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batman begins essay Critical essays and appreciations on the very best of cinema. Essay by Brian Eggert July 6, 2008. After training in the arts of deception, theatricality, and mass engagement in the Himalayas with clandestine ninjutsu vigilante group The League of Shadows, young Gotham City billionaire Bruce Wayne returns home after a long absence. On his private jet back, he lays out the foundations of a plan to nyu stern his family’s loyal servant Alfred about how he intends to use his money and runner newfound abilities to fight injustice: “I’m going to show the people of nyu stern essay Gotham their city doesn’t belong to the criminals and the corrupt#8230; People need dramatic examples to shake them out of apathy and I can’t do that as Bruce Wayne. As a man, I’m flesh and blood. I can be ignored. I can be destroyed. But as a symbol#8230; As a symbol, I can be incorruptible. I can be everlasting.” Herein is the racism paper writing, central theme of Batman Begins , a film not about a superhero, but about a man who uses his considerable means to transform himself into a symbol. Written by David S. Goyer and director Christopher Nolan, Batman Begins transforms the superhero genre and transcends its limitations in nyu stern 3 mail a film that is a moving, emotionally involving, and informative exciting narrative experience.

It begins with the formation of an nyu stern essay 3 mail, idea. And indeed, the essay on the butter, conceptualization of essay Batman since the essays runner, character’s inception has undergone innumerable adjustments and renovations over his nearly seventy years in nyu stern comic books, television, and film—from vigilante to detective, from campy hero to public enemy, from Caped Crusader to The Dark Knight. Batman Begins reinvents the iconographic comic book character in nyu stern essay near-operatic terms, finally actualizing the depth and emotional potential that remained untapped through so many adaptations. Nolan, drawing heavily from continuities shaped by essay, Frank Miller and Bruce Timm, erases decades of mediocre superhero moviemaking and elevates Batman to a potent source for dramatic, symbolic storytelling. Retelling the hero’s origin story, Nolan describes Batman’s starting point with sobering consequence, relying on symbolism to infer the character’s grand theatrical transformation within the narrative. His parents gunned down before him by Crime Alley thug Joe Chill, child Bruce Wayne (heartrendingly acted by Gus Lewis) is law essays scarred by the incident and stricken by an ensuing obsession with vengeance. Upon maturing into 3 mail, an adult, Wayne (now Christian Bale) vows to racism research paper punish injustice without becoming a murder-bound vigilante himself. His pledge ultimately pits him against Gotham City’s entire urban sprawl, riddled with both organized and unfettered crime.

This basic outline of Batman’s widely-known origin story is the only consistent aspect throughout the character’s various mythologies. Nolan’s film deepens the nyu stern essay, origins, making Wayne’s battle more about essay overcoming his anger, childhood fears, and guilt—all present since the night his parents were murdered—rather than defeating some villain. Indeed, the central conflict of Batman Begins is 3 mail largely psychological. And though these themes have always stewed under the surface of Batman’s various incarnations, they have never done so with as much dramatic power as Nolan structures here. Created by Bob Kane and Bill Finger for DC Comics in 1939, Batman first appeared in Detective Comics , issue #27. Unlike contemporary heroes such as Superman, Kane’s creation had no uncanny powers, just human endurance and initiative, wealth and on kite runner guilt intelligence. Perhaps this is why Batman remains so appealing; he represents the limit of human potential. Those limits are superhuman to be sure, though so rarely tapped by the populous. Kane originally conceived the “Bat-Man” with a domino mask, stiff wings attached to the arms, and red tights. His design was later re-envisioned by Finger for a more ominous look: no exposed skin but his mouth, a cowl, gloves, a flowing cape in which he could wrap himself like a gargoyle, and glowing, bat-like eyes. While Kane negotiated a byline “Created by Bob Kane” when he signed his character over to DC, Finger was left uncredited in spite of his significant contribution, which even included selecting the name Bruce Wayne as the hero’s alter-ego.

Only after Finger’s death in essay 3 mail 1974 did DC acknowledge the writer’s ongoing development of Batman and a number of the comic’s quintessential villains. Kane and Finger initially devised Batman to family kill wrongdoers in pulp fiction detective style, underlining the vigilante-hero’s distance from the judicial system. Nyu Stern! But after a particularly violent storyline where Batman shot several criminals to death with a gun, editor Whitney Ellsworth insisted the hero adopt a more official attitude. Instead of family tracking criminals and killing them, Batman would use his unconventional means to punish under the nyu stern, guise of the law (regardless of how inefficient The System often proved to be). Batman’s gun was replaced with a “batarang” and utility belt, he turned over criminals to his official counterpart Commissioner James Gordon, and Arkham Asylum became the temporary hub for the hero’s rich assortment of supervillains (all of whom would escape again and again to rein terror on Gotham).

But it is Bruce Wayne’s unshakable devotion to research his own ideal that sets him apart. Essay! He must be better than the guilt, criminals he seeks to take down; he must never kill. Even if his actions only nyu stern, submit criminals to judgment from a corrupt system of law, in remaining doggedly faithful to his principles, he sets an family law essays, immovable example. Following this notion, Nolan and co-writer Goyer begin their mythology with Wayne, played with appropriate gravitas by Bale. The film opens with Wayne, who has willingly condemned himself to a Far East prison, where he trains his body and essay mind in combat against hardened inmates.

Having resolved to fight the criminality inherent in Gotham’s underworld, he has traveled the world learning the water, nature of the essay, criminal and meanwhile struggles to essay school water park center his emotions. They need centering, he finds, after his parents’ murderer is released from prison by essay 3 mail, becoming an informant; Wayne plans to assassinate the killer, but his plan is foiled when the mob takes Chill down first. Consumed by unfocused anger, weakened by school picnic water park, guilt, Wayne escapes his pampered billionaire lifestyle to understand his enemy, landing himself in the Asian prison. Here, future sensei and father figure to nyu stern essay 3 mail the parentless Wayne, Henri Ducard (Liam Neeson), arrives in Wayne’s prison cell and offers to teach Self-mastery and fear control so he might become an invisible, unstoppable force: the way of the League of Shadows, led by mysterious figure Ra’s al Ghul (Ken Watanabe). Wayne’s already considerable martial arts skills are perfected, but only so he might become more than a mere living weapon: an idea. Even as he becomes this idea, there is law essays still a very human conflict inside him. Nolan presents Bruce Wayne as a shattered individual who has, in a way, consciously constructed a split-personality for himself when he becomes Batman, all as a result of his childhood trauma. During his training, he seems preoccupied with instilling a replacement father figure in Ducard. But ultimately he refuses the League’s final test of essay his loyalty when he’s asked to kill a local thief; and after, a moral cleansing of Gotham City on a citywide scale. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! The League intends to essay 3 mail help along Gotham’s path of self-destruction; this is something they’ve done for centuries, from Rome to London.

When a city’s time comes, they drop the blade. Writing Paragraph Essay! In rebelling against The League and Ducard, Wayne has accepted that he no longer needs to dwell on nyu stern essay his absence of a father figure. He no longer needs one. His paralyzing childhood dread of paper writing bats surmounted, his anger and guilt better understood, Wayne can now become an essay 3 mail, emblem of fear. Following his own ideals, Wayne splits from his mentor Ducard, and returns to Gotham to essay school picnic park become its protector. Like most comic book characters, Batman is malleable according to his writers and essay 3 mail editors; he changes along with the era’s political climate to reflect or deflect social concerns. During post-WWII positivism and existing all through the 1960s, the hero’s grim city and tragic past were replaced with a lighthearted, juvenile air of escapist children’s entertainment. Laden with cartoonish plotlines and homoerotic subtexts, this version of the hero later furnished the live-action television show Batman, a camp classic of the 1960s starring Adam West. Crucial to defining the essay battle, modern Batman persona, including his looming past and lasting obsessions, Frank Miller’s Year One storyline retold the hero’s origins on the comic page in 1987. Miller strengthens the rapport between a just-learning Batman and Lieutenant James Gordon, which blossoms to save a corrupt city from falling apart, requiring two honest men to stand for whatever hope remains. Gordon struggles to persevere over the bureaucracy of Gotham’s crooked elite; Batman steps over boundaries where his official counterpart must halt.

In lieu of earlier BAM and KAPOW tactics purveyed by the ‘60s TV show, Miller’s storyline acculturates Batman with characteristics of film noir and other gritty crime yarns, placing his continuity inside an asphalt jungle of untamable vice, rather than a comic book world of fantastical supervillains and plotlines beyond belief. From Miller’s pointedly dour, realist tone, Nolan etched his foundation, erasing any memory of previous cinematic attempts at DC’s character. Hundreds of millions in revenue notwithstanding, Warner Bros. produced four films and four resultant artistic disappointments that failed to penetrate the Batman story’s potentially vast personal drama; instead, each seems preoccupied with design and style: In 1989, Tim Burton filmed Batman , a movie that feels hollow and dated by an awkward soundtrack by Prince, a near-useless Commissioner Gordon, and Jack Nicholson playing himself decorated as the nyu stern 3 mail, Joker. But its success inspired 1992’s improved (and sexually-charged) sequel Batman Returns , which fosters the paragraph informative, childhood wounds of essay 3 mail Danny DeVito’s The Penguin more than its hero’s, and essay school park a sexy Catwoman courtesy of 3 mail Michelle Pfeiffer. From there, director Joel Schumacher took over the franchise, returning in 1995 with Batman Forever to a child-friendly tone reminiscent of the ‘60s show. Saturating every moment with neon and alternative music for the MTV generation, Schumacher’s first crack at on the butter book Batman is essay colorful but brainless, his interpretations of Riddler and Two-Face laughably out of character, if not (insultingly) likened to the Joker. Beating the franchise nearly to death was Batman Robin in 1997, Schumacher’s stupid, overstuffed farce packed with far too many characters, cheeky puns, and Hollywood names.

Almost everyone involved, including Schumacher and star George Clooney, now admit fault for nearly collapsing the franchise with their living cartoon, initiating an eight-year coma for research Batman on essay 3 mail the silver screen. A 5 Paragraph Informative! Warner Bros. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! hired writer after writer for potential franchise relaunches; among them an adaptation of Miller’s Year One directed by Darren Aronofsky and Batman vs. On The Butter Book! Superman by Wolfgang Petersen. None came to essay 3 mail fruition. And yet, throughout the mid-1990s, Warner Bros.

Animation had already discovered the ideal Batman interpretation, in a combination of noirish storytelling and writing informative entertainment suitable for older youngsters and adults. Batman: The Animated Series (1992-1995) achieved the nyu stern 3 mail, tone sought on the comic page, using an essays on kite runner guilt, innovative animation style that built up from nyu stern, black backgrounds to runner furnish Batman’s world with an appropriately gothic demeanor. Created by Bruce Timm, the Emmy Award-winning show features an Art Deco-fuelled 1940s stylization, writing certainly more adult and essay less pun-reliant than the live-action Batman films, and orchestral music punctuating each character. Timm and collaborator Paul Dini’s time at essay butter Warner Bros. Essay 3 Mail! Animation generated an artistic canon for DC Comics’ hero mythologies, including the Superman and Justice League cartoons, and until Batman Begins , their show’s efforts resulted in essay butter the best filmic representation yet of the Caped Crusader—the theatrically released animated movie Batman: Mask of the Phantasm . Nyu Stern 3 Mail! Refurbishing characters and creating all new ones, their work was so heavily lauded that even the comics followed their call for essays runner guilt a more severe take on the legend, instilling their innovations as Batman’s ultimate mythology. Nyu Stern! While Batman Begins has received much praise for its realistic approach to the superhero’s birth, this supposed “realism” exists above all in its emotional treatment of Wayne and his clumsy growth into racism research, Batman.

The film is about a man dressed up as a bat, after all. Nolan’s construction of Batman’s arsenal of gadgets and weapons comes without the polish of previous films, most deriving from abandoned prototypes by Wayne Enterprises’ Applied Sciences Division: his Batmobile was made to assemble bridges; his impenetrable Nomex suit was intended for military body armor; his cape lightweight “memory cloth” that hardens for gliding-flight during parachute drops—all reformatted from nyu stern essay, practical items, versus the hero inexplicably constructing futurist gizmos from scratch (and thus, finally responding to that long-unanswered question, “Where does he get those wonderful toys?”). Even the Batcave remains just a cavern, to be redecorated in future sequels. Law Essays! His first forays into Gotham City are not without punishing results, leaving him bruised and burned from the learning process. The painful and human reality of essay his night stalking physically marked, audiences see Batman’s fear-inducing presentation evolve; as a result, we are so much more involved when his theatricality succeeds and sends criminals screaming into the night.

Rather than pit our hero against his most commonly-known archnemesis The Joker, or any other of the colorful antagonists painted with comic strokes over the years, the nyu stern essay 3 mail, chosen villains, conceptualized without flashy and polished getups, personify Batman’s varied emotional conflicts and themes, all arranged to form what becomes a single criminal scheme. And unlike previous entries in the franchise, the result does not overwhelm since the villains, however numerous, represent stages of our hero’s psychological growth: Signifying Gotham’s criminal underworld, thus a figurative link to the murder of Bruce Wayne’s parents, mob boss Carmine Falcone (Tom Wilkinson) imports drugs into the urban sprawl, among them hallucinogens for nyu stern 3 mail Dr. Jonathan Crane (Cillian Murphy). School Picnic Park! Also known as Scarecrow, Crane, Arkham Asylum’s psychopharmacologist, mirrors Batman’s vulnerability to and exploitation of nyu stern essay 3 mail fear. Manipulating fear as his greatest weapon, Scarecrow studies the school water, effects of fear on nyu stern his patients to disturbing extremes. He implements a scheme, sponsored by essay on the butter battle book, the League of Shadows, to release his fear toxin into Gotham on a massive scale, which will send the population into panic and 3 mail bring down the city as Ra’s al Ghul intended. By stopping this trifecta of on the book villains, Wayne confronts the underworld that murdered his parents, prevails over his surrender to fear, and establishes himself as the guardian of nyu stern 3 mail Gotham City. School Picnic Water Park! Instilling substance in nyu stern 3 mail every performance, Nolan’s cast was chosen not by their celebrity, rather for essay 3 mail their abilities to epitomize classic characters. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! Bale’s performance pivots Wayne on the actor’s undeniable ability to evoke the character’s brooding disposition, handled with genuineness and severity by a performer gradually becoming one of essay school picnic park Hollywood’s most respectable figures.

Michael Caine decorates his lines as Alfred with appropriate humor and wisdom, servicing the 3 mail, film, and indeed his character, with limitless supplies of essay on the butter conscience and heart. And Gary Oldman seems to embody the very essence of the James Gordon from Miller’s text and Timm’s cartoon, both in 3 mail appearance and spirit. The combined presence of the cast—including names like Liam Neeson, Tom Wilkinson, Cillian Murphy, Morgan Freeman, Rutger Hauer, and paper writing Katie Holmes—brings an unprecedented, unexpected integrity to what might have been a mere comic book movie. Batman Begins not only starts a landmark franchise, but it also reestablishes an ongoing mythology that, in film, was close to crumbling, sustaining its frames with drama that far surpasses the usual overtly commercial popcorn-munching fare of the genre. Nolan’s reinvention of the series disregards Burton and Schumacher’s now altogether eclipsed efforts, starting afresh in the grave traditions of Miller and Timm. The film extends adult themes into realms of essay tragedy, and therein births a new height for the genre. Whereas Hollywood often consumes and spews out superhero franchises like bubblegum unworthy of consideration, several properties have taken a hint from school, Nolan’s film, underlining darker, dramatic, and realist aspects of their characters’ psychology to elevate the essay 3 mail, filmic story into cinematic art, deepening their description beyond just brave symbols and into relatable individuals retaining emotional pull. As a result, the concept of “mere comic book movie” has almost evaporated since the release of Nolan’s dark opus, inciting a singular comic-to-film renaissance that has since established the genre’s authority.

When treated with the lofty ambitions Nolan sets down here, though rare, the comic book film can become high cinematic art. Batman Begins is the launching pad for that movement, although no other filmmaker—outside of Nolan himself—has outdone what he achieved here. Nolan does so by combining his technical mastery with his gift for supplying narrative rich with symbolic storytelling. Butter Battle! The themes running through the essay, film create a character whose origins seek to discover what it means to be a superhero, but also what it takes for “just a man” to become a superhero. From his self-imposed moral guidelines, a human being becomes an essay on the butter, emblem from which an entire city draws the will to change and force out injustice.

In doing so, the figurehead of Batman emphasizes a basic human need for symbols, while Batman Begins explores that theme in a thoughtful, exciting, expertly made motion-picture. Nyu Stern Essay! Deep Focus Review 2006-2017. All rights reserved.

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How to Write a Bibliography – Examples in essay, MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to law essays, keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from essay MLA. Family! If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to look it up for you. Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark.

When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line. Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Double-space all lines in nyu stern essay 3 mail, a bibliography entry. Do not indent the first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin.

Please see Chapter 11. Writing A 5 Informative Essay! Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to nyu stern essay, communicate to the reader, in guilt, a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified. If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook. Bell, Stewart. The Martyr’s Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . New York: Schocken, 2002.

Bowker, Michael. Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed.

Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to the Present . 3 Mail! Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of essay picnic, Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix . New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to nyu stern essay, Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel . Completed by Carol Gino.

New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999. —. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron. The Price of essay, Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of. Paul O’Neill . New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the water actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work.

Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay. (Title of Vol. 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol.

2: The Tender Passion) Gay, Peter. The Tender Passion . New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol. Essay! 3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter. The Cultivation of Hatred . London: Harper, 1994.

(Title of Vol. 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. The Naked Heart . New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of Vol. 5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter. Family Law Essays! Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and Mary Jane Dundas.

The Legal, Ethical and International. Environment of Business . 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002. Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds.

Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the Papal. Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. Granatstein, eds. Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Nyu Stern Essay! Toronto: Random, 1998. Heath, Joseph, and 3 mail, Andrew Potter.

The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Can’t Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005. Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommer’s Australia 2005 . Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for essay 3 mail publication by two editors: Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed.

Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Washington. 3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special. Forces . New York: Putnam, 2002. Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc d’Abadie. The Power of Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005.

Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Speier, and Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Law Essays! Let’s Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St. Martin’s, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer.

A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. Nyu Stern! New York: Knopf, 2002. Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. The Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of listing all of the authors or editors in paper, the order as they appear on the title page of the book, or use “et al.” from the Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning “and others” after the essay first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. On The Butter Battle Book! Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York:

Hogan, David J., et al., eds. The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000. Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds. Nyu Stern! Canadian. Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005.

Pound, Richard W., et al., eds. Canadian Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Words for Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989. 5. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Essay Butter! Matthews, comps. and eds.

Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of nyu stern, Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to writing a 5 paragraph essay, the Present . Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! New York: Barnes, 1994. O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and racism writing, Sean O’Reilly, comps. and eds. Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999.

Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp. Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated: Maclean’s Canada’s Century: An Illustrated History of the People and Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999. Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by essay 3 mail Step . Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of.

Herbert Ponting. New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by another: Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Trans. Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998. 8. Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers:

Fox, Charles James. “Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.” What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on the Art of writing a 5 essay, Manly Virtue. Ed. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! Waller R. Newell. New York: Harper, 2001. Book! 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. “Flying Blind.” Danger: True Stories of nyu stern essay 3 mail, Trouble and Survival . Comp. and essay on the, ed. James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999.

211-22. 9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated: “Nazi Party.” New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. “Tajikistan.” World Book Encyclopedia of People and Places . 2000 ed. 10. Article in an encyclopedia with an author: If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is nyu stern 3 mail not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. If the research writing encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. Kibby, Michael W. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! “Dyslexia.” World Book Encyclopedia . Writing Informative Essay! 2000 ed. Midge, T. “Powwows.” Encyclopedia of North American Indians . Ed.

D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols. New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “100 Years of nyu stern, Dust and Glory.” Popular Mechanics Sept. 2001: 70-75. “Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds.” Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct. Paper Writing! 2002: B6. “E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion.” Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan.

2001: 4. “McDonald’s Declines to Fund Obesity Education on Danger of Eating Its Food.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18. “Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year.” Toronto Star. 25 Nov.

2004: A18. “Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6. 12. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors:

Use “+” for pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use “38-45” if page numbers are consecutive. Use “A1+” if article begins on nyu stern 3 mail page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. Essay Water Park! For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g. 220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is essay no period after the month. On The Battle Book! The period in “Mar.” is for the abbreviation of March. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated.

If the nyu stern publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is a weekly publication, “date, month, year” are required. Where a journal or magazine is family a monthly publication, only “month, year” are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.g. 3 Mail! Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to guilt, enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you.

An article in a scholarly journal is nyu stern treated somewhat differently: Nielsen, Laura Beth. Water Park! “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and nyu stern, Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Author’s name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and Page number. On Kite Runner! If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. “Boss Your Career.” Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. 2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. “Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle.” Daily Telegraph [London] Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Essay 3 Mail! Bradford DeLong. “Shaken and Stirred.” Atlantic Monthly.

Jan.-Feb. 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. “Women, Islam, and the New Iraq.” Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. Runner! “Bird Flu Targeting the Young.” Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+. Dareini, Ali Akbar. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! “Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Buffalo News. Hewitt, Ben. “Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters.” Popular Mechanics Nov. Informative Essay! 2004: 83-88.

Johnson, Linda A. “Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom.” Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. “In Tiger Country.” Photos by James Merrell. Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and nyu stern, Ray Jayawardhana. “The Mystery of Brown Dwarf Origins.” Scientific American Jan.

2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. “Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. “Caremakers’ Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines.” Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan. 2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. “A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2. Saletan, William. Battle Book! “Junk-Food Jihad.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. Essay 3 Mail! 2006: A18.

Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. “Life Among the racism paper Ruins.” Time 19 Sept. Essay 3 Mail! 2005: 28+. Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. 13.

Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series): Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the family World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. 3 Mail! Reprinted in WORK . (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.”

Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Work . Family Law Essays! Ed. Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. 5. Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. Nyu Stern Essay! 20. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear.

Advertisement. 7 Feb. 2005 GEICO. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Butter Book! Globe and Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement.

Atlantic Monthly . Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16. Informative Essay! Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author: Zimmer, Henry B. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Essay 3 Mail! Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. Research Paper! (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler).

Creager, Angela N.H. “Crystallizing a Life in nyu stern, Science.” Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of DNA , by Brenda Maddox. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. Writing A 5 Paragraph Informative! “Hana’s Suitcase.” Rev. of Hana’s Suitcase , by Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. “Measured Deception.” Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The. Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by Ken Alder. Discover Nov.

2002: 77. Groskop, Viv. “Chinese Torture – at nyu stern essay 3 mail, Five.” Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison. International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. “Huck’s Ironic Circle.” Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain. Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twain’s. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea,

Iragui, Vicente. Family! Rev. of Injured Brains of nyu stern 3 mail, Medical Minds: Views from Within , comp. and ed. Law Essays! Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. “Hero.” Rev. of Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov, Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan.

2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. “A Life of nyu stern 3 mail, Pain and Paint.” Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor. National. Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+.

Redekop, Magdalene. “The Importance of Being Mennonite.” Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct. Nyu Stern Essay! 2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. “The Image Hunter.” Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of nyu stern essay 3 mail, Dreams , by. Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct. 2002: 14+. 18. CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Essays Guilt! Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on essay VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip.

A Place in guilt, the Sun . Dir. George Stevens. 1951. DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . CD-ROM. Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. ed. DVD. Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and nyu stern essay, Cameron MacKeen. “Racism and the Landfill.” Chronicle-Herald.

7 Mar. 1992: B1. CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Vol. 4. Art. On Kite Runner Guilt! 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . CD-ROM. Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998.

CD-ROM. Montreal: 19. Computer service – e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. “Can U.S. Companies Even Get a Bonjour?” New York Times , Late Ed. – Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995.

DIALOG File 472, item 03072065. When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def. after the word. 3 Mail! If the word has several different definitions, state the number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary. “Mug.” Def. 2. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the. English Language . Canadian ed. 1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by).

A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of school picnic water, release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in nyu stern essay, the film or movie, begin with name of that person. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir.

Tim Burton. Based on picnic water park book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005. Burton, Tim, dir. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! Robert Luketic.

Writ. Anya Kochoff. Prod. Paula Weinstein, Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Kirk Jones. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ.

Christianna. Brand. Prod. Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and a 5 paragraph, Eric Fellner. Perf. Essay 3 Mail! Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and law essays, Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Writ. and dir. Mark Romanek. Prod.

Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski. 3 Mail! Perf. Robin Williams. Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Dir., writ., prod., ed. Essay! James Cameron. Prod. Jon Landau. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! Twentieth. Century Fox and racism paper, Paramount, 1997.

The Tuxedo . Nyu Stern 3 Mail! Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod. John H. Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of publication , underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada.

Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Gathering Strength: Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000. United States. National Council on Disability. Carrying on the Good Fight – Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 – Advancing the Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures . Family Law Essays! Washington:

Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in Washington, DC which publishes most of the U.S. Essay 3 Mail! federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and writing, underline the term, skip all the details and indicate only the date and page numbers. Example – for the following record: United States. Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . PL 104-193. Nyu Stern! Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong.

Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in essays on kite runner, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources: Basic components of an Internet citation: 2) “Title of Article, Web page or site” in quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. 3 Mail! advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious.

6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for family Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the nyu stern Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets. Note: An exception is made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individual’s e-mail address is omitted for privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the writing a 5 paragraph essay title. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or “less than” and “greater than” signs at the end of the citation. Battle! Generally, a minimum of 3 mail, three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and URL. If the URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the on the battle hyphen is actually found in essay, the original URL.

Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to family law essays, lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to be able to access the Web page. Accuracy and nyu stern, clarity are essential. a. Essays Runner! Internet citation for nyu stern an advertisement: IBM. Advertisement. 23 Mar. 2003 TheraTears. Law Essays! Advertisement. 2003.

8 May 2004 b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated: Bezlova, Antoaneta. “China to nyu stern essay 3 mail, Formalize One-Child Policy.” Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. 2005 Clifford, Erin. “Review of Neuropsychology.” SparkNotes . 10 Oct. 2005. Machado, Victoria, and writing a 5 paragraph, George Kourakos.

IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in nyu stern essay, Canada . School Water Park! Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct. 2005 Marshall, Leon. “Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest.” 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct.

2005 Thomason, Larisa. “HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters.” Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Dec. 2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. 2005 If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the service, the name of the 3 mail library or library system, plus the family location of the library where the database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. “Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected.” Washington Post . 8 May 2002.

SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. Essay 3 Mail! 23 Apr. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! 2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14.

Leave out page numbers if not indicated in source. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON.

10 Apr. 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from nyu stern 3 mail accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003.

eLibrary Canada. 10 Apr. 2006. Research Paper Writing! c. Internet citation for nyu stern essay 3 mail an article from an family law essays, online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct.

2005. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encyclop?dia Britannica . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service. 9 Oct. 2005 “Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica.

8 Oct. 2005 d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “Childcare Industry ‘Should Welcome Men’.” BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 “Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus.” BrookesNews.Com . 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 e. Internet citation for an article in a scholarly journal: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in.

Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: “Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map.” Map. Atlapedia Online . 1993-2003. Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 Kersten, Rick, and nyu stern essay 3 mail, Pete Kersten. Nyu Stern! “Congratulations!” Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 Lee , Lawrence.

Interview. . Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Schulz, Charles. “Peanuts Collection – Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock.” Cartoon. . 25 Apr. 2004 “Woodhull, Victoria C.” American History 102 Photo Gallery. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! 1997. State.

Historical Society of Wisconsin. 10 Oct. 2005 g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for essay an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail: Barr, Susan I. “The Creatine Quandry.” Bicycling Nov. 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer. E-mail to E. Interior.

11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. “Re: Link to” E-mail to I. Lee. 10 May 2003. “NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005.” E-mail to author. 8 Sept. 2005. PicoSearch. “Your PicoSearch Account is Reindexed.” E-mail to John Smith. h. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! Internet citation for an online government publication: Canada.

Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in racism writing, the Public Sector . 6 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct.

2005 United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Nyu Stern Essay! The Bill of Rights . 29 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 i. Internet citation for essays on kite guilt an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. “Keep Spreading the Word.” Online posting. 4 June 2003.

Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct. 2005. Seaside Harry . “My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!” Online. posting. 10 Oct. 2005. Forum Index – Prius – Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site:

The MAD Scientist Network . 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. Essay! 1906. Washington U. School of Medicine. 3 Mail! 10 Oct. 2005. O’Connor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. “John Wilkins.” Feb. 2002. U of St.

Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. 2005 Officer, Lawrence H. “Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999.” Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002. 13 Apr. Essay 3 Mail! 2006

Savill, R. Richard. “Jazz Age Biographies.” The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. 2000. 12 Apr. 2006 Sullivan, Danny. Writing Informative! “Search Engine Math.” 26 Oct. 2001.

Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr. 2006 Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. 3 Mail! “Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas?” Inquiry and writing a 5 informative essay, Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. 1999. The Middle East Media and. Research Institute.

10 Oct. 2005 k. Internet citation for a software download: It is not essential to include the file size. Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Vers. 1.04. 15K. 24 Sept. 2000. Blue Dice Software.

12 Oct. 2004. l. Essay 3 Mail! Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor: Lincoln, Abraham. “The Gettysburg Address.” 19 Nov. 1863. Writing! The Collected Works of. Abraham Lincoln . Ed.

Roy P. Nyu Stern! Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct. 2005 m. Internet citation for a work translated and edited by another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed. Albert C. Outler. Family! 1955.

Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. 2005 Blair, Tony. Interview. Prime Minister’s Office. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! 31 May 2003. 13 Apr. 2006. Chirac, Jacques. Interview.

Time 16 Feb. Research Paper Writing! 2003. 10 Oct. Essay! 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Paragraph Essay! Telephone interview. 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. 24 July 2005.

State name of speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. “Marriage.” Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. 15 Mar. Nyu Stern! 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. “Hello, He Must Be Going.” Editorial. Maclean’s 26 Aug.

2002: 4. Lange, Rick. “U.N. Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded.” Letter. Buffalo. News 23 Jan. 2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. “Six Billion Short: How Will the law essays Mayor Make Ends Meet?” Letter. New Yorker 13 Jan.

2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer. Essay 3 Mail! Reply to letter of Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to nyu stern, the author. 15 June 2005. Twain, Mark. “Banned in Concord.” Letter to Charles L. Webster.

18 Mar. 1885. Letter 850318 of nyu stern 3 mail, Mark Twain . Ed. Jim Zwick. 2005. 10 Oct. 2005. Treat citation as if it is writing informative a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map.

2004 Andex Chart . Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004. Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. “Dallas TX.” Map. 2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . 3 Mail! Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer. 2) Title of writing paragraph essay, ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. Fur Elise.

Strauss, Richard. Traumerei , op. 3 Mail! 9, no. 4. Components for family a published score, similar to a book citation: 1) Name of composer. 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case. Nyu Stern! 3) Date composition written. 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of essay school park, publication.

Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. 7, No. 1 . New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax. Goodnight, Irene . 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Sweet Bye and nyu stern essay, Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von. Invitation to essays runner, the Dance Op. 65 . 1819.

London: Harris, 1933. 29. Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist. 2) Title of artwork, underlined. 3) Date artwork created. 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. Ashoona, Kiawak.

Smiling Family . 1966. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss . 1909. Tomb of T. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse. The Great Sphinx . [c. 2500 BC]. Giza.

Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Paragraph Informative Essay! Odalisque . 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael. The School of Athens . 1510-11. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. La Marseillaise . Essays Runner Guilt! 1833-36.

Arc de Triomphe, Paris. Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of artist. 2) Underline title of artwork. Essay! 3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is butter battle book house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. 6) Title of book used.

7) Author or editor of book. 3 Mail! 8) Place of publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number. Abell, Sam. Informative Essay! Japan . 1984. National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al. Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. 1929]. McMichael Canadian Art Collection,

Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . By Jean Blodgett, et al. Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude. The Magic Crystal . [c. 1904]. Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of Art . By H.W.

Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. 412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . [c. 1503-5]. Louvre Museum, Paris.

Favorite Old Master Paintings from the nyu stern Louvre Museum . New York: Abbeville, 1979. 31. Michelangelo. David . 1501-04. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great. Masters . By Giorgio Vasari. Trans. Gaston Du C. On The Butter Book! de Vere. New York:

Park Lane, 1986. 226. Sullivan, Louis. Wainright Building . 1890-91. St. Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme.

Ko-omote Female Mask . Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of essay 3 mail, Masks . Essay 3 Mail! By Erich Herold, et al. Essay! Trans. Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and essays on kite runner, Nicola Salvi. Chapel of St.

John the Baptist . Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! 1742-51. Sao Roque, Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Cologne: Konemann, 1998. 118. Components for essay a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in nyu stern, quotes).

2) Name of person who took the photograph. 3) Date photograph taken. War in writing a 5 paragraph essay, Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on CNN. Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse. 28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s).

2) Title of patent. 3) Issuing country and racism research paper, patent number. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. “Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope. in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie.” German Patent 3943917. July 1996. “Conversion of Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds.” US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. “Transportation Vehicles and essay 3 mail, Methods.” US Patent 5971091.

31. Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disney’s The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir. Julie Taymor. Music and lyrics by Elton John and Tim Rice. Princess of Wales Theatre,

Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R. Tolkien. Dir. Kim Selody. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael. Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON.

The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and on kite runner guilt, Libretto by James. Kudelka. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada. Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999.

Phantom of the Opera . By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. Harold Prince. Nyu Stern Essay! Based on novel by park Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre, Toronto. Nyu Stern! 20 Sept. On Kite Runner! 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible!

Acrobats of China. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar. 2005. Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate. 2) Title of program, underlined. 3) Title of school picnic park, series. Essay! 4) Name of network.

5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . By Ted Woloshyn. Essay Butter Battle Book! CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. 2003. Law and Order . Prod. Wolf Film, Universal Television.

NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct. 2002. “New Threat from Osama?” By Jim Stewart. CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo. “New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein.” By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov.

2002. “The Nightmare Drug.” By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . CBC, Toronto. 16 Oct. 2002. “U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden.” AP, Washington, DC. On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. Essay 3 Mail! 2002. 33. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape:

1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. 2) Title of family, song (in quotation marks). 3) Title of recording (underlined). Nyu Stern! 4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). 5) Edition, release, or version.

6) Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from Internet, see Item 23. Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium. CD. Exclusive Management by. The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Mastered by Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC. Burch, Marilyn Reesor.

Mosaic . Nyu Stern 3 Mail! CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD.

Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Nyu Stern! Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c. 1997]. Note: “n.d.” means “no date” available. [c.

1997] means “circa 1997.” McDonald, Michael. No Lookin’ Back . LP. Prod. Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and 770E . Diskette. Vers. 1.0.

Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. Living the 7 Habits: Applications and a 5 paragraph informative essay, Insights . Essay 3 Mail! Cassette. tape recording read by author. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground. Cassette tape recording from album Far Out . Vancouver: Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Dir.

Alfonso Cuar o n. Based on novel. by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austen’s Emma . Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting. New York:

New Video Group, 1996. Kicking Screaming . Dir. Jesse Dylan. Writ. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick. Perf. Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. Essay 3 Mail! DVD. Universal, 2005. The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Dir.

Ken Kwapis. Based on novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005. Super Searching the Web . Videocassette. Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect, The Wizard of Oz . Dir. Victor Fleming. Based on book by Lyman Frank Baum.

Perf. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. VHS. Warner, 1999. State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of nyu stern, university, and 3 mail, year. Elmendorf, James. “The Military and the Mall: Society and Culture in Long Beach, California.” BA.

thesis. Hampshire College, 1995. Jackson, Marjorie. “The Oboe: A Study of Its Development and Use.” Diss. Columbia U, 1962.

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6 Page Argumentative Essay Essays and Research Papers. ENGLISH 101 ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY GUIDELINES for the Argumentative Essay : Using the documentary . Pakistan’s Taliban Generation write an argumentative essay that addresses the following questions. Pay special attention to the content (answers to the questions below) and the organizational structure of the essay (introduction, body, conclusion; prioritizing the information and arguments; smooth transition between the paragraphs). 1. What is religious extremism? Make use of the narrative and. Argument , Argument map , Counterargument 586 Words | 3 Pages. Rache’ Hunter English 101-0201 December 10th, 2007 Argumentative Essay If you observe the difference between grammar school . students and essay 3 mail, secondary school students, what do you see? In grammar school about eighty-five percent of the students are wearing uniforms where it’s required which is pretty good but in family law essays, a uniform required secondary school at the maximum there’s probably one out of every fifty students complying with this particular rule. For some years now parents, local politicians, the. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! College , Education , Grammar school 1064 Words | 3 Pages.

?A Quick Note Before You Begin Argumentative essays are also commonly known as persuasive essays . However, there . are some differences between the essay two even if they’re commonly considered to be the nyu stern essay same. Persuasive essays are short, around five to six paragraphs. They usually focus on your side with occasionally one paragraph devoted to the opposing side. Paragraph! Persuasive essays focus more on the emotions of the reader. Argumentative essays are usually longer in 3 mail, length, ranging from as little as five paragraphs. Essay School Picnic Water Park! Conclusion , Debut albums , Essay 863 Words | 4 Pages. Nyu Stern Essay! details 6 . Arrangements of Final Draft i. Table of Content ii. Final Draft iii. References . iv. Nyu Stern! Appendices : A. Appendix A: Outline B. Appendix B: First Draft C. Appendix C: Printed materials (main points amp; supporting details must be highlighted) 7. Final Draft - Essay form: 3 - 5 pages 8. Submission on Final Term paper- Has to be bound with a cover page ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY TOPICS . Grammar , Linguistics , Rhetoric 558 Words | 4 Pages.

Argumentative (Persuasive) Essay Guidelines. Writing Handout E-5: Argumentative (Persuasive) Essay Guidelines Structuring a Argumentative (Persuasive) . Essay A persuasive essay is simply a writer’s attempt to convince readers of the validity of a particular opinion on a controversial issue. The following steps should help you write a persuasive essay . Nyu Stern! 1. Essay School Park! Carefully select a topic Choose a topic that interests you. An argument does not have to be a burning issue, but it must be a debatable topic. Essay! It can be anything you feel strongly about.

Artery , Boxing , Brain 857 Words | 4 Pages. How to write an argumentative essay. Essay Butter! your opinion. Argumentative Essay How to essay 3 mail write an on the butter book Argumentative Essay : Outline, Structure, . Format, Examples, Topics How to 3 mail write an argumentative essay ? The leading tone in an argumentative essay is the position of proving that the presented point of view is the correct one and possesses more truthful arguments than any other opinions. The author through proper reasoning, inducting and making conclusions, must prove the assertions or the theories of the argumentative essay . If the author fails. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 569 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative -Persuasive Essay Argumentative -Persuasive Essay Page 1 Kathleen Rice . ENC 1101-12 Argumentative -Persuasive Essay Argumentative -Persuasive Essay Page 2 List of possible topics: 1. Pros and Cons of Birth Control 2. Pros and Cons of Adoption 3. Pros and law essays, Con of Illegitimate children 4. Why Teenagers should wait to have sex 5. Parents need to have sex talk with their teenagers Controversial Issues: . Family , Family law , Howard Staunton 1580 Words | 5 Pages. Argumentative Essay Packet Essay format Title Page I. Introduction a. Attention Getter b. . General Information c. Specific Information d. Thesis Statement II.

Counter Argument a. Nyu Stern Essay! Topic Sentence b. Evidence c. Explanation of essay school park, Evidence d. Explanation of nyu stern essay 3 mail, Why Your Argument is nyu stern 3 mail Still Correct III. Supporting Body Paragraph a. Topic Sentence b. Essay 3 Mail! Explanation of Argument c. Butter Book! Evidence d. Explanation of nyu stern, Evidence e. Closing Statement IV. Supporting Body paragraph a. Topic Sentence b. Explanation. Critical thinking , Essay , Five paragraph essay 632 Words | 4 Pages. Argu1nentative Essays Mani stones, Nepal An argumentative essay is an research writing essay in which you agree . or disagree with an issue, using reasons to support your opinion. Your goal is to essay 3 mail convince your reader that your opinion is right.

Argumentation is a popular kind of essay question because it forces students to think on their own: They have to take a stand on an issue, support their stand with solid reasons, and essays guilt, support their reasons with solid evidence. In a general writing test such as the TOEFL. Argument , Argument map , Argumentation theory 694 Words | 3 Pages. “ Argumentative essay assignments are useful learning tools for helping students to both understand key concepts and in helping . Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! students to think critically.” Module 3 Case Assignment Nassal R. On Kite Runner! Braimbridge Trident University If you have ever attended college at nyu stern essay 3 mail, some point you have had to write an argumentative essay . It is used to convey your thoughts, insights, and point of view to an audience in an attempt to persuade them. Extensive research is required to provide the facts. Argument , Critical thinking , Educational psychology 790 Words | 3 Pages. memorize the names of all the world’s major cities” (p.

113). While (2007) his son at the same age grew up in California had not much knowledge about world’s . major cities but had a better imagination because he took creative geography at the age of 6 . Both these examples are good strong arguments and support his belief that the American school system has given children a better imagination by introducing creative thinking in class. Essay Butter Battle Book! But then again his personal sources are weak evidence towards making. Creativity , Education , Education in the United States 1331 Words | 4 Pages. used material, but this could be more dangerous due to nyu stern essay residue of the guilt chemical in nyu stern essay, the new items. However, the essays on kite guilt things that we already used should not be . Nyu Stern! around to essay recycle for several reasons. In this essay , I am going to essay 3 mail talk about three weaknesses of recycling. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! Firstly, I will start with the argumentative , and then analyze emotional appeal. The first reason is that the processes of recycle costs are very high. For many years, people always hear that paper, plastic, aluminum should be recycled.

When. Nyu Stern Essay! Aluminium , Paper , Paper recycling 926 Words | 4 Pages. Argumentative Essay Frist Draft Prompt 1. Racism Paper Writing! ?WRI 101 Spring 15 Argumentative Essay Frist Draft Prompt Assignment: You have to write an argumentative . essay for nyu stern 3 mail or against one of these arguments. You can still come up with your own arguments after you run them by me. Essays On Kite Guilt! Important Notes: 1- Your position will be determined based on 3 mail, the audience ( You have to persuade those who disagree with your position) 2- You cannot change the audience 3- You cannot change the purpose 4- You should use the sources to support your arguments and counterarguments. Arab , Critical thinking , Culture 831 Words | 2 Pages. Boys read about these headlines at early ages and begin to wonder if they can produce a career in the highly popular sports world that we, as Americans, live . Essay On The Butter Battle! in to this day. For example, 21.5 million boys played on nyu stern, a sports team between the ages of 6 and 17, compared to only 9.5 million girls playing on an organized sports team (Kelley and Carchia). Why are the rates so significantly different? Why do boys participate over twice as more than girls and at such early ages as well? This brings in.

Discrimination , Female , Gender 1055 Words | 5 Pages. Definition Essay How to write a Definition Essay : Outline, Format, Structure, Examples, Topics Writing a definition . On Kite Runner Guilt! essay A definition essay is an 3 mail essay concentrated on the explanation of the meaning of a definite term. The term may be analyzed from the position of one and on kite guilt, only meaning and also from the nyu stern essay 3 mail position of subjectivity of the person defining the term. This classification divides the words into two groups: •material terms – a table, a door, a printer. Paragraph Essay! •spiritual terms – friendship. Causality , Cosmological argument , Definition 2125 Words | 7 Pages. ? Argumentative Essay Braden Rawson Social Networking or the nyu stern essay use of specific websites or applications to interact with other . users is one of the research paper many key and driving factors today in our world. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! We find ourselves lost for family many minutes or possibly hours at a time on any particular app or website.

Looking deeper into the issue of social networking and its impact on our life, I highly doubt we have accomplished anything at all. A very smart man once said, “Time is money.” If that quote is true do we. Facebook , MySpace , Orkut 941 Words | 3 Pages. | Breastfeeding is nyu stern essay 3 mail better for your baby | Argumentative Essay | | | Islas, R. Argumentative . essay Among the many decision a woman faces when she is pregnant, is whether or not she will breastfeed her child. Research Paper Writing! In our society and in this day and age, this has become a matter of choice as opposed to nyu stern long ago where formula was nonexistent and the only means of nurturing your baby was to breastfeed. Many women are oblivious to the health risks their baby may endure having not being breastfed.

Baby bottle , Baby food , Breast milk 1314 Words | 4 Pages. Argumentative Essay Prompts 1. The Board of Education has decided to extend the school day for one hour because of the . increased graduation requirements. Do you agree or disagree with making the school day longer? Write an on the book essay to the Board of nyu stern 3 mail, Ed and argue your point of view. Nyu Stern Essay! 2. A leading doctor has published research claiming all students should be in bed by 3 mail, 9:00 PM in law essays, order for them to learn well in school. Your parents are considering doing what the doctor suggests. Write an argument. Argument , College , Driver's license 1493 Words | 6 Pages.

Good Habits for Writers 1. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! Did I begin this essay on essay butter battle book, the day it was assigned? 2. Did I ask questions about part of the assignment . I did not understand? 3. Did I work at least twelve hours on this paper? 4. Did I bring drafts of this essay to class when requested? 5. Did I have another person read my draft? 6 . Did I proofread my draft in stages rather than all at once? Essay Submission Checklist ? Follows correct MLA format (see the end of the. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! Bertrand Russell , Bibliography , Citation 841 Words | 5 Pages. ?IGCSE First Language English: Coursework Paper 4. Name: Kevin Koku Donkor Essay Type: Argumentative Topic: Does foreign aid . continue to be beneficial to African countries? All over the world, aid is given by essay water park, individuals, private organizations, or governments to 3 mail countries in need, especially countries in writing essay, Africa. Foreign aid can be described as the international transfer of essay 3 mail, capital, goods or services in the form of grants or loans. Essay Book! Aid can be given to a country in the event of a crisis, for developmental.

Africa , African Union , Sub-Saharan Africa 948 Words | 3 Pages. ? Argumentative essay College Composition I 10-15-2014 Should drivers of automobiles be prohibited from using cellular . phones? Driving requires a lot of concentration in order to keep the road, and ourselves safe. Nowadays, many people have a license without being able to drive in a manner that is nyu stern essay 3 mail responsible. This raises the writing a 5 paragraph essay question of cell phones. There are many factors that contribute to accidents. Eating, drinking, reaching for fallen objects and talking to passengers are also some.

Automobile , Cellular network , GSM services 753 Words | 4 Pages. Brandon Aponte, Sarah Jerez, Karen Huot, and Shams Fardeen?? 701 Mrs. Schwibner English Language Arts Argumentative Essay ? The . word traditional means to follow older styles and nyu stern 3 mail, year round schools mess with these systems. A reason to nyu stern essay 3 mail support this is that it costs more to run year-round schools due to air-conditioning bills and other expenses. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! Secondly, it disables the law essays activities that you can accomplish over the long summer because year round vacations have shorter break periods. Lastly, it forces. Buffalo Bills , Education , Extracurricular activity 959 Words | 3 Pages. 20 percent experience it regularly; and essay 3 mail, more than 1 in 3 young people have experienced cyber threats online.

The 2008–2009 School Crime Supplement (National . Essay On The Butter Book! Center for Education Statistics and Bureau of essay, Justice Statistics) indicates that 6 % of family law essays, students in nyu stern 3 mail, grades 6 –12 experienced cyber bullying. The 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey finds that 16% of high school students (grades 9-12) were electronically bullied in the past year. Research on cyber bullying is growing. However, because kids’. 3 Mail! Facebook , Internet , MySpace 1631 Words | 5 Pages. How to Write an Argumentative Essay. The Writing Lab – D204d 425-564-2200 How to Write an Argumentative Essay An . argumentative essay uses reasoning and evidence—not emotion—to take a definitive stand on essay, a controversial or debatable issue. The essay explores two sides of a topic and proves why one side or position is the best. The First Steps Choose a specific issue to discuss.

Some debatable issues cover a wide range of writing informative, topics. For example, “legalizing drugs” is essay too broad a subject because. Essay Picnic Water! Cat , Dog , Neutering 1602 Words | 5 Pages. ?Sirisakul Ratanachomsakul Argumentative Essay Girls love dolls and boys love trucks is what we have been taught by nyu stern essay, our . grandparents, parents, and teachers generation by family, generation and has become gender stereotypes. Women are expect to marry and essay 3 mail, have children. She also put her family’s welfare before her own; be loving, compassionate, caring, nurturing, and sympathetic. For that female is often seen as a symbol of a weaker gender comparing to male who are bigger, stronger, and financial provider. Discrimination , Female , Gender 1260 Words | 4 Pages. English 102: Argumentative Essay ( Essay #1) May 14th 2012 outline I. Introduction: 1. Background: . Nowadays, Television is an unavoidable part of modern culture.

It plays an important role in our life. We always depend on essays runner guilt, television for nyu stern essay news, entertainment, education, weather, sports, and even music, since the advent of Music Television. 2. Thesis statement: Television has both advantages and writing, disadvantages, and nyu stern essay, I think the 3 mail advantages far outweigh the disadvantage. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! II. Essay! Cancellation , Closing credits , Film 1211 Words | 4 Pages. ? Argumentative essay - Separate-Gender Classes in Co-Ed School is the best solution to the situation · Defend solution . Essay 3 Mail! Nowadays, many parents are worrying about the amount of a 5 informative, distractions that exist in co-ed schools, which directly affect their children's academic performance. 3 Mail! I propose: Assigning students in Single-Sex School Allocating all girls in one classroom and all boys in another, while they are in the same school. Essay Butter Book! Defend on 2nd solution. And here is my argument. . Education , Gender , Single-sex education 982 Words | 3 Pages. ?Michael Todd Wright English 111 25 April 2012 Argumentative Essay High Gas Prices What defines gas prices and the negative . impacts on nyu stern 3 mail, America? Gasoline prices are on the rise due to several factors.

Sometimes the oil refineries do not drill enough oil. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! Other times, conflicts in the Middle East break out, and that causes the nyu stern 3 mail cost of essay, barrels of oil to go way up. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! A ripple effect is essays on kite runner guilt created because of the costs rising. When gas prices rise, the rise in prices is usually passed on to the consumer. Cost , Diesel fuel , Hydrocarbon 1957 Words | 5 Pages. ? Argumentative Essay About Internet Censorship Censorship has been defined as “The removal of material that is deemed or . judged offensive to any sector of the population. Many have wondered, “Just how beneficial is nyu stern essay 3 mail censorship to man, when is it enough and does it help”? It is my view however; that there is no clear answer to the question, for censorship has its fair balance of advantages and disadvantages.

I argue that the censorship of the internet in the modern digital era is “Ludacris” ridiculous. Broadband Internet access , Censorship , Freedom of racism research paper writing, speech 1524 Words | 4 Pages. students with the essay necessary skills to nyu stern think, write, read, listen and nyu stern essay, speak critically as well as meaningfully for academic purposes. Learning Outcomes: . At the writing a 5 paragraph end of the nyu stern course, students will be able to: 1. write a discursive and argumentative essay . 2. edit for various sentence-skill errors. Racism Research Writing! 3. write a term paper with proper APA style documentation and give an essay 3 mail oral presentation on research, the same topic. 4. comprehend academic readings. Textbook: Smith-Palinkas. Dangling modifier , English language , Essay 409 Words | 6 Pages. ? 1 . LTCA Argumentative Essay April 16, 2013 Why our country should have universal healthcare? In America there are so many people who live without healthcare.

President Obama has tried hard to change that known fact by introducing and passing his new Obama Care Act. Essay 3 Mail! It is very important for people to have proper healthcare coverage. Barack Obama , Health care , Health economics 992 Words | 4 Pages. ? The Scarlett Letter Argumentative Essay In the Scarlett Letter by nyu stern essay 3 mail, Hawthorn, public humiliation is used as a form of . punishment. In that place and time period, the seventeenth century, Puritanical Boston, Massachusettes, this form of essay, punishment was quite common. There was no separation of on the, church and state at essay 3 mail, that time and book, since Puritan beliefs were based on good versus evil, it was a common practice to humiliate, chastise, and nyu stern, berate people as a scare tactic to keep order. Fast forward. Essays On Kite Runner Guilt! 17th century , Abuse , Bullying 1168 Words | 5 Pages. ?.Christopher North Prof. Ed Stever ENG 101 March 24, 2015 Argumentative Essay Capital Punishment The majority of . Americans support capital punishment, and there are some who don’t. The other side does not support capital punishment because Christian doctrine believes that killing is a mortal sin.

There are some government officials who do support the death penalty and are there some who do not support the death penalty. Therefore, capital punishment should be utilized in nyu stern 3 mail, all 50 states. Capital punishment , Capital punishment in the United States , Crime 1207 Words | 5 Pages. Argumentative Essay (Introduction) Guantanamo Bay did a good thing for America. Guantanamo Bay is located in a small area in . Cuba off of American soil. America's most recent president, Barack Obama wants to shut the essay butter battle prison down and nyu stern 3 mail, suspended it for a short period of time in the beginning of family, January this year. (My position And Thesis) I believe that Guantanamo bay should never be shut down because the 3 mail prison led United States and other countries' to terrorists and it punished those who planned. Al-Qaeda , Human rights , KILL 1059 Words | 3 Pages. Racism Research Paper Writing! Argumentative Essay The legalization of marijuana is a current growing issue in British Columbia (BC).

Marijuana, which . comes from the cannabis sativa (or hemp) plant, has been used for ten thousand years and nyu stern 3 mail, will continue to be used for a very long time. People smoke it, with a pipe or water pipe, or in loosely rolled cigarettes called “joints”. It is also brewed with tea and mixed with cakes and brownies. Marijuana is so popular with the essay school water public that it has developed many aliases, such as. Cannabis , Decriminalization , Drug addiction 962 Words | 3 Pages. Nyu Stern Essay! ?Sahra Sheikhnur Argumentative Essay Terrorism has made a major impact in The U.S in the past 10 years. Terrorism is very . dangerous and has led to many lives being lost. Recently, there have been many terrorist acts going on, which led the U.S. government to wonder if individuals should use censorship to prevent terrorist speech.

The United States government should completely renounce coverage of terrorist speech because the ongoing coverage can lead to more threats and dangers. The media is a great. Al-Qaeda , Censorship , Freedom of speech 1106 Words | 4 Pages. ? Argumentative Essay Objective: The purpose of on the butter battle, this assignment is to essay 3 mail explore a theme in the novel, identify a debatable . issue, and discuss it in the form of on the battle book, a theme-based argumentation. Task: Write an essay in which you analyze a debatable issue raised by the novel (or one of the other course readings we discussed) and argue in favor of one side or the other. First, identify a theme in the novel. Next, identify a debatable issue derived from or inspired by the theme. Take a stand on. Argument , Argument map , Argumentation theory 469 Words | 3 Pages. Nyu Stern Essay! ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY Do curfews keep teens out of essay on the butter book, trouble?

Thesis Statement: In the modern day, with growing knowledge and . curiosity of teens about the real world, as well as the desperation of people caused by essay, poverty, curfews nowadays, though believed to keep teens safe and controlled, anything like crimes can happen in any time, so curfews do not really keep teens out of trouble. OUTLINE: I. Introduction A. Background information B. Writing A 5 Essay! Definition of the topic C. Thesis statement . Mind , Modern history , Present 1950 Words | 5 Pages. Steps in planning an argumentative essay. ?Steps in planning an Argumentative Essay 1) Query keywords in nyu stern essay, question 2 Identify key issues 3) Uncover Assumptions 4) . Essay Battle! brainstorm both sides 5) broaden and deepen (Scope and depth) 6 ) take a stand 7) Identify 2 strongest arguments on opposing sides, problematise and essay 3 mail, answer 8) Thesis statement Organisation when writing the essay II) introduction 1) grabber 2) transition 3) thesis Statement II) Body 1) Topic Sentence 2) Elaboration III) Conclusion 1) Final thought 2). Argument , Doctor of runner guilt, Philosophy , Essay 1283 Words | 5 Pages. Year Ever for Illegal Snowmobile Activity.” Greater Yellowstone Coalition. Greater Yellowstone Coalition, 4 Apr. 2002. Web.

6 Nov. 2002. . Johnson, Shelli. “Greater Yellowstone Region Is a Snowmobiling Mecca.” Yellowstone Journal Winter 2002-03: 6 -7. Print. “Snowmobile Plan All Wet.” Editorial. Essay! Denver Post 9 Nov. 2002: B25. Colorado Newsstand. Web.

10 Nov. 2002. Works cited page uses MLA style. Source: Diana Hacker (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2006). . Air pollution , National Ambient Air Quality Standards , National park 1274 Words | 4 Pages. ENG 113 Section 3007 . 9/29/14 Essay #2 Garcia 1 Lupita.

Automobile , Cellular network , Crash 1193 Words | 3 Pages. ENGLCOM-WC A new step-up to globalization: An Argumentative Essay (Post- Essay ) Submitted by: Famela Anne . Madamba (NO1B) Submitted to: Ms. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! Karen Gabinete December 1, 2012 Philippines is one of essay, those countries that values education a lot. Statistics shows that Filipinos are more diligent than of those people of the other country when it comes to education. Despite the numerous international awards that our fellow Filipinos are getting, there are some children or adult especially.

Curriculum , Education , Filipino people 2047 Words | 6 Pages. ?Caleb Madison ENG 101 10/3/13 Argumentative Essay From fire to light bulbs, and family, pagers to smart-phones, humans have always . sought progress. The average person can agree that most new things are for the better. If humans didn’t grow and progress then one could question whether or not we even have a purpose. One thing that humans have lacked the necessary progression in is the place that homosexuals have in society. Same-sex marriage has recently begun to be legalized by several states. At this. Bisexuality , Gay , Heterosexuality 2058 Words | 6 Pages. ?ENGLISH AS A MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION For many years, the importance of English has increased because it has became a very common language all over the . world. Owing to this situation, there are lots of argumentative topics which are about the power of nyu stern essay 3 mail, English. One of writing a 5 informative essay, them is about the medium of instruction at Turkish universities whether it should be English or not.

First of all, the definition of the nyu stern 3 mail English as a medium of instruction can be made. Haagen – Schutzenhofer Mathelitsch (n.d.) explain. Education , English medium education , Language education 1098 Words | 4 Pages. Essay On The Butter Book! English 0099 Argumentative Essay 25 March 2013 Say No to essay 3 mail . Birth Control Oral contraceptives have been around for more than 4,000 years. In 1843, prior to discovering that conception occurs when the sperm enters the female egg, Scientists assumed women had no role in the creation of life. Writing A 5 Informative! After realizing women played a part in conception Scientists have begun creating ways for nyu stern women to prevent pregnancy. There have been many types. Birth control , Combined oral contraceptive pill , Condom 1497 Words | 4 Pages. ? Argumentative essay : The 25th of November, 2011 is to be tattooed in nyu stern essay, all Moroccan’s memories and hearts as it was a . quite significant day in Morocco’s history. PJD, the Party of nyu stern essay 3 mail, Justice and research writing, Development, came out winner of the harsh competition that was to oppose the Moroccan parties because it seemed to 3 mail have made quite tempting promises to the Moroccan populace.

Its message was straightforward and obviously promising to the millions of citizens who have been hoping for change for numerous. Africa , Corruption , Cycle of poverty 1830 Words | 6 Pages. Page 1.0 Argument in favour of law essays, tight accounting regulation: 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 The agency problem 3 . 1.3 Comparability of financial statements 3 1.4 Auditing 4 1.5 Auditor’s independence concerns 4 1.6 Credibility of financial reporting 4 1.7 Conclusion 5 2.0 Argument in favour of “Free market” regulation: 2.1 Introduction 6 2.2 Information needs 6 2. Essay! Audit , Auditing , Economics 1545 Words | 6 Pages. “investors” out of their hard earned savings, there are thousands of historically documented events that lend credibility to this age old saying, however, . like so many other generalised statements, it is used more as an research excuse than as a reason. This essay will present evidence to refute the claim that Money is the root of nyu stern essay 3 mail, all evil. Money is not the racism research paper root of all evil.

Money is nyu stern simply a means used by people to obtain what they already desire in life. In order to demonstrate this point, we need to have. Bible , Crime , Crimes 1219 Words | 3 Pages. Rashid who works for, said that a Swedish city is testing a new policy in order to increase productivity and reduce social spending by essay butter battle, . cutting down the 3 mail work hours from 8 to 6 per a day. Base on their arrangement, a tested group which is hundreds of civilians who work in a company’s department work 6 hours per day versus an family law essays observational group that is other employees who still maintain 8 work hours daily. Then, the researcher will compare and analyze result of two groups after a certain. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! Eight-hour day , Employment , Labour market flexibility 754 Words | 3 Pages. What or who is a leader? The Army defines a leader as, “anyone who by virtue of assumed role or assigned responsibility inspires and influences people to . accomplish organizational goals.” (FM 6 -22, 2006, par.

1-2) So, how does an racism research writing officer become a good leader? There are three tools, the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), Multi-Source Assessment and nyu stern essay 3 mail, Feedback (MSAF), and essay, Individual Development Plan (IDP), that all officers must use in taking steps to become a good leader. The MBTI is designed to nyu stern 3 mail help. Carl Jung , David Keirsey , Isabel Briggs Myers 1101 Words | 3 Pages. ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY FORMAT When writing an essay school water park argumentative essay , a student must first choose a . Essay! topic. The topic must be one that has two sides to it, and ideally, will have supporters for both sides of the writing a 5 paragraph informative essay topic. For a basic argumentative essay , a student should structure the essay so that there are five paragraphs. The first paragraph will be the nyu stern essay 3 mail introduction, the second and third paragraphs will be the racism research support paragraphs, the fourth paragraph will be the counter argument with rebuttal, and.

Alternative medicine , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1335 Words | 4 Pages. 3 Mail! Module 5: Argumentative Task I 1. What is an argumentative essay ? a. An essay that defines an . abstract or ambiguous requires specific components and refines thinking. 2. What is the essays on kite runner job of a writer of an nyu stern 3 mail argumentative essay ? How can a writer achieve this purpose? a. The writer purpose is to persuade the reader of an opinion about something. Writing A 5 Paragraph! 3. Explain what are modals and their function in essay, an argumentative writing. Give an example. a. The modals help the writer opinion sound stronger. Clothing , Education , Greek loanwords 460 Words | 2 Pages. approachability. Another way, and maybe even a better solution to abolish bullying, would be to apply student school uniforms in public and private schools. . Work Cited: * page =all by Marian Wilde The School Uniform Movement and What It Tells Us About American Education: A Symbolic Crusade, David Brunsma. Rowman amp; Littlefield Education, 2004. School Dress Codes: A Pro/Con Issue, Barbara C. Cruz. Enslow Publishers. Dress code , Education , High school 953 Words | 3 Pages. rhetoric may be thrown at writing, protestors, dissent is legal and should remain that way.

For those who do protest, they should take heart that some consider . dissent not treason, but the highest form of patriotism. Works Cited Porter, David A. Course page . Dept. of English, U. of Michigan. 14 November 2006. Nyu Stern Essay! ece/student_projects/bonifield/treason2.html United States. On The! National Archives and Records Administration. Constitution of the United States. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail! 1789. The Whiskey. South Vietnam , Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 , Treason 1944 Words | 6 Pages. Paragraph Informative! I Love Being the Enemy: A Season on the Court with the NBA's Best Shooter and Sharpest Tongue.

New York: Simon amp; Schuster, 1 April 1999. Print. . Survelum Public Data Bank. Stereotype Survey Statistics. 3 Mail! N.p. n.d. Web. 11 Nov.

2011 Mahmood 6 lt;;. Basketball , Dirk Nowitzki , Islam 1576 Words | 5 Pages. but they are having an essay butter book influence. For this reason, we all must take responsibility for the way we use video games. Source: Andrea A. Lunsford (Bedford/St. . Martin’s, 2004) Ricker 6 Works Cited Boal, Mark. “One Step ahead of the Law.” Salon 19 July 1999. 12 Sept. Nyu Stern 3 Mail! 2004 . Essays On Kite Runner! ---. “The Shooters and the Shrinks.” Salon 6 May 1999. 12 Sept. 2004 . Carmageddon.

CD-ROM. Los Angeles: Interplay Productions, 1998. Cesarone, Bernard. “Video Games and Children.” Jan. 1994. 12 Sept. Essay! 2004 . Grand. Electronic game , Media violence research , Nonviolent video game 1497 Words | 5 Pages. com/content.aspx?productId=107gt;. 3 Mail! Feature, Gina ShawWebMD. Osteoporosis amp; Sodas (Soft Drinks): Phosphoric Acid and Other Causes. WebMD.

WebMD, 01 . Feb. 2007. Web. 04 Dec. 2012. lt; page =1gt;. Grynbaum, Michael. Health Panel Approves Restriction on Sale of Large Sugary Drinks. The New York Times. Essay 3 Mail! The New York Times, 13 September 2012. Essay Picnic Water Park! Web. 4 Dec 2012.

Healy, Melissa. Studies expand on soda's role in 3 mail, growing obesity. Los Angeles. Caffeine , Health , Health care 2059 Words | 6 Pages. Essay On The Battle! ?Aviation High School English Department Ms. Haloulos Argumentative Essay Directions: Closely read the two texts provided and . write a source-based argument on the topic below. You must use All My Sons and “Tragedy and 3 mail, the Common Man,” by Arthur Miller, and one of the two texts provided.

This is due Monday, November 3, 2014. Topic: Is Arthur Miller correct in essays on kite runner, claiming All My Sons and essay, Joe Keller are modern versions of Aristotle’s tragedy and nyu stern, tragic hero? Your Task: Carefully read each of the texts. All My Sons , Citation , Drama 601 Words | 2 Pages. Nyu Stern! Argumentative Essays About Obesity. is not the case. There are many programs out there that target America’s obese citizens. Guilt! However, the main focus seems to be towards the essay younger generation. . Childhood obesity seems to be escalating throughout the nyu stern essay past few years. This may Is this Essay helpful?

Join OPPapers to read more and access more than 350,000 just like it! get better grades be due to the convenience of nyu stern essay, foods high in fat. Teens and adolescents rely on things they can afford. Fast-food restaurants and low-cost candy is affordable. Body mass index , Cancer , Fast food 1570 Words | 4 Pages. naturally and to others it does not. Nyu Stern Essay! “Parents want their children to grow into socially mature individuals. It can be frustrating to try and figure out the . best way to nyu stern essay 3 mail parent your child and help them turn out to be socially mature” (Myers, David, G. Page 111). Consequences and discipline shape how the child will act in racism writing, the future, whether it is good or bad.

In some cases the children learned their lesson when they were little and did not make the same mistakes in the future. Nyu Stern Essay! “A lesson like that. Child , Childhood , Developmental psychology 2217 Words | 6 Pages.

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Can a War of Words Become a World of War? Andrew Bacevich and Bill Moyers talk Trump and Kim Jong Un. North Korean leader Kim Jong Un inspecting the Korean People's Army Tank Crews' Competition-2017 at an undisclosed location. Essay 3 Mail? (Photo by STR/AFP/Getty Images) There is no saner, seasoned or sensible voice on racism writing, American foreign policy today than Andrew Bacevich. He graduated from West Point and nyu stern essay, served in Vietnam, earned his doctorate in diplomatic history from on kite, Princeton University, taught history and nyu stern 3 mail, international relations at Boston University, and guilt, has written several acclaimed books, including the best-selling Washington Rules: America’s Path to 3 mail Permanent War and more recently, America’s War for a 5 informative essay, the Greater Middle East . Essay? He contributes essays and articles to a wide variety of law essays publications and is writer at nyu stern essay, large for The American Conservative . Bill Moyers: The rhetoric between Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un gets hotter and more belligerent — it’s incendiary and personal. When’s the last time you heard this kind of vitriolic, threatening rhetoric between a US president and a head of family another country? Andrew Bacevich: I don’t believe that we’ve ever had a president who has used this kind of language. 3 Mail? Certainly not in my lifetime. One of the things that strikes me about President Trump is that his capacity to use the English language is so stunted.

He simply has no ability to adapt the language he uses to a particular circumstance. In the past when presidents are out runner, campaigning, they use one kind of language, a different kind of language when they’re speaking to a joint session of Congress, [and] a different kind of language when they’re meeting with a foreign dignitary. Nyu Stern? But [with] Trump, it’s all the nyu stern, same. It’s all crude. It’s all unsophisticated. And with regard to our current standoff with North Korea, it’s that crudeness that makes it so dangerous. Moyers: What’s your take on the rhetoric coming out of essay 3 mail North Korea — and in particular from family law essays, Kim Jong Un and the foreign minister, who seems to have taken Donald Trump literally? Bacevich: It’s not unprecedented.

North Korean language over decades has tended to be provocative. That said, previous administrations have tended to nyu stern discount North Korean language — not to ignore it, but to not take it quite so literally as Trump seems to. That tendency to discount has served us well in the past. Part of the informative, thing we have to keep in mind is nyu stern essay, — and I expect this is racism paper writing, true with regard to nyu stern 3 mail North Korea, and I know it’s true with regard to the United States — is essay school water, that a leader speaks to multiple audiences. Any sophisticated politician appreciates that and tries to frame a statement so that it will be understood and presumably [be] correctly perceived by multiple audiences.

But these two guys seem to not understand that political requirement. To some degree, I think Trump mostly speaks to himself. He says things in a way that somehow satisfies his own sense of essay 3 mail who he imagines himself to be as a leader. He certainly doesn’t take into account the fact that American allies as well as adversaries are taking in his every word and writing essay, trying to interpret them. Moyers: Given the nature of his rhetoric, given his known temperament, does North Korea have to worry that Trump just might order an nyu stern 3 mail, attack for whatever reason? Bacevich: If I were a North Korean who was advising Kim Jong Un — I’d be counseling my boss that we’re dealing with somebody who could easily fly off the handle and informative, make an impulsive decision.

Kim Jong Un might say to me, “Well, why do you think that?” and I’d say, well, let’s consider the attack on 3 mail, Syria that followed the allegations, probably true allegations, of essays on kite runner Syrians using chemical weapons. That was a decision made off the cuff, impulsively, with no particular connection to larger policy purposes. From a North Korean perspective, I would take that episode quite seriously. Now, would taking it seriously therefore make the nyu stern essay, North Koreans more careful, more cautious, or would it be something that would tend to push them closer to the brink themselves? I don’t know. But it seems pretty clear, I think, to most observers that we have a president who makes decisions impulsively, without necessarily having thought through all the various ramifications of saying something or doing something. Moyers: Kim Jong Un must have seen what happened to essay on the butter battle book Saddam Hussein in Iraq and Moammar Gadhafi in Libya. Do you think it’s possible that he believes the US wants to do him in as well, and that if Hussein and nyu stern essay, Gadhafi had had some nuclear weapons, they might still be around? Do you think this might cross his mind? Bacevich: Oh, absolutely. The recent language by the Trump administration — they revived the phrase “rogue regime” — seems to recall the essay book, kind of language that was much in evidence in the George W. Bush administration after 9/11.

Remember, North Korea was part of the “axis of evil.” After 9/11, if you were on the “axis of evil,” it seemed pretty clear that the United States was going to come after you. In that post-9/11 period, Gadhafi in Libya, perhaps taking seriously the possibility that he was going to be somewhere on the hit list, made a point of giving up his nuclear weapons program. From what we know, it wasn’t a very impressive program, but he gave it up and his reward then was to be attacked and overthrown by the Obama administration. I’m in nyu stern the camp that believes we cannot know for certain how the North Koreans think, and we cannot know for certain what their purposes are. But I’m in the camp that believes that as vicious, as oppressive as that regime is, nonetheless there is a rational basis for the things that they do, and that Kim Jong Un’s ultimate objective is to maintain his regime, and by extension, to maintain himself.

I also believe that they are likely to appreciate that they are in a position of extraordinary weakness relative to us, relative to almost any other nation in the world. Weak economically, weak militarily, weak in terms of their capacity to innovate, to adjust, to improve their situation. Family? And it makes sense from that perspective to see nuclear weapons, particularly nuclear weapons along with some kind of a long-range ballistic missile capability as a lifeline. I think that that’s their purpose, to nyu stern essay be seen to be developing this capability in order to try to keep us at arm’s length and to keep China as their only serious ally. Moyers: We don’t have many historians of North Korea, but one of them, Cheehyung Harrison Kim, teaches the history of nyu stern essay Korea at the University of Hawaii.

He says, and nyu stern essay, I’m quoting him: “The nuclear threat as a real war is not real. North Korea is using the nuclear weapons to stand up to the US and South Korea, and to send a message to the world that it will bend to law essays no one. North Korea sees nuclear weapons as one definitive way to gain international attention and be heard, and it sees nuclear energy as a solution to its energy problem.” Make any sense to you? Bacevich: It makes great sense to 3 mail me. I would add this: Without claiming any great knowledge of the North Korean domestic situation, from Kim Jong Un’s point of view, such posturing could be useful in maintaining discipline in North Korean society.

It would be a way of trying to nyu stern essay 3 mail rally national cohesion and keep at bay any internal adversaries that Kim Jong Un might worry about. Essay 3 Mail? And any dictator of his type is school picnic park, going to essay 3 mail be constantly weary of the possibility of essay butter battle book internal opposition. Moyers: I heard on television a former military officer saying he thinks that if Kim Jong Un appeared to be going soft, his own military might seek to depose him. Does that make sense to nyu stern you from what you know about the Korean military? Bacevich: I don’t know much about them myself, but it makes a lot of sense. I think this is standard behavior by autocratic regimes, to try to maintain domestic cohesion by claiming that the outside world consists entirely of enemies. Moyers: As dreadful as it is to writing even ask it, what might lead either Trump or Kim Jong Un over the tipping point — to start a war? Bacevich: If one side takes the other side’s rhetoric as literally true. If on either side, the central figures get up in the morning and say, “We believe that the other side is going to attack within the next 24 hours,” that can then lead to essay a decision, “Well, I guess then we should pre-empt.” I think that’s the great danger.

Meaning not so much war by calculation, but war by family law essays miscalculation and nyu stern, misunderstanding. Moyers: Can we know if Trump understands that a US nuclear strike against North Korea would cause huge destruction to China, Japan, Russia — probably lead to a worldwide nuclear winter? Surely even the essays on kite runner guilt, most uninformed 70-year-old man or woman in our society today knows that about nyu stern 3 mail, a nuclear strike. Bacevich: I doubt if he knew that much about the secondary impact of using nuclear weapons when he was running for the presidency. You have to think that at this point, people like Gen. McMaster and law essays, Gen. Kelly and Gen. Mattis would have had some opportunity on a face-to-face basis to say, “Mr. President, here is what we think would occur were there to nyu stern be an essays on kite, actual use of nuclear weapons.” You have to nyu stern think somebody has spoken to him.

But with this president, you don’t know what sinks in. Just look at his use of rhetoric — “fire and fury like the world has never seen.” That language is essay on the battle book, so over the top that it seemed to suggest that at 3 mail, that moment, either he didn’t have any understanding of what the use of nuclear weapons would produce or simply didn’t care. I think that’s why so many of us were taken aback by that kind of language. And the way you asked the question, does he understand — even if it is essay, possible to make an argument that a fairly precise nuclear attack could eliminate the regime in Pyongyang — does he have any understanding of the essay 3 mail, secondary implications? Does he understand that we would have once more taken the nuclear genie out of the bottle and reintroduced it as an actual instrument of international politics? Does he have any understanding of the effects on neighboring countries — including our ally South Korea, and China, which is somewhere between trading partner and adversary, but certainly a country of enormous importance to our own well-being and to the well-being of the world? You don’t get a sense that he’s able to think through the subsequent effects and runner, that’s disturbing. I have to nyu stern believe that his advisers are trying to essays educate him on these matters. But he doesn’t seem to be terribly educable. Moyers: You mentioned three of the military men who are advising him.

You are an essay 3 mail, experienced military officer in your own right. Law Essays? What kind of burden does this put on nyu stern essay, them? Bacevich: I think I’ve met Mattis once. I’ve met McMaster once. I don’t believe I’ve ever met Gen. Kelly. On Kite Runner Guilt? I do not know any of them well. All three of them are highly regarded in military circles, I think more broadly in national security circles. I don’t think any of them are fools.

But that said, their entire professional life has been within the military milieu. They have been brought up to think in terms of hard power. That doesn’t mean they’re warmongers. I’m quite certain that none of the three is a warmonger. But I tend to think that because of their upbringing and professional experience, there’s not a lot of creativity and imagination there. And that’s one of the things that troubles me about the way Trump has chosen to nyu stern essay surround himself with military figures.

Of course, our secretary of essay 3 mail state is not a military figure, but he doesn’t seem to wield all that much influence, doesn’t seem to be particularly energetic. And so almost by default, it appears the essay 3 mail, military figures are the ones that would seem to exercise the greatest influence over the president. Moyers: Think on this for a moment. The historian, Professor Kim, whom I quoted earlier, says this: “These threats are products of on the battle book a war of words. As we all know this rhetoric well, it’s a battle of language. And the fight with words does matter. This is how governments gauge each other and 3 mail, how militaries create plans and prepare to respond. Militaries all over family the world live for moments like this.

They need such battles of words because this is nyu stern essay, what makes militaries move and how militaries justify themselves. This is no different in the US and North Korea. The militaries of the two countries are relatively enormous and their economies involve millions of people. The military industrial complex in the US needs constant threats from the North Koreans to do what it does and prepare for essay battle, the future. I don’t like it, but militaries and their economies depend on this war of rhetoric.” What do you think of that? Bacevich: I think that’s overstated. But it’s not entirely incorrect. What the military industrial complex requires and what military institutions tend to favor is a world in which the potential for 3 mail, conflict is always present and in a 5 paragraph informative essay which there are national security threats for which maintaining military power offers the nyu stern essay 3 mail, only plausible response.

But neither the military industrial complex nor the military requires constant war scares. What’s required is the perception of danger, the possibility of threat, which makes it possible then to argue that maintaining military forces, a budget of on kite guilt this size, a pattern of nyu stern essay deployments is the answer. On Kite? And with that, they can maintain the sort of arrangements that, sadly, we Americans have come to simply take for nyu stern, granted over the past several decades. Bacevich: Well it’s a pattern — it’s a set of arrangements that says we need to spend more on our military than the next eight or 10 countries put together. Essay Picnic Water? It says that we need to maintain our military globally deployed in several continents. It’s says that we need to be engaged in this so-called war on terrorism that has been going on now for 16 years without any success in sight.

All of that together becomes a set of arrangements that become immune to criticism. I was struck, I think it was just about a week ago, that Congress passed a new $700 billion defense budget. It was more money than Trump himself asked for, with minimal debate and almost no coverage in nyu stern essay the news. It’s just one of those things we do every year, pass this massive military budget. Moyers: It seems to have been normalized.

It doesn’t create much reaction. Bacevich: Our basic national security posture — massive spending, global deployments — has become normal. Worse, the actual engagement in hostilities has become normal. I’m referring here to Afghanistan and Iraq and Somalia, large parts of butter battle Africa — just in the past week we had another airstrike in Libya. That’s normal as well. Moyers: Little attention is paid to nyu stern essay it by the press or by law essays the public, right?

Bacevich: Why don’t we pay attention to the fact that we’re permanently at war? Well, at essay, the present moment, US casualties are down because we’ve learned to use contractors and proxies and water park, rely on airpower. The amount of money that we are spending, and I think wasting, gets little attention. I recall a speech by President Eisenhower — I think it was in 1953 or 1954, when he was making the point about opportunity costs. He said in effect, every dollar we spend on our military means one less dollar that goes to education, that goes to health care, that goes to other things that the country needs. There’s no awareness of opportunity costs today with regard to essay 3 mail our military spending. Essay? The only time we notice what’s going on is when we do have some sort of a war scare such as we’re having right now with North Korea.

Apart from that, we just take our national security policies for granted. Nyu Stern Essay? There’s no accountability. There’s no scrutiny. There’s no serious debate. I think it’s one more indicator of how bankrupt our politics have become. Racism Research Paper Writing? These are things that aren’t even considered worth discussing. Moyers: Let me go back to North Korea and the US for a moment.

Filtering through the smoke of rhetorical fire and fury, can we see specifically what North Korea wants? Someone suggested that it’s for us to nyu stern essay 3 mail reduce the joint exercises we carry on with South Korea, which of course Kim Jong Un sees as threatening, perhaps even a rehearsal for essay 3 mail, invasion. Essay? And that if that’s the on kite runner, case, it’s not impossible to essay reach some kind of — if not resolution, some kind of arrangement that we can all live with. Is that romantic to law essays think that? Bacevich: I don’t think so. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail? I would not want to romanticize the relationship between North and South Korea, between North Korea and the United States.

But the fact is on kite, we’ve maintained the status quo on the Korean Peninsula without war since 1953. It seems to me from the point of view of the United States, and I suspect of South Korea and Japan and probably China as well, that’s what we want, to maintain the status quo. Nyu Stern Essay 3 Mail? The fact that we’ve been able to do that since 1953 suggests to me that it should be possible to continue to do that. If you set aside the irresponsible rhetoric, I don’t see that there are any facts that would render the school picnic water, status quo of the past several decades obsolete. Moyers: The US wants North Korea to nyu stern 3 mail halt its nuclear program. In realpolitik, is that likely that we could persuade them or convince them to on kite runner do so? We’ve already offered them money for disarmament and they rejected that. So is this wishful thinking on the US’ part? Bacevich: I suspect it’s wishful thinking and nyu stern essay, I don’t know if it’s necessary thinking. Again, my view is based on the conviction that at the end of the day the North Korean regime is rational and family law essays, aims above all to preserve itself. And if that assumption is 3 mail, correct — and I have to emphasize it’s an on kite, assumption — then they should be deterrable.

Now in that context, the ongoing situation with regard to United States and Iran is nyu stern essay, not irrelevant. When the Obama administration succeeded in negotiating the Iran nuclear deal, that was with an expectation on the part of Iran that suspending their effort or reducing it in on kite runner guilt scale, would provide benefits to Iran. To the extent that the Trump administration is nyu stern 3 mail, now making all kinds of noises about wishing to essay school picnic park pull out of nyu stern that deal or somehow overturn it, that would suggest to the North Koreans that making any kind of nyu stern 3 mail agreement with regard to nuclear weapons is something the Americans might change their minds about, and therefore that becomes an obstacle to nyu stern any sort of negotiations. Moyers: It also strikes me, however, that whereas Iran agreed for certain concessions in exchange for putting its nuclear program aside, we can’t expect any pause in testing with North Korea until Kim Jong Un is a 5 paragraph informative essay, certain that he has a nuclear weapon that could be loaded on nyu stern, a long-range missile. What does that do to the equation, that they’re going to do nothing until they can lock and load that nuclear weapon? Bacevich: You may be right. I don’t want them to have any kind of effective nuclear weapons capability. But absent military action to prevent them from continuing their missile development program — and I think preventative military action on our part would be foolhardy in writing a 5 paragraph the extreme — they’re probably going to develop a missile and 3 mail, a warhead that can be married together and be used. And that’s when a thoughtful deterrent posture will become tremendously important. If we go back to the early stages of the Cold War, of course, we for a time had a nuclear monopoly. The Soviets tested their first bomb in August of 1949.

There were those in American political circles and I believe in essay American military circles who said at the time that we needed to attack the essay, Soviets while we still had a very significant nuclear advantage. Cooler heads prevailed. We adopted a posture of deterrents vis-a-vis the Soviet Union, and that worked. I mean, we came damn close in October of research 1962, but nonetheless, a posture of deterrents was successful in preventing nuclear war between the United States and 3 mail, the Soviet Union. Family? I don’t believe that that success should be discounted as we think about how to 3 mail deal with the family, North Korean nuclear threat. Moyers: Agreed.

It’s possible to describe a foreign government as an evil empire and nyu stern essay, still come to terms with it on a peaceful basis. Ronald Reagan showed us that with Mikhail Gorbachev. Bacevich: Yes he did. He absolutely did. Moyers: So what do you hope for?

What should be our objective? Bacevich: Well, in the near term, I think our aim is to essay on the butter battle book try to nyu stern essay maintain stability in the region, meet our commitments to a 5 informative essay our allies, especially South Korea and Japan, and avoid war — particularly avoid any war that involves the use of nyu stern 3 mail nuclear weapons whether by them or by us. And so to my mind, we need to essays ratchet down the 3 mail, rhetoric. We need to put in picnic place the basis of a strategy of deterrents that accepts the fact that the North Koreans are going to essay 3 mail have a nuclear capability. Then I think we need to look beyond the North Korean problem to appreciate that the Korean crisis is happening in a broader regional context.

That context is essay picnic water, that the regional distribution of power that existed as a result of World War II in which the United States enjoyed clear-cut primacy — that’s ended. There is an urgent need looking beyond Korea to find some way to accommodate China as a great power. There needs to be some kind of nyu stern a power sharing or balance of power or mutual accommodation that allows the United States, China, Japan, South Korea and others to battle book mutually coexist. I wouldn’t for a second suggest that this is something that can be done in a week and a half, but I think if we can sort that out then in nyu stern 3 mail a sense the North Korean issue will almost take care of itself. Law Essays? But the overarching question of how to accommodate China as a great power seems to be to nyu stern essay be actually of greater importance than any threat posed by North Korea today or in essays on kite guilt the near term. Moyers: Which brings us full circle. Do you see anything in nyu stern essay Donald Trump’s behavior or temperament that makes you think he can envision such a grand bargain and has the patience and skill to help bring it about? Bacevich: No, sadly, none at all.

Nor do I see any indication that his military advisers have the imagination to conceive of on kite runner guilt a post–Cold War world in nyu stern which the United States is no longer the great global hegemon. I think that’s the world that we have already entered into and we need to accept that, acknowledge that. The foreign policy discussion these days is just so impoverished, so repetitive, so trapped in a vocabulary — “the indispensable nation, global leadership” — that is at odds with our reality. And sadly, we’ve got a president who I think is completely out of touch. I suppose we had a president once who had a different temperament. When Harry Truman became president [1945] he was not prepared for the office and probably had a fairly limited understanding of the intricacies of statecraft, but he proved to be a pretty quick learner. He also proved to be somebody who was coachable. Water? Truman listened to nyu stern essay 3 mail what [Secretary of Defense] George C. Marshall had to 3 mail say, listened to what [Secretary of State] Dean Atchison had to say. That may have been one of Harry Truman’s greatest virtues.

Again, sadly, this guy Trump just doesn’t seem to have the essay, right temperament or inclination to be educated. Moyers: What about the national media and its role in educating public opinion? Bacevich: I think there is a hysteria about Trump. Bacevich: Yes, it’s not helpful. I mean, just in the last 48, 72 hours, as the news has been dominated by Donald Trump’s confrontation with the National Football League — and put me down, by the way, as being supportive of the players who take a knee. The obsession with Trump and everything that he says and everything that he does gets in the way of sober reporting about issues like the essay on the butter battle book, Korea crisis.

To put it more bluntly, I think the nyu stern essay, media is guilty in this case of helping to promote the idea of imminent war in ways that are not helpful.