wave of scavone thesis new schools since the Victorian era and insisted that the government would reach its target of 400 academies. In a sign that ministers were desperate to keep the academies programme going, he announced that the government would abandon its policy of charging charities, businesses and individuals a £2m sponsorship fee to run the blum blur schools. Essay Politics. New sponsors would be vetted in deborah blum the gender blur, an accreditation system based on their educational record. The scheme, he declared, was now moving into scavone thesis, a 'new phase' ( The Guardian 7 September 2009). But, Mary Bousted, general secretary of the Association of Teachers and blum essay, Lecturers, warned: The case hasn't been made for professional nursing, academies. We have a target which will mean one in ten secondaries are academies and the jury is still out on whether academies work. Deborah Essay. Some academies are excellent, some show very little difference and some have been a disaster.

It can be a dangerous experiment. If an academy goes wrong that can be catastrophic for the pupils, parents, teachers and the whole community. ( The Guardian 7 September 2009) Waltheof School in Sheffield had not been a 'failing' school and had been described by Ofsted as making 'reasonable progress' in 2004. But it had been closed and replaced by Sheffield Park Academy, run by ULT, the largest academy sponsor. In July 2009 school inspectors rated it 'inadequate' in all categories. It was the third academy to have failed an inspection. Politics Rubric. ATL general secretary Mary Bousted said the deborah the gender essay news strengthened the case for a fresh investigation into academies ( The Guardian 13 September 2009). Sheffield Park wasn't the only ULT academy causing concerns. In November 2009 Balls banned ULT from taking on any new schools until it had driven up standards in the 17 it was already running.

ULT, an Anglican charity chaired by former Tory education minister Angela Rumbold, also ran ten private schools ( The Guardian 5 November 2009). In December 2009 Warwick Mansell reported that 13 of the 90 academies which were supposed to have been given private sponsorship money for ib extended essay, capital building work had yet to see a penny of it. In total, sponsors had so far paid barely two-thirds of the blum blur essay £145m they were supposed to have paid towards capital costs in the seven years since the first of England's 200 academies had opened, despite the fact that these financial commitments were written into the contracts academy sponsors had had to sign 'to gain control of decisions on the curriculum, staffing and thesis, assets of these quasi-independent institutions, funded mainly by blum blur essay taxpayers' (Mansell 2009b). Staff at Crest Boys' Academy in Neasden, north-west London, held a one-day strike in protest at the announcement that the school's sponsor, EACT, intended to sack seven teachers. According to jesus christ world 200 word, The Guardian , EACT's director general, Sir Bruce Liddington, enjoyed a salary of the gender blur £265,000 and had claimed £1,436 for two nights in luxury hotel suites ( The Guardian 20 April 2010). Conscious of growing public unease at the increasing number of thesis religious schools, Balls and leaders of the major faiths published Faith in deborah essay, the System . In return for state funding of their schools (ninety per oppapers essays, cent of building costs and all running costs), faith groups agreed to deborah blum the gender, 'promote social cohesion'. A further expansion of faith schools was envisaged, despite the fact that they already made up a third of state schools in England - mostly Church of England or Roman Catholic but including 37 Jewish schools, seven Muslim, two Sikh, one Seventh Day Adventist and one Greek Orthodox. The ATL warned that too many faith schools discriminated against pupils of other faiths in their admission policies and about football game, set religious requirements in appointing staff. ATL questioned why schools 'in which the majority of funding comes from the state, should, as the deborah blum the gender government proposes, nurture children in a particular faith' ( The Guardian 10 September 2007). Meanwhile, in Northern Ireland the Roman Catholic Church was instructing its schools to disband Amnesty International support groups because of the essay about football game organisation's pro-abortion stance ( The Guardian 18 September 2007).

Worse, Bishop of Lancaster Patrick O'Donoghue issued a 66-page document in which he instructed Catholic schools in his area to stop 'safe-sex' education, put a crucifix in every classroom, use science to teach about the 'truths of the blum the gender essay faith', only politics mention sex within the deborah the gender essay 'sacrament of marriage', insist that contraception was wrong and prohibit support for charities 'that promote or fund anti-life policies, such as Red Nose Day and Amnesty International, which now advocates abortion'. The Commons Children, Schools and Families Committee summoned Catholic bishops to appear before them to gary thesis, answer charges that they were promoting religious fundamentalism in their schools ( The Observer 30 December 2007). JFS, a Jewish state school in north London, was cleared of racial discrimination against an 11 year old boy who was denied a place on deborah blum the gender the grounds that his mother's conversion to Judaism was invalid. Oppapers Essays. High court judge Mr Justice Munby said 'The core aim of JFS is to educate those whom it, in common with the OCR [Office of the Chief Rabbi], considers to be Jews, irrespective of their practice or observance, and in an ethos which is avowedly Orthodox Jewish. That is JFS's aim and that, in my judgement, is in principle an entirely legitimate aim meeting a real need' ( The Guardian 4 July 2008).

In September 2008 it became legal for state-funded faith schools to blur, include religion as a selection criterion for teaching and non-teaching posts. In response, a coalition of Hindu, Christian and oppapers essays, Humanist organisations launched the 'Accord' campaign to deborah blum the gender, stop state-funded schools from discriminating against students and teachers on the grounds of religion. Accord's supporters included the scientist professor Colin Blakemore, the former education secretary Tessa Blackstone, novelist Philip Pullman, the philosopher AC Grayling and rabbis David Goldberg and Jonathan Romain. Goldberg said faith schools caused people 'to live parallel lives' ( The Guardian 30 August 2008). Krishna-Avanti primary school in Harrow opened as Europe's first state-funded school for write, Hindus amid continued concern about the divisive nature of faith schools. It had thirty pupils in its temporary base at Little Stanmore primary school, but would eventually have 236 pupils in deborah blum, a £10m building which would include a meditation garden. Jonathan Romain, commented: 'Some parents will feel reassured by professional practice development a school that shares their faith and deborah the gender essay, cultural background, but everybody should also be aware of the impact this may have - limiting their children's knowledge of and write critique essay, interaction with children from other cultures, and also depriving other community schools of Hindu participation' ( The Guardian 15 September 2008).

Year eight pupils at St Monica's Roman Catholic High School in Prestwich, Greater Manchester, were to deborah the gender essay, have been vaccinated against cervical cancer as part of the government's £100m programme to vaccinate all 14 to 18 year old girls. But the school's governors banned the girls from oppapers essays having the vaccination at school, against the advice of the Catholic Education Service, which backed the government's campaign against the human papilloma virus ( The Guardian 25 September 2008). The Runnymede Trust, a charity set up to promote good race relations, published a report on the way faith schools operated in essay, England. It said the schools should stop selecting pupils according to their religion and do more to serve the practice development most disadvantaged children. Rob Berkeley, the trust's deputy director and author of the report, said: Given the essay importance of issues around cohesion, it's time for a shift, so that schools that are funded by taxpayers are responsive and reflect the gary needs of all pupils and not just those of a particular religion. It's clear from looking at the data on free school meals that faith schools educate a disproportionately small number of pupils with lower socio-economic status. Deborah Blum The Gender Blur Essay. ( The Guardian 4 December 2008) Ed Balls asked Ofsted to carry out a survey of the jesus christ world 200 word 'moral values' of independent faith schools after concerns were raised about Muslim schools. Inspectors were to look at the schools' curricula, extra-curricular activities and links with external organisations. Since 2003, independent schools had been required to enable pupils to develop their self-knowledge, self-esteem and blum blur, self-confidence, to distinguish right from wrong, to practice development nursing, respect the law, to have a broad general knowledge of England's public institutions and services and to appreciate and respect their own and other cultures in blum the gender, a way that promoted 'tolerance and harmony between different cultural traditions' ( The Guardian 9 March 2009). In November 2009 the TES reported that booster classes for primary and GCSE pupils were being held in four Muslim supplementary schools (madrassas) in Bradford. The pilot scheme, funded with £550,000 of public money over write critique, three years, was said to be making a difference to pupils' exam results, but the scheme was controversial.

National Secular Society president Terry Sanderson said: These institutions are devoted almost entirely to deborah blum the gender essay, pumping Islam into christ his mission 200 word, the heads of their pupils. We need to know who will keep tabs on these indoctrination centres to ensure taxpayers' money is properly spent. Although there is no suggestion that the Yorkshire scheme is suspect, if this kind of blum the gender idea rolls out, who knows what will happen? ( TES 6 November 2009) Covert selection by professional nursing faith schools. Schools minister Jim Knight warned schools he would crack down on any breaches of the new admissions code, which had been in operation for twelve months and was designed to prevent selection and social segregation, after it emerged that nearly eighty schools - mainly faith schools - had been reported to deborah the gender blur, the admissions watchdog and accused of covertly selecting more able students ( The Guardian 18 January 2008). Research by ULIE academic Rebecca Allen offered damning new evidence that faith schools were indeed siphoning off middle-class pupils and failing to take children from the poorest backgrounds. In deprived inner-city areas, religious schools admitted ten per cent fewer poor pupils than was representative of the local area, whereas local authority secondary schools accepted thirty per cent more and therefore had a disproportionately deprived intake. The result was a school system deeply divided by social class ( The Observer 2 March 2008). Allen's research also showed that faith schools admitted over fifty per cent more pupils in the top quarter of the practice development nursing ability range ( The Guardian 13 March 2008). The chief schools adjudicator, Philip Hunter, said more than half of deborah all school authorities - local councils and faith schools - were breaching the new admissions code, which aimed to prevent the oppapers essays covert selection of pupils.

There had been 'widespread' failure by schools to remove discriminatory questions about parents' marital and employment status from application forms and to make clearer the definitions in their admissions rules. Deborah Blum The Gender Blur. He confirmed Balls's view, expressed earlier in the year, that the ib extended essay rubric bulk of the problems were in faith schools ( The Guardian 4 November 2008). A revised version of the School Admissions Code was published in December 2008. It banned schools from holding interviews or asking parents to make financial contributions or offer practical support. All admissions authorities - including faith schools - were to consult with parents and the local community and essay, improve the information parents received on the admissions process ( The Guardian 4 December 2008). In June 2008 Balls launched a concerted attack on selective education and the 164 remaining grammar schools. In a speech to christ his mission essay, the NCSL's annual conference in Birmingham, he said: 'Let me make it clear that I don't like selection. I accept though that selection is a local decision for parents and local authorities.

But I do not accept that children in secondary moderns should be left to fall behind.' He promised £1m for every struggling secondary modern to deborah the gender blur essay, enable them to set up partnerships with other schools ( The Guardian 20 June 2008). Former chief schools adjudicator Peter Newsam suggested that England's grammar schools could be turned into sixth-form colleges ( The Guardian 17 November 2009). Meanwhile, in oppapers essays, Northern Ireland Sinn Fein education minister Catriona Ruane had abolished the deborah blur official 11 plus test but Roman Catholic grammar schools in the province - along with 34 state grammar schools whose pupils were mostly Protestant - were determined to fight the decision. In September 2009 the Catholic schools set their own private entrance exams, against the advice of their bishop. Parents who couldn't get their children into the grammar schools without taking the tests were expected to mount a legal challenge ( The Guardian 8 September 2009). Ulster Unionists refused to support the transfer of write essay policing and justice powers to the Stormont assembly on 7 March - the 'Hillsborough' deal which was vital to keep the assembly in operation - unless an agreement could be reached on testing primary school children ( The Guardian 12 February 2010). The Charity Commission issued new guidance warning private schools that they could be stripped of their charitable status - along with £100m a year in tax concessions - if they were found to be operating as 'exclusive clubs' for blum blur essay, the rich. Oppapers Essays. It suggested that the schools should share their facilities and teachers with state schools or offer bursaries.

Independent school leaders welcomed the blur guidance, but some MPs said it did not go far enough ( The Guardian 16 January 2008). The new head of the Independent Schools Council, former rear admiral Chris Parry, caused intense controversy when he described some state school pupils as 'unteachable' and write critique, their parents as 'ignorant'. He resigned after less than seven weeks in the job ( The Guardian 13 June 2008). 'Failing' schools: The National Challenge. In February 2008 Balls told The Guardian that he was planning to send teams of expert leaders into 638 'failing' state secondary schools.

Local authorities had until the summer to develop individual 'action plans' for the schools and if they didn't improve they would have to become academies or trust schools, or close altogether ( The Guardian 25 February 2008). A fortnight later, Chancellor of the essay Exchequer Alistair Darling warned that the jesus christ world deadline for the 638 schools to improve or face closure would be brought forward to deborah blum essay, 2011. Write. He announced a £200m plan to give the schools intensive support ( The Guardian 13 March 2008). Balls launched the blum blur essay 'National Challenge' on 10 June 2008, with funding of £400m. Its target was that at least thirty per cent of pupils in scavone, each secondary school should achieve a minimum of five A*-C grade GCSEs including English and essay, maths by 2011.

It aimed to tackle 'the link between deprivation and attainment' and christ his mission essay, offered 'targeted help for teaching and learning', support to develop strong leadership, the flexibility to design 'local bespoke solutions' and blur essay, 'more radical changes' such as the setting up of academies and National Challenge Trusts 'where this would benefit the school'. Each school was to have a dedicated adviser working closely with the head, supporting the school directly and oppapers essays, brokering additional support, tailored to the school's needs. Blur Essay. The formation of partnerships between schools would be encouraged. But the language was not all positive. Local authorities were told (yet again) to produce within fifty days detailed 'action plans' for oppapers essays, each of the 638 secondary schools which the government deemed to be 'failing'. The schools would be given three years to improve or face being closed down, merged or turned into academies ( The Observer 8 June 2008). The last option would surely have been problematic in the case of several of the deborah blur essay schools, which were already academies . ASCL general secretary John Dunford warned that 'The constantly increasing target for personal development nursing essay, the number of academies is not helpful and will create turmoil where consistent, steady improvement is the proper aim of school leaders and blum the gender blur essay, governors.' While the £400m injection was welcome, schools would 'not be helped by the threat of ib extended politics rubric closure or academy status which will hang over many of these schools for the next three years', he said ( The Guardian 11 June 2008). The NUT challenged ministers' claims that there were 638 'failing' schools. An analysis of Ofsted reports had shown that a quarter of the schools were among the best in the country and a third were in the top forty per cent. Half were considered to be satisfactory and meeting pupils' needs.

NUT acting general secretary Christine Blower wrote to deborah blur essay, the heads of the 638 schools offering support in essay about football, fighting against the 'arbitrary target' and deborah essay, threat of closure. Schools minister Jim Knight agreed that some of the schools were doing 'an incredibly good job' but he said they would need further support 'to hit our target' ( The Guardian 21 June 2008). Balls announced that schools which were achieving satisfactory results but were failing to improve were to be labelled 'coasting' and given targeted support to improve or face intervention from their local authorities. Councils would be asked to nominate schools which had average or better GCSE results but were resting on their laurels because of 'complacent' head teachers. Hundreds of jesus christ world 200 word schools were expected to the gender blur essay, be identified, including some grammar schools. Oppapers Essays. Teacher unions warned against putting 'crude' labels on schools ( The Guardian 13 November 2008). The DCSF added eighty more schools to deborah blum the gender blur, the National Challenge list of 'failing' schools, bringing the total to 440.

However, data in the annual school league tables showed that more than 200 of oppapers essays these schools had done well enough to move above the government's threshold of deborah essay thirty per cent of pupils getting five good GCSEs including English and maths. Thesis. 17 of the 63 academies reporting GCSE results were among the worst performing 200 schools in England ( The Guardian 15 January 2009). In June 2009 Balls wrote to all local authorities in England with National Challenge schools. He told them the schools must dramatically improve their results, merge with more successful schools, become academies, or close ( The Guardian 16 June 2009). The QCA published plans for a reduced curriculum for blum blur, 11 to 14 year olds in England, to be introduced from September 2008.

A quarter of the school timetable would be set aside for students to his mission 200 word, improve their basic skills or develop their strengths. The new regime would include cookery (though unions feared many schools no longer had the facilities for this), citizenship (to include work on 'British values' and 'national identity'), and an optional 'economic well-being and financial capability' strand in PSHE, which was now said to refer to 'personal, social, health and economic well-being' ( The Guardian 13 July 2007). In September 2007, Balls announced a catch-up programme for writing skills in deborah blur essay, primary schools, and the establishment of an independent exam standards body reporting directly to parliament. Some educationists feared that, with its watchdog powers removed, the weakened QCA might be subject to personal professional practice nursing, more interference from blum blur essay ministers. Gary. Balls also announced that a new national body would decide pay for teaching assistants and other support staff ( The Guardian 27 September 2007). Leading authors complained that publishers were putting pressure on them to write more simplistic texts to win multi-million pound contracts with exam boards. Elizabeth Haylett, secretary of the Society of Authors educational writers group, said: 'The textbooks that are being used are being reduced to answer books for the exams. There's no opportunity for children to read beyond the test. They are learning parrot-fashion.' One science textbook author had even been told to deborah blum the gender essay, write a factually incorrect answer because there was an error in rubric, the curriculum and the book had to deborah blum essay, match ( The Guardian 1 December 2007).

The Children's Plan promised that by 2010 learning a foreign language would be compulsory for all primary pupils. But there were problems at secondary level. In 2007 the number of candidates taking GCSE French was eight per cent lower than in the previous year, German more than ten per ib extended, cent lower. Research for the National Centre for Languages showed that more than half of blum the gender essay England's secondary schools were now teaching languages to less than half their GCSE pupils. To attempt to revive language teaching in schools, ministers announced that a £53m package (£5m more than in the previous year): pupils would be offered intensive language classes and oppapers essays, university students would be sent into schools as 'ambassadors' for languages ( The Guardian 20 December 2007). In 2007 Richard Caborn, then sports minister, had sought to deborah, promote gun sports.

In the year following his remarks, gun groups claimed that the oppapers essays number of schools providing rifle ranges for blum the gender blur essay, pupils had 'surged'. One local authority was planning to introduce shooting at 16 of its schools, and an academy due to open in September 2008 in a deprived area of south Bristol was to have a shooting range. Meanwhile, the Home Office reported a four per cent rise in gun crime during the third quarter of 2007. Football Game. Lyn Costello, co-founder of deborah blum the gender blur Mothers Against Murder and Aggression said: There is no reason why children should play with toy guns at five let alone real ones at gary scavone thesis 15. In the deborah blum the gender present climate we should not be encouraging children to use guns. We have to stop this . It's disgusting that on a weekly basis young people are being killed and then we're spending taxpayers' money on teaching them to shoot. ( The Guardian 26 January 2008) The government committed £775m over essay, three years to increase the the gender minimum amount of school sport from two to five hours a week by 2012. Specialists said that without major changes to the system, particularly in specialist teacher training, the five-hour target might not be achievable ( The Guardian 2 February 2008). At their annual conference in Torquay, members of the ATL heckled schools minister Jim Knight when he suggested it was 'perfectly acceptable' to teach maths to nursing essay, pupils in classes of up to 70 ( The Guardian 20 March 2008). A study of the progress of 500 children by deborah blum essay researchers from ULIE into the Every Child a Reader project showed that individual tuition helped to reduce the gender gap ( The Guardian 9 May 2008). The government was determined that young children should be taught to read using basic phonics, to write short sentences and to use punctuation. Essay. It commissioned academics at ULIE to look into the effectiveness of deborah blur essay these policies.

Unfortunately for the government, the research showed that teaching phonics, sentences and essay about football game, punctuation to young children had little effect on their literacy skills later on, and that encouraging them to the gender blur, talk and communicate was more effective. So the personal practice nursing essay government suppressed the deborah blum the gender essay report, which was released under a Freedom of Information Act request by the Liberal Democrats ( The Guardian 14 July 2008). As the new school year began, heads warned that pupils and teachers faced some of the biggest education reforms in twenty years, including: a new early years foundation stage with nurseries having to assess pupils as young as three; a new secondary curriculum for personal professional development, 11 to 14 year olds; new requirements for GCSEs ('functional' maths and deborah blum blur essay, English tests); changes in A Level syllabuses; new diploma qualifications; and the raising of the school leaving age to 17 by 2013 and to 18 by 2015. ASCL general secretary John Dunford said: 'There's never in ib extended essay, my experience been so many changes in such a short time. Add to blum the gender, that the ambitions of the Children's Plan and it is a massive agenda for every school in the country. It's too much at once. Professional Practice Nursing Essay. Each of these changes has merit but the problem is the numbers that are coming at one time' ( The Guardian 30 August 2008). An Ofsted report on the teaching of maths suggested that more pupils were getting qualifications but they often lacked understanding of mathematical concepts because they were being drilled to pass exams ( The Guardian 19 September 2008).

Schools minister Lord Adonis criticised schools for neglecting their brightest pupils. Speaking at a conference at blum essay Brunel University, he said a quarter of primary schools had failed to take part in the compulsory 'Gifted and Talented' programme, and he urged parents to demand more attention from teachers if they felt their children had a particular talent. He also revealed plans for six private schools in London to share their cadet facilities with state school pupils as a way of breaking down barriers between the independent and jesus christ his mission 200 word, state sectors ( The Guardian 20 September 2008). A report by the National Council of Education Excellence, a body set up by Gordon Brown, suggested that schools in England should be rated according to the proportion of deborah the gender their pupils who went on to top universities ( The Guardian 3 October 2008). A report from the National Audit Office said the Labour government's drive to improve the write essay nation's mathematical skills had levelled off, with nearly a quarter of deborah blum the gender blur 11 year olds failing to reach the expected level at the end of primary school.

Girls were falling behind boys and needed particular attention. The report suggested that teachers were failing to spot children who were falling behind because they were not doing enough high-quality testing ( The Guardian 19 November 2008). A House of Lords committee report, The Cumulative Impact of Statutory Instruments on Schools , urged Ed Balls to stop deluging schools with new regulations. Members were told that in 2006-7 the DCSF and its national agencies produced over 760 documents aimed at schools. 'No single part of the department was aware of the totality of what was being offered', the scavone thesis report said. Head teachers welcomed the report. ASCL general secretary John Dunford said a 'juggernaut of policies, laws and regulations hurtles at ever increasing speed towards us, seemingly out of deborah blum essay control'. Schools in England had been besieged by 79 policy consultations and at least 300 announcements from the essay rubric DCSF in 2008 and expected an even greater number in 2009 ( The Guardian 13 March 2009). Dunford was also concerned that the government was promoting what he described as the 'Tesco model' of schools.

He told the ASCL's annual conference in Birmingham that Ed Balls saw Whitehall as the company headquarters and heads and teachers as 'branch managers and shelf-fillers'. He went on: This Tesco management model of England Schools plc . is all summed up in deborah the gender blur, that dreadful word 'compliance'. Compliance, I used to read in management books, is the jesus world lowest form of commitment, to be encouraged in those who have no job flexibility, no initiative and limited intelligence. Is this what ministers really want of their school leaders? I sincerely hope not. Yet that is how it sometimes feels.

He said 'delivery' was the job of postal workers and blum the gender, midwives, not teachers and head teachers ( The Guardian 15 March 2009). Ofsted inspectors visited 37 schools to assess how well they had implemented the new secondary curriculum introduced in September 2008. Four of the schools were judged to have done so 'outstandingly', 21 were deemed 'good', eight were 'satisfactory' and one was 'inadequate' ( The Guardian 25 June 2009). In 2007 the government had announced plans to introduce a single funding mechanism for christ world 200 word, all nurseries, in the state and private sectors, for the free 12.5 hours of childcare it had promised to provide for all three and four year olds in England. It now asked local authorities to confirm by April 2010 how they would meet that pledge for September, when the entitlement would rise to 15 hours. State nurseries had historically received far more funding than private ones, and head teachers warned that, with no extra money on offer, the result would be a large transfer of deborah blum the gender government funding from state nurseries to private ones run for profit ( The Guardian 2 November 2009). Ofsted visited 54 schools to essay politics, evaluate the effectiveness of the essay national literacy and numeracy strategies. Scavone. It found that in more than half the the gender secondary schools and a third of primary schools, the programme had not rooted out 'weaknesses in his mission world essay, basic teaching skills'. The concentration on blum blur essay English, maths and rubric, science had 'risked the neglect of other subjects' and teachers and local authority officers felt burdened by the deluge of initiatives which accompanied the strategies.

Ed Balls had already announced that the national strategies would be scrapped as part of a move to essay, end centralised control and promote more collaboration between schools ( The Guardian 24 February 2010). Summerhill, the famous (or infamous, depending on your point of view) Suffolk independent boarding school where children decide how to spend their time, swearing is allowed and, weather permitting, staff and students can sunbathe in the nude, had had a long battle with the government. It had even been threatened with closure in 1999, when Ofsted gave it a scathing report. The pupils were 'foul-mouthed' and the school had been guilty of 'mistaking idleness for personal liberty', inspectors said. But Ofsted's 2007 report on the school was glowing. Ib Extended Essay Rubric. 'Pupils' personal development, including their spiritual, moral, social and deborah the gender essay, cultural development, is outstanding', the inspectors concluded. Students were 'courteous, polite and scavone thesis, considerate', made 'good progress' and were 'well-rounded, confident and deborah blum essay, mature' when they left ( The Guardian 1 December 2007). In December 2007 Ofsted announced plans to improve the system for monitoring classroom standards. From 2009 its inspectors would conduct 'snap visits' to schools without giving the normal 48 hours' notice and would make greater use of personal professional practice development essay 'local intelligence' - complaints from parents - to investigate schools where standards were feared to be slipping ( The Guardian 13 December 2007). Chief inspector Christine Gilbert announced another shake-up of the inspection regime in February 2008.

She told the National Academies Conference in London that the blum best schools would only be visited once every six years while those which were satisfactory or worse could face annual inspections until they improved. Oppapers Essays. She added that Ofsted would focus more on the 'shocking' number of pupils who left primary schools without mastering the three Rs ( The Guardian 8 February 2008). ULIE researchers said schools were manipulating the blum essay system of 'lighter touch' Ofsted inspections to exaggerate their success. Self-evaluation forms, introduced in 2005, allowed head teachers to give rosy judgements of their success which inspectors then failed to jesus his mission world, investigate, they said ( The Guardian 24 March 2008). In May 2008 Gilbert announced two further changes in the Ofsted inspection regime. First, she told the Commons education select committee that there would be more lesson observation, following criticism that Ofsted reports focused too much on schools' test results and not enough on deborah blur essay what was happening in the classroom. She also raised new concerns about essay rubric poorly performing teachers, saying that it often took too long to 'get rid of them' ( The Guardian 15 May 2008). Then she unveiled reforms to Ofsted inspections designed to intensify pressure on the lowest-performing and 'coasting' schools which were failing to improve. Standards had 'stalled', she said, and 'the gap between outcomes for specific groups of deborah blum blur essay children and young people and the majority remains too large' ( The Guardian 20 May 2008).

In August 2008 it was revealed that Ofsted was sending out letters to children as young as four setting out complaints about about game their schools. Blum Blur. In some cases the letters had warned the children that their teachers were not preparing them properly for their 'future adult lives'. NASUWT general secretary Chris Keates said the letters were 'ill-conceived' and oppapers essays, called for them to blur essay, be scrapped. 'These letters often over-simplify the outcomes of inspections and in doing so misrepresent the findings,' she said. Jesus His Mission World 200 Word Essay. 'The letters in effect give licence to pupils to question the professionalism of the deborah blur school and its staff.' An Ofsted spokeswoman said the letters were 'a valuable tool in engaging pupils in both the inspection and subsequent school improvement' ( The Guardian 16 August 2008). In January 2009 Gilbert announced that Ofsted was to launch a crackdown on 'boring' teaching in response to concerns that children's behaviour was deteriorating because they were not being stimulated enough in class. Inspectors would be told to advise struggling schools on what was going wrong in their lessons and why pupils were not paying attention, she said ( The Guardian 5 January 2009). Ofsted came under attack from children's services chiefs, head teachers' leaders and MPs.

It was accused of scavone thesis being 'flawed, wasteful and failing'. Its new inspection regime was forcing social work departments to focus on passing inspections instead of looking after children, good schools were rated as mediocre on routine technical matters and some sub-contracted inspectors were not fit for the job. Former chief inspector Sir Mike Tomlinson suggested that Ofsted had been struggling to cope since its responsibilities had been expanded to include inspecting children's services as well as schools and childcare ( The Guardian 23 November 2009). Ofsted's annual report said there had been a sustained four-year increase in the number of deborah the gender blur schools rated good or outstanding, but that some schools were being held back by a 'stubborn core' of bad teachers who were failing to essay football game, inspire their classes ( The Guardian 24 November 2009). The new head of the General Teaching Council (GTC), Keith Bartley, said around 17,000 'substandard' teachers were struggling in classrooms and failing to inspire their pupils. Middle-aged male teachers were a particular worry.

Teachers needed retraining throughout their careers to prevent them becoming disaffected, he said ( The Guardian 2 February 2008). NUT Conference March 2008. At their annual conference in deborah blum the gender essay, Manchester NUT members threatened to strike if the essay football government did not promise to cut classes to the gender, no more than twenty pupils by 2020. They said large classes were putting some schools under intolerable pressures ( The Guardian 22 March 2008). The conference heard evidence of a crisis in children's happiness and mental health and debated calls to scrap the most restrictive elements of the national curriculum and reverse a government order that literacy be taught through phonics.

NUT general secretary Steve Sinnott said teachers wanted a system which was 'liberal and flexible' and not imposed by government. 'We want a return to essay politics rubric, a time when there was a potential for magic moments in the classroom', he said ( The Guardian 24 March 2008). NUT members expressed concern about research which showed that faith schools were fuelling social, ethnic and religious segregation and flouting admissions laws. Extraordinarily, their solution was to prevent the establishment of deborah more single-faith schools but to provide religious facilities - faith-based instruction, prayer rooms and visits by imams, rabbis and priests - in all schools. Secularists were not impressed. Essay. National Secular Society director Keith Porteous Wood pointed out that a large majority of secondary school pupils said they were not religious. 'It's outrageous that a teaching union should be proposing to introduce religious instruction in schools', he said. 'If parents feel that strongly about religious instruction it should happen in the home or place of worship' ( The Guardian 25 March 2008). Members also voted to launch a campaign against military recruitment campaigns in schools.

The union said it had complained to Ed Balls that 'misleading propaganda' in some lesson materials prepared with Ministry of Defence (MoD) backing undermined schools' legal duty to present controversial issues in a balanced way. Deborah Blum The Gender Essay. One worksheet supplied by the MoD said the British army was 'helping the Iraqis to oppapers essays, rebuild their country after the conflict and years of neglect'. Deborah Blum. It did not mention the write critique essay US-led invasion, the deborah blur countless Iraqi civilian deaths or the essay fact that not a single weapon of mass destruction had ever been found ( The Guardian 26 March 2008). NUT members staged a one-day strike on 24 April 2008 and warned that there would be more if the government did not improve its pay offer ( The Guardian 25 April 2008). Blur. It was the first national NUT walk-out since 1987, when Margaret Thatcher was prime minister. The shortage of head teachers became an increasing concern during this period. In September 2008 one thousand schools started the new school year without a permanent head teacher. Gary Thesis. Teachers' leaders, already alarmed at the growing number of vacancies in both primary and secondary schools, were furious when it was revealed that the blum the gender blur DCSF had drawn up a secret list of oppapers essays heads and senior teachers who could be poached to deborah blum the gender, run academies when positions arose ( The Observer 14 September 2008).

The annual survey of headship vacancies by Education Data Surveys (EDS) showed that England and Wales faced a chronic shortage of heads, despite £100,000 salaries being offered for some posts ( The Guardian 9 January 2009). Ed Balls told the School Teachers' Pay and Review Body (STRB) that he wanted schools to be free to decide what to pay head teachers who agreed to help lead struggling schools. He told parliament: To recognise the greater responsibility associated with running a number of schools, I will be encouraging governing bodies to make responsible use of the flexibilities that they already have to determine an appropriate level of pay for these heads in a way that is not constrained by the maximum of the leadership pay range but is essay about game, appropriate, fair and blum essay, transparent. These are interim arrangements while the STRB look in greater depth in the coming year at new pay arrangements for school leaders that will recognise and reward the vital contribution that they will make to the delivery of our vision of the twenty-first century school. Nursing Essay. ( The Guardian 23 June 2009) In January 2010 EDS reported that some secondary schools were now offering six-figure salaries, relocation packages and private health insurance, but were still finding it increasingly hard to deborah blur essay, recruit head teachers. Scores of posts were being filled by temporary and acting heads and one school in London had had to advertise six times. More than forty per cent of personal professional development nursing all secondary headships and 35 per blur essay, cent of primary headships had had to be readvertised in 2009. John Howson, the scavone former government adviser who conducted the blum the gender blur study, said the shortage was deeply worrying. 'The ease with which schools can recruit a head teacher is a key measure of the health of the profession,' he said ( The Guardian 28 January 2010). At their annual conference in Torquay, members of the ATL heard the results of personal practice essay a survey of behaviour in UK schools. Blum. Of the 800 teachers questioned, one in ten said they had been attacked and injured by personal practice development essay violent pupils; three out of ten said they had experienced 'physical aggression'; three quarters said they had been threatened or insulted by a pupil. Almost all reported problems with low-level disruption.

ATL general secretary Mary Bousted told the conference: 'No teacher should have to blum the gender essay, tolerate these unacceptable levels of poor pupil behaviour and professional nursing essay, certainly no one should be attacked in school' ( The Guardian 17 March 2008). Ed Balls announced that heads were to be granted new powers to deborah blum, search pupils for alcohol, drugs and stolen goods. He had asked Sir Alan Steer, who was carrying out a review of personal essay behaviour in schools, to the gender blur essay, draw up proposals to extend teachers' 'stop-and-search' rights. Heads already had the right to search pupils suspected of carrying knives and had been given guidance on how to write critique, use airport-style metal detectors to the gender blur essay, screen young people ( The Guardian 27 March 2008). The government published a white paper setting out plans to reform the system of pupil referral units (PRUs) for disruptive pupils. £26.5m would be spent trialling new specialist centres which would be run by private companies, charities and academies, who would be allowed to make a profit. Every child would have a tailored plan for improving their behaviour and school results, league tables for essay, PRUs would be published, and all schools would be expected to take their 'fair share' of excluded pupils ( The Guardian 21 May 2008). The government announced that secondary schools and the gender, colleges in England would receive £720,000 over two years to train 'pupil mentors', who would learn how to defuse arguments through discussion and gary scavone thesis, listen sensitively to the gender essay, classmates with family problems. Ministers said a pilot project of oppapers essays 3,600 pupils in deborah the gender blur essay, 180 schools over the previous two years had been a success ( The Guardian 30 December 2008). Steer Report: Learning Behaviour: Lessons Learned.

Commissioned by Ed Balls and published in April 2009, this was a follow-up to the Steer committee's first report Learning Behaviour which had been published in 2005. Steer said good teaching was a prerequisite for good behaviour: 'The need for consistent good quality teaching, as the development basis for raising standards and the gender, reducing low level disruption, has been highlighted both by Ofsted and fellow practitioners' (DCSF 2009b:3). The report stressed: the importance of early intervention and of disseminating good practice advice to schools; appropriate engagement of and support for ib extended politics, pupils, withdrawal from classes where appropriate; the engagement of parents should be supported and strengthened, with more consistent use of parenting contracts; the role of local authorities in prioritising support for deborah blur, schools and making provision for excluded pupils; and the roles of local authorities and children's trusts in relation to essay, behaviour and deborah blum the gender blur, attendance partnerships. Download the 2009 Steer Report Learning Behaviour: Lessons Learned (pdf text 2.1mb). Ed Balls launched a £3m scheme to christ his mission, train teenagers to counsel their younger schoolmates and offer 'conflict resolution' to deborah blum the gender essay, tackle bullying ( The Guardian 15 November 2007). A British Council survey found that almost half of UK secondary school pupils regarded bullying as a problem in their school - a higher proportion than in the rest of Europe. There was considerable variation between parts of the UK: the figure for gary scavone, England was 48 per essay, cent, Scotland 43 per professional practice nursing essay, cent and Wales 32 per cent.

However, 42 per cent of UK students said they were happy in deborah the gender essay, school most of the time compared with 33 per cent on average in the rest of Europe ( The Guardian 29 February 2008). A Stonewall survey of write essay gay school students found that 41 per cent reported physical attacks and half said teachers themselves had made homophobic remarks. The DCSF issued new guidance to schools on blur essay preventing and dealing with homophobic bullying. Ed Balls said: 'We wanted to make sure that within the overall anti-bullying guidance there was specific guidance on homophobic bullying' ( The Guardian 29 January 2008). An ATL survey showed that homophobic abuse was endemic in schools, with 'gay' the most commonly used insult in the classroom. Critique. There was a 'conspiracy of silence' in schools and colleges so that homophobia was seen as normal. Some teachers even feared becoming targets of abuse themselves if they challenged students' behaviour ( The Guardian 11 March 2008). Parents who withdrew their children from Gay History Month lessons at George Tomlinson primary school in Waltham Forest were told that their absences would be regarded as truanting. A local council spokesperson said it was right that schools were tackling homophobia: Waltham Forest council wants to promote tolerance in our schools by teaching children everyone in deborah blum the gender essay, our society is of equal value.

This is scavone thesis, a core part of the the gender national curriculum for all schools in the country. We are supporting teachers and schools in taking positive and innovative steps to develop children's ability to respect people's differences. Christ. A group of deborah blum essay rabid homophobes from a Baptist church in Kansas threatened to gary, picket George Tomlinson school but their leader, Fred Phelps, was barred from entering Britain to stop him spreading 'extremism and hatred' ( The Guardian 20 March 2009). In March 2009 Stonewall published its Teachers' Report Homophobic bullying in Britain's schools as part of its Education for All campaign. Its key findings were that: nine in ten secondary school teachers and more than two in five primary school teachers said children and young people, regardless of their sexual orientation, experienced homophobic bullying, name calling or harassment in their schools; secondary school teachers said that homophobic bullying was the the gender blur second most frequent form of bullying after bullying because of weight and critique, was three times more prevalent than bullying due to religion or ethnicity; 95 per cent of secondary school teachers and three quarters of blum the gender blur essay primary school teachers reported hearing the phrases 'you're so gay' or 'that's so gay' in their schools; eight in ten secondary school teachers and scavone, two in five primary school teachers reported hearing other insulting homophobic remarks such as 'poof', 'dyke', 'queer' and 'faggot'; nine in ten teachers and blum the gender essay, non-teaching staff at gary thesis secondary and primary schools had never received any specific training on blum the gender blur how to prevent or respond to homophobic bullying; more than a quarter of secondary school staff said they would not feel confident in supporting a pupil who decided to thesis, come out to them as lesbian, gay or bisexual; and half of deborah the gender blur essay secondary school teachers who were aware of homophobic bullying in their schools said the vast majority of game incidents went unreported. Download Homophobic bullying in deborah blum blur essay, Britain's schools from the Stonewall website.

In 2007 Ofsted's annual report warned that social, economic and racial factors still determined how well children performed at school ( The Guardian 18 October 2007). A report by Jo Blanden and oppapers essays, Stephen Machin for the Sutton Trust, Recent Changes in Intergenerational Mobility in Britain , published in deborah blum blur, December 2007, showed that by the age of seven the most able children in Britain's poorest homes were outperformed by the least gifted children from wealthy homes. It concluded that social class was still the biggest predictor of school achievement, the likelihood of getting a degree and ib extended politics rubric, even a child's behaviour; and suggested that the deborah blur advantages of personal professional development being born in a privileged home had not changed in thirty years. Research conducted at the gender Bath University by Harry Daniels and Jill Porter for the Cambridge Primary Review showed that a child's chances of receiving extra help for a special educational need was dictated by geography, class, race and gender, rather than the nature of the oppapers essays learning difficulty. Middle class children received better support more quickly, and the gender, powerful lobby groups, such as those for dyslexia and autism, received disproportionate levels of professional development nursing essay funding. The system of 'statementing' children and allocating resources allowed for wide variations ( The Guardian 14 December 2007). A government-backed study by Dr Steve Strand at deborah blum the gender blur essay Warwick University found that white working-class teenagers performed worse than their black and oppapers essays, Asian classmates in GCSE exams ( The Guardian 28 March 2008). Thursday's Child , a report by the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR), a think-tank close to the government, recommended that the long summer holiday should be shortened. Blum Blur. It said children from the poorest backgrounds suffered most from 'summer learning loss' and that youth offending rose during the summer when children had less access to structured activities ( The Observer 25 May 2008).

A study on write critique social mobility, funded by the American Carnegie Corporation and deborah the gender blur essay, presented at a private conference in gary thesis, New York hosted by the Sutton Trust, was attended by leading UK education figures and blum the gender, politicians including Cabinet Office minister Ed Miliband. Essay. The research used data from 10,000 children in the US and 19,000 children in the UK born in 2000 and blum the gender, 2001. It found that children's vocabulary, cognitive abilities and behaviour were closely linked to write, family income, with children from the poorest homes much less well equipped to deal with starting school. Deborah The Gender Blur. The effects of essay politics being from a low-income home were more pronounced in the UK than the US because of the deborah blur essay UK's wider difference in incomes ( The Guardian 7 June 2008). Meanwhile, politicians traded statistics. A Tory party publication, A Failed Generation , claimed that the education gap between rich and football game, poor had widened under Labour. Schools minister Jim Knight presented an alternative analysis of the blur essay achievement gap which showed it had narrowed since 1997 ( The Guardian 8 August 2008). A report published by the Cabinet Office's strategy unit, Getting On, Getting Ahead , suggested that initiatives introduced over the past ten years - predominantly in early years and primary education - were beginning to pay off. Family background, it said, was now less important to the academic success of write essay 15 year olds than it had been for the same age group born in 1970.

In particular, Bangladeshi pupils had risen from deborah the gender essay being the lowest performers to being above average. Tory shadow work and pensions secretary Chris Grayling dismissed the report. 'This has all the hallmarks of a government propaganda exercise', he said. 'The reality in Britain today is ib extended rubric, that we have some of the lowest social mobility in the industrialised world.' Writing in blum blur essay, The Guardian , John Crace argued that 'the truth lies between the two': There have been significant improvements in raising attainment levels in essay, some areas, particularly among minority ethnic groups, but one large section of the population has missed out on the decade of blur essay rising standards - the white working class. (Crace 2008) He noted the findings of a report commissioned by the NUT and the National College for ib extended, School Leadership (NCSL) and written by Denis Mongon and Chris Chapman at Manchester University's school of education. Successful Leadership for Promoting the Achievement of White Working Class Pupils argued that the cycle of underachievement had been endemic in deborah blum essay, this group since mass education was introduced in Victorian times. Mongon said: After more than a century of free, compulsory education and sixty years of the welfare state, family income and status are by far the most significant correlates of success in the school system. Ib Extended Politics. Although gender is also an independent and significant factor, the deborah the gender blur essay social class attainment gap at 16 is three times as wide as the gender gap. (quoted in Crace 2008) The government's aim to gary scavone thesis, close the social gap in exam results was certainly proving difficult to achieve. In 2008, just 16 per cent of white boys on free school meals reached the target of five good GCSEs including English and maths, compared with the national average of 48 per deborah the gender, cent ( The Guardian 12 December 2008). Figures released in parliament showed that a million children living below the poverty line were not receiving free school meals because the income threshold to qualify was lower than the current level used to personal nursing, define poverty. Deborah Essay. A family of two adults and two children with an income of critique essay £18,000 a year had to pay for school dinners at an average cost of blum essay £1.70 a day per child. Liberal Democrat education spokesman David Laws said: 'For the professional practice development most disadvantaged children, a school dinner can be the only hot meal they get.

As times get tough, paying for school lunches is deborah blum, going to be a real struggle for more and more families' ( The Guardian 16 December 2008). Since 1988, parents in jesus 200 word essay, England had had the right to express a school preference. Successive governments believed this would force under-performing schools to improve. Deborah Blum The Gender Blur Essay. But in Parental choice of primary school in England: What type of schools do parents choose? , academics at Bristol University and ULIE argued that parental choice had fuelled class segregation ( The Guardian 20 November 2009). Rose Hill Primary School in Oxford abandoned its policy of using only jesus 200 word essay halal meat in blum, its school meals after complaints from parents ( The Oxford Times 20 February 2008). A survey by professional practice development essay the School Food Trust, set up by ministers in 2005 to encourage children to eat healthier food, found that secondary schools had, on average, 23 fast-food outlets within a mile of deborah blum their buildings.

The Trust suggested that, to prevent pupils from buying junk food, schools should not allow them to about game, leave the premises at lunchtime. School leaders said the blum the gender blur proposal was unworkable ( The Guardian 28 March 2008). Health secretary Alan Johnson announced plans for a £20m pilot scheme to politics rubric, provide every child with free school meals in two local authorities. If the two-year trial improved health, school standards, pupils' behaviour and take-up of school meals, it could be expanded to every local authority, he said ( The Guardian 25 September 2008). Catering firms belonging to the Local Authority Caterers Association warned the government that new rules on deborah the gender schools meals due to come into force in secondary schools in September 2009 would lead to even more pupils deserting canteens for fast-food outlets and could make the school meals service no longer viable ( The Guardian 23 March 2009). Five years after the outcry over ib extended essay politics, 'Turkey Twizzlers', led by blum blur essay TV chef Jamie Oliver, the Food for Life Partnership warned that progress towards healthier school meals would stall if budgets for ingredients were cut ( The Guardian 15 December 2009). The global recession, which began in 2008, forced governments around the world to review their spending.

Britain was no exception. In a sign of 200 word things to come, Ed Balls urged schools to save £750m a year by the gender blur essay turning off lights, cutting back on heating and sharing cleaners. Savings needed to be made now, he said, to safeguard front-line services in the future ( The Guardian 26 November 2009). The message was reiterated three months later at a conference run by the NCSL, only this time heads were asked to make 'efficiency' savings of £1bn without reducing front-line staff. The government was promising a 0.7 per cent real-terms increase in funding for schools, but because of a rise in pupil numbers, a further 0.9 per gary scavone, cent would be needed to maintain the status quo. NAHT general secretary Mick Brookes said it would be difficult for the gender blur essay, heads to find £1bn without threatening front-line staff: teaching assistants could be particularly vulnerable ( The Observer 7 February 2010). In October 2007 the government published new guidelines on school uniforms. Schools minister Jim Knight said: I strongly support school uniforms and would like all schools to essay politics, adopt them. They can instil pride and unity, support a strong school ethos and prevent the jealousy, rivalry and conflict that can arise when children wear different clothes.

But the cost of uniforms must never be a barrier for poorer families. Deborah Blum The Gender Blur Essay. ( The Guardian 5 October 2007) The only dedicated university course for Steiner school teachers had struggled to recruit new students since the government cut funding for second degrees. In November 2009 Plymouth University announced it would not be admitting any more students to the three-year course ( The Guardian 5 November 2009). Within a week of gary scavone becoming prime minister in 2007 Gordon Brown had surprised universities by promising to increase the number of students eligible for grants. The pledge had been welcomed by students as a sign that the new prime minister was serious about Labour's target of getting half of blum the gender blur young people into university by 2010. But by December 2008 ministers had been forced to gary thesis, introduce a cap on places after discovering a £200m black hole in deborah, their finances. This meant that for autumn 2009 there would be 3,000 extra full-time university places - the jesus christ his mission world largest number in history, but not enough to keep up with the surge in demand ( The Guardian 20 August 2009). In November 2009 Lord Mandelson (whose Department of Business, Innovation and Skills had assumed responsibility for higher education in June) launched A New Framework for Higher Education which set out a ten to deborah the gender blur, fifteen year strategy for universities, designed to aid the about football game country's economic recovery and pave the way for an overhaul of student tuition fees. Its key points were: a 'consumer revolution' to deborah blum blur, give students more information about courses and christ his mission world 200 word, future earnings potential; a drive to make universities work more closely with industry in designing courses and funding them; and the gender essay, a new focus on christ his mission 200 word essay universities as engines of social mobility, encouraging the deborah blum essay use of 'contextual data' in selection processes to identify hidden talent among pupils from low-performing schools. ( The Guardian 3 November 2009) The election campaign.

In the ib extended essay politics rubric summer of 2009 the date of the forthcoming general election had not yet been announced but most commentators assumed (rightly) that it would be in May 2010. As far as education was concerned, however, the first skirmishes in the battle were already under way. The Centre for Policy Studies, a right-wing think-tank, recommended that a Conservative government should abolish at blum blur least eight quangos, including the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority, the exams regulator Ofqual, the Training and gary scavone thesis, Development Agency for Schools and blur, the National College for School Leadership. Oppapers Essays. Ofsted should remain, but would be limited to inspecting only deborah blum the gender essay schools seriously below the standard expected of them ( The Guardian 13 August 2009; BBC News 13 August 2009). Shadow schools secretary Michael Gove announced that he would build technical schools in ib extended politics, every city to train a new generation of deborah essay builders, technicians and engineers - a plan developed by former Conservative education secretary Lord (Kenneth) Baker.

Labour pointed out that it was already doing just that: the DCSF had approved a technical school in Birmingham, to be sponsored by Aston University, and personal professional practice, had provided officials to work with Baker on blum the gender blur essay expanding the scheme ( The Guardian 5 October 2009). Gove's view of christ world education. Gove's technical schools policy was a throwback to blum the gender essay, the 1950s, but there was worse to come. Oppapers Essays. He upset the deborah blum the gender teaching unions - and just about everybody else involved in gary scavone thesis, education - by promising to destroy the 'educational establishment' he claimed was responsible for 'dumbing down' schools. He told the Conservative Party conference that he would sideline local authorities, scrap the curriculum agency, sack the deborah blum blur essay worst head teachers, have fewer Ofsted inspections for ib extended essay politics rubric, good schools, encourage competitive sports, and insist on traditional values in the classroom, with former soldiers imposing discipline and pupils expected to wear ties. The state monopoly over schools would be abolished by allowing every school the chance to deborah blum the gender blur, become an independent academy with greater control over the curriculum, the thesis pay of teachers and the organisation of the school day ( The Guardian 7 October 2009).

The following day, Tory leader David Cameron backed Gove's plans and added that a Conservative government would encourage companies to run state schools for profit, and promote 'discipline, setting by ability and regular sport' ( The Guardian 8 October 2009). Gove's accusation that a culture of deborah the gender blur essay 'defeatism and gary, political correctness' had dumbed down education cost him support throughout England's schools. In a letter to deborah the gender essay, The Guardian , the head of the critique ASCL and 26 leading head teachers wrote: As leaders of state secondary schools, and therefore presumably fully paid-up members of the 'educational establishment' to which Michael Gove referred in his speech to the Conservative party conference, we would like to challenge the image of the state education sector portrayed in that speech. 'Faddy ideologies' have been resisted by schools. Recent years have seen a strong focus on raising the quality of deborah blum blur essay teaching and learning, increasing the essay number of young people who achieve well, improving their behaviour and blum blur, broadening their opportunities and life chances. This is what we understand as progressive education, in contrast to the pejorative way in which that term is sometimes used. ( The Guardian 12 October 2009) John White, emeritus professor of the philosophy of jesus his mission education at ULIE, took Gove to task over the curriculum proposals in the Tory draft education manifesto. Writing in the TES he said: 'For him, there is only one vehicle to get us to deborah, these destinations: the traditional school subject. Gary Scavone Thesis. He sets his face against everything else. Cross-curricular teaching is out. The Gender Blur Essay. Projects and scavone, themes are anathemas.' Under a Tory government, there would be no regrouping of subjects into wider 'areas of learning' as recommended in the Rose review of the primary curriculum. Subjects like maths, science and history were the deborah blum blur only way forward. 'It's a pity that the schooling on which Mr Gove so dotes did not free him from the fetters of black-and-white thinking', White argued.

And he concluded: Since 1997 we have broken away from the rigidities of Ken Baker's original national curriculum. Not fast enough for many of write critique us, perhaps, but in the right direction. Mr Gove would wind the clock back to deborah blum the gender, the 1988 curriculum, itself a virtual copy of the curriculum for write critique essay, the new state secondary schools introduced in 1904. This is conservatism indeed.

But is blum the gender blur essay, this creation of oppapers essays a horse-drawn, narrowly franchised, imperial age the beacon we should be following a century and deborah, more later? (White 2010) Professor Michael Bassey was equally dismissive of Gove's view of education. In a letter to The Guardian (30 March 2010) he noted that Gove wanted to see children 'sitting in rows and rote learning'. Gove had told one newspaper that 'the best training of the mind' would be 'learning the kings and queens of essay politics England, the great works of literature, proper mental arithmetic, algebra by the age of 11, modern foreign languages'. Yet he'd also said that 'A Conservative government would . free teachers and leaders in schools from bureaucracy to give them more space to innovate, to deborah the gender essay, excel, and by excelling, to inspire others.' Bassey commented: 'The freedom that the Conservatives offer seems to be the freedom to spend the next ten years teaching the chronology of the monarchy to children sitting in straight lines'. Meanwhile, David Cameron accused 'failing' schools of pandering to a culture of defeatism and personal practice, 'dumbing down to the lowest common denominator'. He said a Tory government would sack the heads of the worst-performing schools within a hundred days ( The Guardian 25 April 2010). Gove's other big idea was to establish up to 2,000 Swedish-style 'free schools' - independent schools run by the gender blur or for parents but paid for by the state. Gary Scavone. He had first proposed these in blum the gender, September 2008. 'We have seen the future in Sweden and it works', he declared. 'Standards have been driven up. If it can work there, it can work here.' He had gone on to make the policy a key feature of the Tory election campaign, but it was widely criticised.

Per Thulberg, director general of the personal practice development essay Swedish National Agency for Education, said the free schools had 'not led to better results' in Sweden. He told the BBC's Newsnight programme that where the deborah essay free schools had improved results, it was because the pupils they admitted had 'better backgrounds' than those who attended the schools they had replaced. Furthermore, recent international studies had shown that England was ranked higher than Sweden for pupils' maths and personal professional practice, science knowledge and in the 2007 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study Sweden's ranking for deborah blum the gender, science had fallen further than any other country's ( The Guardian 9 February 2010). Stephen Ball, professor of the sociology of personal practice development nursing essay education at the gender blur ULIE, said Tory plans for more academies and free schools amounted to the breaking up of the model of state education which had operated in England since 1902: It's a process of the ib extended essay dissolution of blum blur state schooling. Personal Professional Nursing. It was Labour that introduced legislation under which people could set up their own schools. This is deborah blum essay, taking it a step further and opening it up to more diverse providers being able to set up schools.

This is the beginning of the end of state schools as we know them. ( The Guardian 2 March 2010) Two local authority leaders joined in the criticism. Kent County Council leader Paul Carter said giving parents and oppapers essays, other groups the funds to start free schools would threaten local education budgets, and Hampshire's cabinet member responsible for schools, David Kirk, insisted that local authorities should be allowed to improve existing schools rather than being forced to give parents the power to the gender, set up new ones. Leading education lawyer Graham Burns, who was acting for jesus, three parent groups trying to set up schools in blur, anticipation of essay about football game a Conservative administration, told The Guardian that parents from from poor neighbourhoods would be unable to set up their own schools because they lacked money and influential friends ( The Guardian 26 April 2010). And finally, just four days before the election, it was revealed that one of the deborah essay first state schools to take on a private partner had had to christ his mission 200 word, be 'rescued' by blum its local council after it was deemed inadequate by inspectors. This was an embarrassment for Gove because Kings International College, run by 3Es Enterprises, was in his Camberley constituency and because it highlighted potential problems with his free schools plan.

Local Liberal Democrat councillor David Whitcroft commented: 'Michael Gove has been talking about what is going on oppapers essays in Sweden; it might be more useful if he looked at what is going on in his own constituency' ( The Observer 2 May 2010). Determined to deborah the gender blur essay, show that he could come up with equally loony ideas, Gordon Brown announced that parents would be allowed to vote on whether to get rid of the leadership of their child's school and oppapers essays, have it converted into deborah blum the gender blur essay, an academy run by a university, a business or another state school. These 'sponsors' - the first to be named was carpet shop owner Lord Harris - would be allowed to run chains of poorly performing primary schools. Teachers dismissed the idea as 'an impractical and unworkable election gimmick' ( The Guardian 23 February 2010). As the general election approached, Robin Alexander noted that there was 'a great deal of unfinished business' in relation to primary education: The Rose proposals for the primary curriculum have disappeared in the pre-election legislative wash-up, leaving schools confused and frustrated. The long-running SATs conflict is heading for its high noon. Rumblings continue about inspection. The national strategies have come and are about to go, leaving an scavone, uncertain legacy. A growing appetite for genuine and lasting reform competes with teachers' understandable longing for a period of deborah the gender stability after 13 years of constant change. Oppapers Essays. (Alexander 2010) With the Labour government having rejected the recommendations of the Cambridge Primary Review, and the Tories highly unlikely to adopt them, he appealed directly to teachers to deborah the gender blur essay, take forward the Review's agenda and announced the launch of a network supporting those who were keen to build on essay the report 'and in many cases have begun to do so': Many of the priorities we nominate will be advanced only if teachers, and the communities they serve, seize the opportunity and the evidence provided by blum the gender blur initiatives such as the jesus his mission world Cambridge Primary Review, and use them to debate the blum the gender essay central educational questions which too often go by default: what primary education is for; what constitutes an enabling and balanced curriculum; how research on learning and personal professional development nursing, teaching can be translated into classroom practice that fully engages every child; in what kinds of decisions about their lives and learning young children can or should be involved; how educational quality and standards should be defined and assessed; and how - individually and in partnership - schools should be organised. (Alexander 2010)

The general election was held on Thursday 6 May 2010. There was no overall winner, and blur, after several days of oppapers essays anxious negotiations between the parties, Gordon Brown resigned on 11 May and deborah blum the gender blur essay, the Queen invited David Cameron to politics, form a coalition government of Tories and Liberal Democrats. For an analysis of the party manifestos and deborah the gender, the policies of the gary new coalition government, see my article Hobson's Choice: education policies in the 2010 general election (2010). Summary of the deborah the gender blur period. What are we to make of oppapers essays education in England under Ed Balls? It's a very mixed picture.

On the positive side, he is to be commended for his undoubted commitment to improving the lot of the nation's children, particularly those from poorer families. The Children's Plan was, as we have seen, an ambitious attempt to take a holistic view of the deborah the gender lives and prospects of children and to christ his mission, bring some much-needed coherence to policy-making by deborah the gender blur drawing together all the government departments and rubric, agencies which impinged upon them. This approach was refreshingly new. He was very opposed to selection for the gender essay, secondary education and took steps to prevent schools - especially faith schools - from covertly selecting pupils from more affluent backgrounds. He was also determined to crack down on homophobic bullying in schools. On the ib extended essay negative side, it is to deborah blum blur, be regretted that he was so adamantly committed to maintaining the indefensible testing and league tables regime in England's schools, in the face of widespread hostility from parents, teachers and governors, and despite clear evidence of the damage it was causing, not least to the children themselves. It is also regrettable that he was content to ignore the wishes of parents and teachers by continuing to increase the number of academies and personal professional practice nursing, trust schools, and that, despite his obvious concerns about faith schools, he was apparently happy to see their numbers grow too. His decision to force faith schools to teach sex education properly was welcome. His capitulation in blum the gender blur essay, the face of religious lobbying was not. And finally, like many politicians he talked much about thesis returning decision-making to schools and local communities. So it's odd that he still insisted on, for example, compelling schools to deborah blum, use a particular method of teaching reading - 'synthetic phonics' - against the advice of the essay politics rubric world's experts in the teaching of reading.

But then politicians - of whatever party - never allow the evidence to cloud their judgement. Alexander RJ (ed) (2009b) Children, their World, their Education Final Report and Recommendations of the blur essay Cambridge Primary Review London: Routledge. Crace J (2008) 'Long division' The Guardian 11 November. CSFC (2009) National Curriculum: Fourth Report of Session 2008-09 Volume 1 HC 344-I House of Commons Children Schools and Families Committee London: TSO. DCSF (2007) The Children's Plan Building brighter futures Cm 7280 London: HMSO.

DCSF (2009b) Learning Behaviour: Lessons Learned A review of behaviour standards and professional practice nursing, practices in our schools Nottingham: DCSF. Mansell W (2009a) 'Big brothers' The Guardian 2 June. Wilby P (2008) 'Jim'll fix it' The Guardian 5 August.

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Incluye 8 versiones, carta de presentacion, iconos y fuentes. Oppapers Essays? Herramientas para editar: Ilustrator, Word y InDesign. Blur Essay? Modelos de CV minimalistas elegantes y con espacios cuidados. Oppapers Essays? Incluye 2 versiones (claro, oscuro), carta de presentacion y referencias y fuentes. Deborah? Se puede editar con Ilustrator y InDesign. Game? Es un tipo de plantilla curriculum que destaca por su similitud con el buscador de Google. Blum The Gender? Buena opcion si buscas sorprender y para puestos creativos.

Incluye iconos y fuentes. Ib Extended Rubric? Disponible para editar con Photoshop. Blum Blur Essay? Destaca por su originalidad ya que tiene la base del timeline de un perfil de Facebook. Oppapers Essays? Incluye iconos y fuentes, menos las imagenes pero puedes anadirlas. Blum? Solo disponible para InDesign. Gary Thesis? Otros ejemplos de curriculum vitae creativos con esta plantilla muy original con forma de mapa de lineas de metro. Deborah? Incluye carta de presentacion, referencias, tarjeta de visita e iconos. Personal Professional Practice Development Essay? Disponible para Photoshop, Ilustrator y InDesign. Otro ejemplo de CV originales con una plantilla en forma de pasaporte. Deborah Blur? Si te gusta sorprender esta puede ser una buena opcion #128521; Es facil de editar y incluye fuentes. Critique? Disponible para Photoshop.

Curriculums creativos de estilo Vintage. Deborah Blum The Gender? De las plantillas CV Vintage es la que mas descargas tiene, y por su aspecto se puede ver el porque. 200 Word? Un diseno cuidado y muy atractivo. The Gender? Incluye 3 colores y fuentes, 100% editable. Essay Politics? Facil de editar y apta para imprimir. Deborah Blum Blur? Disponible para Photoshop.

Es una plantilla CV con estilo retro pero muy cuidado y elegante. Nursing? Muy profesional. Blum The Gender Essay? Incluye 3 colores, carta de presentacion y referencias. Oppapers Essays? Tambien las fuentes, iconos y cabecera. Blum Blur? Herramientas para editar: Photoshop, Ilustrator y InDesign. Gary Scavone? Ejemplo de una plantilla retro que tiene una mezcla de colores cuidada y con aspecto antiguo. The Gender Blur? Incluye 5 colores (claro, oscuro), carta de presentacion y iconos. Write? Herramientas para editar: Photoshop. Blum The Gender? Plantilla retro pero con un aspecto muy cuidado y profesional. Un opcion muy elegante. Gary Scavone? Incluye 4 versiones (claro, oscuro), carta de presentacion y iconos.

Herramientas para editar: InDesign y Photoshop. Deborah Blum The Gender? Curriculums creativos de estilo Infografico. Personal Professional Practice? Es la plantilla CV infografica con mas ventas en esta web. Deborah Blum The Gender Blur? Cuenta con un aspecto cuidado y muy ilustrativo. About? Facil de editar, incluye carta de presentacion, iconos y fuentes. Deborah Essay? Herramientas para editar: InDesign, Photoshop y Word. Otro ejemplo de plantillas curriculum vitae infografico con un aspecto profesional y muy visual. Critique Essay? Incluye 3 tipos de colores, fuentes, carta de presentacion, referencias y portafolio. Deborah The Gender? Compatible solo con Photoshop. Politics Rubric? Una plantilla CV infografica con aspecto similar a la primera, con muchos graficos y bastante ilustrativa. The Gender Blur? Incluye carta de presentacion, fuentes e iconos.

Compatible con Photoshop y InDesign. Essay Football? Otra plantilla CV infografica parecida a la anteriores, con muchos graficos y visual. Blur? Incluye 3 tipos de plantillas y carta de presentacion, fuentes e iconos. Compatible con InDesign y Word. About Football Game? Estas son plantillas mas caras, pero el resultado tambien es mas impactante. Yo compre una y la verdad que alucine con la cualidad y con el valor que aporta a mi CV. Deborah Blum The Gender Essay? Un poco laborioso crear el CV pero cuando pillas el truco es siempre igual. About Football? Duracion del video de 1,23s, tutorial y fuentes incluidos. Blum Blur Essay? No inclui sonido. Professional Development Nursing Essay? Herramienta para editar After Effects CS5, CS5.5, CS6.

Son plantillas curriculum vitae muy originales y cuentan en forma temporal nuestras experiencias. Blur Essay? Inclui timeline con 5 colores, Full HD, 2 versiones con 12 y 24 imagenes. Scavone? PDF de ayuda incluido. Herramienta para editar After Effects CS4, CS5. Deborah The Gender? Una plantilla simples y facil de editar.

Muy util para hacer de portafolio o hacer una presentacion rapida de nuestra experiencia y capacidades. Game? No necesita plugins. Deborah The Gender Blur Essay? Full HD y el audio y fuentes con enlace para descargar. Herramienta para editar After Effects CS4+. Oppapers Essays? Una plantilla curriculum de video en estilo minimalista, muy sencilla y facil de editar. Deborah Blum? Muy buena para una pequena introduccion sobre nosotros y nuestras habilidades. Gary? No necesita plugins. Deborah The Gender Essay? Resolucion HD e inclui 9 iconos. Essay? Fuentes y audio con enlace para descargar. The Gender? Herramienta para editar After Effects CS4 y CS5.

15 Modelos y ejemplos de Curriculum Vitae Gratis para crear CV Originales. Como resultado de mi busqueda he encontrado una serie de ejemplos de curriculum vitae y de plantillas gratuitas editables que puedes descargar y utilizar para crear un CV diferente de los curriculum vitae plantilla Word, que estan ya obsoletos y poco atractivos. Oppapers Essays? Son formatos muy sencillos y faciles de editar, aunque algunos de ellos piden que sepas utilizar herramientas de diseno como Photoshop o Ilustrator para poder modificar el contenido, son muy intuitivas. The Gender? Curriculums creativos de estilo profesional. Jesus Christ His Mission? Esta plantilla CV es un buen ejemplo de curriculum vitae limpio y profesional. Blur? Incluye iconos y fuentes. Herramientas para editar: Ilustrator o InDesign. Essay Game? Plantilla curriculum vitae para rellenar de aspecto profesional. Blum Blur? Incluye carta de presentacion, 3 PSD y fuente. Personal Development Essay? Se pueden cambiar los colores.

Herramientas para editar: Photoshop y Ilustrator. Deborah The Gender? Plantillas curriculum vitae para rellenar muy facil de editar. Incluye carta de presentacion y 1 fuente. Herramientas para editar: Photoshop. PLANTILLA DE CURRICULUM VITAE EDITABLE. Es una plantilla de curriculum vitae gratis y con bastantes descargas, lo que quiere decir que funciona muy bien. Oppapers Essays? Aspecto profesional y buena organizacion de los espacios. Blum Essay? Es 100% editable y esta en formato PSD (Photoshop). Son plantillas curriculum que puedes utilizar para crear CV originales de aspecto profesional. Critique Essay? Incluye 2 versiones de curriculums creativos y una tarjeta de visita. Blum Blur Essay? Herramientas para editar: Photoshop e Ilustrator.

Curriculums creativos de estilo Minimalista. Practice Development? Plantilla de curriculum vitae 100% editable y apta para imprimir. Es uno de los mejores ejemplos de curriculum vitae gratis de estilo limpio y minimalista. Blum Blur? Incluye 2 fuentes y PDF de ayuda. Gary Scavone? Herramientas para editar: MS Word, Photoshop e Ilustrator. Es una plantilla curriculum minimalista y elegante con colores blanco y negro. Incluye fuentes e iconos. Deborah Blum The Gender Essay? Editable con Ilustrator.

Es un curriculum vitae plantilla con aspecto elegante y minimalista con pocos colores. Oppapers Essays? Estos modelos de CV incluyen colores, iconos y fuentes editables. Deborah Blum? La version gratuita esta disponible en formato AI (Ilustrator). Oppapers Essays? PLANTILLAS CURRICULUM VITAE MINIMALISTA. The Gender Blur? Es una plantilla curriculum creativo y minimalista a la vez. Scavone Thesis? Muy interesante para captar la atencion del reclutador por su mezcla de colores y elegancia. Editable y apta para imprimir. The Gender? Incluye colores y fuente. Gary? Herramientas para editar: Photoshop e Ilustrator.

FREE MINIMALIST CLEAN RESUME TEMPLATE. Deborah Blur Essay? Plantillas curriculum vitae para rellenar de aspecto minimalista y elegante. Personal Practice? Destaca su cabecera e incluye carta de presentacion y fuente. Blum Blur Essay? Herramientas para editar: Photoshop e Ilustrator. Oppapers Essays? Modelos de Curriculum Vitae para disenadores graficos y creativos. Deborah The Gender Essay? Es una plantilla curriculum vitae para rellenar muy atractiva y funcional a la vez, ya que permite editar todos sus campos. Jesus Christ? Destaca su presentacion equilibrada y organizada, asi como su cabecera. Herramientas para editar: Photoshop e Ilustrator. The Gender Essay? Es uno de aquellos ejemplos de curriculum vitae que podras utilizar gratuitamente para conseguir destacar con tu CV.

Destaca por su presentacion y organizacion de los espacios. Thesis? Ademas es muy visual con la gama de colores lateral. Deborah Blum Blur? Disponible en version PSD (Photoshop). Football Game? FREE PROFESIONAL RESUME FOR GRAPHIC DESIGNERS. Deborah Blum? Es un curriculum vitae plantilla pensada principalmente para disenadores y creativos ya que ofrece la posibilidad de crear tu CV de manera original y casi sin palabras.

Cuenta con los campos editables e incluye iconos y fuentes. Thesis? Funciona con AI (Ilustrator). Deborah Blum Essay? Curriculums creativos de estilo Infografico. Es un modelo de curriculum vitae muy atractivo y con aspecto de infografia. Oppapers Essays? Destaca su buena organizacion con iconos y colores atractivos. Disponible en version PSD (Photoshop). Deborah Blum Essay? PLANTILLAS CURRICULUM VITAE INFOGRAFICO.

Otro modelo de curriculum vitae con aspecto de infografia, muy visual y con graficos. Nursing Essay? Destaca la opcion de ser 100% editable y permitir cambiar lo que quieras en la plantilla. Blum Blur? Disponible en formato PSD (Photoshop). About Football Game? Si te ha interesado esta recopilacion y estas pensando en crear tu CV o modificar el que tienes te dejo esta guia de ayuda para saber como hacer un Curriculum Vitae perfecto en 2016 . Blum The Gender Blur Essay? Tambien te recomiendo este articulo de Miguel Florido sobre Curriculums . Ib Extended Essay Rubric? Otros articulos que te pueden interesar: Espero que te haya gustado este listado de plantillas curriculum vitae separado por categorias, pues mi intencion es que tengas un lugar donde buscar modelos y ejemplos de curriculum sin tener que estar mirando varias webs para encontrar lo que buscas. Blum The Gender Blur Essay? Con esta recopilacion creo que tienes material suficiente para crear un CV impactante, enviarlo por mailing a las empresas y empezar este ano nuevo con ilusion renovada para encontrar trabajo. Ib Extended? ?Te han gustado estas plantillas de CV? ?Te parece interesante crear un curriculum creativo y diferente? ?Que te parece este listado con mezcla de ejemplos de curriculum gratis y premium? Para terminar, ya sabes que te animo a dejar un comentario y a compartir este articulo en tus redes sociales. Blum The Gender? Consultor de Marketing Digital y Social Media, Community Manager y Blogger.

Disfrutando al maximo de mi blog que es mi proyecto personal. Gary? 5 septiembre, 2017. Deborah Blum? Que gran trabajo Claudio. A lo largo del post he tenido diversas sensaciones tanto positivas como negativas. Algunos ejemplos de CV me resultan cuando menos extranos, otros sin embargo, me acaban de hacer pensar que mi CV necesita un cambio urgente, y creo que volvere al post este finde para saber cual se adecua mas a mi. Jesus Christ World 200 Word Essay? Gracias. Deborah The Gender Blur Essay? Por cierto, ?con cual te quedarias tu? Un saludo. Thesis? Hola Angela, muchas gracias por tu comentario.

Me alegra saber que el post te genero esas sensaciones tan distintas, es senal que lo has leido y te ha gustado. Deborah Blum The Gender Blur Essay? La verdad que yo por mi experiencia, recomiendo un cambio en los CV tradicionales, y si el tuyo es uno de esos no lo dudes. Write Critique? En mi caso yo ya compre, 2 plantillas CV y otra de video curriculum. The Gender Essay? A mi me gustan mucho la primeras las profesionales o las Minimalistas, porque suelen estar muy bien organizadas, con espacios entre contenidos y muy limpias. Oppapers Essays? Pero creo que para elegir deberias tener en cuenta a que rama te estas ofreciendo para saber si se adapta mejor un tipo de CV u otro. Deborah Blur Essay? Un saludo y mucho animo.

Hola Claudio. Gary? Como se hace para adquirir algunas de tus plantillas? Se pueden comprar? He intentado bajar una, pero se baja en formato foto y yo quiero para una en la que pueda editar para montar mi curriculum. Deborah The Gender Essay? Muchas gracias Marcelo, si puedes descargarlas debajo de la imagen donde pon #8220;descargar plantilla#8221; Las primeras 25 son de pago, y las ultimas 15 son gratis. Gary? Todas ellas vienen en formato para editar. Espero que te sean utiles.

Mil gracias amigo por la mencion, Ahora nadie tendra excusa para hacer un curriculum super chulo y creativo con estas plantillas que nos comentas. Deborah Blum The Gender Blur Essay? Yo sigo todavia con el formato clasico, asi que igual me lanzo a una de las que comentas. Personal Professional Essay? Un abrazo Claudio! #128521; Hola Miguel, ya sabes que no tienes que dar las gracias, tus contenidos son muy buenos. Pues la verdad que son opciones muy buenas para dar un giro al CV y enfrentar este nuevo ano con nuevas expectativas. Yo ya compre dos de estas plantillas y una de video, y te puedo asegurar que mi CV ha cambiado 100% y quedo mucho mas atractivo, y lo del VideoCurriculum pues es un exito total, pues poca gente lo usa. Blum The Gender Essay? Te recomiendo una de las opciones ya veras que te encantara como queda. Gary Scavone? Un fuerte abrazo amigo.

Hola Ignacio, muy buen post sobre las plantillas de CV. Deborah Essay? Estan muy bien para lugares como LinkedIn y otras. Jesus Christ World Essay? Aunque ahora es mejor dejar o enviar el curriculum en video ?verdad?. Deborah Blum? Sobre todo por la originalidad y la forma de expresarte. Professional Practice Development Nursing Essay? Aunque pienso que las dos formas son complementarias. Me gustaria saber tu opinion. Deborah Blum Blur? Muchas gracias por el articulo.

Hola Rafael, muchas gracias, me alegra saber que te gusta el post. Christ His Mission World? La verdad que el video curriculum esta muy bien y es muy original, yo mismo he comprado y creado el mio con una de estas plantillas. The Gender Essay? Pero a mi manera de ver son complementarios y me gusta enviar los dos porque no aporta cosas que el otro formato no. Personal Nursing Essay? Por eso mi consejo es, si puedes yo crearia uno creativo y otro de video. The Gender Blur? Si no puedes optaria por el tradicional/creativo. Gary Scavone? Espero que te vaya muy bien y un abrazo. The Gender Essay? hola. Jesus Christ His Mission World 200 Word? me encanto, pero todas son pagas?#8230; Hola Claudio! Que alegria haber encontrado este post, llevaba tiempo buscando algo asi.

Te queria preguntar por tu experiencia en los de pago. The Gender Blur? ?Te mandan una plantilla y ya la tienes para siempre? Es decir que la puedo modificar siempre que quiera ?verdad? Y entiendo que son fiables estas paginas por lo que he leido de tu experiencia. Football Game? Muchas gracias Maria, me alegro que te haya gustado. Deborah Blum Blur? Eso es, las de pago te envian la plantilla y puedes modificarla siempre que quieras, es tuya. Gary Thesis? Son paginas fiables, yo mismo he comprado varias plantillas en algunas de ellas y hasta hoy no me han dado problemas. The Gender Essay? Hola Claudio felicidades por tu Blog y por compartir con todos tus valiosos conocimientos, me gustaria me puedas ayudar con algo y es que quiero crear mi CV de una menera representativa pero no encuentro el mejor enfoque. Write Essay? Yo soy profesional de la administracion de empresas, labore por mas de 15 anos con entidad financiera, hace 5 anos estoy como independiente y me he formado en varias cosas que me apasionan, por ejemplo tengo una empresa de diseno y desarrollo web y presto servicios en todo lo relacionado con marketing , adicionalmente soy asesor y consulto en gerencia de proyectos para empresas impulsando el crecimiento de estas y tambien soy coaching certificado , presto servicios a particulares en coaching life y a profesionales en coaching empresarial y personal branding, en resumen lo que me mas me apasiona es el coaching y el marketing pero no he logrado enfocar mi CV para mi propia imagen. Deborah Blum Blur Essay? me gustaria saber su recomendacioon para esto. About Game? Muchas gracias Pedro por el comentario.

Me alegro mucho saber que este post te ha sido interesante. Blum? Pues yo en tu lugar haria varios CV distintos, dependiendo de la oferta de trabajo o sector a que te diriges. Gary Scavone? En lo del diseno web un poco mas visual y no el tipico, donde predomine el diseno por encima de las palabras porque asi muestras la esencia de lo que ofreces. The Gender Blur? En los otros, una mezcla entre un CV minimalista que destaque tu imagen y experiencia y un poco de creatividad. Personal Professional Practice Nursing Essay? Pero que sea un CV con aspecto mas profesional, pues van mas de acuerdo a lo que te propones como Coaching. The Gender Blur? Espero que lo consigas definir y te vaya muy bien. Personal Practice? Buenas noches se ven super depinga las plantillas tengo una pregunta hay que tener un programa en especifico para editar las plantillas despues de haberlas comprado? son faciles de editar? gracias espero su pronta respuesta. Deborah Blum The Gender Blur Essay? Hola Jorge, la mayoria de ellas se edita con photoshop o Ilustrator. Las gratis, no es necesario. Essay? Si las compras, se quedaran para siempre para ti, podras bajarlas las veces que quieras..Son faciles de editar. Deborah Blum The Gender Essay? Espero que te sean utiles.

Saludos. Essay Politics? Excelente aportacion Claudio, un amplio y versatil post con multiples tipos de CV que se adaptan a los requerimientos del tipo de empresa y empleo. Deborah Blur Essay? Gracias. Muchas gracias por el comentario Carolina. Gary? Me alegra saber que te gustado el post. The Gender Blur Essay? La verdad que he querido poner ejemplos distintos para intentar a adaptar a diversas propuestas de empleo. His Mission World? Me llevo un par, gracias! Muchas gracias por el comentario Enzzo. Deborah Blum? Me alegra saber que te gustado el post.

Gracias por las descargas. Muy interesante hay muchas propuestas positivas y graficas para describir sin duda haz pasado tiempo seleccionandolas y eso se agradece. me han gustado dos pero veremos cuando las comprare, desde Peru. Oppapers Essays? Muchas gracias por el comentario Giovanny. Deborah Blum The Gender? Me alegra saber que te gustado el post. Jesus His Mission World 200 Word Essay? Espero que te sea muy util y te decidas por las que mas te gustan #128521; Que buena entrada Claudio. Blum? Y si vamos un poco mas alla y ofrecemos plantillas atractivas pero para aquellos que no saben usar photoShop o similar ademas se lo ponemos facil?

Esa es la idea de donde ademas se hace una gestion de envios, estadisticas, seo curriculum, y mucho mas. Write Critique? Te atreves a probarlo y comentas tu experiencia? Muchas gracias Pedro por el comentario, me alegro que te haya gustado. Blum Essay? Pues tiene buena pinta, voy a mirarlo y a ver que tal..Muchas gracias por la aportacion. Enhorabuena por un trabajo eficaz, meticuloso y generoso. Oppapers Essays? Suerte a ti y a todos los que tengamos la ocasion de utilizarlo. Deborah Blum? Muchas gracias Loren por el comentario, me alegra mucho saber que el post te ha venido bien y sea util. Jesus His Mission World 200 Word? Mucha suerte.

Excelente aportacion mi estimado Claudio. Debo de actualizar mi viejo CV por uno mas vintage para asi de una sola escaneada visual tener una idea general y en usa solo hoja de lo mas importante que desees mostrar. Deborah The Gender Blur Essay? Muchas gracias Reynosa por el comentario y te animo a cambiar por uno que crees que sera mas actualizado con tu sector. Game? Espero que tengas suerte con el nuevo CV. The Gender Essay? Hola que tal, yo apenas te sigo en Facebook, aunque ya te sigo por twitter desde hace tiempo, quiero preguntarte si ?conoces algun sitio donde haya plantillas pero para realizar boletines informativos? p.d. Essay About Football? no se si es el medio adecuado para hacerte este tipo de preguntas. Blum The Gender Blur? Hola Ulises, pues la verdad que no conozco, pero si lo hay estara en Google, prueba buscarlo alli y a ver si tienes suerte.

Un saludo. Essay Politics? Me gusta la informacion de este sitio, tiene muy buen estilo, quiero tener un CV como los que aparecen aca! Muchas gracias Elvin, para hacer un CV como estos debes tener una plantilla asi, existen gratis y de pago. Deborah The Gender? Escoje la que mejor sea para ti. Essay Football? Buenas tardes Claudio, tu guia de como hacer un Curriculum Vitae me cayo del cielo, era lo que estaba buscando, gracias por aporte incondicional y dedicacion lo cual hace la diferencia. Deborah Blum Blur Essay? Muchas gracias Noraima por el comentario, me alegra mucho saber que el post te ha venido bien y sea util, esa era la intencion. Essay Politics? Espero que tengas suerte con el nuevo CV. Deborah The Gender? Hola ,el post muy interesante donde comprar video plantillas ? existen gratuitas.

Gracias. Jesus 200 Word? Hola Natalia, depende de las plantillas, hay unas de pago y a mitad del post estan otras tantas gratis. Unas se abre con photoshop, otras ilustrator, Word#8230;en la propia plantilla dice el programa necesario. Blur? con que programa puedo abril la pantallas ? Hola Esteban, depende de cada plantilla. Personal Practice Essay? En cada una viene el programa con el cual podras abrir las plantillas. Deborah The Gender? Ahora que necesito para clase un CV nuevo, me viene excelente Claudio, como siempre contenido muy util para todo lo que tenga que ver con Social Media! Muchas gracias Crack!? Muchas gracias Daniel por el comentario. Essay Game? Espero que te sea util y perdona el retraso en contestar.

Te veo menos online y eso supongo que es buena senal. Deborah The Gender Blur Essay? Un saludo. Ib Extended Essay Politics? Excel·lent recopilacio de CV de gran qualitat. Essay? Gran treball!! Enhorabona i moltes gracies per essay, l#8217;ajuda!! Un placer Vicent, que te sea util. Deborah The Gender Blur? Un saludo. Personal Practice Nursing Essay? Interesantes los archivos, no tenia idea de como crear uno. Blum Blur? Gracas. Oppapers Essays? Pues si existen muchas plantillas que te pueden ayudar. Espero que te guste alguna.

Saludos. Deborah Blum Blur? Excelente trabajo, Claudio ! Ha sido una gran aportacion para mi, ya que despues de muchos anos tengo la necesidad de elaborar nuevamente mi CV y tu trabajo ha sido de gran ayuda, Voy a descargar una plantilla de las que tienen costo, pero el texto viene en ingles y quiero preguntarte como podre utilizarla en nuestro idioma. Jesus His Mission Essay? Muchas felicidades y Dios te bendiga por tu esfuerzo. Deborah? Hola David, muchas gracias y me alegro que te haya sido util. About Football Game? Pues puedes descargar, antes mira el programa con el cual podras editar cada plantilla por si no lo dominas.

Luego es facil es solo hacer clic y cambiar lo que esta en ingles por lo que quieres.

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Love Live Laugh Write: Reflection on the Gender Blur

essay of the tempest Copyright Ian Johnston, Malaspina University-College, 1996. [The following is the text of a short lecture delivered, in part, in deborah blum essay Liberal Studies 302 on February 28, 1996] Today I wish to 200 word, provide something of a short introduction to Shakespeare's Tempest, first, by acknowledging some of the blum essay interpretative richness of this play and, second, by proffering an approach which I find particular interesting and personal professional development nursing, appealing. Then, we will have two other initial takes on the gender essay, the play, so that by the end of these short lectures you should have a better idea of some of the ways in which one might begin to shape an interpretation. Let me begin by acknowledging an interesting point about this play: interpretations of the Tempest tend to be shaped quite strongly by the particular background which the oppapers essays interpreter brings to it.

This point sounds like a truism (and it is), but I simply want to deborah blum essay, point to the fact that this play, more so than many others, tends to bring out in interpreters what their particular interests are in a way that other plays often do not. At least that has been my experience. In part, this happens because this play puts a good deal of pressure on thesis, us to treat it allegorically, that is, to find a conceptual framework which will coordinate our understanding of what goes on in the deborah blum the gender blur play. I think we feel this mainly because there is little complex characterization in the Tempest (except perhaps for the figure of Prospero himself) and there are many elements which we cannot simply account for by taking the action naturalistically. Jesus His Mission? So we want to know what they stand for: What exactly is Prospero's magic?

What does Caliban represent? Is the island a representation of the deborah blum blur essay new world or a world of the jesus christ his mission 200 word imagination or something else? And so on. Blum The Gender Blur Essay? The answers to essay, these questions, in my experience, tend to depend upon the major interests of the person seeking to understand the play. So, for example, those, like me, with a strong interest in reading Shakespeare and a lively interest in the gender essay theatrical productions of essay rubric, Shakespeare, tend to emphasize the extent to which the main focus in the Tempest is on the nature of art and illusion, especially theatrical art. Deborah Blum The Gender Blur Essay? This tendency is powerfully reinforced by the fact that this play is almost certainly Shakespeare's last full work, that the Tempest is, in effect, his farewell to scavone, the stage. No doubt there is a certain sentimentality in this view (certainly in my case there is). People with a strong interest in politics, however, often take a different slant, and see the play as having less to deborah blum the gender blur essay, do with an exploration of development nursing, theatre than with a probing artistic analysis of important political issues, especially those relevant to the oppression of the inhabitants of the new world or to the relationship between the intellectual and the political world. So, for example, the play has been presented as a statement about deborah the gender blur colonial attitudes in the third world or as an exploration about the role of the intellectual in post-glasnost Poland. Essay Rubric? Other interpreters dismiss those suggestions and see in the play a vital exploration of education (the nature versus nurture dispute) or theories of politics or knowledge or whatever. What we want to do today is give you a sample of deborah blum blur essay, three different short takes on write, the play.

None of these will be elaborated at length, but the talks may provide some useful topics for the seminar groups to pursue. This lecture is thus the blum essay lead off in a trio of initial possibilities. The Tempest as an Exploration of the Nature of Art. I want to begin with a very obvious point. The Tempest is oppapers essays, a very theatrical play, that is, it is obviously a wonderful vehicle for displaying the full resources of the theatre: action, special effects, music, dancing, storms, and so on. Anyone who wants a Shakespearean play to produce mainly as an extravagant theatrical tour de force (say, a rock and roll extravaganza or an opera) would turn naturally to deborah blum essay, this play, which is rivaled only by Midsummer Night's Dream in this respect. And a number of personal professional development nursing essay, modern productions have stressed mainly that element, without bothering about anything else (McTheatre approach to the play).

That is the gender, clearly a legitimate approach; after all, a well delivered theatrical extravaganza can make a satisfying night of theatre. And it is essay game, clear that The Tempest does depend for much of its effectiveness on a wide range of blur essay, special effects- -sound, lighting, fantastic visions, a whole realm of magic. Essay About Football Game? But I think there's more to the theatricality of the deborah blum the gender play than just its style. In my view, a central issue of the Tempest is an exploration into the nature of theatre itself. To give you a sense of what I mean, let me mention two questions that puzzled me about this play when I first read it. The first is this: If Prospero's power is so effective against thesis his opponents as it appears to be, then why didn't he use it back in Milan to avoid having to be exiled in the first place? And the second one, which arises naturally from that first one, is blur, this: Given that Prospero is so keen on his magic and takes such delight in it and that it gives him so much power, why does he abandon it before returning to Milan? I puzzled over these questions until I came to what seems to me the most satisfying answer. It is a very obvious one: the magic does not work in about football game Milan; it is blum the gender, effective only on gary thesis, the island, away from the Machiavellian world of the court, where plotting against blum essay each other, even against one's own family, for the sake of political power is the order of the day and where, if you take your mind off the political realities for very long, you may find yourself in a boat with a load of books heading to an unknown exile. Prospero's magic can only become effective in a special place, a world of spirits, of illusion, song, and enchantment, on a magic island--in other words, in jesus 200 word essay the theatre.

After all, look what happens in this play. A bunch of deborah blum the gender essay, political types from the busy court of Naples and Milan are lured away from their power political business into a world of illusion, where they are led around by strange powers (above all, music and apparitions) they do not fully comprehend but whom they cannot resist until they all come together inside Prospero's magic circle. Prospero controls the entire experiment through his ability to create and sustain illusions. He is throughout the master of the action, and there is never any suspense (well, almost none), since he has such absolute control of human beings through his control of oppapers essays, what they see and hear and experience. If we accept this possibility as an interpretative metaphor, then we need to explore how that might make sense of blum the gender essay, other elements in the play. Remember that in such questions the Principle of Inclusiveness is an important guiding rule: the interpretation should make sense of as much of the play as possible, and in any conflict between rival interpretative possibilities one important criterion for judgment is the adequacy of each interpretation at personal practice development nursing, providing a coherent and consistent sense of as much of the play as possible. In order to pursue this idea of the Tempest as an exploration of the essay nature of theatrical art, I want to turn for a while to what happens in essay about football the play. C. Blum? Prospero's Experiment. The Tempest, it is clear, features an experiment by Prospero.

He has not brought the football game Europeans to the vicinity of the island, but when they do come close to it, he has, through the power of illusion, lured them into his very special realm. The experiment first of all breaks up their social solidarity, for they land in different groups: Ferdinand by himself, the court group, and Stephano and Trinculo by themselves. The magic leads them by separate paths until they all meet in the circle drawn by Prospero in front of deborah blum the gender blur essay, his cave. Gary? There he removes the spell of the illusions; the human family recognizes each other, and together they resolve to return to Italy, leaving behind the powers of the magic associated with the island. What is the purpose of Prospero's experiment? He never gives us a clear statement, but it seems clear that one important element in that purpose is Miranda. He wants to arrange things on her behalf, and the gender blur, of all the people in the play, her situation is the most transformed: she is going back to Europe a royal bride, filled with a sense of enthusiasm and critique, joy at essay, the prospect of living among so many fine people in a society that, quite literally, thrills her imagination.. I'm going to come back later to write essay, consider the deborah blum the gender blur essay question whether Prospero's experiment is a success or not. But however we judge it, it seems clear that one great success is the marriage of ib extended politics, Ferdinand and Miranda.

The experiment brings them together, awakens their sense of wonder at the world and at each other, and is sending them back to Milan full of the finest hopes for the world. Blum The Gender Essay? These two young people carry with them the ib extended major weight of the optimistic comic hopes of the play's resolution. Another success in Prospero's experiment is the blum blur change of heart which takes place in Alonso. Prospero's actions bring Alonso face to essay about, face with his past evil conduct and prompt him to repent and blum the gender, reconcile himself with Prospero, even to the point of surrendering the political power he took away so long ago. Moreover, we might want to argue that there's is the beginning of a similar change in Caliban, who at least comes to critique, realize something of his own foolishness in resisting Prospero in favour of two drunken European low lifes. The most complex change in the play takes place within Prospero himself. Blum Blur? In considering his motives for christ his mission world 200 word undertaking the experiment, we cannot escape the sense that Prospero harbors a great deal of blum the gender, resentment about his treatment back in Milan and is never very far from wanting to exact a harsh revenge. After all, he has it in his power significantly to injure the parties that treated him so badly. What's very interesting about this is that Prospero learns that that is not the appropriate response.

And he learns this central insight from Ariel, the very spirit of illusion, who is not even human. Critique Essay? Speaking of the the gender essay fact that all of Prospero's enemies are now in his power and are painfully confused, Ariel says: Ariel: . . . if you beheld them now, your affections would become tender. Prospero: Does thou think so spirit? Ariel: Mine would, sir, were I human. Prospero: And mine shall. Hast thou, which art but air, a touch, a feeling. Of their afflictions, and shall not myself,

One of their kind, that relish all as sharply. Passion as they, be kindlier mov'd than thou art? Though with their high wrongs I am struck to th' quick, Yet with my nobler reason `gainst my fury. Do I take part.

The rarer action is. In virtue than in christ 200 word vengeance. Deborah The Gender Essay? (5.1. Oppapers Essays? 18-28) This is a key recognition in the gender the play: virtue expressed in forgiveness is a higher human attribute than vengeance. And in the conclusion of the play, Prospero does not even mention the list of crimes against him. He simply offers to forgive and accept what has happened to him, in a spirit of reconciliation. Prospero's Magic as the gary thesis World of the deborah the gender blur Theatre.

It makes sense to me to see in this Shakespeare's sense of his own art--both what it can achieve and what it cannot. The theatre--that magical world of poetry, song, illusion, pleasing and essay, threatening apparitions--can, like Prospero's magic, educate us into a better sense of ourselves, into a final acceptance of the world, a state in which we forgive and forget in the interests of the greater human community. The theatre, that is, can reconcile us to the joys of the deborah the gender blur essay human community so that we do not destroy our families in a search for righting past evils in a spirit of personal professional practice, personal revenge. It can, in deborah blum the gender blur a very real sense, help us fully to understand the central Christian commitment to charity, to loving our neighbour as ourselves. In the same way, Prospero's world can awaken the young imagination to the wonder and joy of the human community, can transform our perceptions of human beings into a brave new world, full of beauty, promise, and love, and excite our imaginations with the prospects of thesis, living life in the midst of our fellow human beings.

In the world of the Tempest, we have moved beyond tragedy. In this world Hamlet and Ophelia are happily united, the old antagonists are reconciled. This is not a sentimental vision, an easily achieved resolution. It takes time--in this case sixteen years--and a measure of faith in the human community that one is prepared to hold onto in the face of urgent personal demands. This play seems to be saying that theatrical art, the magic of deborah the gender, Prospero, can achieve what is not possible in the world of Milan, where everyone must always be on jesus world 200 word essay, guard, because it's a Machiavellian world ruled by the realities of power and injury. But the play is not without its sobering ironies. And there is blum essay, a good deal of discussion of just how unequivocal the celebration is at essay football game, the end.

For Prospero is blum blur essay, no sentimentalist. He recognizes the silence of Sebastian and christ his mission world 200 word, Antonio at the end for what it is, an indication that they have not changed, that they are going to return to Naples and Milan the same people as left it, political double dealers and ambitious and potentially murderous power seekers, just as Stephano and deborah the gender blur, Trinculo are going back as stupid as when they left. Prospero's theatrical magic has brought them together, has forced them to see themselves, but it has had no effect on some characters (unless the rubric staging of the end of the play conveys in non-verbal ways that the two noble would-be killers are as contrite as Alonso appears to be). That's why in acknowledging the blum the gender blur essay most famous single line quotation from the play, one needs also to examines the four words which immediately follow: Miranda: O brave new world. That has such people in't! Prospero: `Tis new to oppapers essays, thee. Those four words of Prospero are wonderfully pregnant. In them he acknowledges his earned awareness into the nature of human beings, into deborah the gender blur, the complexity of human life. But he is not about to deliver Miranda another sermon, for he knows that the sense of joyful and optimistic wonder which she, as a young woman, is carrying back to Italy is the world's best hope. It may be, as he well knows, naive, for Miranda has, as yet, no sense of the oppapers essays evils that lurk back in the political world of the city. She sees only the attractive exterior of her human surroundings with no sense yet of the potential deceptions within.

But she is as well equipped as he can make her, and it is not up to him to sour her youthful enthusiasm with a more complex and less affirming mature reflection. That is deborah blur essay, something she is going to discover in her turn. In fact, one might even argue that if Prospero's experiment is designed to make everyone better, then it's a failure in large part. And it may be that Prospero recognizes that fact. It is not unusual to personal professional practice, stage this play in such a way that the conventional comic structure of the ending is deborah blum blur, seriously undercut by the sense of write critique essay, sadness in Prospero, who is returning to deborah blum the gender blur, Milan to die. I'm not pressing this interpretation. All I want to call attention to at this point is that the ending of this play may not be the unalloyed triumph of the practice nursing comic spirit that we are tempted to see there. Prospero's sober awareness of blum essay, what the silence of essay game, Sebastian and Antonio means qualifies our sense that the eternal problem of human evil has been solved. One major interpretative decision any director of the play has to make concerns this ending. Just how evident and deborah blum, serious should those ironies be: non-existent, a light shadow under the communal joy, or a heavy reminder of what is in store back in Italy.

Prospero's Farewell to the Stage. That's why, in the last analysis, Prospero has to surrender his magical powers. Life cannot be lived out in ib extended essay rubric the world of deborah blum essay, illusions, delightful and educative as they can often be. Life must be lived in the real world, in Milan or in Naples, and Miranda cannot thus entirely fulfill herself on the island. The realities of life must be encountered and dealt with as best we can. The world of the theatre can remind us of things we may too easily forget; it can liberate and write critique essay, encourage youthful wonder and excitement at all the diverse richness of life; it can, at times, even wake people up to more important issues than their own Machiavellian urge to self-aggrandizement, and, most important of deborah the gender, all, it can educate us into forgiveness. But it can never finally solve the problem of evil, and it can never provide an acceptable environment for a fully realized adult life. Prospero, as I see it, doesn't start the play fully realizing all this. He launches his experiment from a mixture of motives, perhaps not entirely sure what he going to do (after all, one gets the sense that there's a good deal of improvising going on).

But he learns in the play to avoid the write critique essay twin dangers to his experiment, the two main threats to the value of his theatrical magic. The first I have already alluded to, namely, to use of his powers for blum blur essay purposes of vengeance. Essay About Football Game? Prospero, like Shakespeare, is a master illusionist, and he is deborah blum the gender, tempted to channel his personal frustrations into his art, to thesis, exact vengeance against wrongs done in Milan through the power of deborah the gender essay, his art (perhaps, as some have argued, as Shakespeare is doing for unknown personal reasons against women in ib extended essay politics rubric Hamlet). But he learns from Ariel that to do this is to deny the moral value of the art, whose major purpose is to reconcile us to ourselves and our community, not to even the score. The second great threat which we see in this play is that Prospero may get too involved in his own wonderful capabilities, he may become too much the blur essay showman, too proud of showing off his skill to attend to the final purpose of what he is doing. We see this in the scene in which Prospero puts on a special display of his theatrical powers for Ferdinand and Miranda--his desire to show off makes him forget that he has more important issues to attend to, once again putting his art in the service of the social experiment. And it's interesting to note that it was his self-absorption in his own magic that got Prospero in practice nursing trouble in the first place. There's a strong sense in this play, that whatever the powers and wonders of the illusion, one has to maintain a firm sense of what it is for, what it can and cannot do, and deborah the gender essay, where it is personal practice development essay, most appropriate. It can never substitute for or conjure away the complexities of life in the community. This approach helps me to blum essay, understand, too, the logic behind Prospero's surrender of his magic. He has done all he can do.

Having wrought what his art can bring about, having reached the zenith of his skill, he has nothing left to achieve as an artist. He is critique essay, going home, back to the human community, perhaps to die, perhaps to enjoy a different life, now able to appreciate more fully what he did not understand so long ago, the proper relationship between the world governed by magic and illusion and the world in which most of us have to live most of the deborah blum the gender time--the compromised world of politics, alcohol, buying and selling, family strife. Of course, it is critically illegitimate and no doubt very sentimental to about football game, link Prospero's giving up of his art with Shakespeare's decision to give up writing plays and to return to Stratford to enjoy life with his grandchildren. But it's a very tempting connection, especially in the light of the wonderful speech in 4.1, one of the deborah most frequently quoted passages in the play, a speech which has come to politics rubric, be called Shakespeare's Farewell to the Stage. I'd like to conclude by reading this speech, urging you to remember that Shakespeare's theatre, called the Globe, was destroyed by fire very soon after the deborah blum essay Tempest was first performed (a facsimile is now being reconstructed on the banks of the Thames and rubric, will open next spring). Prospero: Be cheerful, sir.

Our revels now are ended. These our actors, As I foretold you, were all spirits and. Are melted into deborah essay, air, into thin air; And, like the baseless fabric of this vision, The cloud-capp'd towers, the gorgeous palaces, The solemn temples, the great globe itself, Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve,

And, like this insubstantial pageant faded, Leave not a wrack behind. We are such stuff. As dreams are made on, and our little life. Is rounded with a sleep. Dreams may be the stuff of life, they may energize us, delight us, educate us, and reconcile us to each other, but we cannot live life as a dream. We may carry what we learn in essay football game the world of illusion with us into life, and blum blur, perhaps we may be able, through art, to learn about how to deal with the evil in the world, including our own. But art is not a substitute for life, and it cannot alter the fundamental conditions of the human community. The magic island is not Milan, and human beings belong in Milan with all its dangers if they are to be fully human. As I said at the start of scavone, this lecture, the above interpretation is blur essay, just one possibility, and we are going to hear more; there are some sections of the play, particularly Prospero's treatment of Caliban, which this approach may not account for so successfully.

But I find this approach particularly compelling, in large part, I suspect, because it makes such a wonderful conclusion to Shakespeare's total work. It seems an entirely fitting last word from the world's greatest dramatic poet, who leaves the sources of his power on the stage which he made famous, so that the last thing we see are the instruments of the essay most powerful theatrical magic and are left with the question: Who will now arise to claim them? The Careington Dental Plan with more than 5 million satisfied members - since 1979.