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Effects of essay topics

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Business Analyst Resume: How to write yours for effects topics 90% response rate. Knowing (and doing) this will take you DIRECTLY into an interview for a Business Analyst role. Whether you want to get your first interview as a Business Analyst. Or you're already working as a BA and statement medicine want to take that next step in your career. Or even if you just want some practical tips on how to write your resume for a new Business Analyst role. This is DEFINITELY the post for effects topics you. Because today I'm giving you a step-by-step guide to writing the perfect resume when applying for a Business Analyst role. Oh and by the way, you don't have to be a Business Analyst for this resume to work. I'm also giving you one final tip right at the end of the post for de beauvoir anyone who has a LinkedIn account. Effects Topics! (Don't have a LinkedIn account?

Get one now) Receive FREE updates for life. AND I'm giving you a one-time opportunity to download TWO examples of my personal resume for FREE. But the first example is how NOT to essay on the butter battle book do it. The second example is HOW TO do it. Effects! Lets take your Business Analyst Resume to the next level. Firstly, why am I writing this post?

A while ago I wanted to personal for residency medicine take my BA career to the next level. Effects Of Essay! I knew my resume needed updating, So I did just that. I then uploaded it to a few job sites. A number of recruitment agencies called me. But after the agency had sent my resume to the hiring company. I heard nothing . Same Paper! The response rate was TERRIBLE.

Probably about 10%. Because my resume was terrible. It was 4 pages long with far too much detail - NOT GOOD! As you can see in effects, the bonus section. Waaay too much detail. But at for residency, the time, I thought everything on there was relevant to my application, guess what - it wasn't.. No employer will respond to a 4 page resume. And if they will, they've already decided before they get to the 3 rd page whether to give you an interview.

So I changed mine - significantly. I reduced it to 1.5 pages, kept ONLY the key selling points and made it much more compelling to read. I then tweaked a couple of my earlier job titles so it looked like I'd been a BA for a bit longer than I really had - hint, hint. A whopping 90% success/response rate. 2 new job offers and effects of essay topics a difficult (but good) choice to make - BACK OF THE NET! FACT - If you're going to letter of primary teacher get noticed among the effects of essay topics, crowd of Business Analysts you MUST have a first class resume in order to sell yourself. I can't promise that doing this will guarantee a job. You still need to back-up your resume with a quality, enthusiastic, focussed interview. Post Teacher! But I can promise that if you follow these steps, you WILL massively improve your chances of getting an effects of essay interview. Simply, put your full name, address, mobile number, and email at butter book, the top.

Then add a break line. Step 2: Personal or Summary Statement. Keeping this section straight to effects topics the point will IMMEDIATELY get you recognised. Make it about 100-120 words. It can be a bit less, but No more.

Focus on your Business Analysis skills, experience and knowledge. First, explain what type of Business Analyst you are - dynamic? Enthusiastic? Customer centric? Then, where you've been working recently. Followed by what roles you've done - use roles/responsibilities which relate to Business Analysis. Briefly state what qualifications you have. State your industry experiences.

Finally tell them a little bit about your work. Here's a quick visual of how it might look on the page. Step 3: State your Key Skills on personal for residency family, your Resume. Of Essay Topics! This is cover letter for the teacher another great way to be direct without using too many words. Provide 4 or 5 of your strongest key skills. Communication - Excellent at building and of essay topics maintaining relationships with stakeholders to on simone de beauvoir obtain information on systems and effects of essay processes. This has been key to my success at bromden analysis essay, [company name] . That's just one example. Make yours similar. Of Essay! Notice how I don't use the phrase 'I am excellent'. Essay On The! They already know I'm talking about me so it's not needed.

DO make your key skills relevant to Business Analysis. Of Essay Topics! DON'T repeat your words in any of them. Begin each sentence with words like Excellent, Assertive, Exceptional, Strong. However, don't be too self-indulgent , it could come across negatively. Find the balance between selling yourself and loving yourself. Here's an example layout, or download the bonus section to see eexactly how I did it.

Possibly the most important part of your resume. Here's how you might lay it out: Where you need to be a bit clever. Same Research! Because if you don't have much Business Analysis experience, then you NEED to think about how tasks or projects in your past roles have related to Business Analysis. Effects Of Essay Topics! Many people have never been officially called a Business Analyst. But their work is often in-line to that of essay on the butter, a Business Analyst. Even though I would never tell you to effects topics LIE on your resume. I am advising you to tweak your job titles to show your experience is more in-line with that of a longer-term Business Analyst. But remember - you still need to back it up at the interview.

SO do more research at personal for residency family, home if necessary. Topics! If you're a graduate. For Residency Family! And you're just starting out. Apply for junior Business Analyst roles. But think about effects of essay topics how your degree might relate to on character a man Business Analysis. And emphasise those areas. 4.1 Put your latest/current job first.

Write the date from and date to, Company name and Team Name - all on one line. Then give your role title. (Remember to tweak it) My title was 'Finance Business Analyst' But I wanted to broaden my chances. So I kept it as just 'Business Analyst' And I gave the team name as 'Systems Change' instead of 'Finance Systems Change' You see ' simple but very effective. Of Essay! If you download the bonus section and compare the two resume's, you will see how I tweaked my other roles. Your role description needs to be about 150-180 words. First tell them what you currently deliver in your role.

Then explain your core responsibilities, write in essay, Business Analyst language. What's Business Analyst language? Using words such as system development lifecycle, testing, requirements, workshops, change, opportunities. And many more. You get the effects, picture. A Man! If need be, you SHOULD brush-up on your BA language if you're going to succeed. Once you've done that, explain which core attributes are required to fulfil your role. Again in effects of essay, Business Analyst language. Where do you hold a particular strength? Tell them what it is and essay on character perfect why.

I'll say it again. Keep it straight to the point. 4.2 Describe the Role you had before your current Business Analyst role. You can also change your job title for this role. Senior Cash and Reconciliation Administrator. Effects! Deputy Team Manager / Process Improvement. Write the same details for this role as you did for your current role (As I explain above) Being careful not to repeat the info from your summary statement (from step 2) Instead, aim to bromden analysis essay back-up your summary statement with a little more info. Still using clear Business Analysis language. 4.3 List previous role(s) in Chronological order (latest first) Follow this and effects of essay topics you WILL be able to keep your resume to letter for the post teacher just 2 pages.

DON'T go into of essay, detail for these roles. Butter! The person reading your resume has already decided whether you will get an topics interview after reading about your 2 latest roles. So don't give them more work to do for no reason. I like to on character makes a man perfect provide ONE success story from each of my earlier roles. And write one or maximum two sentences about that particular success. I built strong, influential relationships across the country and obtained resources to implement a new, more efficient process for creating reports using MS Access. Effects Of Essay Topics! Honestly, that's all you need to write. Sex Marriage Paper! Step 5: Check for GAPS in effects of essay, your Resume. Are there any gaps?

By which I mean. Any time in your life after school that you've not written about on your resume. Just explain it. I spent 12 months working abroad as a barista. So I added this information as a Round-The-World tour on my resume in the career summary section. ' SIMPLE. It's easy to 'big-up' your time in essay on the battle book, life. You just need to effects be a bit creative. Essay On Character Makes A Man Perfect! Step 6: List Education / Professional (Business Analyst) Qualifications. Effects! I call this 'putting the cherry on statement family medicine, top'. Effects! List your qualifications in chronological order - latest first.

Have you taken any Business Analysis Certifications? The Full ISEB Diploma. If you don't have much work experience, Expand on your latest qualifications or degree. If you have lots of work experience. DO NOT think if you expand on a Business Analysis qualification without tweaking your work experiences you will get the letter for the teacher, interview. In my experience. Employers value work experience MUCH more than a qualification in Business Analysis. So if you do have a lot of work experience. You DON'T need to provide much detail here. Simply give the year, Name of Institute or school, then the name of the course and your result.

See the of essay, example below. Sex Marriage Research Paper! So that's everything. Effects Topics! You should EASILY be able to keep your resume to just 2 pages from now on. Step 6: Update Your LinkedIn account in-line with your new Business Analyst Resume. On Simone! I reckon there's an 80% chance that a future employer will check your LinkedIn account. Or they will get someone they know to do it for them. So you cannot have major differences between your resume and LinkedIn account. I'm specifically talking about the job titles.

I'm not saying your LinkedIn details has to be exactly the same as your resume. But it does need to portray the same picture of you and your business analyst experience. If you tweak your job titles on your resume. You MUST update your LinkedIn account to match. Topics! So if the essay on the book, best way to do that is to copy and paste.

Oh and one more tip. If you worked in a 6 month temporary role at any point. Be sure to mention it on your LinkedIn AND resume. The bottom line for Business Analysts and their Resume's. Effects Topics! The bottom line is this: Always keep your resume up-to-date. And continuously improve it until you are 100% happy with the response you're getting from employers. Essay! Or even more so, the companies that agencies contact on your behalf. Or even companies you contact directly.

Be persistent with tweaking your resume and effects topics you WILL know when it is in great condition to land any number of on the, Business Analyst interviews. Only then can you begin working on and improving your interview teechniques. Use the button below to download my resume so you can use it as a guide (if you want). 7 thoughts on “ Business Analyst Resume: How to write yours for 90% response rate ” Thanks for yr valuable tips on how to write an effective resume. Could you also guide me on how to write a good cover letter meant for a business analyst? No problem on the tips.

Sure thing, If you drop me an email, maybe we can discuss. Effects Of Essay! just wanted to testify that this technique really works. Essay On Character A Man Perfect! My CV was initially 4 pages but once I got down to 2 pages that were specific and topics clear, I was getting calls and emails daily. I am at a point where the calls are coming in but I haven’t converted to a live interview yet. What am I missing. It is really a great that you have written an article about business analyst resume. Thanks for providing these advanced tips. Thanks Martin, glad you like it #128578; I aam in need of analysis essay, BA cv writing service and effects of essay topics have been searching for essay on character makes perfect how to contact you.

Please see here to purchase my CV writing services. Become an topics Expert Business Analyst Faster: eBook. Learn how to cover letter post of primary teacher improve your Business Analysis skills with exclusive tips and insights that I only share with my private subscribers.

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Getting Ahead — Staying Ahead: Helping America’s Workforce Succeed in the 21st Century. Business Roundtable launched The Springboard Project to effects of essay address the challenges America’s workforce is chief facing with intensifying competition in an evolving global marketplace that values talent and innovation. Well before the recession, many Americans experienced stagnant earnings and job instability. Workers have been losing jobs due to domestic or international competition, new technologies and innovations, and effects, dramatically increasing productivity. The economic downturn has only exacerbated the situation. Letter Of Primary Teacher! Even as the recession ends and employment begins to increase, these changes will remain a way of effects of essay topics, life. All of essay, us will continually be called upon to effects adapt to various changes and on character perfect, innovations and to renew or re-skill for effects of essay, the jobs of the on the future. The pace at effects of essay topics which we will need to continually embrace learning will only accelerate. Embracing the philosophy of cover letter for the teacher, lifelong learning will be the springboard that enables American workers to remain relevant, get ahead and stay ahead, as labor markets and effects of essay, the economy develop in ways we may not be able to anticipate today. In essence, we all need to embrace lifelong learning as a continuous process. In 2008, Business Roundtable proposed a concept, “AMERICA 21: A 21st-Century Approach for Workers,” that outlined the features of a new workforce education and same research paper, training system philosophy.

It was apparent to us that the current system simply was not designed for effects of essay, an economy that increasingly values and demands higher levels of education and skills. My colleagues and chief bromden essay, I recognize that a societywide commitment to effects of essay topics creating accessible, affordable and relevant lifelong education opportunities is required. A Man Perfect! For that reason, we reached out and created a broader commission comprising some of America’s best doers and thinkers — people with critical experience and knowledge in this area — including entrepreneurs, labor leaders, educators, governors, researchers, social networking experts and foundation leaders. This report represents our combined conclusions and our unanimous recommendations for the urgent task ahead. Education is our top national priority — and government, business, family and individual priorities need to effects topics reflect that.

Nothing short of same sex marriage, our future and effects of essay, way of sex marriage, life is at stake. Chairman and CEO, Accenture. Chairman, Business Roundtable Education, Innovation and Workforce Initiative. Chairman, The Springboard Project. Bill Green , Chairman and CEO, Accenture. Morton Bahr , President Emeritus, Communication Workers of America. Charlene Barshefsky , Senior International Partner, WilmerHale. Gordon Berlin , President, MDRC. Gregory Brown , President and Co-CEO, Motorola Inc.

Peter Cappelli , Professor of Management, University of Pennsylvania Wharton School. Louis Chenevert , President and CEO, United Technologies Corporation. David Dougherty , President and effects of essay topics, CEO, Convergys Corporation. Gary Forsee , President, University of Missouri. Jack Golodner , President Emeritus, Department for essay book, Professional Employees, AFL-CIO.

Sara Horowitz , Founder, Freelancers Union. Janice Bryant Howroyd , Founder and effects of essay, CEO, ACT-1 Group. Gerry Hudson , International Executive Vice President, Service Employees International Union. Jim Jacobs , President, Macomb Community College. Wes Jurey , President and CEO, Arlington, Texas Chamber of Commerce.

Alexandra Levit , President, Inspiration at Work. Robert Litan , Vice President, Research and Policy, Kauffman Foundation; Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution. John R. McKernan, Jr ., Former Governor of Maine and Chairman of the same sex marriage Board of Directors, Education Management Corporation. Gail Mellow , President, LaGuardia Community College. Janet Murguia , President and CEO, National Council of effects of essay topics, La Raza. Craig Newmark , Founder, Craigslist. Dinesh Paliwal , Chairman and CEO, Harman International Industries, Inc. Judith Rodin , President, Rockefeller Foundation. Paula Rooney , President, Dean College.

Peter Smith , Senior Vice President, Kaplan Higher Education. Bob Wise , Former Governor of West Virginia and President, Alliance for Excellent Education. Business Roundtable created The Springboard Project as an independent commission to explore how Americans can obtain knowledge and for the post of primary teacher, skills they need to compete and succeed in the global economy. The commission was charged with focusing on effects adults, from age 18 to whenever they choose to paper leave the workforce, and with developing specific recommendations that would: Encourage the building of relevant skills for today’s and effects, tomorrow’s markets; Institutionalize lifelong learning as an individual and letter for the post teacher, collective imperative; and Facilitate workers’ capacity to adapt to dislocation and evolving labor markets. The American workforce has reached a critical juncture; even when the unemployment rate declines, new jobs will require higher levels of education and skills than many of the jobs of the past. Our workforce increasingly finds itself lacking the skills and education demanded by the growing needs and challenges of today’s global marketplace. Our vision for a new approach to workforce education and training no longer accepts our nation’s abysmal completion rates of two- and four-year degrees or the effects inadequate supply of nationally recognized workforce skill certifications and apprenticeships. Essay On Simone! These credentials matter — for personal earning potential, for companies that put a premium on innovation and talent, and for the overall competitiveness of our economy. As important as it is to earn degrees or workforce skills certifications, it is not enough. Getting ahead and staying ahead also requires that we all become “learning workers” who continually improve and update existing skills and who are willing to keep learning as new knowledge emerges and new skills are in effects of essay demand.

Even in the midst of a historically deep recession and soaring unemployment, jobs go unfilled because of a mismatch between the skills and experience of job applicants and on simone de beauvoir, those in demand by employers. The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey found that 61 percent of U.S. Effects Topics! employers said it was difficult to on character makes a man find qualified workers to effects of essay topics fill vacancies at their companies. i. It is workers themselves who suffer the most from same sex marriage paper this situation. Workers with the least education have been hit hardest by of essay topics, the current recession, as those with less than a high school diploma are three times as likely to be unemployed than those with a bachelor’s degree or more. ii. American workers are highly receptive to the message that lifelong learning is a must in today’s world, with 81 percent of those surveyed saying they are interested in taking training or courses outside the workplace. iii However they face obstacles that limit both participation and completion. Convenience, cost and same sex marriage, time are the most problematic; 62 percent would be very likely to pursue training or education if they were offered greater flexibility such as classes offered year-round and at effects topics times that accommodate their work schedules. Bromden! iv The growth of online courses and effects of essay topics, virtual training is helping to meet that need. A significant number, 41 percent of surveyed workers, are reluctant to personal statement family medicine invest the effects time because they are unsure about what their jobs will require in the future.v They also are concerned whether programs are accredited, how they can find out essay makes if the degrees and certificates offered will be valued by employers, and effects of essay, why courses they have already taken often are not accepted by other schools. At the same time, the post of primary cost continues to increase faster than the rate of inflation. For more than 50 years, federal and state policies helped the United States achieve the world’s highest postsecondary education participation rates by topics, increasing access to higher education. It is now clear that enabling access is no longer sufficient; it must be paired with program completion and a credential valued in the marketplace.

In addition to traditional associate and bachelor’s degrees, workforce skill certificates, certifications, and apprenticeships also can signal attainment of in-demand skills to on the butter battle book employers and educators. Topics! However, unless they are nationally recognized and portable within an bromden analysis essay industry, students and of essay, workers who earn them cannot be assured that they are worth the investment. Federal and state governments currently collect volumes of data about labor market trends that are useful to economists and researchers. Analysis Essay! However, these pieces of of essay topics, data frequently are difficult for students, workers and educators to access and essay on simone de beauvoir, use. Currently, students and workers do not know how to find out which education and training programs have the effects of essay best outcomes for completion and employment. Educators also need better information on personal statement family medicine industry trends and job outlooks to more effectively match their programs to the needs of their students and the realities of the marketplace. The Springboard Project recommends six goals to help our workforce succeed in the 21st-century marketplace. Topics! The first three goals include near-term recommendations to get better outcomes from the current system; the second three goals require a longer horizon and essay a man perfect, more fundamental changes. 1. Create Incentives to Build a Better-Educated and Trained Workforce . Increase postsecondary education and training attainment rates to meet market demand and provide personal opportunity by rewarding institutions and individuals. 2. Develop Nationally Recognized Workforce Certifications and Credentials. Empower students and effects, workers by creating nationally portable workforce skill credentials that are credible to educators and valued by employers.

3. Personal Statement For Residency Family Medicine! Communicate Timely and Consumer-Friendly Information to Workers . Provide valuable labor market and related education information in ways that are easily accessible, understandable and timely. 4. Bring 21st-Century Innovation to Education and Training. Reinvent the delivery systems of postsecondary education and topics, training to get better and more costeffective outcomes for essay makes perfect, more people. 5. Unlock the Value of Community Colleges and Two-Year Institutions. Build on the untapped potential of community colleges and of essay, two-year institutions to encourage more people to embrace postsecondary education and to revitalize local economies. 6. Same Paper! Foster Lifelong Learning. Encourage a new mindset that values lifelong learning as an essential priority for personal and national success. Critical to success will be the continued involvement of every sector represented by The Springboard Project. We owe it to American workers to give them the tools they need to compete; we owe it to America’s future to encourage the creation of the workforce talent that can ensure our nation’s leadership in the global economy. The Springboard Project’s objective is clear: to maintain America’s leading role in the global economy by of essay, creating a best-in-class workforce, empowered by a philosophy of lifelong learning and skills development.

Our focus is on students and on character a man, workers, from age 18, when individuals are no longer required to effects of essay participate in K–12 education, and continuing as long as they choose to work. At a time when rapid changes in the global economy mean skills and jobs must continually evolve, workforce education and training cannot be an intervention primarily related to unemployment. The need for a safety net for Americans who lose their jobs is clear. Analysis! However, workers with dated skills need more — they need a springboard to effects of essay a better future. We believe that learning must continue throughout our lives, long after degrees and other credentials have been earned, and that for this learning to be effective, it must be more closely aligned with work and the realities of the marketplace. In part, extending learning throughout our lives will have to be a personal responsibility taken on by all Americans. Essay! It will demand a change in topics expectations and habits and an increased awareness of essay on character makes perfect, how critical continuing knowledge improvement is to everyone’s life today. This is particularly important for independent workers, who must navigate their way through everchanging market conditions without the support of an employer. Extending learning throughout our lives also will require profound changes in the way our broad array of effects topics, postsecondary education institutions are organized and financed, their education is essay butter delivered, and their missions are achieved.

Perhaps most important, it will necessitate new approaches by effects of essay topics, business — working with educators and other partners — to same paper help U.S. workers get the of essay education and training they need to on the compete and succeed. And with an ever-growing abundance of information available for job seekers, innovative “high-tech” and effects, “high-touch” strategies are needed to enable Americans to take advantage of the available resources. To better understand what is needed to get these changes underway, we analyzed data and respected studies, consulted with experts, and drew from the statement for residency family medicine diverse experience of the members of The Springboard Project. We also commissioned an opinion research organization to conduct The American Workforce Survey to of essay topics help inform us about for residency medicine, workers’ and employers’ current perceptions about education and training. From all sources, it is clear that the of essay topics need is urgent, the issues are complex, and the list of what should and could be done is long. We all, individually and collectively, must make tackling this issue our top national priority.

Who Is Today’s “American Worker”? As the global economy rapidly transforms, so do the nature of work and our definitions of the on simone de beauvoir “American Worker.” Increasingly, workers can’t be defined by topics, the color of their collars, whether blue, green or white, and the old categories become ever more irrelevant — such as our ever expanding “service sector,” which encompasses everything from a cashier to on the book an accountant. American workers experience high job turnover compared to other nations, holding down an average of 11 different jobs between the ages of 18 and 42. vi In those years, they will be employed 77 percent of the time, and it is increasingly likely that they will work for themselves. vii Some 30 percent of workers today are classified as independently employed. viii. Today’s workers most likely reside in effects of essay a city or its environs (79 percent), in a home that they own (72 percent). ix They make an average of $35,381 a year. x Ninety-two percent of those over 25 have a high school diploma or equivalency, and 47 percent of American workers hold an associate degree or higher. xi. This is essay a challenging time for American workers. We are not just in the midst of a “great recession;” we also are experiencing a “great reset” into a new global economy that continues to become even more knowledge-based and topics, demands ever-higher levels of skill and education to drive innovation and essay battle book, productivity. Many people presume that when the economy fully recovers from the recession we will return to “the way we were” — but this is simply not the case. The breadth and of essay, level of academic preparation needed to fill jobs is increasing, while the for the of primary rate of change — as employees move from effects of essay job to job and even industry to industry — is escalating rapidly. Today, more than 80 percent of workers in the 18- to-42 age range have been with their companies fewer than five years. xii.

The changes are not limited to any single “collar” of worker. They are already influencing — and will largely transform — jobs in areas such as construction, truck driving, automotive repair and maintenance, electrical and environmental industries, food, agriculture, nursing, and service jobs of all kinds. For American workers, there is enormous uncertainty about where the economy is personal for residency medicine headed, and the anxiety is topics fueled daily by news about high unemployment and home foreclosure rates, the disappearance of makes a man perfect, jobs that had been a ticket into the middle class, and the rising cost of college tuition. One thing is of essay topics clear: The job prospects of people with less education are much less promising than those with more education. xiii Societywide, the same sex marriage paper correlation is direct and inescapable. Moreover, the more education and training a person has, the greater the effects of essay topics chance he or she will earn more money. Research Paper! xiv.

Workforce education and training can no longer be viewed primarily in response to job loss. If American workers are going to get a fair shot at competing in the global marketplace, the effects of essay United States needs an updated system of workforce training and education that encourages and rewards those who seek to better their employment opportunities. In his address to essay on character the joint session of Congress in February 2009, President Obama spotlighted this urgent need. “I ask every American,” he said, “to commit to at least one year or more of higher education or career training. Of Essay! This can be community college or a four-year school, vocational training, or an apprenticeship. But whatever the training may be, every American will need to get more than a high school diploma.” xv. According to The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey, workers expressed a strong interest in pursuing additional education and training, but serious obstacles could make it difficult for them to cover letter post of primary respond to the President’s challenge. And the political, educational, social and cultural changes needed to overcome these obstacles are daunting. It will take a national commitment to alter the ingrained attitudes, policies and programs that no longer produce the results that our workers and our country need.

Ten Facts and Trends Highlight the Challenge. 1. America’s Worker Advantage. American workers are the most productive in effects of essay the world — a key factor in essay on simone maintaining America’s leadership as the most innovative and effects topics, productive economy in paper the world. Effects! xvi But we are in danger of losing America’s “worker advantage,” as the people whose labor and letter post, talent drives American growth find themselves increasingly unprepared to meet the challenges of a transformed global work environment. 2. Disparity between Skills and Experience Available and What Employers Need . Even in topics the midst of a historically deep recession, soaring unemployment and limited job creation, 61 percent of on simone de beauvoir, U.S. employers surveyed say it is difficult to find qualified workers to fill vacancies at their companies. xvii Major structural shifts in the economy are creating a widening disparity between the skills and experience that workers have and those increasingly demanded by the workplace. Jobs in occupations that are predominately college level continue to grow at faster rates than middle- or lower-skill-level jobs. Of Essay Topics! Forecasts of education demand through 2018 estimate that 63 percent of new and chief, replacement jobs in the future will require some college or better, while 72 percent of this subset will require a bachelor’s degree or better. xviii. 3. Effects! Widening Unemployment Gap. In November 2009, the unemployment rate for those with less than a high school diploma was three times higher than the rate for sex marriage research, those with a bachelor’s degree or above — 15.0 percent compared to 4.9 percent. The gap in unemployment due to education has averaged 6.1 percent since 1992, though it has been exacerbated by effects of essay, the current recession, pushing it to 10.0 percent in November 2009. xix As the for the post teacher global economy recovers and effects, returns to long-term sustained growth, education will remain a key determinant of labor market success.

4. Losing Ground in World Competition. The United States is the only OECD country with a younger generation that has a lower level of post, high school or equivalent achievement than the older generation, xx and we rank second to last — behind every OECD nation but Italy — in completion rates of four-year college equivalent education. Effects Topics! xxi When two-year programs are considered, the letter for the of primary teacher United States still ranks in effects only 16th place. xxii The percentage of U.S. Essay On Simone De Beauvoir! graduates remains frustratingly stagnant even while competitor nations boost their numbers in topics response to the changing demands of the new economy. 5. Innovation is Global . Essay On Simone! Innovation is taking place in ever more regions of the globe as their investments in education are beginning to mature. Topics! xxiii According to a recent Goldman Sachs study, the global middle class will expand by 1 billion people by on the butter book, 2020 and of essay topics, 2 billion people by 2030. Letter Teacher! xxiv That global middle class will have the of essay topics resources to leverage education and training to increasingly compete with American workers for bromden, the kinds of good-paying jobs we have long taken for granted in effects of essay topics this country — but no longer can. 6. Business Values Talent. Businesses overwhelmingly identify the ability to attract and retain skilled staff as one of the key factors driving high performance. xxv According to the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report, however, an essay on character a man perfect inadequately educated workforce is one of the top ten obstacles to of essay doing business in the United States today. xxvi. 7. Job Obsolescence.

By 2016, many of today’s low-skilled jobs will simply disappear, with whole categories suffering major declines in on character a man perfect both absolute numbers and percentages. Compared to 2006, there will be need for 131,000 fewer stock clerks, 118,000 fewer cashiers, and of essay, 114,000 fewer hand packers. xxvii In other cases, the job titles have remained the same, but the essay on simone de beauvoir skill sets needed to work in those jobs have changed. Auto repair jobs are a case in point. Many jobs lost in effects topics the manufacturing sector are either not coming back or are transforming into high-skill jobs demanding an research paper increased knowledge and skill base. 8. Inadequate Completion Rates. The U.S. economy and topics, employment opportunities for our students and workers are hampered by inadequate transition and completion rates at the secondary and postsecondary levels. Less than 20 percent of U.S. Essay A Man Perfect! ninth graders graduate from high school and effects, then enter and graduate from college within typical timeframes. xxviii. 9. Same! Demand for Postsecondary Credentials. According to forecasts by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), 71 percent of the effects of essay jobs expected to show growth to 2016 will require postsecondary credentials. xxix After the essay recession, experts anticipate shortages of the of essay topics high-skilled and educated employees that will be needed to fill huge projected increases in occupations such as registered nurses, teachers, computer software engineers, accountants and auditors, and on the battle book, business operations specialists. xxx The Georgetown University Center on of essay topics Education and Workforce also forecasts significant increases in demand for postsecondary credentials. Sex Marriage Research! xxxi To meet the demand, the United States will need 3 million more associate degrees or higher than current trends in topics graduation rates forecast —a 10.6-percent increase in the number of students graduating each year through 2018. xxxii. 10. Education Pays.

The payoff in personal earnings is clear. College graduates can expect to earn almost twice as much as their noncollege-educated competitors (1.9 times as much in 2008). xxxiii The payoff for the United States on the whole also is substantial. It is estimated that the fiscal return to every dollar that the federal government spends on higher education is $7.46. xxxiv It also is estimated that a 1 percent improvement in college graduation rates for chief bromden essay, associate and bachelor's degrees would produce a cumulative increase in topics national income of $291 billion by 2030. Essay On Simone De Beauvoir! xxxv. In sum, the consequences of inaction are serious. If America’s education and effects of essay, training deficit is essay on simone not reversed, we are likely to see: Rising numbers of chronically unemployed and underemployed Americans; Real wages not just stagnating but shriveling in the withering heat of world competition; America’s businesses, starved for educated and trained workers, becoming uncompetitive, forced to look abroad or even move abroad for qualified employees; The United States losing its place as the economic leader of the world.

American Workers’ Attitudes about Education and of essay, Training. There is chief bromden essay a widespread perception among American workers that the United States is suffering an of essay “equal opportunity recession” that is on the butter battle book just as threatening to the job prospects of the highly educated as those with less education. xxxvii. No doubt, press accounts of layoffs of highly paid workers with college degrees and MBAs may have created a fundamental misunderstanding of the critical role education plays in effects job security. Clearly, one of the primary roles for essay butter book, business, government, unions — indeed all sectors of society — must be to correct this fundamental misperception and to get the message out through all available means that lifelong education is critical not just to our nation’s future, but to the future of topics, every individual in today’s demanding and on the butter battle book, evolving marketplace. That said, people are enormously receptive to the message when they hear it. According to The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey: Eighty-one percent of workers are interested in education or training outside the workplace, and 62 percent are interested in participating in or taking courses to gain a higher degree or credential in the next two years.

A large majority found the statement, “70 percent of effects topics, new jobs that pay a family-supporting wage require education beyond high school” to be a “very convincing” reason to pursue education or training. Substantial majorities agreed with the statements, “The future economy will be more demanding; if I don’t keep skills up to date, someone will pass me by,” and “My salary won’t grow if I don’t make an effort to learn new skills or a better way of analysis essay, doing my job.” At the same time, however, Americans who want to further their education and training say they do not have adequate information to make decisions. They also face barriers that discourage and limit participation, according to The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey: Forty-one percent of workers surveyed are unsure of what skills will be required in the future and if training will pay off. Workers who seek continued education face a multitude of obstacles and barriers — including convenience, cost and customization — at each stage along their path. (For additional findings from The American Workforce Survey research, please see Appendix B.) Framing Our Recommendations. We are not the first commission to call attention to effects topics the problem and essay makes, potential solutions.

In fact, one of the members of The Springboard Project chaired a 1997 commission on lifelong learning; its recommendations remain relevant but unmet today. We explored why there has not been more progress and what we could do to compel more action. Our vision for a new approach to workforce education and training no longer accepts our nation’s abysmal completion rates of two- and four-year degrees or the inadequate supply of nationally recognized workforce skill certifications and apprenticeships. These credentials matter — for personal earning potential, for companies that put a premium on innovation and talent, and for the overall competitiveness of our economy. The need for better results has never been greater. Workers who lack credentials or evidence of the skills, knowledge and experience valued by employers will continue to have difficulty finding employment. And all workers will need to keep their skills up to date throughout their working lives. Our report focuses on incenting and enabling customer-focused, market-driven approaches that produce positive outcomes for American workers. To have the greatest short- and long-term impact, we propose six goals. The first three goals include near-term recommendations to get better outcomes from the current system; the of essay topics second three goals require a longer horizon and personal for residency family, more fundamental changes. PART II: GOALS AND RECOMMENDATIONS.

Goal #1: Create Incentives to Build a Better-Educated and Trained Workforce. Increase postsecondary education and topics, training attainment rates to book meet market demand and of essay, provide personal opportunity by rewarding institutions and individuals. Incentives for Institutions. For more than 50 years, federal and state policies helped the United States achieve the world’s highest postsecondary education participation rates by increasing access to higher education. It is now clear that enabling access is no longer sufficient; it must be paired with program completion and personal family medicine, a credential valued in the marketplace. Current funding policies reward colleges based on of essay topics the number of students enrolled. But what really matters is how many students actually complete their programs and how prepared they are to meet the on simone demands of the marketplace.

Institutions have few reasons to topics significantly change their current practice or to address the obstacles of participation and completion that workers face. Education institutions need better, more meaningful incentives that will ensure that students secure a degree or credential. (Please see page 19 for for residency family medicine, promising strategies to improve completion rates). Similarly, community and technical colleges and job training programs that receive federal workforce training funds are accountable mostly for job placement. They, too, need new incentives that will help their students master the skills that the marketplace demands and attain recognizable credentials. Recommendation: Repurpose funding and strengthen accountability by providing incentives to increase completion rates of education and training programs that students and workers need for short- and long-term gainful employment. Federal and effects, state policymakers should: Reward outcomes, such as what students actually learn, timely graduation and success in on character makes a man perfect finding a job that provides a family-supporting wage. Incent job training programs to help workers earn recognized certifications for in-demand skills in growing industries. Stagger performance-based funding payments across the fiscal year. Apply incentives and market outcome monitoring to federal education and training funding focused on helping people enter the workforce, such as the Workforce Investment Act (WIA), Unemployment Assistance, Trade Readjustment Allowances/Trade Adjustment Assistance (TRA/TAA), and future reauthorization of higher education legislation. Financial incentives can be an effective motivator.

We are urging federal and effects of essay, state policymakers to redesign accountability systems and repurpose a small but significant portion of essay on simone, present funding to reward education institutions based on outcomes, including earnings and effects of essay topics, employment. For example, in Tennessee, public colleges and universities can earn up to 5.45 percent of their operating budgets based on performance measures that include retention, completion, and student and employer satisfaction. xxxviii. We recognize that incentives can backfire if accountability metrics are not carefully designed. They must ensure that incentives for completion are not reached by lowering standards for earning the credential or by limiting access and admitting only those students most likely to graduate. The program milestones that performance-based incentives and for the post, accountability systems recognize can vary, from interim credentials or one-year certificates, to the pursuit of of essay topics, additional training or education.

We also recognize that education and training institutions serve very different populations across the country. While standards for completion of credentials should be the same for all students, interim benchmarks can be tailored to account for local, regional and demographic disparities, as well as the for the teacher historical performance of institutions. For underrepresented groups, both improved access and completion should be essential components of any performance-based incentive program. Washington State: New Performance Funding System xxxix. The State of Washington recently launched a new performance funding system for community and technical colleges called the Student Achievement Initiative. Its goal is to effects of essay topics “raise the knowledge and skills of the state’s residents” by increasing education attainment across the state. Its four primary metrics that determine financial rewards for essay, institutions are:

Building toward college-level skills (basic skills gains, passing precollege writing or math) First-year retention (earning 15 then 30 college level credits) Completing college-level math (passing math courses required for either technical or academic associate degrees) Completions (degrees, certificates, apprenticeship training) Washington’s program is too new to have evaluation results; it should be studied going forward as institutions begin to shift gears to earn performance funding. Providing incentive funding that is effects topics based on employment, earnings and wages outcomes for students depends on the availability of accurate information that links education and workforce data. On The Book! The American Recovery and effects of essay, Reinvestment Act requires states that accept state stabilization funds to connect these data systems. To date, some 23 states have already taken this step, xl and Florida’s data system (see box) can serve as a model. The Florida Model: Linking Funding to Market Outcomes xli. As a leading example of an emerging trend, Florida has developed a simplified system that allows for makes a man, the measurement of market outcomes. Through the use of a common numbering system among classes at all two- and of essay, four-year institutions and the creation of a data warehouse, Florida has a robust capability in place that ties education data to employment data. They do this by requiring all institutions receiving student financial aid under Title IV xlii of the federal Higher Education Act to send their transcript information to a central location, where it is linked and compared to chief essay data collected by the unemployment insurance office.

The process, drawing on a centralized K–20 education data warehouse and employment data back to 1995, enables analysts to put together a complete and detailed picture of the return on effects of essay topics the state’s education dollars. Security is key and complex. The educational progress and employment of personal family, each K–20 xliii student is of essay topics tracked by a unique, encrypted identifier. Meanwhile, unemployment information is makes protected by its own set of confidentiality standards and can be accessed by only a few programmers with special authority that are allowed to access it, and only on a need to effects of essay know basis. Publicizing aggregate outcome information — with privacy protections in place xlvi — will enable policymakers and the public to hold institutions accountable. It also will provide institutions with the research paper data they need to improve their programs and to identify successful innovative strategies used by other institutions. If information is publicly available in user-friendly formats, current and potential students also can use the data to help decide which institutions best meet their needs and which have the best completion rates and effects topics, labor market outcomes. For instance, returning veterans using the new GI Bill could use information tailored to their specific needs to help them choose and complete a program of study. Increasing the percentage of Americans with postsecondary degrees or credentials — while also increasing access for traditional college-aged students, working adults and displaced workers — will require active engagement from all accredited members of the education community.

The increasingly diverse education community includes public, private, and for the post, for-profit two- and four-year colleges; online providers; technical schools; union education and of essay topics, training programs; and same sex marriage paper, apprenticeships. The system that we are proposing will attract individuals to the programs with the topics best long-term labor market outcomes and will therefore optimally allocate funds to those programs. The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey found that the greatest barriers to participating in education and training were convenience, cost, customization and accreditation. Incentive funding and new accountability systems are intended to encourage institutions to create innovative programs that overcome barriers and on the butter battle book, lead to higher completion rates and topics, better labor market outcomes. Sixty-two percent of workers said they would be “very likely” to pursue training if it offered flexible classroom hours or enrollment periods throughout the year and for the, could attend around their schedules. xlv To improve participation and effects of essay topics, completion rates, institutions are beginning to cover letter of primary teacher experiment with 24/7 scheduling of courses; options to earn course credits and of essay, degrees over shorter, more concentrated periods of time; weekly rather than semester-based enrollment; and other ways to meet the needs of essay book, students and workers. Transparency about Transfer of Credits. Course credits earned at topics one institution may not be accepted by the next, but frequently students have no idea that their course credits will not transfer. Policy solutions vary across states and essay a man perfect, institutions; some will accept credits from any accredited provider, others have statewide articulation agreements, and yet others have agreements with specific schools or a process to review the course syllabus to effects topics ensure that it is on simone de beauvoir comparable. What is critical is that the customer knows before taking the course whether the credits are transferable and under what conditions.

Tuition is already expensive enough without requiring work to be repeated. Rewarding institutions for helping students, workers and our nation improve their international competitiveness is only part of the solution. Motivating individuals is effects of essay topics also essential. Although the federal government contributes 10 percent to the average student’s college tuition (with $500 billion currently in outstanding student loan debt), this funding is tied to student outcomes only in research a very limited number of cases. xlvi. We believe that increasing access through needs-based funding remains critical; however, it is essential to move beyond just increasing access. Student success and completion are equally important goals for students as well as our higher education system.

Incentives can be used to reward students who complete their studies for bachelor’s or associate degrees, certificates, apprenticeships, and other programs that are valued in the marketplace. Recommendation: Modify financial aid to reward students who complete their education and training programs in a timely manner. Federal and topics, state policymakers should: Reward students who complete postsecondary education and training programs in a timely way with a loan principle reduction, interest rate reduction, tax credit or cash payout. Federal and state policymakers should potentially provide a second tier financial reward for positive market outcomes, such as employment in a related field, a fellowship or matriculation in same sex marriage research a higher level of postsecondary education within a reasonable time frame. An emerging body of rigorous evidence suggests that performance-based scholarship programs can increase college-going, credit completion and persistence in college. Two recent studies (one in Canada and one in effects topics the state of essay book, Louisiana) found positive effects on credits earned and persistence from one semester to the next. The Canadian program, the effects of essay Student Achievement and Retention Project (STAR), offered students a financial incentive that lasted two semesters xlvii . In Louisiana, MRDC, a nonprofit education and social policy research organization, evaluated an innovative performancebased scholarship program that also found increases in credits earned, courses completed and reenrollment (see box). xlviii.

In 2004 and 2005, the nonprofit education research organization MDRC tested the effects of incentives — in the form of supplemental financial aid — on academic persistence and success among low-income students in Louisiana. Essay De Beauvoir! Called “Opening Doors,” the program awarded students $2,000 over two semesters on the condition they were enrolled at least halftime and effects of essay, maintained better than a C average. Students received $250 when they enrolled, $250 if they were in good standing at midterm and $500 if they successfully passed their classes at the completion of the semester. Participating students were significantly more likely to persist in their studies and register for additional credits than the control group, earned 3.5 more credits overall, and were 11 percent more likely to earn a 2.0 GPA or higher. Even as Hurricane Katrina hit and campuses closed down, the students pursued classes online or at other campuses that opened the following spring.

Variations of this model are now being tried at colleges in four states, with more than 4,500 students participating. Meanwhile, other private sector institutions are independently advancing this concept and developing models to motivate students to graduate on time. For example, Discover Bank, Wells Fargo and SunTrust all provide substantial loan relief for college completion, either in on the butter the form of reduced interest rates, reduction in principal or even a direct deposit to the loan holder’s bank account. l. Education institutions, nonprofit organizations, businesses and effects of essay topics, other scholarship-granting institutions that provide support to workers who do not qualify for federal funding can all also play a role in helping increase completion rates by following suit. We are not proposing additional government outlays at a time of analysis essay, rising deficits. Rather, these financial incentives for students should be cost-neutral. Standard student loan rates would take into topics, account the effect of incentives on student performance and ability to pay back loans. INCENTIVES FOR EMPLOYEES TO EARN ADDITIONAL CREDENTIALS.

Convergys — Bringing Jobs and Education to Employees. Convergys created a model that brings both jobs and education to personal family entry-level workers. By combining its home agent program, in of essay topics which customer service representatives work from home, with its new online accredited college degree program, employees can work and complete a college education in a virtual environment. Qualified applicants who previously were ineligible for on-site jobs as a result of sex marriage, geographic, scheduling or transportation constraints now meet hiring criteria. Effects Of Essay Topics! And, once hired, employees can advance their education through the online degree and certificate program developed in close partnership with Bellevue University. The Bellevue program is same sex marriage paper targeted to full-time and part-time employees with a high school education or equivalency.

Convergys provides tuition reimbursement and works with Bellevue to identify additional financial assistance to minimize out-of-pocket expenses for employees. Providing its workforce with access to quality education not only helps Convergys as its internal talent continues to be a differentiator, but it also provides its employees with transferrable skills in an increasingly competitive global marketplace. li. United Technologies Corporation (UTC) Employee Scholar Program. To improve the talent of its workforce, UTC created a program that provides open and free access to education for all its employees. Last year, 15,197 UTC employees in 54 countries took advantage of the Employee Scholar Program (ESP), which covers the costs of accredited degree programs and provides paid time off for study. It also offers a program for of essay, laid-off employees providing from one to four years of coverage following separation from the company. The investment is substantial: more than $780 million since the program’s inception in 1996.

UTC believes the investment in worker education is on the a net plus to effects its bottom line. lii. The Alliance for Employee Growth and essay de beauvoir, Development, Inc. The Alliance is a primary education resource for union represented employees at ATT, Alcatel- Lucent, Avaya, OFS and the IBEW. Effects Of Essay Topics! Since its inception in 1986, it has provided services to more than 173,000 individuals through over 14.5 million training hours. In the most recent fiscal year, 50 percent of the eligible individuals participated in more than 348,000 hours of personal statement, Alliance training. The Alliance operates at the national, regional and topics, local level to develop, deliver and evaluate its training programs. Training ranges from basic language and math skills training to high-level technical certifications and degree programs through an array of essay on the book, training delivery options including on-site classrooms, virtual classrooms, hands-on technical training and online self-paced courses. liii. PART II: GOALS AND RECOMMENDATIONS cont. Goal #2: Develop Nationally Recognized Workforce Certifications and Credentials. Empower students and workers by creating nationally portable workforce skill credentials that are credible to educators and valued by employers.

Millions of Americans pursue certifications, apprenticeships and other postsecondary training credentials in addition to, or as an alternative to, a traditional college degree. Presently, almost 700,000 different certificates, a growing type of postsecondary credential, are awarded each year. liv There are benefits to earning these credentials: Workers who complete certification programs earn on average $26,328 per year compared to an average of $15,154 for those who only complete high school. lv. However, certificates and other credentials often have little or no value because they are not held to of essay nationally or internationally accepted standards and are consequently not recognized by employers or education institutions. In addition, some credentials have diminished value because they are not portable or provide limited opportunities for career growth. Essay On Simone De Beauvoir! lvi As a result, workers are often unsure about the value of of essay, a credential and are therefore not willing to invest the time, money or effort. Apprenticeships also offer a powerful path to market-relevant skills training, but they too suffer from essay on the a lack of effects, uniformity and clarity.

Today, 250,000 employers and almost 450,000 apprentices benefit from more than 29,000 apprenticeship programs, mostly in high-growth industries that face critical shortages of bromden analysis, skilled workers. lvii Apprenticeships cover 1,000 occupations including pipefitters, electricians, child care development specialists and law-enforcement agents. But while U.S. apprenticeships may use established curricula in their industry, they are not bound, as they are in many countries, by external industry standards, leaving potential employers uncertain as to their exact value. Recommendation: Create national standards for portable, “stackable” credentials for certificates, apprenticeships and pathways for earning credit at two- and four-year programs. Businesses must take the lead in working with industry associations, unions, educators, nonprofit organizations and of essay, the U.S. Department of Labor to develop, regularly review and update national standards for credentialing programs. Educators need to provide academic credit for completing approved career and technical coursework, helping students to build career pathways.

Employers should include credential requirements in all job descriptions and should recognize and reward employees who complete programs and achieve additional credentials. The Department of personal medicine, Labor should collect and publish the topics standards in analysis a user-friendly format online so that individuals can understand the demands of various occupations and industries. Unions and industry associations, including the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM), are responding to effects topics the need for nationally recognized credentials. They have created criteria that provide standardized, portable credentials that attest to an individual’s attainment of critical competencies required by the industry. The NAM-Endorsed Skills Certification System provides a useful model on which national certification standards could be developed. lviii. The Computer Technology Industry Association (CompTIA) exams provide another example of a standardized credential. Same Sex Marriage Research Paper! These exams are offered for over a dozen vendor-neutral IT certifications in effects of essay the United States and essay on simone de beauvoir, other countries.

Because the credentials are held to recognized standards, employers recognize their value, and over 1 million people have earned CompTIA certifications since their inception in 1993. lix. Leading states are already creating “stackable” credentialing programs, which allow training to build within a career pathway. Ohio is developing a system of of essay topics, stackable certificates that provides a clear and accessible path for people who want to advance their education and prepare themselves for satisfying and productive careers. Individuals can earn a certificate and cover letter, then receive college credit for that certificate, helping them complete a college degree. lx Stackable certificates certify that a worker has attained specific skills needed for the workplace and for postsecondary education. A system of topics, stackable certificates can connect pre-college academic work to essay de beauvoir credit-bearing career and technical coursework that ultimately leads to a college degree. What about standards for noncredit learning at community colleges? With a grant from The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the American Association of Community Colleges is beginning the development of outcomes-based accountability metrics for community colleges.

States also are designing new performance-based metrics (see box on Washington State on page 17). Currently, 1,152 two-year public colleges in the United States serve more than 11 million students — 6,596,356 in of essay topics for-credit programs plus an estimated 5,000,000 in noncredit continuing education. lxi These students are enrolled in programs with different purposes: strengthening basic academic skills such as reading and math, earning an cover post of primary teacher associate degree, gaining certification in an industry or discipline, or meeting the specific training needs of a partnering company. However, for students enrolled in noncredit courses, there is topics no standardized measurement of the chief bromden essay direct educational and economic benefits of these courses. Data are not collected about the effects of essay topics effectiveness of noncredit activities in training and workforce development or getting adults into courses where they can earn credits toward degrees or other valued credentials. Systematically evaluating the cover for the post of primary value of community colleges’ noncredit courses in workforce training will require, as a first step, developing national standards for noncredit activity that use universal classifications to count, assess and compare the of essay topics outcomes. lxii. Goal #3: Communicate Timely and Consumer-Friendly Information to Workers. Provide valuable labor market and related education information in ways that are easily accessible, understandable and on simone, timely. Federal and state governments currently collect volumes of topics, data about labor market trends that are useful to economists and researchers.

However, these pieces of data frequently are difficult for essay perfect, students, workers and educators to access and use. Currently, students and workers do not know how to find out which education and training programs have the best outcomes for of essay, completion and employment. The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey found that 41 percent of workers are unsure of letter teacher, what skills will be required in effects of essay topics the future and if training will pay off. lxiii. Educators also need better information on essay battle book industry trends and job outlooks to more effectively match their programs to the needs of their students and the realities of the marketplace. Educators report that the lack of complete information on effects topics workforce demand is one of their greatest stumbling blocks in developing relevant curricula.

To get an appreciation for how difficult it is for workers to find timely and valuable information, we asked a team of essay on simone, young, highly adept computer and effects, Web-savvy professionals to conduct a simulated search for employment that included further education and training — using primarily governmentfunded Web sites. Essay! These are people with college educations and advanced degrees who know how to parse a government database and synthesize libraries of disparate information. The report back from their mock job hunt was one of frustration and admiration for of essay topics, job seekers who persist through the misdirection, dead ends and out-of-date data. Workers need direct, easy, user-friendly ways of answering key questions, such as: Where can I find information about job opportunities?

Will I need to statement for residency family medicine move to find a good job? Which jobs have a future? What do they pay? Are there benefits? What skills and topics, education are required? Where can I get the training and education?

Can I meet the requirements online? Will employers value a credential from that institution? Can I transfer credits earned to another institution? How do I pay for it? What other services are available to help me with job placement? Recommendation: Create a consumer-based information system that provides and communicates timely local, regional, and national industry and occupation trends.

The U.S. Department of Labor should use state-of-the-art communications to sex marriage research improve the effects accessibility and clarity of the information it collects and communicates, including national, regional, state, and local industry and occupation trends. Businesses should provide more detailed occupation information to state and federal statistical agencies. Federal policymakers should “connect the personal statement family dots” by of essay, linking and streamlining information and programs across the essay on simone Departments of Education, Labor and Commerce. Based on the mismatch in perceptions found through The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey, students, workers, and educators need better information about the skills, knowledge, or education and training requirements they need. The U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of effects of essay, Labor Statistics (BLS) needs to improve the quality and accessibility of the cover for the of primary information it provides from effects topics existing data sources. For instance, the essay most comprehensive program run by the BLS, the Quarterly Census of of essay topics, Employment and Wages (QCEW), does not contain occupation level data and is not fully available online. lxiv. An easy way to make the QCEW more useful for individuals and educators includes businesses providing more detailed occupation information on each of their employees to for residency family medicine state labor market information agencies as part of topics, their quarterly unemployment insurance reporting.

The BLS should then aggregate this additional occupation information through the QCEW. Throughout this process, individual privacy protections should remain sacrosanct. For the supplemental occupation information to be most useful and relevant, rapidly evolving occupation definitions called SOC codes need to be updated more frequently. Collecting this additional information, in turn, reduces the same paper need for funding other programs within BLS, such as Occupational Employment Statistics. Additionally, this information should be organized and communicated online in a useful and timely manner so that people who are not economists or researchers can easily comprehend the data. Done well, the online information will facilitate a transformation of Workforce Investment Boards and topics, will provide students, workers, community colleges, and essay on the battle book, other education and training providers with the information they need about labor market and related education trends that are now beyond their reach. Recommendation: Provide information about of essay topics, job openings through improved state jobmatching Web sites. State labor agencies should remove cross-state silos, network with private sector sites, and put a human face on bromden the process by adding job counseling and other services.

Broad industry or occupation trends are not enough to help individuals find their first or next job. The American workforce experiences a high degree of job turnover. In 2008 alone, more than 56 million people were hired, and 59 million people left their job. lxv In addition, most workers are not nationally mobile, and the housing crisis has made them even less able to move in response to employment opportunities. Information on local job openings is crucial. However, given the availability of free, privately run job listing Web sites, we are not convinced that the 50 state-sponsored job exchange Web sites are necessary. If states continue to provide these sites, they need to better integrate with neighboring states’ sites, and they need to remove the hassle of effects of essay topics, sending users to external Web sites to apply for chief bromden, a job.

These sites also should aggregate information from both public and private sites through an automatic process called “spidering” so that a more complete picture of job openings is presented to workers and job seekers. Resume review services, job counseling and personalized advice would moreover improve the effectiveness of state job-matching engines. Goal #4: Bring 21st-Century Innovation to Education and effects of essay topics, Training. Reinvent the delivery systems of postsecondary education and training to get better and more costeffective outcomes for more people. The current business model for financing public postsecondary education and workforce training is not sustainable. The cost simply is too high, and the outcomes are too low. The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey found that 37 percent of Americans cite cost as a significant obstacle to pursuing education and training.

In the on simone past 30 years, all types of postsecondary institutions have seen rapid cost increases: Two-year public college costs more than quadrupled, and four-year private college costs increased almost eight-fold. lxvi Yet the number of associate degrees conferred only effects increased by 70 percent and essay on character a man perfect, bachelor’s degrees by 68 percent. lxvii. Twenty-five colleges now cost more than the U.S. median household income of $50,303 per year. Effects Of Essay! lxviii Compounding the problem, the current system of student financial aid was designed for “traditional” college-age students — not working students with families. We must address ballooning costs if we hope to regain our international lead in personal statement family postsecondary education and training. With entitlements eating up ever-growing portions of federal and state budgets, we need new designs and delivery systems that realize administrative cost efficiency and make better use of existing capital assets and technology. Unless institutions innovate, they risk the kind of shocks experienced recently by newspaper organizations and car manufacturers. With growing numbers of American workers needing higher education and workforce training, all postsecondary institutions will need to effects of essay topics increase capacity and quality in creative ways. Online learning has the potential to radically increase the number of Americans with postsecondary degrees and credentials as well as reduce costs. The 9.7 percent annual growth rate for online enrollments between 2002 and 2006 far exceeded the 1.5 percent annual growth rate of the higher education student population. Additionally, 83 percent of institutions with online offerings expect their online enrollments to increase. lxix Studies show that students who take all or part of their classes online perform better, on average, than those who take a traditional, face-to-face course. On Character Makes A Man Perfect! lxx.

National transferability of online classes and of essay, increased credibility of those classes have the potential to change the game and accelerate completion of certificates and essay on the battle, degrees for topics, millions of butter battle, Americans. Of Essay Topics! We anticipate that virtually all institutions will offer online options, giving people access to courses taught by the top professors in the world. However, online learning may not work for all students, and educators must seek other creative ways to meet the needs of students who may need specialized curricula and essay makes a man perfect, instruction. Online education is only one example of an innovative solution to the problem. In addition, the current models for effects of essay topics, paying faculty, providing course credit, utilizing capital assets and for residency family, infrastructure, and charging tuition need to be reinvented. Goal #5: Unlock the Power of Community Colleges and Two-Year Institutions. Build on the untapped potential of community colleges and of essay, two-year institutions to encourage more people to essay on simone de beauvoir embrace postsecondary education and to revitalize local economies. Community colleges are an underappreciated component of effects of essay topics, America’s higher education and training system. Adequately funded and recognized, and personal, held accountable with incentives and performance standards, they have the potential to become central hubs for effects of essay topics, lifelong learning, as well as engines of on character, local economic growth.

Currently serving more than 11 million students each year, community colleges have the scale to bridge the divide between the current supply of skilled workers and the future demand in a costeffective way.lxxi The average total cost to attend a two-year public college was just $6,810 as of 2007.lxxii The low costs have contributed to growth in enrollment during the recession that has overwhelmed some institutions. The community college network now serves half of the topics current undergraduates in the United States, often as a starting point for students pursuing their bachelor’s degree.lxxiii. Businesses already recognize the importance of community colleges and two-year institutions to research their talent pipeline — they pay a 49 percent premium for associate degree holders.lxxiv Less well understood is the role that these institutions play in local workforce training for of essay, companies. This highly valued training is most commonly provided as a noncredit activity by butter book, community colleges and two-year institutions. It will be critical to effects of essay topics develop ways to paper enhance the value of this training to American workers as well as employers.

With their distinct ability to respond quickly and nimbly to market needs, community colleges and two-year institutions should be an integral part of effects of essay topics, cities’ and states’ economic development strategies. These institutions, working with government and business, can help build a stronger workforce to attract diverse companies, develop the talent to support emerging small businesses, and re-tool workers whose jobs are obsolete and want to enter fast-growing companies. Goal #6: Foster Lifelong Learning. Encourage a new mindset that values lifelong learning as an essential priority for personal and national success. In our fast-moving, knowledge-based economy, education doesn’t end with a degree or certificate.

As workforce dynamics continue to shift, the responsibility for learning and keeping up rests with the individual, not the employer. Essay On The Book! Workers can expect to hold an average of 11 different jobs between the effects of essay ages of essay on simone de beauvoir, 18 and topics, 42.lxxv Just as businesses must innovate to stay competitive in the global economy, workers must continue to learn and grow professionally to make sure they get ahead and stay ahead. Every segment of essay on the butter, our society has a role to play to make a culture of lifelong learning a reality — parents, teachers, employers, the media and role models from the effects topics President to stars in popular culture who shape attitudes. Policymakers can create tax-free lifelong learning accounts to which workers and employers can contribute. Businesses can provide tuition reimbursement or contribute to lifelong learning accounts, which have shown promise in motivating employees to pursue training and education.

In fact, businesses that offer training are twice as likely to be growing as those that do not, based on The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey. lxxvi. Communities need to continuously find and close gaps in the local talent pool and seek to chief bromden prepare their citizens for the next growing industry. Workers must make a personal commitment to lifelong learning and skills development. Using Popular Culture and New Technologies To Communicate. Viacom is partnering with the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation to sponsor “Get Schooled,” an initiative that will use public service announcements; marketing campaigns; and innovative film, television and mobile content to raise national and community awareness about why success in our 21st-century economy requires young people to graduate from effects of essay topics high school and pursue a postsecondary degree. lxxvii. We need to help Americans better understand what it will take to succeed in book tomorrow’s economy. If we don’t, we run the risk that other countries will pass us by. Our nation needs learning workers, not just students and effects topics, workers. We call on every American and each segment of society to play a significant role in helping the de beauvoir U.S. Effects Of Essay! workforce prosper in the global economy. Specifically:

Work with Congress to pass legislation that incents completion. Continue to get out the message about the importance of education. Reauthorize the 1998 Workforce Investment Act to personal statement family medicine address the education and training needs of today's and tomorrow's workforce. Reshape U.S. postsecondary education and training funding/accountability to focus on effects topics outcome-based performance. Essay Butter! Build incentives into federal student aid to motivate graduation (e.g., cash payouts, interest rate reductions, principal reductions, etc.) for effects of essay topics, those who complete their credential programs.

Make this program cost neutral. Charge the same sex marriage research paper Bureau of topics, Labor Statistics (BLS) to create a useful consumer-based system to sex marriage communicate labor market trends. Collaborate with states to effects of essay topics refine accountability measures for One-Stop Career Centers. Work with businesses and educators to define standardized industry credentials. Expand the essay on the butter battle Quarterly Census on effects Employment and Wages to include occupation information Update Standard Occupation Code (SOC) definitions more rapidly. Make online media like usable. Stagger higher education funding across a year, based on performance outcomes.

Encourage institutions to forge credit articulation agreements and communicate those agreements clearly to students. Identify and reward innovations and proven programs. Use incentive funding for education institutions to sex marriage research paper motivate innovation and outcomes. Effects Of Essay! Stagger higher education funding across a year based on performance outcomes. State Workforce Agencies: Partner with neighboring states to integrate job matching databases and share services. Bring businesses and essay, educators together to effects topics improve both education and training completion and workforce outcomes, including employment and earnings. Work with stakeholders to encourage programs with improved skill portability, such as apprenticeship programs and certifications.

Promote continuous development of market-relevant skills with American workers. Actively pursue education and training credentials. Seek and use newly available information to letter post teacher make the of essay topics best education and statement for residency medicine, training decisions. Make a personal commitment to lifelong learning. Education and Training Institutions and Providers: Innovate to lower barriers to completion, including a focus on convenience, cost and customization. Offer flexible course options (weekend, nights, online) to allow the of essay topics participation of workers currently employed. Increase online course availability and makes a man, pool resources across education institutions to effects of essay offer classes to essay on simone a broader group of workers. Develop articulation agreements with other universities and clearly communicate expectations with students up front. Work with businesses to establish the credibility of of essay topics, specific education programs by seeking input in curriculum development, including for chief bromden analysis essay, nationally recognized certifications.

Business (see specific commitments from Business Roundtable in effects of essay Appendix A): Communicate current and future skill needs to talent suppliers. Lead development and use of nationally recognized industry certifications. Forge partnerships to better connect the world of education with the world of work. Provide training to help workers succeed on chief bromden essay the job and opportunities to effects earn additional education and skills credentials.

The recommendations outlined in this report are designed to spur change toward a new culture of de beauvoir, lifelong learning in the United States and provide a foundation for American workers to gain the education and skills they need to get ahead and effects topics, stay ahead. We believe the for residency family medicine continued cooperation of every sector represented by The Springboard Project, and all Americans, will be critical to achieving our six goals. We owe it to of essay topics American workers to give them the cover for the of primary teacher opportunities they need to compete; we owe it to effects of essay America’s future to chief essay encourage the ongoing development of the effects topics workforce talent that can ensure our nation’s leadership in the global marketplace. BUSINESS ROUNDTABLE COMMITMENTS: Business Roundtable has a particular responsibility to provide continuing leadership on the issues raised by in this report. The launch of The Springboard Project was a follow-up action recommended in a 2008 Business Roundtable policy paper, Prospering Together: America’s Citizens, Communities and Companies , that called for essay on the butter battle, a commission to design a 21st-century approach to workforce training and education. Business Roundtable is effects topics committed to personal statement family medicine the following actions: Advocate Action by Congress and the Administration on The Springboard Project’s Recommendations. We will build support for effects, and act on workforce education and research paper, training policy changes recommended in this report.

We will work to align these efforts with current Administration and Congressional reform initiatives. Effects! Partner to Produce Results. We will ask our member companies to partner with at least one state; community college; or other two- or four-year college, school district, or nonprofit organization to paper make a measurable impact on one or more of the following objectives and report on the results: Increase the postsecondary credential completion rate (bachelor’s degree, associate degree, apprenticeships, industry-recognized certifications) Increase the use of effects of essay topics, industry-recognized certifications Increase the high school graduation rate Increase the number of U.S. graduates with STEM degrees Communicate Workplace Expectations. We will develop Workforce 101, a Web-based, free interactive course for high school and college students (also appropriate for any new entrant to the workforce) on workplace needs and expectations for today and on the, the future. Engage the Broader Business Community.

We will reach out to other business organizations and companies to get strong business support for The Springboard Project’s recommendations and encourage all businesses to make improving the effects of essay U.S. education system a key part of their corporate citizenship agendas. The following are key findings from The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey, which probed the statement family medicine attitudes and perceptions of workers and employers about effects, training and education. Strong appetite for training and education: More than 80 percent are willing to participate in training/education outside the workplace — regardless of income or education level Highly motivated by potential to earn more and stay marketable in future economy: 71 percent find it very convincing that new jobs with family-supporting wages require post-high school education; 62 percent find it very convincing that future jobs will be more demanding and that training is essay on character critical to remain competitive Held back by practical obstacles to training and education: 43 percent cite inconvenience; 37 percent cite cost, including half of respondents earning less than $50,000 a year; 25 percent point to lack of customization, lack of accreditation and general time constraints Very willing to pursue training/education if programs were more convenient and offered greater flexibility: 62 percent would be “very likely” to pursue education if classes were offered year-round and at topics times that accommodate their work schedules Want reassurance that investing in training and education will pay off: 41 percent see risks to pursuing skills training now because they are unsure about butter battle, what their job will require in of essay topics the future Confident if they have pursued training: Nearly three-quarters of those who previously participated in training feel “somewhat” or “very” confident they could secure work if they lost their job Self-motivated to strengthen their skills: Nearly 50 percent have spent 4+ hours outside of de beauvoir, work gaining information or skills to improve their work Are under the wrong impression that we are in of essay topics an “equal opportunity recession:” 70 percent think the chief bromden analysis essay recession is costing people jobs regardless of education or skill level, when in fact the of essay downturn is falling hardest on low-wage workers who have less education and cover for the teacher, lower skill levels. Profile of effects, Today’s Employers. Demanding better-educated workers: 65 percent anticipate hiring “all,” “most” or “some” workers with associate’s degrees or higher Wrestling with undertrained workforce: Half see a sizeable gap between their needs and research paper, employees’ skills More likely to be growing if training their workforce: Employers offering training are nearly twice as likely to increase their workforce View business as well as colleges/universities — not government — as responsible for educating and training the of essay workforce: 84 percent of employers feel that businesses and educational institutions should play a primary role in creating education and job training programs. Post Teacher! Relatively few (only 14 percent) look to government to of essay play this role See themselves (91 percent) and individuals (87 percent) as responsible for funding training and same sex marriage research paper, education: Nearly half of topics, employers (45 percent) believe government should have no role in cover letter post of primary teacher funding these programs See a considerable deficit of “soft skills” among workers: Employers see shortage of fundamental workplace skills such as personal accountability, self motivation, strong work ethic, punctuality, time management, professionalism and adaptability among current workforce. i The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey, Benenson Strategy Group, July 2009. ii United States Bureau of effects of essay, Labor Statistics, “Current Population Survey (CPS) Labor Force Statistics: Civilian Labor Force 25 and Over, 2009,” Not seasonally adjusted data, 4 December 2009 . iii The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey, Benenson Strategy Group, July 2009. vi United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Longitudinal Study 1979, “Number of Jobs Held, Labor Market Activity, and same paper, Earnings Growth among the Youngest Baby Boomers: Results From a Longitudinal Survey,” Table 1. Number of jobs held by individuals from age 18 to age 42 in 1978– 2006 by educational attainment, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and age.

27 June 2008 (Washington: Department of Labor) . vii National Longitudinal Study 1979, Table 3. Percent of weeks individuals were employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force from age 18 to effects of essay topics age 42 in 1978–2006 by essay on the butter battle book, educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity. viii Sara Horowitz, “The New Labor Force Is Out On Its Own,” Forbes, 20 May 2009, 21 September 2009 . ix United States Census Bureau, “PINC-01. Selected Characteristics of People 15 Years Old and Over by Total Money Income in of essay topics 2008, Work Experience in 2008, Race, Hispanic Origin, and Sex,” 21 September 2009 . x United States Census Bureau, “PINC-03. Educational Attainment — People 25 Years Old and Over, by Total Money Earnings in 2008, Work Experience in essay on the butter battle book 2008, Age, Race, Hispanic Origin, and Sex: Median Income for All Workers in 2008,” 21 September 2009 . xi United States Bureau of effects of essay, Labor Statistics, “Current Population Survey (CPS) Labor Force Statistics: Civilian Labor Force 25 and Over, 2009,” Not seasonally adjusted data, 4 December 2009 . xii National Longitudinal Study 1979, Table 2. Duration of employment relationships with a single employer for all jobs started from age 18 to age 42 in 1978–2006 by age at start of job, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity. xiii United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, “October Employment Situation Summary,” Table A-4. Essay A Man Perfect! Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and of essay topics, over by educational attainment, 6 November 2009, Not seasonally adjusted data . xiv United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Current Population Survey. Chief Essay! Q2 2009 Median Weekly Wages,” . xv Remarks of President Barack Obama, Address to Joint Session of Congress, 24 February 2009, . xvi Bradley S. Klapper, “Study: U.S. Workers Are the effects of essay topics World’s Most Productive,” Boston Globe, 3 September 2007, 12 September 2009 . OECD, Research and statement for residency medicine, Development Spending, 2007 . Note: In 2007, the effects topics United States spent $368 billion on for the post RD, which amounted to 2.6 percent of effects topics, gross domestic product (GDP).

This is higher than that of any other nation and $100 billion higher than the makes perfect combined RD spending of the 27 nations in effects of essay the European Union. OECD, Triadic Patent Family Statistics 2006 . Note: The United States in 2006 was awarded the most significant patents (triadic patent families) with 15,942, or 30.7 percent of the world’s total. Japan had the statement for residency second most with 14,187. The EU27 in total had only 14,795. Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2008 Global Report . “Magic Formula,” Economist, 12 March 2009 . Note: In 2008, the United States remains the most entrepreneurial nation in effects of essay topics the world.

xvii The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey, July 2009. xviii Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce, “Jobs and bromden analysis, Education Requirements” . xix United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Current Population Survey (CPS) Labor Force Statistics: Civilian Labor Force 25 and effects, Over, (Data from 1992–2009),”Not seasonally adjusted data, 4 December 2009 . xx Table A1.2a. Population with at bromden least upper secondary education (2007), Education at a Glance 2009: OECD Indicators, 29 September 2009. . xxi Tables A3.4. Effects Of Essay Topics! Completion rates in tertiary education (2005), Education at a Glance 2009: OECD Indicators, 3 September 2009. . xxii Tables A3.4. Completion rates in tertiary education (2005), Education at a Glance 2009: OECD Indicators, 3 September 2009. Essay On The Butter Book! . xxiii W. McMahon, (1993). “The Contribution of Higher Education to RD and Productivity Growth,” In W. Becker D. Lewis (Eds.), Higher Education and Economic Growth, Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 105–127. Guellec, D., Van Pottelsberge de la Potterie, B. (2001), “RD and Productivity Growth: Panel Data Analysis of 16 OECD Countries,” OECD Economic Studies, 33, pp. 103-126. Note: Several studies have been performed on the impact of higher education on national economic growth.

A study of 11 OECD countries between 1960 and 1980 found that the contribution of of essay topics, higher education and RD investment to total factor productivity was approximately 13 percent of the 19 percent total productivity growth. A more recent study of 16 OECD countries between 1980 and 1998 found that an increase in public RD investments of 1 percent would result in a 0.17 percent increase in productivity growth. xxiv Dominic Wilson and Raluca Dragusanu, “The Expanding Middle Class: The Exploding World Middle Class and Falling Global Inequality,” Goldman Sachs Global Economics Paper No: 170, 7 July 2008: 6. Same Sex Marriage Research! . xxv Ellen Balaguer, et al., Accenture, “The High-Performance Workforce Study 2006 Executive Summary,” 2007: 6. . xxvi Klaus Schwab et al., “Global Competitiveness Report 2009–2010,” World Economic Forum, 8 September 2009, 2 October 2009 . xxvii United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections: 2006–16, Table 6. The 30 fastest-growing occupations, 4 December 2007, 3 September 2009 . xxviii “Student Pipeline — Transition and Completion Rates from 9th Grade to College 2006,” NCHEMS Information Center, 24 August 2009 . xxix United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections: 2006–16, Table 6. The 30 fastest-growing occupations, 4 December 2007, 3 September 2009 . xxxi Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce, “Jobs and effects of essay, Education Requirements” . xxxii Georgetown University Center on Education and cover post of primary teacher, the Workforce, “Estimates of Education Demand to 2018” . xxxiii Georgetown University Center on topics Education and the Workforce, “Valuing Certificates” . xxxiv Philip A. Trostel, “High Returns: Public Investment in Higher Education,” University of Maine, 2008. xxxv Keybridge Associates Impact of same sex marriage research paper, Graduation Rate Increase Model 2009. xxxvi United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Current Population Survey (CPS) Labor Force Statistics: Civilian Labor Force 25 and Over, (Data from 1992–2009),”Not seasonally adjusted data, 4 December 2009 . Effects! United States Census Bureau, “PINC-03. Educational Attainment — People 25 Years Old and Over, by Total Money Earnings in 2008, Work Experience in analysis 2008, Age, Race, Hispanic Origin, and Sex: Median Income for All Workers in 2008,” 21 September 2009 . xxxvii The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey, Benenson Strategy Group July 2009. xxxviiiTennessee Higher Education Commission, “Tennessee Performance Funding Frequently Asked Questions,” 27 August 2009 . xxxix State of Washington, Student Achievement Initiative, . xl Data Quality Campaign, “Workforce Data Systems,” 18 September 2009 . xli Trina Condo, Director of Florida Education and Training Placement Information Program, Personal Interview, 31 August 2009. Effects Of Essay! Florida Department of Education, “Florida Education Training Placement Information Program,” 31 August 2009 . xlii Note: Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 covers the administration of the on simone de beauvoir United States federal student financial aid programs. American colleges and universities are generally classified with regard to their inclusion under Title IV, such as under the U.S. Department of effects of essay, Education statistics.

xliii Note: Refers to education from kindergarten through all of graduate school. xliv Joel Reidenberg, et al., “Children’s Educational Records and Privacy: A Study of Elementary and Secondary School State Reporting Systems,” Fordham Center on Law and Information Policy, 28 October 2009. xlv The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey, Benenson Strategy Group, July 2009. xlvi “How America Pays for College: Sallie Mae’s National Study of College Students and chief analysis, Parents Conducted by Gallup,” Sallie Mae, 2009 . Note: There are many requirements to receive a Pell Grant, one of which is effects of essay topics that a student must make satisfactory academic progress (generally defined as maintaining a C average). . xlvii “Researchers Study Ways to Ensure Student Success,” 18 August 2005 . Note: Students received higher payments when they earned better grades. Students received a $1,000 payment if they earned grades between a C+ and a B and up to $5,000 if they earned grades of on simone de beauvoir, A- or better. The Project STAR researchers randomly assigned students to three groups: one that received only the scholarship, one that received only enhanced counseling, and one that received the scholarship and of essay topics, the enhanced counseling combined.

The combination of scholarships and counseling yielded the essay on simone de beauvoir best results, including significant effects on grades and persistence. The scholarship alone also produced positive effects, but not as large, and the counseling alone produced no effects. xlviii Lashawn Richburg-Hayes, et al., MDRC, “Rewarding Persistence: Effects of effects topics, a Performance-Based Scholarship Program for Low-Income Parents,” January 2009: 1-28 . l Discover Bank, Student Loan Graduation Reward Programs . Paper! Sun Trust Bank, Academic Answer Loan Program, . Wells Fargo Bank, Collegiate Loan Program - . li Convergys, Jobs and Education Initiative, Interview with Convergys President and CEO Dave Dougherty. lii United Technologies Corporation, Employee Scholar Program, 8 September 2009 . liv “Tables P79. Number of undergraduate credentials awarded by Title IV postsecondary institutions, by curriculum area and credential level: United States, 1997 to 2006,” National Center for Education Statistics Sept. 2009

lv Georgetown Center for effects topics, Education and the Workforce, Income Statistics, Mean Nominal 2004 USD Data. lvi Tables P79. Number of undergraduate credentials awarded by Title IV postsecondary institutions, by on character makes a man, curriculum area and credential level: United States, 1997 to 2006, National Center for Education Statistics, September 2009 lvii United States Department of Labor, “Registered Apprenticeship Frequently Asked Questions,” August 2009 . lviii National Association of of essay, Manufacturers, NAM-Endorsed Skills Certification System, . lix About CompTIA, 2009 . lx State of Ohio Department of essay on the butter book, Job and Family Services, Workforce Information Center, Youthforce Information Brief, . lxi United States Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System: Directory File, Active 2-Year Public Colleges 2007. United States Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System: Enrollment Survey 2007. American Association of Community Colleges. lxii Business Roundtable, “Counting the Hidden Assets” December 2009. lxiii The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey, July 2009. lxv United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Job Openings and Labor Turnover Statistics,” 9 September 2009, 16 September 2009 . lxvi United States National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics, Annual. Topics! Table 282 — Institutions of Higher Education — Charges . lxvii U.S. Sex Marriage Research Paper! Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Earned Degrees Conferred, 1869–70 through 1964–65; Projections of Education Statistics to 2016; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), Degrees and Other Formal Awards Conferred surveys, 1965–66 through 1985–86; and of essay topics, 1986–87 through 2005–06 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey (IPEDS-C:87–99), and Fall 2000 through Fall 2006. (This table was prepared June 2007.) . lxviiiMost Expensive Colleges for a man, 2009–2010, 19 October 2009 . US Census Bureau, Income, Poverty And Health Insurance Coverage in effects the United States: 2008, released September 2009 . lxix Allen, I. Chief Analysis! Elaine, PhD. and Seaman, Jeff, PhD. “Online Nation: Five Years of Growth in Online Learning,” October 2007 . lxx United States Department of Education, Office of Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development, Evaluation of Evidence-Based Practices in effects Online Learning: A Meta-Analysis and Review of Online Learning Studies, Washington, D.C., 2009 . lxxi United States Department of Education, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System: Enrollment Survey 2007. lxxii United States National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics, Annual.

Table 282. Institutions of higher education — Charges lxxiii Center for Innovative Thought, “Winning the Skills Race and Strengthening America’s Middle Class,” January 2008 . lxxiv United States Census Bureau, Table H-13. Chief Bromden Analysis Essay! Educational attainment of householder — Households with householder 25 years old and over by median and mean income 1991 to 2007, released March 2008. lxxv United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Longitudinal Study 1979 “Number of Jobs Held, Labor Market Activity, and effects, Earnings Growth among the Youngest Baby Boomers: Results From a Longitudinal Survey,” Table 1. Number of jobs held by individuals from on character a man perfect age 18 to age 42 in 1978– 2006 by of essay topics, educational attainment, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and age, 27 June 2008 (Washington: Department of same sex marriage, Labor) . lxxvi The Springboard Project American Workforce Survey, Benenson Strategy Group, July 2009.

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The 95 Theses of Martin Luther (1517) Dennis Bratcher, ed. Martin Luther was a German priest whose disillusionment with the abuses of the of essay 16th century Roman Catholic Church sparked the Reformation. He was born in essay 1483. At the encouragement of his father, he was determined to become a lawyer. However, in 1507 after nearly being struck by lightening, he decided to become a monk. He entered a monastery in 1505 and was ordained a priest in 1507.

Luther was assigned to teach at the University of Wittenberg in 1508, where he would spend his entire career. Always an topics, avid student, he earned his doctorate in theology four years later. In 1510 he visited Rome and was appalled by the behavior of church officials and the sale of analysis, indulgences. In Catholic theology, an indulgence is the remission of the physical and temporal punishment for sins that is topics endured in Purgatory after death, even though the legal guilt has been pardoned by absolution. In Luther’s era, indulgences were being sold by the Church to raise money for analysis refurbishing the Basilica of St. Of Essay Topics! Peter in Rome. Essay On Character Makes A Man! The slogan attributed to the Dominican friar Johann Tetzel epitomized the sale of effects, indulgences: As soon as the coin in bromden analysis the coffer rings, the soul from purgatory springs. (see Thesis 27). In light of his discouragement with the Church, as Luther studied and lectured on Psalms, Hebrews, and Romans he came to new insights about topics repentance, salvation, and essay butter battle book the role of faith. Especially from his study of Romans, he began to effects of essay, understand that salvation is letter of primary teacher a gift of God by grace through Christ received by faith alone ( sola fide ). He also came to effects topics, believe that there should be a clear distinction between law, obedience and butter book salvation by obedience to the will of effects of essay, God by law, and gospel, forgiveness of sins and salvation based on the sacrificial death of Jesus. In 1517 Luther, informed by his growing belief that salvation is by faith alone, presented his concerns to Church officials in the form of ninety-five theses, a series of statements that presented a logical argument against the sale of indulgences.

An account arose later that he nailed the theses to essay, the door of the castle church at Wittenberg as an act of defiance. However, as fiery and acerbic as Luther could sometimes be, most historians agree that the account is legendary. Effects Of Essay! Historical research suggests that he sent a letter along with the essay on character makes a man perfect 95 theses, which included an of essay, invitation to discuss the issues openly, to Archbishop Albert of Mainz. Luther wrote the ninety-five thesis with deference to the leadership of the pope. However, he had challenged the authority of the essay on the pope to offer the sale of indulgences. In a charged political climate, it was seen by some as an attack on the papacy and therefore on the Church. Of Essay Topics! Luther was summoned to Rome to answer charges of heresy.

Luther did not respond to the summons, which led to an escalating controversy between Luther and those who defended the cover post of primary teacher absolute authority of the papacy. Luther continued writing about salvation by effects of essay topics, faith alone as well as other reforms that he saw needed to book, occur in the church. As a result, the rift between Luther and effects of essay those who wanted to defend the authority of the papacy, as well as to protect the lucrative source of income from the sale of same, indulgences, fueled a growing controversy. Finally in effects topics 1520, the pope issued an ultimatum that Luther must recant some of his writings or face condemnation as a heretic. Luther responded with typical bluntness that the die is cast, that he sought no reconciliation with Rome, and same research paper called the decisions of the topics pope a swamp of heresies. In 1521 he was called before an Imperial Diet (an official assembly) at Worms, a city in southwest Germany, to defend his views and recant. Luther refused and as a result was excommunicated as a heretic and sex marriage the Edict of effects of essay, Worms issued by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the urging of Church officials banned his writings and in effect called for his execution. To escape arrest Luther took refuge in Wartburg castle under the protection of Frederick of Saxony, Luther's sovereign. There he translated the New Testament Bible into German and began working on translating the essay on simone de beauvoir rest of the of essay topics Bible, as well as writing numerous articles explaining his theology. Because of ongoing political and religious turmoil in Germany, the personal medicine Edict of Worms was never enforced.

Over the next few years Luther gained in popularity and since the emperor was preoccupied with other concerns, Luther eventually returned to Wittenberg. Effects Of Essay! He was instrumental in reforming church worship as well as laying the groundwork for the Reformation, which essentially rejected the chief bromden analysis essay authority of the Pope and canon law, which is the accumulated body of laws, rules, regulations, and traditional dogmas that governed the practices of the topics Church. Martin Luther continued working for Church reform until his death on February 18, 1546, at chief bromden age 63. -Dennis Bratcher. The English translation is adapted from Works of Martin Luther , ed. and trans. by of essay topics, Adolph Spaeth, et al. , A. J. Holman Company, 1915, Vol. 1, pp.

29-38. Disputation of Doctor Martin Luther on the power and efficacy of Indulgences. Out of love for the truth and the desire to bring it to light, the following propositions will be discussed at Wittenberg, under the presidency of the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and of Sacred Theology, and duly appointed Lecturer on these subjects at that place. Book! He requests that those who are unable to be present and debate orally with us, may do so by letter. In the Name our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. 1. Effects! Our Lord and research Master Jesus Christ, when He said Repent, willed that the whole life of effects of essay topics, believers should be repentance.

2. This word cannot be understood to bromden analysis, mean the sacrament of penance, that is, confession and satisfaction, which is administered by of essay, the priests. 3. Yet it does not mean inward repentance only; for essay there is no inward repentance that does not produce outwardly various mortifications of the flesh. 4. The penalty [of sin], therefore, continues so long as hatred of self continues; for this is the true inward repentance, and continues until our entrance into the kingdom of heaven. 5. The pope has neither the of essay will nor the power to a man, remit any penalties other than those which he has imposed either by his own authority or by effects of essay topics, that of for residency medicine, canon law. 6. The pope cannot remit any guilt, except by declaring that it has been remitted by God and by assenting to effects, God's remission; though, to be sure, he may grant remission in cases reserved to essay on character a man, his judgment. If his right to grant remission in of essay topics such cases were despised, the guilt would remain entirely unforgiven. 7. God remits guilt to no one whom He does not, at the same time, humble in all things and bring into subjection to His representative, the priest.

8. The penitential canons apply only to the living, and, according to them, none applies to the dead. 9. Therefore the Holy Spirit acting in essay on simone de beauvoir the person of the of essay topics pope manifests grace to us, because in his [the pope’s] decrees he always excludes the dead and cases of hardship. 10. Ignorant and wicked are the actions of those priests who impose canonical penances on the dead in purgatory. 11. This changing of the canonical penalty to the penalty of purgatory is quite evidently one of the tares that were sown while the bishops slept. 12. In former times the canonical penalties were imposed not after, but before absolution, as tests of true contrition. 13. The dying are freed by death from all penalties; they are already dead to canonical rules, and have a right to be released from them. 14.

The imperfect piety and love of the dying brings with it, of necessity, great fear; and personal for residency the smaller the effects of essay topics love, the greater is the fear. 15. This fear and horror is sufficient in itself alone (to say nothing of other things) to butter, constitute the penalty of purgatory, since it is very near to the horror of despair. 16. There seems to topics, be the same difference between hell, purgatory, and heaven as there are between despair, almost-despair, and the assurance of safety. 17.

The horror of souls in purgatory should grow less and love ought to increase. 18. It seems unproven, either by reason or Scripture, that they are outside the state of merit, that is to say, of increasing love. 19. Again, it seems unproven that they, or at least that all of them, are certain or assured of their own salvation, though we may be quite certain of it.

20. Therefore by de beauvoir, full remission of all penalties the pope means not actually of all, but only of those imposed by himself. 21. Therefore those preachers of indulgences who say that by the pope's indulgences a man is freed from every penalty and saved are in error; 22. Indeed he cannot pass on to souls in purgatory any penalty which canon law declares should be paid in this life. 23. If it is at of essay all possible to grant to essay de beauvoir, anyone the remission of all penalties whatsoever, it is certain that this remission could be granted only to the most perfect, that is, to very few. 24. Therefore it must be the case that the greater part of the of essay people are deceived by that indiscriminate and highsounding promise of release from penalty.

25. Same Paper! The power which the pope has, in general, over of essay purgatory, is just like the power which any bishop or curate has, in particular, within his own diocese or parish. 26. The pope does well when he grants remission to essay on the battle, souls [in purgatory], not by of essay topics, the power of the keys (which he does not possess), but by makes a man perfect, way of intercession. 27. There is no divine authority for preaching that so soon as the penny jingles into of essay topics, the money-box, the soul flies out [of purgatory]. 28. It is certain that when the penny jingles into the money-box, gain and bromden analysis essay avarice can be increased, but the result of the intercession of the Church is in the power of effects topics, God alone.

29. Who knows whether all the souls in purgatory wish to be bought out of essay on simone, it, as in topics the legend of Sts. Severinus and Paschal.* [*This legend tells of two saints who were willing to remain in torment in on the butter battle purgatory to suffer for others.] 30. No one is sure that his own contrition is sincere; much less that he has attained full remission. 31. The man who sincerely buys indulgences is as rare as the man that is truly penitent; that is, such men are most rare.

32. They will be condemned eternally, together with their teachers, who believe themselves sure of topics, their salvation because they have letters of pardon. 33. Men must be on their guard against those who say that the pope's pardons are that inestimable gift of God by which man is reconciled to Him; 34.

For these graces of pardon concern only the penalties of essay on character makes perfect, sacramental satisfaction, and these are appointed by man. 35. It is effects of essay topics not according to on simone de beauvoir, Christian doctrine to preach and teach that contrition is not necessary for those who intend to effects topics, buy souls out of purgatory or to essay on simone de beauvoir, buy confessional licenses. 36. Every truly repentant Christian has a right to full remission of penalty and guilt, even without letters of pardon. 37.

Every true Christian, whether living or dead, has part in all the blessings of Christ and the Church; and this is effects of essay topics granted him by post teacher, God, even without letters of pardon. 38. Topics! Nevertheless, the letter for the teacher remission and participation [in the blessings of the effects of essay topics Church] which are granted by the pope are in chief bromden essay no way to be despised, for as I have said, they are the declaration of divine remission. 39. It is most difficult, even for the very best theologians, to commend to the people the abundance of pardons while at the same time encouraging true contrition. 40. True contrition seeks and effects of essay loves penalties, but generous pardons only relax penalties and cause them to be hated, or at least, furnish an occasion [for hating them].

41. Papal pardons should be preached with caution, lest people falsely think they are preferable to other good works of love. 42. Chief Bromden! Christians should be taught that the pope does not intend the purchase of pardons to be compared in any way to works of mercy. 43.

Christians should be taught that he who gives to the poor or lends to the needy does a better work than buying pardons; 44. Because love grows by works of love, and a man becomes a better man; but by pardons he does not grow better, only escapes penalty. 45. Topics! Christians should be taught that he who sees a person in need, and passes him by, and then purchases pardons, purchases not the letter for the of primary indulgences of the pope, but the indignation of God. 46. Christians should be taught that unless they have more than they need, they are bound to keep what is necessary for their own families, and should by no means squander it on pardons. 47. Christians are to be taught that the buying of of essay topics, pardons is a voluntary matter, and not a legal requirement.

48. Christians should be taught that in granting pardons the pope needs and desires their devout prayer for chief him more than the money they bring. 49. Christians are to be taught that the pope's pardons are useful only if they do not put their trust in them; but altogether harmful, if they lose their fear of God because of them. 50. Christians should be taught that if the pope knew the exactions of the pardon-preachers, he would rather that St. Peter's church be reduced to ashes than be built up with the skin, flesh and bones of his sheep. 51. Christians should be taught that it would be the pope's wish, as it is his duty, to give of his own money, even though the church of St. Peter might have to be sold, to many of those from whom certain hawkers of pardons cajole money.

52. The assurance of salvation by letters of pardon is useless, even though the commissary, or indeed even though the pope himself, were to stake his soul upon it. 53. They are enemies of Christ and of the pope, who forbid the Word of God to effects, be preached at all in some Churches, in order that pardons may be preached in others. 54. Injury is done the word of God when, in the same sermon, an equal or a longer time is spent on pardons than on this word. 55. It must be the letter for the of primary teacher intention of the pope that if pardons, which are a very small thing, are celebrated with one bell, with single processions and ceremonies, then the Gospel, which is the very greatest thing, should be preached with a hundred bells, a hundred processions, a hundred ceremonies.

56. Of Essay Topics! The treasures of the essay butter Church, out of which the of essay pope grants indulgences, are not sufficiently spoken of or known among the cover letter for the post of primary teacher people of Christ. 57. That they are not temporal treasures is certainly evident, for many of the vendors do not grant such treasures freely, but only effects of essay, collect them. 58. Nor are they the merits of Christ and for the of primary teacher the Saints, for effects even without the pope, these always work grace for the inner man, and the cross, death, and hell for the outward man. 59.

St. Lawrence said that the for residency treasures of the Church were the Church's poor, but he used the term in accordance with the custom of his own time. 60. Effects Of Essay Topics! Without rashness we say that the keys of the Church are that treasure, given by Christ's merit; 61. For it is clear that the same research paper power of the pope is of itself sufficient for the remission of penalties and of reserved cases, 62.

The true treasure of the Church is the Most Holy Gospel of the glory and topics the grace of God. 63. But this treasure is naturally most odious, for it makes the letter for the post of primary first to be last. 64. Of Essay Topics! On the essay on the butter battle book other hand, the treasure of indulgences is naturally most acceptable, for it makes the last to be first. 65. Therefore the effects topics treasures of the Gospel are nets with which they formerly desired to fish for men of wealth. 66.

Now, the treasures of the essay de beauvoir indulgences are nets with which they fish for the wealth of topics, men. 67. The indulgences which the statement medicine preachers cry as the greatest graces are in of essay fact truly such only when they promote financial gain. 68. Yet they are in essay on character perfect truth the very smallest graces compared with the grace of God and the piety of the Cross.

69. Bishops and of essay topics curates are bound to bromden analysis essay, receive the commissaries of papal pardons, with all reverence. 70. But they are under greater obligation to watch closely and listen carefully lest these men preach their own imaginings instead of the effects of essay topics commission of the pope. 71. He who speaks against the validity of apostolic pardons, let him be anathema and accursed! 72.

But he who guards against the lust and license of the pardon-preachers, let him be blessed! 73. The pope justly thunders against those who, by any means, contrive the injury of the traffic in pardons. 74. On The Book! But much more does he intend to thunder against effects of essay topics those who use the pretext of pardons to contrive the injury of holy love and essay butter battle truth. 75. It is folly to topics, think that the papal pardons are so powerful that they could absolve a man even if he had committed an impossible sin and violated the Mother of God. 76.

We say, on the contrary, that the papal pardons are not able to remove the on character makes perfect very least of venial sins, so far as its guilt is concerned. 77. It is said that even St. Effects! Peter, if he were now Pope, could not bestow greater graces; this is blasphemy against St. Peter and against the pope. 78. On Simone! We say, on the contrary, that even the present pope, and any pope at all, has greater graces at his disposal; specifically, the Gospel, powers, gifts of healing, etc., as it is written in 1 Corinthians 12. 79. To say that the cross emblazoned with the effects of essay papal arms, which is set up [by the same research paper preachers of indulgences], is of equal worth with the Cross of effects topics, Christ, is blasphemy. 80. The bishops, curates and theologians who permit such assertions to be spread among the people will be held accountable for it.

81. This unbridled preaching of pardons makes it difficult even for learned men to defend the essay makes respect due the pope from false accusations, or even from the astute criticisms of the laity; 82. For example: -- Why does not the pope empty purgatory, for the sake of effects of essay topics, holy love and of the sex marriage research paper dire need of the souls that are there, if he can redeem an infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to build a Church? The former reasons would be most just; the latter is effects most trivial. 83. Again: -- Why do funeral and anniversary masses for essay on simone de beauvoir the dead continue to be said?

Why does the pope not return or permit the repayment of the endowments founded on their behalf, since it is wrong to pray for those now redeemed? 84. Again: -- What is this new piety of effects of essay topics, God and the pope, that for money they allow an impious man who is their enemy to essay on the butter battle book, buy out of purgatory the devout soul of a friend of effects of essay, God, when they do not allow that pious and beloved soul to sex marriage, be redeemed without payment for of essay topics pure love's sake or because of its need of redemption? 85. Again: -- Why are the penitential canon laws long, which in actual fact and practice are long obsolete and dead, now satisfied by the granting of indulgences, as though they were still alive and in effect? 86. Again: -- Why does not the cover for the post teacher pope, whose wealth is today greater than the wealthiest of the wealthy, build just this one church of St. Effects Of Essay! Peter with his own money, rather than with the chief essay money of poor believers? 87. Of Essay Topics! Again: -- What is it that the pope dispenses to people, and what participation does he grant, to those who have a right to full remission and participation because of their perfect repentance?

88. Bromden Analysis Essay! Again: -- What greater blessing could come to the Church than if the pope were to do a hundred times a day what he now does only effects of essay topics, once, and bestow on essay on simone every believer these remissions and participations? 89. Since the pope seeks the salvation of souls rather than money by his pardons, why does he suspend the indulgences and pardons granted before now, since these have equal efficacy? 90. To repress these arguments and of essay scruples of the laity by force alone, and not to resolve them by giving reasons, is to expose the for the Church and the pope to topics, the ridicule of their enemies, and to make Christians unhappy. 91. If, therefore, pardons were preached according to the spirit and mind of the pope, all these doubts would be readily resolved; indeed, they would cease to exist. 92. For Residency Family! Away, then, with all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, Peace, peace, where there is no peace! 93.

Blessed be all those prophets who say to the people of effects of essay topics, Christ, the sex marriage research cross, the cross, where there is no cross! 94. Christians are to be exhorted that they be diligent in following Christ, their Head, through penalties, deaths, and effects of essay topics hell; 95. Personal Statement Family! And thus be confident of entering into heaven rather through many tribulations, than through the assurance of peace. Note: The Latin version is effects topics here numbered to correspond to the English translation. Disputatio pro Declaratione Virtutis Indulgentiarum. Amore et studio elucidande veritatis hec subscripta disputabuntur Wittenberge, Presidente R. P. Martino Lutther, Artium et S. Letter For The Teacher! Theologie Magistro eiusdemque ibidem lectore Ordinario.

Quare petit, ut qui non possunt verbis presentes nobiscum disceptare agant id literis absentes. In nomine domini nostri Hiesu Christi. Amen. 1. Dominus et magister noster Iesus Christus dicendo `Penitentiam agite c.' omnem vitam fidelium penitentiam esse voluit. 2. Of Essay Topics! Quod verbum de penitentia sacramentali (id est confessionis et satisfactionis, que sacerdotum ministerio celebratur) non potest intelligi. 3. On Character Perfect! Non tamen solam intendit interiorem, immo interior nulla est, nisi foris operetur varias carnis mortificationes.

4. Manet itaque pena, donec manet odium sui (id est penitentia vera intus), scilicet usque ad introitum regni celorum. 5. Papa non vult nec potest ullas penas remittere preter eas, quas arbitrio vel suo vel canonum imposuit. 6. Papa non potest remittere ullam culpam nisi declarando, et approbando remissam a deo Aut certe remittendo casus reservatos sibi, quibus contemptis culpa prorsus remaneret. 7. Effects Of Essay! Nulli prorus remittit deus culpam, quin simul eum subiiciat humiliatum in personal medicine omnibus sacerdoti suo vicario. 8. Canones penitentiales solum viventibus sunt impositi nihilque morituris secundum eosdem debet imponi. 9. Effects! Inde bene nobis facit spiritussanctus in papa excipiendo in suis decretis semper articulum mortis et necessitatis. 10. Indocte et male faciunt sacerdotes ii, qui morituris penitentias canonicas in purgatorium reservant. 11.

Zizania illa de mutanda pena Canonica in penam purgatorii videntur certe dormientibus episcopis seminata. 12. Olim pene canonice non post, sed ante absolutionem imponebantur tanquam tentamenta vere contritionis. 13. Morituri per mortem omnia solvunt et legibus canonum mortui iam sunt, habentes iure earum relaxationem. 14. Imperfecta sanitas seu charitas morituri necessario secum fert magnum timorem, tantoque maiorem, quanto minor fuerit ipsa. 15.

Hic timor et horror satis est se solo (ut alia taceam) facere penam purgatorii, cum sit proximus desperationis horrori. 16. Videntur infernus, purgaturium, celum differre, sicut desperatio, prope desperatio, securitas differunt. 17. Necessarium videtur animabus in purgatorio sicut minni horrorem ita augeri charitatem. 18. Nec probatum videtur ullis aut rationibus aut scripturis, quod sint extra statum meriti seu augende charitatis. 19.

Nec hoc probatum esse videtur, quod sint de sua beatitudine certe et secure, saltem omnes, licet nos certissimi simus. Chief Bromden! 20. Igitur papa per of essay remissionem plenariam omnium penarum non simpliciter omnium intelligit, sed a seipso tantummodo impositarum. 21. Errant itaque indulgentiarum predicatores ii, qui dicunt per pape indulgentias hominem ab omni pena solvi et salvari. 22. Quin nullam remittit animabus in on the book purgatorio, quam in topics hac vita debuissent secundum Canones solvere. 23.

Si remissio ulla omnium omnino penarum potest alicui dari, certum est eam non nisi perfectissimis, i.e. paucissimis, dari. 24. Falli ob id necesse est maiorem partem populi per indifferentem illam et magnificam pene solute promissionem. 25. Qualem potestatem habet papa in purgatorium generaliter, talem habet quilibet Episcopus et Curatus in sua diocesi et parochia specialiter. 26. Optime facit papa, quod non potestate clavis (quam nullam habet) sed per modum suffragii dat animabus remissionem. 27.

Hominem predicant, qui statim ut iactus nummus in cistam tinnierit evolare dicunt animam. 28. Certum est, nummo in cistam tinniente augeri questum et avariciam posse: suffragium autem ecclesie est in arbitrio dei solius. 29. Quis scit, si omnes anime in purgatorio velint redimi, sicut de s. Severino et Paschali factum narratur. 30.

Nullus securus est de veritate sue contritionis, multominus de consecutione plenarie remissionis. 31. Quam rarus est vere penitens, tam rarus est vere indulgentias redimens, i. e. rarissimus. 32. Essay On The Butter Battle! Damnabuntur ineternum cum suis magistris, qui per of essay literas veniarum securos sese credunt de sua salute. 33. Cavendi sunt nimis, qui dicunt venias illas Pape donum esse illud dei inestimabile, quo reconciliatur homo deo. 34. Gratie enim ille veniales tantum respiciunt penas satisfactionis sacramentalis ab homine constitutas. 35. Non christiana predicant, qui docent, quod redempturis animas vel confessionalia non sit necessaria contritio.

36. Quilibet christianus vere compunctus habet remissionem plenariam a pena et culpa etiam sine literis veniarum sibi debitam. 37. Quilibet versus christianus, sive vivus sive mortuus, habet participationem omnium bonorum Christi et Ecclesie etiam sine literis veniarum a deo sibi datam. 38. Cover Letter For The Post! Remissio tamen et participatio Pape nullo modo est contemnenda, quia (ut dixi) est declaratio remissionis divine. 39.

Difficillimum est etiam doctissimis Theologis simul extollere veniarum largitatem et contritionis veritatem coram populo. 40. Contritionis veritas penas querit et amat, Veniarum autem largitas relaxat et odisse facit, saltem occasione. 41. Caute sunt venie apostolice predicande, ne populus false intelligat eas preferri ceteris bonis operibus charitatis. 42. Topics! Docendi sunt christiani, quod Pape mens non est, redemptionem veniarum ulla ex parte comparandam esse operibus misericordie. 43. On Character Makes A Man Perfect! Docendi sunt christiani, quod dans pauperi aut mutuans egenti melius facit quam si venias redimereet.

44. Quia per opus charitatis crescit charitas et fit homo melior, sed per venias non fit melior sed tantummodo a pena liberior. 45. Effects! Docendi sunt christiani, quod, qui videt egenum et neglecto eo dat pro veniis, non idulgentias Pape sed indignationem dei sibi vendicat. 46. Docendi sunt christiani, quod nisi superfluis abundent necessaria tenentur domui sue retinere et nequaquam propter venias effundere. 47. Docendi sunt christiani, quod redemptio veniarum est libera, non precepta. 48. Docendi sunt christiani, quod Papa sicut magis eget ita magis optat in cover for the post of primary veniis dandis pro effects of essay topics, se devotam orationem quam promptam pecuniam. 49.

Docendi sunt christiani, quod venie Pape sunt utiles, si non in cas confidant, Sed nocentissime, si timorem dei per eas amittant. 50. Docendi sunt christiani, quod si Papa nosset exactiones venialium predicatorum, mallet Basilicam s. Petri in cineres ire quam edificari cute, carne et ossibus ovium suarum. 51. Docendi sunt christiani, quod Papa sicut debet ita vellet, etiam vendita (si opus sit) Basilicam s. Petri, de suis pecuniis dare illis, a quorum plurimis quidam concionatores veniarum pecuniam eliciunt. 52. On The Butter Book! Vana est fiducia salutis per literas veniarum, etiam si Commissarius, immo Papa ipse suam animam pro effects, illis impigneraret.

53. Hostes Christi et Pape sunt ii, qui propter venias predicandas verbum dei in on character makes a man perfect aliis ecclesiis penitus silere iubent. 54. Iniuria fit verbo dei, dum in topics eodem sermone equale vel longius tempus impenditur veniis quam illi. 55. Mens Pape necessario est, quod, si venie (quod minimum est) una campana, unis pompis et ceremoniis celebrantur, Euangelium (quod maximum est) centum campanis, centum pompis, centum ceremoniis predicetur.

56. Thesauri ecclesie, unde Pape dat indulgentias, neque satis nominati sunt neque cogniti apud populum Christi. 57. Temporales certe non esse patet, quod non tam facile eos profundunt, sed tantummodo colligunt multi concionatorum. 58. Nec sunt merita Christi et sanctorum, quia hec semper sine Papa operantur gratiam hominis interioris et crucem, mortem infernumque exterioris. 59. Thesauros ecclesie s. Research Paper! Laurentius dixit esse pauperes ecclesie, sed locutus est usu vocabuli suo tempore. 60. Sine temeritate dicimus claves ecclesie (merito Christi donatas) esse thesaurum istum.

61. Clarum est enim, quod ad remissionem penarum et casuum sola sufficit potestas Pape. 62. Verus thesaurus ecclesie est sacrosanctum euangelium glorie et gratie dei. 63. Effects! Hic autem est merito odiosissimus, quia ex primis facit novissimos. 64. Thesaurus autem indulgentiarum merito est gratissimus, quia ex novissimis facit primos. 65. Igitur thesauri Euangelici rhetia sunt, quibus olim piscabantur viros divitiarum.

66. Thesauri indulgentiarum rhetia sunt, quibus nunc piscantur divitias virorum. 67. Personal Family Medicine! Indulgentie, quas concionatores vociferantur maximas gratias, intelliguntur vere tales quoad questum promovendum. 68. Effects Topics! Sunt tamen re vera minime ad gratiam dei et crucis pietatem comparate.

69. Tenentur Episcopi et Curati veniarum apostolicarum Commissarios cum omni reverentia admittere. 70. Sed magis tenentur omnibus oculis intendere, omnibus auribus advertere, ne pro commissione Pape sua illi somnia predicent. 71. Contra veniarum apostolicarum veritatem qui loquitur, sit ille anathema et maledictus. 72. Qui vero, contra libidinem ac licentiam verborum Concionatoris veniarum curam agit, sit ille benedictus. 73.

Sicut Papa iuste fulminat eos, qui in letter post fraudem negocii veniarum quacunque arte machinantur, 74. Effects! Multomagnis fulminare intendit eos, qui per veniarum pretextum in fraudem sancte charitatis et veritatis machinantur, 75. Opinari venias papales tantas esse, ut solvere possint hominem, etiam si quis per impossibile dei genitricem violasset, Est insanire. 76.

Dicimus contra, quod venie papales nec minimum venialium peccatorum tollere possint quo ad culpam. 77. Quod dicitur, nec si s. Petrus modo Papa esset maiores gratias donare posset, est blasphemia in sanctum Petrum et Papam. 78. Dicimus contra, quod etiam iste et quilibet papa maiores habet, scilicet Euangelium, virtutes, gratias, curationum c. ut 1. Essay Perfect! Co. XII. 79. Topics! Dicere, Crucem armis papalibus insigniter erectam cruci Christi equivalere, blasphemia est.

80. De Beauvoir! Rationem reddent Episcopi, Curati et Theologi, Qui tales sermones in populum licere sinunt. 81. Facit hec licentiosa veniarum predicatio, ut nec reverentiam Pape facile sit etiam doctis viris redimere a calumniis aut certe argutis questionibus laicorm. 82.

Scilicet. Cur Papa non evacuat purgatorium propter sanctissimam charitatem et summam animarum necessitatem ut causam omnium iustissimam, Si infinitas animas redimit propter pecuniam funestissimam ad structuram Basilice ut causam levissimam? 83. Item. Cur permanent exequie et anniversaria defunctorum et non reddit aut recipi permittit beneficia pro illis instituta, cum iam sit iniuria pro redemptis orare? 84. Effects Of Essay! Item. Que illa nova pietas Dei et Pape, quod impio et inimico propter pecuniam concedunt animam piam et amicam dei redimere, Et tamen propter necessitatem ipsius met pie et dilecte anime non redimunt eam gratuita charitate? 85.

Item. Cur Canones penitentiales re ipsa et non usu iam diu in semet abrogati et mortui adhuc tamen pecuniis redimuntur per concessionem indulgentiarum tanquam vivacissimi? 86. Item. Cur Papa, cuius opes hodie sunt opulentissimis Crassis crassiores, non de suis pecuniis magis quam pauperum fidelium struit unam tantummodo Basilicam sancti Petri?

87. Item. Quid remittit aut participat Papa iis, qui per same sex marriage research contritionem perfectam ius habent plenarie remissionis et participationis? 88. Of Essay! Item. Essay! Quid adderetur ecclesie boni maioris, Si Papa, sicut semel facit, ita centies in of essay topics die cuilibet fidelium has remissiones et participationes tribueret? 89. Ex quo Papa salutem querit animarum per essay venias magis quam pecunias, Cur suspendit literas et venias iam olim concessas, cum sint eque efficaces? 90.

Hec scrupulosissima laicorum argumenta sola potestate compescere nec reddita ratione diluere, Est ecclesiam et Papam hostibus ridendos exponere et infelices christianos facere. 91. Effects Of Essay Topics! Si ergo venie secundum spiritum et mentem Pape predicarentur, facile illa omnia solverentur, immo non essent. 92. Essay! Valeant itaque omnes illi prophete, qui dicunt populo Christi ' Pax pax,' et non est pax. 93. Bene agant omnes illi prophete, qui dicunt populo Christi ' Crux crux,' et non est crux. 94. Exhortandi sunt Christiani, ut caput suum Christum per penas, mortes infernosque sequi studeant,

95. Ac sic magis per multas tribulationes intrare celum quam per securitatem pacis confidant. - Dennis Bratcher , ed. Copyright 2013 , Dennis Bratcher, All Rights Reserved. (No copyright claims are made for the text of the original document.)

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A Comprehensive Guide to APA Citations and Format. This page will provide you with an of essay, overview of APA citation format. Personal Statement For Residency Family Medicine! Included is information about APA referencing, various citation formats and examples for of essay each source type, and other helpful information related to APA. If you’re looking for MLA format, check out Citation Machine’s MLA Guide. Also, visit Citation Machine’s homepage to use the APA formatter, which is an APA citation generator. See more across the site. Being Responsible While Researching. When you’re writing a research paper or creating a research project, you will probably use another individual’s work to help develop your own project. A good researcher or scholar uses another individual’s work in a responsible way. This involves indicating that the work of other individuals is included in your project, which is one way to prevent plagiarism. The word plagiarism is derived from the latin word, plagiare, which means to for the post teacher kidnap.

The term has evolved over the years to now mean the act of taking another individual’s work and using it as your own, without acknowledging the original author. Be careful of plagiarism! Plagiarism is illegal and of essay topics, there are many serious ramifications for plagiarizing someone else’s work. Thankfully, plagiarism can be prevented. One way it can be prevented is by on character a man perfect, including APA format citations in your research project.

Want to make these citations quickly and easily? Try our APA citation machine which is found on our homepage. Of Essay Topics! Citations are included in research projects anytime you use another individual’s work in your own assignment. When including a quote, paraphrased information, images, or any other piece of information from another’s work, you need to show where you found it by including a citation. This APA format guide explains how to make citations in APA style. There are two types of essay battle, APA citations. The first type of effects of essay, citation, which is called in-text, or parenthetical citations, are included when you’re adding text, word for word, from another individual’s work into your own project.

If you don’t use the information from bromden, another source word for word in your assignment, but you paraphrase it in your own words, you also need to add an in-text citation. The other type of APA format citations, which are called reference citations, are found at the end of effects of essay topics, your research project, usually on the last page. Included on this reference list page are the same sex marriage research paper, full citations for any in-text citations found in the body of the project, as well as full citations for any other sources you used to help develop your research. These citations are listed in alphabetical order, one after the other. Effects! The two types of citations, in-text and reference citations, look very different.

In-text citations include three items: the last name(s) of the author, the year the source was published, and the page or location of the information. Chief Bromden Analysis! Reference citations include more information such as the name of the author(s), the year the source was published, the title of the source, and the URL or page range. Why is it Important to Include APA Citations? Including APA citations into your research projects is a very important component of the research process. When you include citations, you’re being a responsible researcher. You’re showing readers that you were able to find valuable, high-quality information from of essay topics, other sources, place them into your project where appropriate, all while acknowledging those original authors. The American Psychological Association, also called APA, is an organization created for essay on simone individuals in effects the psychology field. With close to 116,000 members, they provide education opportunities, funding, guidance, and research information for everything psychology related. APA also has numerous high-quality databases, peer-reviewed journals, and books that revolve around mental health.

The American Psychological Association is also credited with creating APA Style, which is a popular way to create citations. This citation format is letter post used by individuals not only in the psychology field, but many other subject areas as well. Education, economics, business, and social sciences also use APA style quite frequently. Click here for more information. APA created APA style format in 1929 in order to form a standard way for researchers in the science fields to document their sources. Prior to the inception of these standards, individuals were most likely including various pieces of information about a source, in effects of essay a random order. Essay De Beauvoir! You can probably imagine how difficult it would be to look at effects of essay a few different pieces of research and determine the types of sources that were used to develop the research project! Having a standard format for citing sources allows readers to glance at an APA citation and easily locate the title, author, year published, and letter post of primary teacher, other critical pieces of of essay topics, information needed to de beauvoir understand a source. Effects! Click here to learn more about why the on character a man perfect, American Psychological Association created APA. APA Style is of essay topics currently in its 6th edition, which was released in 2009. In previous versions of APA format, researchers and scholars were required to include the date that an electronic resource was accessed.

In addition, names of databases were included, and only the essay on character makes, name of the city was included for publication information. Of Essay! Now, it is no longer required to include the date of access as well as the name of the database in an APA citation. Essay! The full location, including the city AND state, or the city and effects, country if it’s an international publisher, is included in the citation. In 2013, APA released a revised manual just for electronic resources. This was released due to the increase in bromden essay the amount of technology advances and effects of essay topics, resources. There are two types of citations in APA Style - there are in-text, or parenthetical citations, and complete reference APA citations. In-text, also called parenthetical citations, are found in the body, or text, of a research project. They’re included after a direct quote or paraphrase. See the next section below to essay butter learn more about how to format and include in-text citations in your project.

Complete reference citations are found at the end of a research project. These reference citations are longer, complete citations for all of the sources used in a project. Of Essay! So, full citations for all of the sex marriage research paper, in-text citations are found here. The format for of essay topics APA reference citations varies, but some APA citations use this general format: Author’s Last name, First initial. (Date published). For Residency Family! Title . Retrieved from URL. Researchers and scholars must look up the proper APA citation format for effects topics the source that they’re using.

Books have a certain APA format, websites have a different format, periodicals have a different format, and essay butter book, so on. Scroll down to of essay find the proper format for the source you’re trying to cover letter for the teacher cite. If you would like to cite your sources automatically, Citation Machine’s APA generator is a helpful APA reference generator that will make the citation process easier for you. Effects Topics! In-text, or parenthetical citations, are included in research projects in three instances: When using a direct quote, paraphrasing information, or simply referring to a piece of information from another source. Quite often, researchers and scholars use a small amount of text, word for word, from another source and include it in their own research projects.

This is done for many reasons. Sometimes, another author’s words are so eloquently written that there isn’t a better way to rephrase it yourself. Other times, the author’s words can help prove a point or establish an understanding for something in your research project. When using another author’s exact words in your research project, include an in-text citation directly following it. In addition to using the exact words from another source and placing them into your project, in-text citations are also added anytime you paraphrase information.

Paraphrasing is when you take information from another source and rephrase it, in battle book your own words. When simply referring to another piece of information from another source, also include an in-text citation directly following it. In text APA citations are found after a direct quote, paraphrased information, or reference. They are formatted like this: Exact text, paraphrased information, or reference (Author’s Last Name, Year published, page number or paragraph number * ) * Only include the effects topics, page or paragraph number when using a direct quote or paraphrase. This information is included in order to help the reader locate the exact text themselves. It is not necessary to include this information when you’re simply referring to another source. On Character! Here’s are some examples of in-text APA citations: “Well, you’re about to enter the land of the free and the brave. And I don’t know how you got that stamp on your passport.

The priest must know someone” (Toibi?n, 2009, p. 52). Student teachers who use technology in their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers (Kent Giles, 2017). Effects Of Essay! If including the author’s names in the sentence, only include the year in the in-text APA citation. According to a study done by Kent and Giles (2017), student teachers who use technology in same sex marriage research paper their lessons tend to continue using technology tools throughout their teaching careers. The full references, or citations, for these sources can be found on the last part of a research project, the “Reference List.” While this guide’s intent is to help you understand and develop citations on your own, there are many APA formatter tools, including a free APA citation generator, available on Citation Machine. Effects! Try our APA citation machine which is found on our homepage. Click here to learn more about crediting work. APA Reference List Citation Components. As stated above, reference list citations are the butter, full citations for of essay all of the makes a man perfect, in-text citations found in the body of a research project. These full citations are listed in alphabetical order by the author’s last names.

They have a hanging indent, meaning that the second line of text is indented in half an inch. See examples below to see what a hanging indent looks like. The format for APA reference citations varies based on the source type, but some APA citations use this general format: Author’s Last name, First initial. (Date published). Title . Retrieved from URL. Learn more about each component of the reference citation and how to format it in the sections that follow. The names of authors are written in reverse order. Include the topics, initials for the first and middle names.

End this information with a period. When two or more authors work together on a source, write them in the order in which they appear on the source, using this format: Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M., Last name, F. M. Kent, A. G., Giles, R. M. Thorpe, A., Lukes, R., Bever, D. Research Paper! J, He, Y. If there are 8 or more authors listed on a source, only include the of essay, first 6 authors, add three ellipses, and then add the last author’s name. Roberts, A., Johnson, M. C., Klein, J., Cheng, E. V., Sherman, A., Levin, K. K. , . Personal Statement For Residency Medicine! Lopez, G. Effects Of Essay Topics! S. Chief Bromden! If you plan on using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, which is an APA citation generator, the names of the authors will format properly for you. Directly after the author’s name is the date the source was published. Include the full date for of essay topics newspapers, the month and year for magazine articles, and paper, only the year for journals and all other sources.

If no date is topics found on the source, include the initials, n.d. for “no date.” Narducci, M. (2017, May 19). City renames part of 11th Street Ed Snider Way to honor Flyers founder. The Philadelphia Inquirer . If using our APA citation maker, Citation Machine’s APA generator will add the correct date format for you automatically. When writing out titles for books, articles, chapters, or other nonperiodical sources, only capitalize the personal statement for residency medicine, first word of the title and the first word of the subtitle. Of Essay Topics! Names of people, places, organizations, and other proper nouns also have the first letter capitalized. For books and reports, italicize the title in an APA citation.

Strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. A Man! Roots: The saga of an American family. For articles and chapters in effects APA referencing, do not italicize the title. Wake up the cover post of primary teacher, nation: Public libraries, policy making, and political discourse. For newspapers, magazines, journals, newsletters, and of essay topics, other periodicals, capitalize the first letter in each word and statement for residency medicine, italicize the title. The Seattle Times. A common question is whether to underline your title or place it in italics or quotation marks. In APA, titles are never underlined or placed in quotation marks.

They are either placed in italics or not. Here’s a good general rule for APA: When a source sits alone and is not part of a larger whole, place the title in italics. If the source does not sit alone and of essay, is part of a larger whole, do not place it in italics. Essay Makes Perfect! Books, movies, journals, and television shows are placed in italics since they stand alone. Songs on an album, episodes of effects, television shows, chapters in books, and articles in essay on the book journals are not placed in italics since they are smaller pieces of larger wholes. Citation Machine’s APA citation generator formats the title in your citations automatically by following proper APA bibliography guidelines.

Additional Information about the Title. If you feel as though it would be helpful to of essay the reader to include additional information about the source type, include this information in brackets immediately following the for residency, title. Effects! Use a brief descriptive term and capitalize the first letter. Kennedy, K., Molen, G. R. (Producer), Spielberg, S. (Director). On Simone De Beauvoir! (1993). Jurassic Park [Motion picture]. USA: Universal. Besides [Motion picture], other common notations include: [Letter to the editor] [Television series episode] If you are using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, additional information about the title is automatically added for you. The APA citation generator will add this information based on the source form that you choose. Information About the Publication. For books and reports, include the city and state, or the city and country, of the publisher’s location.

Instead of typing out the entire state name, use the proper two-letter abbreviation from the United States Postal Service. Effects Of Essay Topics! Type out the entire country name when including areas outside of the United States. After typing the location, add a colon, and continue with the name of the publisher. It is medicine not necessary to include the effects topics, entire name of the publisher. It is acceptable to use a brief, intelligible form. However, if Books or Press are part of the publisher’s names, keep these words in the citation. Other common terms, such as Inc., Co., Publishers, and others can be omitted.

For newspapers, journals, magazines, and chief analysis, other periodicals, include the volume and issue number after the title in an APA citation. The volume number is listed first, by of essay, itself, in italics. The issue number is in parentheses immediately after it, not italicized. Giannoukos, G., Besas, G., Hictour, V., Georgas, T. (2016, May). A study on the role of on character perfect, computers in adult education. Educational Research and Reviews, 11 (9), 907-923. Retrieved from If the publisher is a college or university, and the location name matches part of the school’s information, exclude the publisher information from the citation. After including the effects of essay topics, location and publisher information, end this section of the citation with a period.

London, England: Pearson. New York, NY: Perseus Books. Our APA generator is an APA reference generator that will automatically format your publication information in your citations for you. Visit Citation Machine’s homepage to learn more. For online sources, the URL or DOI (Direct Object Identifier) are included at the end of a citation. DOI numbers are often created by publishers for on the journal articles and effects, other periodical sources. They were created in response to the problem of broken or outdated links and URLs. When a journal article is essay battle assigned a DOI number, it is static, and will never change. Because of its permanent characteristic, DOIs are the preferred type of electronic information to include in APA citations. Effects Topics! When a DOI number is not available, include the source’s URL.

For DOIs, include the number in this format: For URLs, only include the information about the homepage and write it in this format: Retrieved from http:// Other APA referencing information about electronic sources: - If the URL is longer than a line, break it up before a punctuation mark. - Do not place a period at the end of the citation. - It is not necessary to include retrieval dates, unless the source changes often over time. - It is letter for the post of primary teacher not necessary to of essay topics include the names of databases. When using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, if your source was found online, the online publication information will be replaced by the DOI. Our APA citation machine will properly cite your online sources for you, automatically. Click here for more information about the basics of APA. APA Citation Examples for Sources. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of work . Location: Publisher. Dickens, C. (1942).

Great expectations . New York, NY: Dodd, Mead. Print Books with Two or More Authors. Last name, First initial., Last name, First initial, Last name, First initial. (Date). Title . Location: Publisher. Goldin, C. D., Katz, L. F. (2008). The race between education and technology . Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Matthews, G., Smith, Y., Knowles, G. (2009). Disaster management in archives, libraries and museums . Farnham, England: Ashgate.

When citing a chapter in an edited book, use the analysis essay, following format: Structure for Chapters in Edited Books in effects of essay Print: Last name of chapter author, First initial. Middle initial. (Year published). Chapter title. Cover Letter For The Of Primary Teacher! In First initial. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book Title (pp. xx-xx). Publishing City, State: Publisher.

APA reference Example for Chapters in Edited Books in Print: De Abreu, B.S. (2001). The role of media literacy education within social networking and the library. Of Essay Topics! In D.E. Agosto J. Abbas (Eds.), Teens, libraries, and letter for the post teacher, social networking (pp. Effects Topics! 39-48). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. APA reference Structure for Chapters in Edited Books, found Online: Last name of chapter author, First initial. (Year published).

Chapter title. In First initial. Last name of Editor (Ed.), Book title [E-reader version, if used] (pp. xx-xx). or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Same Sex Marriage! Example for Chapters in Edited Books, found Online: Lobo, R. F. (2003). Effects Of Essay Topics! Introduction to the structural chemistry of zeolites. In S. Auerbach, K. Carrado, P. Dutta (Eds.), Handbook of zeolite science and technology (pp. 65-89). Retrieved from Cover Letter For The! If you’re still unsure about how to cite a chapter in a book, use Citation Machine’s APA formatter. Of Essay Topics! Your citations will automatically format properly when using the personal, generator.

Author Last Name, F. I. (Year Published). Of Essay! Title of work [E-reader Version]. or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Auster, P. (2007). The Brooklyn follies [Nook version]. Retrieved from Only the first letter of the first word and any proper nouns in the title should be capitalized in an APA citation. A DOI (digital object identifier) is paper basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet.

This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, it’s very important to include it in effects topics your APA referencing citation. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of makes a man, work . or Retrieved from http://xxxx. Baloh, P., Burke, M. E. (2007). Effects Of Essay! Attaining organizational innovations.

To cite your e-books automatically, use the statement for residency family medicine, “Book” form on effects of essay, Citation Machine’s APA generator, click on “Manual entry mode,” and family, click the “E-book” tab. Effects! Our APA citation maker will format your citation properly following APA bibliography guidelines. Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range. Gleditsch, N. P., Pinker, S., Thayer, B. A., Levy, J. S., Thompson, W. R. (2013).

The forum: The decline of war. International Studies Review , 15 (3), 396-419. If your source is found online, but there is personal for residency no DOI provided, you can include the URL instead. Of Essay! A DOI (digital object identifier) is basically a number that links a source to its location on the Internet. This number isn’t always provided, but if it is, you should include it in essay your citation rather than including a URL. Of Essay Topics! Unlike previous editions of APA, the personal statement medicine, 6th edition does not require including a retrieval date or date accessed for online sources.

A retrieval date is only necessary if the effects topics, source is likely to change (ex. Wikipedia). Instead, ‘Retrieved from’ is used. Bromden Analysis Essay! Author Last name, F. I. (Year Published). Title of article.

Title of Periodical, Volume (Issue), page range. Sahin, N. T., Pinker, S., Cash, S. S., Schomer, D., Halgren, E. (2009). Sequential processing of lexical, grammatical, and phonological information within Broca’s area. Science, 326 (5951), 445-449. If you need additional help citing your journal articles, our APA reference generator is an APA citation maker that will cite your sources automatically for you. Page numbers: If article is effects of essay topics only one page long, use ‘p.’ For any article longer than one page, use ‘pp.’ If an article appears is on non-sequential pages, separate each page number with a comma. Example: pp. D4, D5, D7-D8 APA referencing does NOT require you to essay butter battle include the date of access for electronic sources. Author, F. I. Of Essay! (Year, Month Day Published). Title of article.

Title of Newspaper , page range. Frost, L. Essay Makes! (2006, September 14). First passengers ride monster jet. The Salt Lake Tribune , A2. You may be wondering what to do if you find your newspaper article on a database. Author, F. I. (Year, Month Date Published). Title of article . Title of Newspaper.

Retrieved from newspaper homepage URL. Whiteside, K. (2004, August 31). College athletes want cut of action. USA Today . Retrieved Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Published). Title of article. Of Essay! Title of Magazine, Volume (Issue), page range. Quammen, D. (2008, December).

The man who wasn’t Darwin. National Geographic Magazine, 214 (6), 106. Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Retrieved from URL. Example of an APA format website: Austerlitz, S. Essay! (2015, March 3). How long can a spinoff like ‘Better Call Saul’ last? Retrieved from Last name, First initial. Topics! (Year, Month, Date of blog post). Title of blog post [Blog post]. Essay A Man Perfect! Retrieved from URL of blog post.

McClintock Miller, S. (2014, January 28). Of Essay Topics! EasyBib joins the Rainbow Loom project as we dive into research with the third graders [Blog post]. Retrieved from On our APA citation machine form for blogs, you have the option to choose from standard, audio, and video blogs. Citation Machine’s APA generator will automatically cite your blog sources for you. Writer Last Name, F. De Beauvoir! I. (Writer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). (Year aired). Effects Of Essay Topics! Title of episode [Television or Radio series episode]. In Producer Last Name, F. On Character! I. Effects! (Executive producer), TV or Radio series name . City, State of de beauvoir, original channel: Channel. Lin, K. Of Essay! (Writer), Coles, J. D. (Director). (2014). Chapter 18 [Television series episode].

In Bays, C. (Executive producer), House of cards . Same! Washington, D.C.: Netflix. If using Citation Machine’s APA generator,television and radio broadcasts use the same form. Producer Last Name, F. I. (Producer), Director Last Name, F. I. (Director). Effects! (Year Released). Title of film [Motion picture]. Country of makes perfect, origin: Studio. Bender, L. (Producer), Tarantino, Q. (Director). (1994). Pulp fiction [Motion Picture].

United States: Miramax. There is the effects of essay topics, option to automatically cite films found online, in for residency family film, and on a database when using Citation Machine’s APA citation builder. It is highly recommended not to use personal (unpublished) interviews in your reference list. Instead, this type of source should be formatted as an effects of essay topics, in-text or parenthetical citation. However, here is an example of an in-text citation for a personal interview in APA: Structure: (Interviewee F .I., Last Name, personal communication, Date Interviewed) Example: (D. Halsey, personal communication, December 12, 2011) Published Interviews should be cited accordingly if they appear as journal articles, newspaper articles, television programs, radio programs, or films. If your instructor requires a citation in the reference list, use the following structure: Author Last Name, F. I. (Year, Month Date Interviewed). Interview type [email, phone, personal interview, personal interview with [third party FI Last Name]. Halsey, D. (2011, December 12).

Personal Interview. Essay On The Battle Book! If you are planning on using Citation Machine’s APA formatter, a note is displayed above the form stating that personal interviews are not typically cited in text. Our APA format generator creates in-text citations and full reference citations for you. Songs Musical Recordings found Online. *Note: If the effects of essay, name of the songwriter is the same as the name of the recording artist, leave out the bracketed information located after the name of the analysis, song. Last name, First initial. Middle initial. of songwriter. (Year created).

Song title [Recorded by First initial. Effects Of Essay Topics! Middle initial. Last name of the performer’s name or the name of the chief analysis, band]. On Album Title [Medium]. Retrieved from URL. Hedfors, A., Ingrosso, S., Angello, S. (2012). Greyhound [Recorded by Swedish House Mafia]. On Until Now [Audio file]. Retrieved from

If using our APA citation machine, choose the of essay, form titled, “Music/Audio,” to automatically cite your songs and musical recordings. Our APA citation maker is an APA format generator that is free and easy to use. Doctoral Dissertations found on a Database: Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year published). Title of dissertation or thesis (Doctoral dissertation or Master’s thesis). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order No. xxxxxxx).

English, L. S. (2014). The influences of essay battle, community college library characteristics on institutional graduation rates: A national study (Doctoral dissertation). Of Essay Topics! Retrieved from American Doctoral Dissertations. (37CDD15DF659E63F). On Simone De Beauvoir! On our APA citation machine, there is a form for dissertations that will cite this source type for you. Last name, First initial. (Producer). (Year, Month Day). Title of podcast [Audio podcast]. Effects Of Essay Topics! Retrieved from URL. Goodwin, G. (Producer). (2016, February 11). History extra [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from on character makes perfect, If using Citation Machine’s APA format generator, choose the “Blog/Podcast,” form to cite your podcasts automatically.

Last name, First initial. [YouTube username]. (Year, Month, Day of posting). Title of of essay topics, YouTube video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL. Damien, M. [Marcelo Damien]. (2014, April 10). Tiesto @ Ultra Buenos Aires 2014 (full set) [Video file]. Retrieved from Essay Butter Battle! If using our APA citation machine, choose the form titled, “Film” to automatically cite your YouTube videos. Looking for a source type that is not on effects topics, this guide?

Here is another useful link to follow. An APA annotated bibliography is a bibliography that includes the full reference citations in addition to essay a small paragraph containing your evaluation about each source. When creating your citations, there is a field at the bottom of each form to add your own annotations. Looking to create an APA format title page? Head to Citation Machine’s homepage and choose “Title Page” at of essay the top of the screen. A written work or composition found in print, or digitally as an e-book. Essay On Character Makes Perfect! Can be non-fiction or fiction. A popular work published periodically (weekly, monthly etc.) focusing on effects of essay, a specific interest or subject. A periodical publication containing current events, news, interviews and perfect, opinion articles. A collection of of essay topics, pages that provides information about a certain topic.

A scholarly work published periodically, containing highly specified research. A motion picture or movie. Can be a fictional movie, documentary or even YouTube videos. Copyright © 2000 - 2017 by personal statement family, Citation Machine™, a Chegg Service. Effects Of Essay Topics! Citation Machine™ uses the 7th ed. of MLA, 6th ed. of APA, and 16th ed. of Chicago (8th ed.


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Disadvantages of Studying Abroad Essay. that can give you support and strength. And if, god forbid, something bad might happen back home, you might not have the chance to be with your family and friends and have to stay in that country with your pain and alone. #3 Disadvantage of research paper, studying abroad: Reality can be treacherous First step in that new country and everything seems weird. Differences can be huge between Europe and Asia or small between France and Belgium. Standard of living can be different: more poor people in of essay topics, Eastern Europe. Expectation about Studying Abroad Essay. of the world’s top universities and will allow me to experience a different educational system and on character, further my education at a top-tier institution. For me, studying abroad in Edinburgh presents itself as the ideal combination of premier academics, rich culture, and a vibrant atmosphere that will leave me with a memorable and fulfilling time abroad.

A current issue in Scotland that interests me is the proposed immigration policy changes suggested by the United Kingdom. According to the UK Minister. Essay on Is Studying Abroad Beneficial? While you're studying abroad you're constantly learning, even if you're not trying to. By studying abroad, you can learn research methods and of essay topics, ethics. You can do research out in the field and learn all about good ethics. You'll learn what’s right and wrong while doing real studies on real people, not just looking things up on chief bromden analysis essay, the internet or in books or having people tell you about research they've done. You can also have people tell you about the history of of essay topics, where you are or about themselves or. cars. Essay Butter Battle Book. 4. What factors influenced your decision to apply to the program?

My decision to apply to the australearn program was influenced by topics, many factors, starting with the encouragement from my professors, I approached them with interest in studying abroad and they gave me more information and advice me to consult with the Lilly Kilcrease SACS Coordinator from the International Cultural Center. She then helped me with the schools and statement, available programs towards my major. Knowing that I. Learning management concepts abroad means that I will be able to of essay topics talk with my new professor about which management ideas or methods he or she favors in the workplace. Here at ManhattanI appreciate the fact that my management professors all have original ideas that work for their environment, because from essay, them I learn a variety of ways to manage, control, lead, and report.

Learning a multitude of managing methods will make me more creative and confident when managing employees. I was raised to. The Benefits of Study Abroad Essay. my life,” says Jason Thornberg (IES Vienna, 1994). “My time there fundamentally changed how I view the world and effects, has given me the essay, ability to view the world, and its issues, from several perspectives.” Education and effects topics, Career Attainment “My semester [abroad] launched me into cover letter post of primary a personal and professional involvement with Spain that has already lasted 25 years. A political science lecture in Madrid about U.S. and Spanish involvement in an obscure war in effects of essay, Sahara … led to letter for the of primary a graduate fellowship to Spain and. Studying in effects of essay topics, a Foreign Country: A Life Altering Experience Full of Gifts. can go abroad and actually visit sites and assist archeologist. This will give them a better understanding and success with their major.

If their major is Architecture they can visit France, to study the Gothic Cathedrals, Greece, to study the Parthenon, or Rome, to study the Colosseum. They get to see the architecture first hand and get a better feel for the art. “It [studying abroad] stimulates academic discipline as students learn to function in a different system” (“Benefits of Study Abroad”). Personal Statement. The. learning is rewarding but consistent and long hours of class room lectures can sometimes be a daunting event. An option for study tour anytime during the course of study can be exciting and fun experience for the students. People desire to travel abroad so that they can take the exciting adventure to discover the new lands, meet the effects of essay, native people and enjoy the food and culture there. One of the most attractive features towards me is chief analysis essay, architecture. In particular the architectural design between the. College Entry Essay: On Studying Mathematics. service activity gave me the of essay, opportunity to teach Primary Six students who were struggling with their studies in preparation for their examination. As a preparation, I did background checks on their syllabus so that I could understand what they were studying and essay, later got some study materials such as textbooks, workbooks and past year examination questions.

I was pleased to be a Maths mentor to guide two students who were under my supervision. From this, I realized teaching Maths is all about getting. Student Group Learning Research Group Literature Review: Study Abroad Students. The study abroad alumni, upon returning from abroad, showed greater concern for effects topics, completing their major, a higher interest in learning another language, and research, modify global opinions (Goldstein Kim, 2006). Spiering and of essay, Erickson’s 2006 research utilizes diffusion of innovation theory as a framework to understand why some students elect to essay makes a man perfect study abroad while others do not. Predictions made regarding future participants included the topics, need to increase job marketability, a desire to increase one’s global.

Methods of Studying for a Pmu Final Exam Essay. Finally, summarize the chapters in short notes, its help to memorize better. The last category is studying on the day of the final exam. Before studying the most important thing is having a good amount of sleeping and enough healthy meals. You should choose a quiet place to study with good lighting.

Be very composed, and do don’t worry. Start to essay study very carefully, and of essay topics, don’t waste your time. Same. Use the short notes that you wrote before one week. Test yourself. And ask someone to effects of essay topics test you.

Review. Effect of on character perfect, Electronic Gadgets to Students Studying Habits Essay. 3. Indentify the factors affecting students to use gadgets. 4. Of Essay Topics. Recognize the importance of balancing study habits and usage of electronic gadget. Objectives of the study • Determine the analysis, specific reason why electronic gadget affect students studying habits. Topics. • Determine the positive and essay on character makes, negative effect of effects of essay topics, electronic gadget to students. • Show the consequence of excessive use of electronic gadget to students. • Give the students an a man, advice on how on how to control their use of electronic gadgets. Does Caffeine Provide Benefits in Studying? Essay. previously well-recognized studies which indicate caffeine improves psychomotor skills, energetic arousal and some aspects of cognitive function (Smit Rogers, 2000; Robelin Rogers, 1998) it is expected that caffeine would prove beneficial to people studying with particular reference to improving alertness, sustained attention and working memory. Method Participants Participants will be men and topics, women aged 18 – 25 recruited through advertising on university bulletin boards.

Recruits would ideally. How Does Playing Music While Studying Relate to College Students#x27; Gpa? (2005) explored the study techniques of on simone de beauvoir, college students and effects topics, found that listening to letter of primary teacher music while studying was detrimental to exam scores. Students with low exam scores most frequently listened to music while studying. Gurung concluded from his study that listening to music was distracting to the learning process. Some important factors must be considered when studying the effects of music while studying. Different types of effects, music have different effects on academic performance. Soothing music has.

Travelling abroad will give us the opportunity to meet new friends. Whether with a friend, or with family, traveling is certainly the best way to take a break from the hustle and de beauvoir, bustle of of essay, city life. It helps you get plenty of time to relax and enjoy yourself to the fullest. When you return from chief, vacation, you will have high energy levels to continue an active day. It is an effective stress remover for those with demanding jobs.

To sum up, foreign travel will give you many different benefits. However. Narrative Reports on Studying Essay. While her actions sometimes reflected her petite physique, she was more often enthusiastically engaged in dancing, playing four square during recess, or excitedly talking to effects of essay topics a friend about a variety of topics such as her new stuffed animal, or the literature club she participated in. Disposition and temperament During most classroom activities, Elise strived to listen and engage in learning. Sometimes when she did not understand a concept and would repeatedly ask questions, she became physically. This is where humanities especially come in handy. If a person of de beauvoir, poverty wants “…real power… [He or she] must understand politics” (Shorris 235). Of Essay. Still, daily concerns and struggles, such as paying bills, overpower concerns about on simone de beauvoir world events and issues. Because of today’s society, due to effects topics the popularity of information technology, it is the American citizen’s responsibility to essay on simone have the ability to tell the difference between the meaningless and meaningful in the media press. Of Essay Topics. How do citizens determine.

Studying the Great Moderation Essay. He also went on by adding that one of the most striking features of the economic landscape over post of primary teacher the past twenty years or so has been a substantial decline in macroeconomic volatility and that reduced macroeconomic volatility has numerous benefits” (Comin, 2011). Of Essay. When we take a look at the chart in exhibit 2F, we see the family medicine, measure of volatility of effects of essay topics, total factor productivity form 1954 – 2002 (Comin, 2011). Essay On Character Makes A Man Perfect. According to topics this chart the volatility in 1980 hovered around 2.4% (Comin, 2011). Chief Bromden Analysis Essay. It was around. Basics of Studying Literature Essay.

INTELLECT, EMOTION, IMAGINATION, AND RELATED QUALITIES. Another main question in judging any book concerns the union which it shows: (1) of the Intellectual faculty, that which enables the author to understand and control his material and present it with directness and clearness; and (2) of the Emotion, which gives warmth, enthusiasm, and appealing human power. Topics. The relative proportions of these two faculties vary greatly in books of personal medicine, different sorts. Exposition (as in most essays) cannot as a rule. Government Policies: Trading Abroad Essay. 187). One aspect this can enhance the quality of life for a nation is being able to bargain for items that may not be available internally.

If Great Britain found a cure for of essay topics, a rare disease then having an open trade agreement with them will make it available for the US as well. Government and Taxes Government tax cuts are used to help stimulate the economy. The government can issue relief for taxpayers by reducing the amount of essay makes, taxes it collects. This action by the government is effects of essay, done so the citizens. Essay on What Is the Importance of Studying Sociology? The contribution of sociology is not less significant in enriching culture. Sociology has given training to us to have rational approach to cover post of primary teacher questions concerning ourselves, our religion, customs, mores, institutions, values, ideologies etc.

It has made us to become more objective, rational, critical and dispassionate. The study of societies has made people to effects of essay topics become more broad-minded. It has impressed upon its students to overcome there prejudices,-misconceptions, egoistic ambitions, and analysis essay, class and. I soon realized that this new sense of insecurity was helping my education and was actually helping me grow more independent. Traveling for me was the of essay topics, most exciting part of my whole international experience. Within three and a half months I had ventured to Ireland, Belgium, Netherlands, France, Germany, and Spain.

In each of these places I had experienced both enjoyable and frustrating situations that were all equally rewarding in the long run. One of the most significant moments that stuck. Essay on Studying MSC in Speech and Language Processing. AppTek, Sakhr, Coltec, ATA and other companies were the statement, first which started their work in the field of machine translation in Arabic language. However, with all these research efforts, machine translation did not reach the level required because of the difficulties faced researchers. There are two types of Automation Tradeoffs: Fully Automated (cheap, fast and effects of essay topics, low quality( and Human-Assisted (more expensive, slow and higher quality). Approaches to machine translation system According to Alade. Are You in cover letter of primary, or Out?: a Study of of essay topics, Ilonggos#x60; Attitude Towards Going Abroad. The hypotheses are: Ho: Ilonggos’ response towards going abroad is not associated to determinants such as sex, civil status, age, educational attainment, work status, employment status, occupation, monthly income, number of household members, rank in the family, Philippines economic, political or socio-cultural conditions.

Ha: Ilonggos’ response towards going abroad is associated to those above-mentioned determinants. De Beauvoir. Significance of the Study Recently, there is a big issue in. Global Human Resources - Fred Bailey: an Innocent Abroad (Expatriates) office may lose respect for Fred and he loses his status, which inevitably may lead to difficulties in promotion opportunities or even forced resignation. On the other hand, repatriates also tend to suffer from reverse culture shock, having lived abroad for some time. Hence the effects, following are a summary of the advantages and disadvantages of this alternative: Advantages | Disadvantages | * Can go back to familiar grounds | * Reverse culture shock | * Happier spouse and children (assuming.

Essay on Case study «Play it safe at home, or take a risk abroad» And in Coe’s company run by Stan and previously his father there always were said that they wanted to essay butter battle help as possible to have an access to the goods they need. Secondly the benefit of expansion to effects topics Mexico is that is relatively inexpensive place, including lower transportation, labor and costs for real estate. Thirdly the U.S. Bromden Analysis Essay. market is becoming crowded with similar business, even if there is a potential to develop it. Of course Coe’s stores can have location next to every Walmart to provide an. Development of a Rat Model for Studying Blast-Induced Traumatic Brain Injury.

Though it is effects of essay, profoundly saddening that the chief essay, rats had to be terminated in the process, this situation presented a dilemma where the subjects must be killed to undergo the craniotomy, which thereby increased the accuracy of the researchers’ results. In case of the study, the of essay topics, sacrifice is relatively small if compared to the possibility of attaining treatment methods that could save millions of patients’ make this study ethical justifiable. Essay Makes A Man. Secondly, it is certain that the of essay, researchers have weighed their. Essay on How to Get Good Grade Without Studying Satire. When your teacher says they are hungry, run a quarter mile to the nearest Subway and grab them a pastrami sandwich. Every day, leave an apple on a twenty dollar bill on the teacher’s desk to show the teacher your “appreciation.” Follow this step, and there is absolutely no possible way to get that failing grade in same sex marriage paper, any class. Once the step “love the teacher” has been accomplished, the last step is to work with your “study buddies.” A “study buddy” is a person that will help you get the correct. Grade 12 Ontario Students Studying Canadian Literature(U1A6) Essay. Then there is the issue of these authors being primarily white, English Canadian and effects of essay topics, not reflective of essay de beauvoir, our modern multicultural society. As Robertson Davies stated, “Canada is effects of essay, not going to have a national literature in the mode of those European lands where a long history has bound the people together, and where a homogeneous racial inheritance has given them a language, customs, and chief bromden, even a national dress of their own.” 2 We need to look at the work of effects of essay, Canadian authors who have come here from for the, different.

The Seven Organizational Approaches Too Studying the Human Body and How and When They Are Used in Health Carethe Seven Organizational Approaches Too Studying the Human Body and How and When They Are Used in Health Care. We have four Quadrants left upper, right upper, left lower, and right lower quadrant. We also have nine Regions which are the hypochondriac, epigastric, lumbar, umbilical, inguinal ( iliac), and finally the hypogastric. Anatomy and Physiology go hand in hand together. Anatomy is the structures of the human body and Physiology is the functions of those structures. The human body is amazing and can be studied to the smallest parts and topics, how they can combine into larger structures and systems. A cell.

Information Technology Management - Is the chief bromden analysis, System Contributing to Improved Learning, or Just Adding Entertainment That May Reduce the Time Available for topics, Studying. 4. Another new product of Lawson is personal for residency, Service Automation. Would you recommend it to Dollar General? Why or why not? 1. Why do airlines need optimization systems for crew scheduling? 2. What role can experts’ knowledge play in this case? 3. What are the similarities between the systems in Singapore and Malaysia? 4. The airlines use ADSs for their pricing strategy (pricing and of essay, yield optimization). Can they use an ADS for crew management?

Why or why not? IT FOR MANAGEMENT 1. Transformation Is a Central Concern When Studying #x27;the Bloody Chamber#x27; and #x27;the World#x27;s Wife#x27;. Chief Analysis Essay. How Far Would You Agree with This Observation? It can be argued that this alteration of the fairytale(s) which have traditionally always been didactic has occurred so as for Carter to advice all women that to effects of essay topics truly gain their own individuality they must ‘transform’ and unleash the inner tigerishness[2] which Carter believes lies in all of on character a man perfect, her protagonists.

For example, in the ‘The Courtship of effects topics, Mr Lyon’ it is chief essay, Mr Lyon who transforms and consequently marries Beauty, however, we can see this as Beauty’s continuation of being trapped in the patriarchal. Studying Impact of Prenatal Participation in the Wic Program Essay. The services of the program included supplemental food, health services, and nutrition counseling for low income pregnant women, breastfeeding and non breastfeeding mothers as well as infants and children who are at effects of essay topics risk for on the battle, nutrition. . Effects. (Khanani, Elam, Hearn, Jones, Maseru, 2010). More than 9.17 million women and children participated in WIC, in the Fiscal year 2010. (USDA, 2014). WIC offers a range of resources that may affect birth outcomes, including immunization screenings, breastfeeding. Saudi Arabian International Students: Research on Marriage and Education.

Third, the research would help married students who wish to study abroad know how they can overcome these problems. Sex Marriage Research. In addition, the study intends to discover how married female college students balance their marital obligations to effects of essay both their husband and essay makes perfect, their children and the requirements of her study. Effects Of Essay. Finally, it will seek solutions on how married students can adapt and balance these marital requirements and essay a man perfect, their academic lives. This project in effects of essay topics, general not specific in essay on the butter, DIFC students. Aim and. Compare the Presentation of Foreigners Abroad in Indian Ink and Room with a View. In Indian Ink and A Room with a View, the foreign country challenges the views upheld at the time. Effects Of Essay Topics. In Indian Ink Stoppard explores four different views of essay butter battle, colonialism in the 1930's and topics, 1980's through different characters.

In the 1930's Das talks to Flora about colonialism from his and Mr Coomaraswami's viewpoints. Both greatly differ, Das says `Perhaps we have been robbed. The woman here wear sari's made in Lancashire. The cotton is Indian but we cannot compete in the weaving 'yet Mr Coomaraswami's. academic year abroad experiences had a more significant and longer lasting effect on student participants. However, she did point out that, “In some categories of personal statement medicine, factors, summer students were as likely or more likely to achieve sustainable benefit from studying abroad in comparison with semester students” (Dwyer, 2004, p. 161). Cultural competency is a term that gets thrown around a lot. Many educators would agree that it is of essay topics, a skill that students will gain from participating in on character a man, a study abroad program.

Essay on What Makes a Good Critical Review? then evaluate it. (1,000 words) Paragraphs Organise your review into paragraphs and try to keep these to a reasonable length. All paragraphs in this review are at least 4-5 sentences long. Sample review B. Ballard and J. Effects Of Essay Topics. Clanchy (1985). Essay On Character Perfect. Study abroad: A manual for Asian students (Chapter 2: ‘Cultural variations in style of thinking’). Longman: Malaysia Citations (Hawthorne, 2000) Citations are used to indicate any additional texts you have referred to. Effects Of Essay. Full bibliographical information for bromden, these. Contemporary designers can learn from history, but why is studying design history is useful. They are wind catcher structures and control temperatures even in the severest of desert environment with cool nights and of essay, scorching hot days.13 Another is the letter teacher, Passive solar Orientation for heating.14 This was introduced by of essay topics, the ancient Greeks. Much like our world today they ran into fuel shortages so they had to think about how to maximise heat gain and the retention during winter months.

They did this by building cities/houses towards the southern exposure to capture the sun’s rays.15 Now a days. The Large and cover letter of primary, Generally Positive Effect Immigration has on the Economics of a Country. of the economy. Many students, at times when they are not studying will spend time exploring the of essay, new country to learn and experience more of it, increasing tourism and spending money. Like any of the locals, immigrants need food, water and other basic amenities providing more custom for local shops, restaurants and bars etc. There are arguments that immigrants harm the economy.

Often migrants will send a large portion of their wages abroad for their families, money that could have been spent in the. The Life of Charles Dickens Essay. whatever class and title someone fell under could affect the life they lived and every prospect of it. Take Estella who was never short of essay a man, funds and pre-benefactor Pip for example. Estella was well educated and effects of essay, spent much of her young adult life studying abroad and learning all there was to know.

Young Pip’s education consisted of every so often heading over to Mr. Chief Bromden Analysis Essay. Wopsle’s great aunt’s house and being given a book while his “teacher” slept. Notice that one of the conditions Pip had to meet for his benefactor. Effects of Drinking Alcohol on effects of essay topics, International Students Essay. compelled to conform, or risk being ostracized. Going to church or other ethnic/religious events is a way many students stay connected to their roots and origin. Makes A Man Perfect. It gives them a connection to home that is effects of essay topics, lacking for many international students while studying abroad. How does stress affect international students drinking habits? It is well know that many people use alcohol to essay makes a man perfect cope with stress. Many studies show that international students are under more stress than the local student population, due. students’ politics in campus is the most dangerous for the students, here I got the opportunity to study in effects of essay topics, such a campus where student politics, smoking is not allowed.

6) I’m working hard means studying hard. Makes A Man. If my luck is favorable to me then I’ll get the opportunity to effects topics get scholarship for higher study in abroad. 7) Although we do not have our own big campus as any other public universities have, after that, this is my opportunity that we have an educational environment. 8) It is my opportunity that. Essay on Who Do You Choose the on simone, Major of English to Study? When we go abroad, it is very useful for us to compete with other people in studying, and all international conference and competitions are conducted in English, so we need to of essay topics be well with English to join in order to win.

It is also the major international language of communication in such areas as science, technology, business and mass entrainment. English makes us more easily to travel around the world, because more than 100 countries spoken in essay battle, English. We can ask for direction, have a conversation. Teletalk Company Bangladesh Essay. What happens when you send an SMS while abroad? What happens when you receive an SMS while abroad? What happens when you send an MMS while abroad? 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 8-9 9 9 9-10 10 10 11 12 13 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 15 16 16 16 17 17 17 17-18 18 18-19 19 19-20 20 20-21 21. Essay on Addressing International Legal and Ethical Issues.

protect controls for the interested party. When legal conflict occurs, there is the effects of essay topics, question of whether local customs and bromden, law prevail over the company that is effects of essay, operating abroad. Ultimately, the local customs and laws trump the company that is operating abroad. Post Of Primary Teacher. Before entering a business agreement, a company that is operating abroad typically signs an agreement stating compliance of effects, local laws and customs. This is the risk that the company is taking versus conducting business in their native country. from other countries to come in to teach them. Potential Salary for Teaching Abroad The top countries to make a decent teaching salary and save money are: 1. United Arab Emirates (UAE 2. Saudi Arabia 3. Bromden Analysis Essay. Kuwait 4. Japan 5. South Korea 6. Vietnam Salary range is from $2400.00 -$4000.00 USD or more monthly (Overseas, 2013). Pros and cons of teaching abroad Teaching abroad has is good and bad points that carry a huge impact on of essay topics, whether a teacher really. Study Skills: Strategies for Taking Notes and for Learning Content.

look at butter powerpoints on topics, the subject there studying. Also it would be best if the visual learner takes notes with color pens and highlighters. According to sex marriage Chapman (2007), “Kinesthetic learners have a tendency to fidget, will enjoy physical activity and remember best by doing. They use gesture to explain themselves and work most effectively in short bursts.” (p.8) Kinesthetic learners study better with a group. One of the most popular ways to study is effects topics, studying in a group or with a partner. Essay On Simone. Having study. but also Bankers Trust Foreign Crimes * In UK, certain acts committed abroad are not just predicate offences for purpose of money laundering laws but are substantive crimes themselves under U.K. law * child sex offences (including pornography) * war crimes * bribery ‘Long arm’ jurisdiction * US famous for “long arm” jurisdiction * Jurisdiction over acts apparently committed abroad * Example: New York State jurisdiction * Includes not just those domiciled. Role of Smes in National Development (Case Study of India) Essay. As a result of globalization and effects of essay topics, liberalization, coupled with WTO regime, Indian SMEs have been passing through a transitional period.

With slowing down of economy in chief bromden analysis essay, India and abroad, particularly USA and European Union and effects of essay, enhanced competition from China and a few low cost centers of production from abroad many units have been facing a tough time. Those SMEs who have.